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THE BIHAR REORGANISATION ACT, 2000

Title : THE BIHAR REORGANISATION ACT, 2000

Year : 2000



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of section 79, all rights and liabilities of the existing State of Bihar in relation to water resource projects in relation to,-

(i) Ganga and its tributaries; and

(ii) Sone and its tributaries, shall, on the appointed day be the rights and liabilities of the successor States in such proportion as may be fixed and subject to such adjustments as may be made, by agreement entered into by the said States after consultation with the Central Government, or, if no such agreement is entered into within two years of the appointed day, then the Central Government may, by order, determine within one year having regard to the purposes of the project:

Provided that the order so made by the Central Government may be varied by any subsequent agreement entered into by the successor States after consultation with the Central Government.

(2) An agreement or order referred to in sub-section (1) shall,where an extension or further development of any of the projects referred to in that sub-section after the appointed day is under taken, be the rights and liabilities of the successor States n relation to such extension or further development.

(3) The rights and liabilities referred to in sub-sections (1) and (2) shall include,-

(a) The right to receive and utilise the water available for distribution as a result of the projects; and

(b) The right to receive and utilise the power generated as a result of the projects, but shall not include the rights and liabilities under any contract entered into before the appointed day by the Government of the existing State of Bihar with any person or authority other than Government.



(1) The Central Government shall constitute a Board to be called the Ganga and Sone Management Board (hereinafter referred to as the Board) for administration, construction, maintenance and operation of projects referred to in sub-section (1) of section 78 for any or for a combination of following purposes, namely:-

(i) Irrigation;

(ii) Rural and Urban Water Supply;

(iii) Hydro Power generation;

(iv) Navigation;

(v) Industries; and

(vi) For any other purpose which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

(2) The Board shall consist of-

(a) A whole-time Chairman and two whole-time members to be appointed by the Central Government;

(b) A representative each of the Government of the States of Uttar
Pradesh, Bihar,Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh to be nominated by the respective Governments;

(c) Two representatives of the Central Government to be nominated by that Government.

(3) The functions of the Board shall include-

(a) The regulation of supply of water from the projects referred to in sub-section (1) of section 78 to States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh having regard to-

(i) Any agreement entered into or arrangement made covering the Governments of existing State of Bihar and the States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh, and

(ii) The agreement or the order referred to in sub-section (2) of section 78;

(b) The regulation of supply of power generated at the projects referred to in sub-section (1) of section 78, to any Electricity Board or other authority in charge of the distribution of power having regard to-

(i) Any agreement entered into or arrangement made covering the  Governments of existing State of Bihar and the States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh, and

(ii) The agreement or the order referred to in sub-section(2)of section 78;

(c) The examination of the requirement of funds for various projects in terms of the programme laid down for such projects and to advise the apportionment of the expenditure to the participating States keeping in view the agreement on the sharing of cost ;

(d) To decide the withdrawal of water from the reservoirs during the construction period for irrigation and power purposes with a view to securing better use of available water;

(e) The responsibility of devising programme of resettlement for persons displaced as a result of Irrigation Projects;

(f) Construction of such of the remaining or new works connected with the development of the water resource project relating to the rivers or their tributaries as the Central Government may specify by notification in the Official Gazette; and

(g) Such other functions as the Central Government may after consultation with the Governments of the States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh entrust to it.



(1) The Board may employ such staff, as it may consider necessary for the efficient discharge of its functions under this Act:

Provided
that every person who immediately before the constitution of the said Board was engaged in the construction, maintenance or operation of the works relating to the projects referred to in sub- section (1) of section 78 shall continue to be so employed under the Board in connection with the said works on the same terms and conditions of the service as were applicable to him before such constitution until the Central Government by order, directs otherwise:

Provided further that the said Board may at any time in consultation with the State Governments or the Electricity Board concerned and with prior approval of the Central Government retain any such person for service under that State Government or Board.

(2) The Government of the States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh shall at all times provide the necessary funds to the Board to meet all expenses (including the salaries and allowances of the staff)required for the discharge of its functions and such amounts shall be apportioned among the States concerned in such proportion as the Central Government may having regard to the benefits to each of the said States specify.

(3) The Board shall be under the control of the Central Government and shall comply with such directions, as may from time to time, be given to it by that Government.

(4) The Board may, with the approval of the Central Government delegate such of its powers, functions and duties as it may deem fit to the Chairman of the said Board or to any officer subordinate to the Board.

(5) The Central Government may, for the purpose of enabling the Board to function efficiently, issue such directions to the State Governments concerned, or any other authority, and the State Governments, or the other authority shall comply with such directions.



(1) The Board shall, ordinarily exercise jurisdiction in regard to any of the projects referred to in sub-section (1) of section 78 over head work (barrages, dams, reservoir, regulating construction), part of canal network a d transmission lines necessary to deliver water or power to the States concerned.

(2) If any question arises as to whether the Board has jurisdiction under sub-section (1) over any project referred thereto, the same shall be referred to the Central Government for decision thereon.



The Board may, with the prior approval of the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations consistent with this Act and orders made there under, to provide for-

(a) Regulating the time and place of meetings of the Board and the procedure to be followed for the transaction of business at such meetings;

(b) Delegation of powers and duties to the Chairman or any officer of the Board;

(c) The appointment and regulation of the conditions of service of the officers and other staff of the Board; and

(d) Any other matter for which regulations are considered necessary by the Board.
Last updated on September, 2016

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