An Act to provide for the adjudication or trial by Administrative Tribunals of disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and of any local or other authority within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India or of 1*[any corporation or society owned or controlled by the Government in pursuance of article 323A of the Constitution] and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
(1) This Act may be called the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985.
(2) It extends,-
(a) In so far as it relates to the Central Administrative Tribunal, to the whole of India;
(b) In so far as it relates to Administrative Tribunals for States, to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) The provisions of this Act, in so far as they relate to the Central Administrative Tribunal, shall come into force on such date 1*as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint.
(4) The provisions of this Act, in so far as they relate to an Administrative Tribunal for a State, shall come into force in a State on such date1* as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint.
(a) Any member of the naval, military or air forces or of any other armed forces of the Union;
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(c) Any officer or servant of the Supreme Court or of any High Court 2*[or courts subordinate there to];
(d) Any person appointed to the secretarial staff of either House of Parliament or to the secretarial staff of any State Legislature or a House thereof or, in the case of a Union territory having a Legislature, of that Legislature.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
1*[(a) "Administrative Member" means a Member of a Tribunal who is not a Judicial Member within the meaning of clause (i);]
2*[(aa)] "Administrative Tribunal", in relation to a State, means the Administrative Tribunal for the State or, as the case may be, the Joint Administrative Tribunal for that State and any other State or States;
(b) "Application" means an application made under section 19;
(c) "Appointed day", in relation to a Tribunal, means the date3* with effect from which it is established, by notification, under section 4;
(d) "Appropriate Government" means,-
(i) In relation to the Central Administrative Tribunal or a Joint Administrative Tribunal, the Central Government;
(ii) In relation to a State Administrative Tribunal, the State Government;
(e) "Bench" means a Bench of a Tribunal;
(f) "Central Administrative Tribunal" means the Administrative Tribunal established under sub-section (1) of section 4;
(g) "Chairman" means the Chairman of a Tribunal;
(h) "Joint Administrative Tribunal" means an Administrative Tribunal for two or more States established under sub-section (3) of section 4;
4*[(i) "Judicial Member" means a Member of a Tribunal appointed as such under this Act, and includes the Chairman or a Vice-Chairman who possesses any of the qualifications specified in sub-section (3) of section 6;
(ia) "Member" means a Member (whether Judicial or Administrative) of a Tribunal, and includes the Chairman and a Vice-Chairman;]
(j) "Notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(k) "Post" means a post within or outside India;
(l) "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(m) "President" means the President of India;
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(o) "Rules" means rules made under this Act;
(p) "Service" means service within or outside India;
(q) "service matters", in relation to a person, means all matters relating to the conditions of his service in connection with the affairs of the Union or of any State or of any local or other authority within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India, or, as the case may be, of any corporation 6*[or society] owned or controlled by the Government, as respects-
(i) Remuneration (including allowances), pension and other retirement benefits;
(ii) Tenure including confirmation, seniority, promotion, reversion, premature retirement and superannuation;
(iii) Leave of any kind;
(iv) Disciplinary matters; or
(v) Any other matter whatsoever;
(r) "Service rules as to redressal of grievances", in relation to any matter, means the rules, regulations, orders or other instruments or arrangements as in force for the time being with respect to redressal, otherwise than under this Act, of any grievances in relation to such matters;
7*[(rr) "Society" means a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860), or under any corresponding law for the time being in force in a State;]
(s) "Supreme Court" means the Supreme Court of India;
(t) "Tribunal" means the Central Administrative Tribunal or a State Administrative Tribunal or a Joint Administrative Tribunal;
(u) "Vice-Chairman" means the Vice-Chairman of a Tribunal.
Explanation.-In the case of a Tribunal having two or more Vice-Chairman, references to the Vice-Chairman in this Act shall be construed as a reference to each of those Vice-Chairmen.
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