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THE BHOPAL AND VINDHYA PRADESH (COURTS), ACT, 1950

Title : THE BHOPAL AND VINDHYA PRADESH (COURTS), ACT, 1950

Year : 1950



In addition to 1* * * the Courts of Small Causes established under the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887, (9 of 1887) and the Courts established under any other law for the time being in force, there shall be the following classes of Civil Courts, namely:-

(i) The Court of the District Judge ;

(ii) The Court of a Subordinate Judge;

(iii) The Court of a Munsiff :

Provided that in the case of 2* * * * Vindhya Pradesh, Courts of Subordinate Judges shall be established only with effect from such date as the State Government may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, specify.

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1. The words "the Court of the Judicial Commissioner and" omitted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956.

2. The words "the State of omitted, ibid.

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(1) For the purposes of this Chapter the 1*[State Government]may, by notification in the Official Gazette, divide 2*[Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh] into civil districts and may alter the limits or the number of such districts and may determine the headquarters of each such district.

(2) The 1*[State Government] shall, after consultation with the 3* [High Court], appoint as many persons as it thinks necessary to be District Judges and shall post one such person to each district as District Judge of that district:

Provided that the same person may, if the 1*[State Government]
thinks fit, be appointed to be the District Judge of two or more districts.

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1. Substituted, ibid., for "Chief Commissioner".

2. Substituted, Aid. for "the State".

3. Substituted, ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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(1) When the business pending before the Court of a District Judge requires the aid of an Additional Judge or Judges for its speedy disposal the 1*[State Government] may, after consultation with the 2*[High Court], appoint such Additional District Judges as may be necessary.

(2) An Additional District Judge so appointed shall discharge any of the functions of a District Judge which the District Judge may assign to him, and in the discharge of his functions he shall exercise the same powers as the District Judge.

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1. Substituted, ibid., for "Chief Commissioner".

2. Substituted, ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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(1) The 1*[State Government] may, after consultation with the 2* [High Court], fix the number of Subordinate Judges and Munsiffs to be appointed and, if there is a vacancy in that number, may, subject to the rules, if any, made under sub-section (2), appoint such person as is nominated by the 2*[High Court] to the vacancy.

(2) The 1*[State Government] may, after consultation with the 2* [High Court], make rules as to the qualifications of persons to be appointed as Subordinate Judges and Munsiffs.

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1. Substituted, ibid., for "Chief Commissioner".

2. Substituted, ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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The Court of the District Judge shall be the principal Civil Court of original jurisdiction in the district.



Save as otherwise provided by any other law for the time being in force, the Court of the District Judge shall have original jurisdiction in civil suits without limit as regards the value.



The jurisdiction to be exercised in original civil suits as regards the value by any person appointed to be a Subordinate Judge or a
Munsiff shall be determined by the 1*[State Government], after consultation with the 2*[High Court], in such manner as it thinks fit.

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1. Substituted, ibid., for "Chief Commissioner".

2. Substituted, ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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(1) The local limits of the jurisdiction of a Subordinate Judge or a Munsiff shall be such as the 1*[State Government] may, by notification in the Official Gazette, define.

(2) When the 2*[State Government] posts a Subordinate Judge to a district, the local limits of the district shall, in the absence of any directions to the contrary, be the local limits of his jurisdiction.

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1. Substituted, ibid., for "Chief Commissioner".

2. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "Chief Commissioner".

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Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 18, 19, 20 and 21, the 1*[State Government] may, by order published in the Official Gazette, direct that any particular class or classes of suits shall only be instituted in any particular Court or Courts.

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1. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "Chief Commissioner".

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(1) The 1*[State Government] may, after consultation with the 2* [High Court], appoint any person to be an honorary Subordinate Judge or an honorary Munsiff and may confer on such Judge or Munsiff all or any of the powers conferrable under this Act on a Subordinate Judge or a Munsiff, as the case may be, with respect to any class of suits or withdraw or suspend the exercise of any powers so conferred.

(2) Any person on whom powers are conferred under sub-section(1) shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act to be a Subordinate Judge or a Munsiff, as the case may be.

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1. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "Chief Commissioner".

2. Substituted ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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The 1*[State Government] may, by notification in the Official Gazette, confer within such local limits as it thinks fit on a Subordinate Judge or a Munsiff the jurisdiction of a Judge of the Court of Small Causes under the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887,(9 of 1887) for the trial of small cause suits up to such value, not exceed ing five hundred rupees in the case of a Subordinate Judge of one hundred rupees in the case of a Munsiff as the 1*[State Government] thinks fit, and may withdraw any jurisdiction so conferred.

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1. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "Chief Commissioner".

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(1) The 1*[High Court] may, by general or special order authorise any Subordinate Judge to take cognizance of, and any District Judge to transfer to a Subordinate Judge under his control, any proceeding or any class of proceeding, specified in such order, under-

(a) The Indian Succession Act, 1925;(39 of 1925); or

(b) The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890; (8 of 1890); or

(c) The Provincial Insolvency Act, 1920.(5 of 1920).

(2) The District Judge may withdraw any such proceeding taken cognizance of by, or transferred to, a Subordinate Judge under his control, and may either dispose of it himself or transfer it to any other competent Court.

(3) Proceedings taken cognizance of by, or transferred to, a Subordinate Judge under this section shall be disposed of by him, subject to the rules applicable to like proceedings in the Court of the District Judge.

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1. Substituted ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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(1) The 1*[State Government] may by order fix the place of places at which any Court constituted under this Chapter is to be held.

(2) The place or places so fixed may be beyond the local limits of the jurisdiction of the Court.

(3) Save as otherwise provided by an order under this section,Court constituted under this Chapter may be held at any place within the local limits of its jurisdiction.

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1. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "Chief Commissioner".

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Subject to the general superintendence and control of the 1*[High Court], the District Judge shall have control over all the Civil Courts within the local limits of his jurisdiction.

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1. Substituted ibid., for "Judicial Commissioner".

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(1) The ministerial officers of the District Court shall be appointed by the District Judge.

(2) The ministerial officers of Civil Courts under the control of the District Judge shall be appointed by the District Judge.

(3) Every appointment under this section shall be subject to such rules as the 1*[High Court], with the approval of the 2*[State Government], may make in this behalf.

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1. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956 for "Judicial Commissioner".

2. Substituted, ibid., for "Chief Commissioner".

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The District Judge may, with the previous sanction of the 1*[High Court], delegate to the Judge of any Court under his control all or any of the powers conferred on the District Judge by section 27 of this Act and on a District Court by section 24 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, (5 of 1908) to be exercised by such Judge in any specified portion of the district, subject to the control of the
District Judge.

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1. Substituted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956 for "Judicial Commissioner".

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Last updated on September, 2016

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