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THE BIHAR AND WEST BENGAL (TRANSFER OF TERRITORIES) ACT, 1956

Title : THE BIHAR AND WEST BENGAL (TRANSFER OF TERRITORIES) ACT, 1956

Year : 1956



The provisions of section 3 shall not be deemed to have effected any change in the territories to which any law in force immediately before the appointed day extends or applies, and territorial references in any such law to Bihar or West Bengal shall, until otherwise provided by a competent legislature or other competent authority, be construed as meaning the territories within that State immediately before the appointed day.



For the purpose of facilitating the application of any law in relation to Bihar or West Bengal, the appropriate Government may, before the expiration of one year from the appointed day, by order make such adaptations and modifications of the law, whether by way of repeal or amendment, as may be necessary or expedient, and thereupon every such law shall have effect subject to the adaptations and modifications so made until altered, repealed or amended by a competent authority or competent legislature.

Explanation.-In this section, the expression "appropriate
Government" means, as respects any law relating to a matter enumerated in the Union List, the Central Government, and as respects any other law, the State Government.



Notwithstanding that no provision or insufficient provision has been made for the adaptation of a law made before the appointed day, any Court, tribunal or authority, required or empowered to enforce such law may, for the purpose of facilitating its application in relation to Bihar or West Bengal, construe the law in such manner, without affecting the substance, as may be necessary or proper in regard to the matter before the Court, tribunal or authority.



The Government of West Bengal may, by notification in the
Official Gazette, specify the authority, officer or person who, as from
the appointed day, shall be competent to exercise such functions exercisable under any law in force on that day in any part of the transferred territories as may be mentioned in that notification, and such law shall have effect accordingly.



Where, immediately before the appointed day, the State of Bihar is a party to any legal proceedings with respect to any property, rights or liabilities transferred to the State of West Bengal under this Act, that State shall be deemed to be substituted for the State of Bihar as a party to those proceedings, or added as a party thereto, as the case may be, and the proceedings may continue accordingly.



(1) Every proceeding pending immediately before the appointed day before a Court (other than a High Court), tribunal, authority or officer-

(a) In any area which on that day remains within Bihar shall, if it is a proceeding relating exclusively to any part of the transferred territories, stand transferred to the corresponding Court, tribunal, authority or officer in West Bengal; and

(b) In any area which on that day falls within the transferred territories shall, if it is a proceeding relating exclusively to any part of the territories remaining within Bihar, stand transferred to the corresponding Court, tribunal authority or officer in that State.

(2) If any question arises as to whether any proceeding should stand transferred under sub-section (1),it shall be referred to the High Court having jurisdiction in respect of the area in which the
Court, tribunal, authority or officer before which, or before whom, such proceeding is pending on the appointed day, is functioning and the decision of that High Court shall be final.

(3) In this section,-

(a) "Proceeding" includes any suit, case or appeal; and

(b) "Corresponding Court, tribunal, authority or officer" in a State means-

(i) The Court, tribunal, authority or officer in which, or before whom, the proceeding would have lain if the proceeding had been instituted after the appointed day, or

(ii) In case of doubt, such Court, tribunal, authority or officer in that State as may be determined after the appointed day by the Government of that State, or before the appointed day by the Government of Bihar, to be the corresponding Court, tribunal, authority or officer.



Any person who, immediately before the appointed day, is enrolled as a pleader entitled to practise in any subordinate Courts in the transferred territories shall, for a period of six months from that day, continue to be entitled to practise in those Courts, notwithstanding that the whole or any part of the territories within the jurisdiction of those Courts has been transferred to West Bengal.



The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law.



If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the President may by order do anything not inconsistent with such provisions which appears to him to be necessary or expedient for the purpose of removing the difficulty.



(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to give effect to the provisions of this Act.

(2) 1* Every rule made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule, or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.

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1 Subs. by Act 4 of 1986, s. 2 and Sch. (w.e.f. 15.5.1986).

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THE SCHEDULE
(See section 32)

APPORTIONMENT OF LIABILITY IN RESPECT OF PENSIONS

1. Subject to the adjustments mentioned in paragraph 3, each of the States of Bihar and West Bengal shall, in respect of pensions granted by Bihar before the appointed day, pay the pensions drawn in its treasuries.

2. Subject to the said adjustments, the liability in respect of pensions of officers serving in connection with the affairs of Bihar who retire or proceed on leave preparatory to retirement before the appointed day, but whose claims for pensions are outstanding immediately before that day, shall be the liability of Bihar.

3. There shall be computed in respect of the period commencing on the appointed day and ending on the 31st day of March, 1957 and in respect of each subsequent financial year, the total payments made in respect of pensions referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2; that total, representing the liability of Bihar in respect of pensions, shall be apportioned between Bihar and West Bengal in the population ratio, and the State paying more than its due share shall be reimbursed the excess amount by the other State.

4. (1) The liability in respect of the pension of any officer serving immediately before the appointed day in connection with the affairs of Bihar, and retiring on or after that day, shall be the liability of the State which grants him the pension; but the portion of the pension attributable to the service of any such officer before the appointed day in connection with the affairs of Bihar shall be allocated between Bihar and West Bengal in the population ratio, and the Government which grants the pension shall be entitled to receive from the other Government its share of this liability.

(2) If any such officer was serving after the appointed day for some period in connection with the affairs of Bihar and for some period in connection with the affairs of West Bengal, the Government other than the one granting the pension shall reimburse to the Government by which the pension is granted an amount which bears to the portion of the pension attributable to his service after the appointed day the same ratio as the period of his qualifying service after the appointed day under the reimbursing State bears to the total qualifying service after the appointed day reckoned for the purposes of pension.

5. Any reference in this Schedule to a pension shall be construed as including a reference to the commuted value of the pension.

Last updated on September, 2016

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