Duty Entitlement Passbook Scheme is an export encouragement scheme instituted by the Government of India to the Indian exporters in the year 1997. This scheme earlier constituted of 2 parts:
In post-export DEPB scheme, the exporter is given a DEPB at a pre-decided credit on the Freight on Board Value (FOB).
The fundamental aim behind this scheme is to provide incentives in import and export policy of India and to nullify the basic custom duty rates on the import content of the commodities exported.
Under the DEPB scheme, an exporter of the commodities is empowered to demand credit which can be an already settled percentage of the value of the commodities that are exported and are available at a rate of exported good which is determined and notified by the Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT).
It must be kept in mind that the credit amount which is made available to the exporters can only be utilized to pay off the amount of customs duty which is liable to be paid and the same cannot be utilized to adjust it with any other liability nor can it be withdrawn. Although, there is no restriction on trading the amount, i.e., it can be transferred to another person and then can thereafter be transferred to another person from him.
The DEPB scheme permits the import of any commodity excluding those commodities that are banned for instance, Gold pens, Gold Nibs, Gold watches, etc. Although these goods constitute the generic description of writing instrument and component of writing instrument, watches, etc these are still not allowed to claim the benefit from the DEPB scheme.
The DEPB rates are relevant based on either the FOB value or the value cap, whichever value is minimum. For instance, if a commodity’s FOB value is Rs. 1000/-, and the cap value is Rs. 600/-, then the DEPB rate shall be applied on Rs. 600/- which is the cap value.
Now, to make the cut in the ambit of the scheme the exporter must display documents proving that the commodities exported comprises of an irrelevant material of up to 5% by weight. In such a scenario, an irrelevant material of up to 5% will be disregarded and the rate of DEPB which is the actual rate for the commodity to be exported will be kept in mind.
The government has made it compulsory for the Custom houses to maintain exclusive record of the commodities that are or will be exported under the DEPB scheme.
To motivate the export of new commodities and further motivate multiplicity provisional rates are available. But these provisional rates are only authentic for a set period of time and are to be displayed during import and export for the regular fixation of the rates.
The Government of India before determining/ calculating the DEPB rates will first consider the import - export data on the FOB value of the exports and the Cost Insurance Freight (CIF) value of the inputs that are used on the exported commodities, as per SION.
In addition, the Indian government will also have to apply to the Export Promotion Council to get the necessary information as well as data to determine the DEPB rate.
The following are the facilities available for the implementation of the DEPB scheme:
For the commodities that are eligible to benefit from credit under the DEPB scheme comes to 10% or more, the credit amount of such export commodity must not surpass 50% of the Present Market Value (PMV).
Besides this, while exporting commodities, the exporter is required to furnish a shipping bill which falls under the DEPB scheme and have to prove that the benefit obtained does not exceed 50% of the Present Market Value of the commodities that are exported. Although, it is not absolutely necessary to submit the Present Market Value declaration on the products/ commodities/ items that have a value cap irrespective of the DEPB rate of the commodity.
To avail the DEPB scheme import export from can only be made from the following chosen ports only:
The credit which is available under the DEPB scheme can be utilized to payout the Indian Customs Duty which can further include the payment of capital goods that are free to import.
Under the Export Import (EXIM) guidelines of the Government of India (Department of Revenue), the defective imported commodities that are unfit to utilize and ultimately have to be returned back
shall be exported back once again to the concerned person.
In such cases, 98% of the credited amount will be debited against the DEPB for the export of commodities.
The Commissioner of Customs who is the concerned authority will then furnish a certificate pertaining to this which would mention the total amount that is generated and the complete details of the original DEPB and ultimately the new DEPB is then furnished by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) regional authority that is authorised to do so.
The furnished DEPB certificate must have the same port of registration and must be valid for a specific period of time which is identical to the balance period which is available on the date of import of the defective commodities which are unfit to use.