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THE AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA ACT, 1994

Title : THE AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA ACT, 1994

Year : 1994



(1) The authority shall as soon as may be after the end of each financial year prepare and submit to the Central Government in such form as may be prescribed a report giving an account of its activities during that financial year and the report shall also give an account of the activities which are likely to be undertaken by the authority during the next financial year.

(2) The Central government shall cause such report to be laid before both Houses of Parliament as soon as may be after it is submitted.



The Authority may, by general or special order in writing delegate to the Chairperson or any other member or to any officer of the Authority, subject to such conditions and limitations if any as may be specified in the order such of its powers and functions under this Act (expect the powers under section 42)as it may deem necessary.



All orders and decisions of the authority shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairperson or any other member authorised by the authority in this behalf and all other instruments exceeded by the authority shall be authenticated by the signature of an officer of the authority authorised by it in this behalf.



All officers and employees of the Authority shall, while acting or purporting to act in pursuance of the provisions of this Act or of any rule or regulation made there under be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code.



No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the authority or any member or any officer or other employee of the authority for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act or of any rule or regulation made there under of for any damage sustained by any aircraft of vehicle on consequent of any defect in any of the airports civil enlaces heliports airstrips aeronautical communication stations of other things belonging to or under the control of the authority.



Subject to such regulations as the authority may make in this behalf the authority shall provide securing the safe custody and restoration of any property which while not in proper custody is found on any premises such premises.



For the purposes of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) or any other enactment for the time being in force relating to income-tax or any other tax in income profits of gains the authority shall be deemed to be a company within the meaning of the Income-tax Act, 1961 and shall be liable to tax accordingly on its income profits and gains.



The authority may undertake to carry out on behalf of any person any works or services or any class of works or services on such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon between the authority and the person concerned.



(1) The Authority or any officer specially authorised by it in this behalf may form time to time, by order issue directions consistent with the provisions of the aircraft Act.1934 (22 of 1934)and the rules made there under, with respect to any of the matters specified in clauses (f),(h),(I),(j),(k),(m),(p),(qq) and (r) of sub-section 9(2) of section 5 of that Act, to any person or persons engaged in aircraft operations or using any airports Heliport, or civil enclave in any case where the authority or the officer is satisfied that in the interest of the security of India of for securing the security of the aircraft it is necessary to do so.

(2) Every direction issued under sub-section 9 (10) shall be complied with by the person or persons to whom such directions is issued.

(3) If any person willfully fails to comply with any direction issued under this section, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fine may extend to five thousand rupees or worth both.



(1) If, at any time, he Central Government is of opinion that in the public interest it is necessary or expedient so to do , it may by order direct the authority to entrust the administration management or similar other functions or any airport heliport airstrip civil enclave aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department of any airport heliport airstrip or any other agency or department of any airport heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station with effect from such date and to such person as may be specified in the order and the authority shall be bound to comply with such direction:-

Provided that before an order is made under this sub-section the authority shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in the matter.

(2) Where the management of any airport heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof is entrusted to any person specified under sub-section 91) (hereafter referred to in this section as the authorised person) the authority shall cease to exercise and discharge all its powers and functions under this Act in relation n to exercise and discharge all its powers and function under this Act in relation to such airport heliport airstrip or aeronautical communication station of any other agency or department thereof and such powers and function shall be exercised and discharged by the authorised person in accordance with the instructions of any which the Central government my give to the authorised person from time to time:-

Provided that no such power or function as may be specified by the Central Government by a general or special order shall be exercised or discharged by the authorise person except with the previous sanction of the Central Government.

(3) An order made under sub-section 91) shall unless resigned be in operation for a period of six months from the date on which the management of the airport heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof is entrusted to the authorities person:-

Provided that the Central government extend such period for a further period or periods not exceeding eighteen months.

(4) During the operation of an order made under sub-section (1), it shall be competent for he Central Government to issue from to time to time, such directions to the Authority as are necessary to enable the authorised person to exercise the powers and discharge the function of the Authority under thrice Act in relation to the airport, heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof the management of which has been entrusted to him and in particular to transfer any sum of money from the fund of the Authority to the authorised person for the management of the airport heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof and every such direction shall be complied with by the Authority.

(5) On the Caesar of operation of any made under sub-section 9(1) in relation to any airport, heliport airstrip, civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof the authorised person shall cease to exercise and perform the powers and functions of the Authority under this Act in relation to such airport, heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof and the Authority shall continue to exercise and perform such powers and function in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(6) On the cesser of operation of any order made under sub- section (1) in relation to any airport, heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof the authorised person shall hand over to the Authority any property (including any sum of money or other asset) remaining with him in connection with the management of such airport, heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station.

(7) Anything done or any action taken lawfully by the authorised person in relation to any airport, heliport airstrip, civil enclave or aeronautical communication station or any other agency or department thereof during he period operation of an order made under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to have been done or taken by the Authority and shall be binding on the Authority.



(1) If, at any time, the Central Government is of opinion-

(a) That on account of a gave emergency, the Authority is unable to discharge the function and duties imposed on it by or under the provisions of this Act, or

(b) That the Authority has persistently made default in complying with any direction issued by the Central Government under this Act or in the discharge of the functions and duties imposed on it by or under the provisions of this Act and as a result of which default the financial position of the Authority or the administration of any airport, heliport airstrip civil enclave or aeronautical communication station has deteriorated or

(2) That circumstances exist which render it necessary in the public interest so to do,the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, supersede the Authority for such period not exceeding six months as may be specified in the notification:

Provided that before issuing a notification under those sub-section for the reasons mentioned in clause (b) the Central Government shall give a reasonable opportunity to the Authority to show cause why it should not be superseded and shall consider the explanations and objections if any of the Authority.

(2) Upon the publication of a notification under sub-section (1) superseding the Authority,-

(a) All the members shall, as from the date of suppression vacate their offices as such;

(b) All the powers functions and duties which may, by or under the provisions of this Act, be exercised by or on behalf of the Authority shall until the Authority is re-constituted under sub-section (30 be exercised and discharged by such person or persons as the Central Government may direct;

(c) All property owned or controlled by the Authority shall, until he Authority is reconstituted under sub-section 93) vest in the Central Government.

(3) On the expiration of the period of super session specified in the notification issued under sub-section 91) the Central Government may-

(a) Extend the period of suppression for such further term not exceeding six months, as it may consider necessary; or

(b) Re-constitute the Authority by fresh appointment and in such case the members who vacated their offices under clause 9a) of sub-section (2) shall not be deemed disqualified for appointment:

Provided that the Central Government any at any time before the expiration of the period of super session, whether as originally specified under sub-section 91) or as extended under this sub-section take action under clause 9b) of this sub-section.

(4) The Central Government shall cause a notification issued under sub-section (1) and a full report of any action taken under the section and the circumstances leading to such action to be laid before both Houses of Parliament at the earliest opportunity.



(1) Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this Act, the Authority shall in the discharge or its functions and duties under this Act, be bound by such directions on questions of policy as the Central Government may give in writing to it from time to time.

Provided that the authority shall as far as practicable be given opportunity to express its views before any direction is given under this sub-section.

(2) The decision of the Central Government whether a question is one of policy or not shall be final.

(3) The Central Government may,from time to time issue directions to the Authority regarding the discharge of any functions to it under clause (e) of sub-section 93) of section 12 and the authority shall be bound o comply with such directions.



(1) The Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generally of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for

(a) The period of notice as may be given by the Central Government to terminate the appointments of any part-time member of the Authority under clause (b) of proviso to subsection (a) of sections 5

(b) The conditions of service of the members of the Authority under sub-section (2) of section 5

(c) The period of notice as may be given by any member to resign his office under sub-section (3) of section 5

(d) The provisions subject to which officers and other employees may be appointed by the authority and the category of officers to be appointed after approval of the Central Government under the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 12;

(e) The provision subject to which the Authority may manage the airports civil enclaves and aeronautical communication stations under sub-section 91) of section 12.

(f) The manner in which the Authority may invest its funds under clause (b) of sub-section (3) of section 24.

(g) The form in which the annual statement of accounts shall be prepared by the Authority under sub-section 91) of section 28.

(h) The form in which a report giving an account of its activities shall be prepared and submitted by the Authority to the Central Government under sub-section 91) of section 29 and

(i) Any other matter which is to be or may be prescribed



(1) The Authority may make regulations not inconsistent with this Act and the rules made there under to provide for all mutters for which provisions is necessary or expedient for the purpose of giving of effect to the provisions of this Act.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the forgoing power such regulations may provide for

(a) The time and placed of the meeting of the Authority and the procedure to the followed for the transaction of business including the quorum at such meetings under sub-section 91) of section 8

(b) The conditions of service and the remuneration of officers and after employees to be appointed by the authority under clause (e) of sub-section (3) of section 12

(c) The construction of residential accommodation for the officers and other employees appointed by the Authority under clause (e) of sub-section (3) of section 12;

(d) The storage or processing go goods in any warehouse established by he authority under clause (g) of sub-section (3) of section 12 and the charging of fees for such storage or processing;

(e) The contracts or class of contracts which are to be sealed with the common seal of the Authority and the form and manner in which a contract may be made by the authority under sub-section (1) of section 21;

(f) The custody and retroaction of lost property and the terms and conditions under which lost property may be restored to the persons entitled thereto under section 345;

(g) The disposal of any lost property in cases where such property is not restored.

(h) Securing the safety of aircraft vehicles and persons using the airport or civil enclave and preventing danger to the public arising from the use and operation of aircraft in the airport or civil enclave;

(i) Preventing obstruction within the airport or civil enclave for its normal functioning;

(j) Prohibiting the parking or waiting of any vehicle of carriage within the airport of civil enclave except at places specified by the Authority;

(k) Prohibiting or restricting access to any part of the airport or civil enclave;

(l) Preserving order within the airport or civil enclave and preventing damage to property therein;

(m) Regulating or restricting advertising within the airport or civil enclave;

(n) Requiring any person if so directed by an officer appointed by the Authority in this behalf to leave the airport or civil enclave or any particular part of the airport or civil enclave and

(o) Generally for the efficient and property management of the air port or civil enclave.

(3) Any regulation made under any of the clause (h) to (o) (both inclusive) of sub-section 9(2) may provide that a contravention thereof shall be punishable within which may extend to five hundred rupees and in the case of a continuing contravention with an additional fine which may extend to twenty rupees for every day during which such contravention continues after conviction for the first such contravention.

(4) No regulation made by the authority under this section shall have effect until it has been approved by the Ventral government and published in the Official Gazette.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section the first regulations under this Act shall be made by the Central Government and shall have effect on being published in the Official Gazette.

(6) The first regulations framed under sub-section (5) shall remain in force until such time the Authority has made regulations and they are published in the Official Gazette.



Every rule and every regulation made under this Act shall be lid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session or in two or more successive sessions and it before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid both Houses agree in mailing any modification in the rule or regulation as the case may be or both Houses agree that the rule or regulation as the case may be should not be made the rule or regulation shall thereafter have effect only ion such modified form or be of no effect as the case may be so however that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation



(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may by general or special order published in the Official Gazette male such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act as appear to it to be necessary expedient for the removal of the difficulty:-

Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiration of one year from the commencement of this Act.

(2) Every order made under sub-section 91) shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid both Houses agree in making nay modification in the order or both Houses agree that the order should not be made the order shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of normal effect as the case may be so however that a by such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that order.



In section 5 of the Aircraft Act, 1934 in sub-section 92

(a) In clause (b) for the words and figures the International Airports Authority Act, 1971 (43 of 1971) of the National Airports Act, 1985 (64 of 1985) , the words and figures the Airports Authority of India Act, 1994 shall be substituted;

(b) Proviso to clause (b) shall be omitted.



On and from the appointed date

(i) The International Airports Authority Act, 1971 (43 of 1971) and the national Airports Authority Act.1985 (64 of 1985) shall stand repealed;

(ii) The International airports and the National Airports Authority constituted under the aforesaid Acts shall cease to exist.

(2) Notwithstanding such repeal anything done or any action taken or purported to have been done or taken under the aforesaid Acts so repealed shall in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, the deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provision of this Act.

Last updated on September, 2016

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