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THE BIHAR REORGANISATION ACT, 2000

Title : THE BIHAR REORGANISATION ACT, 2000

Year : 2000



On and from the appointed day, in section 15 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, in clause (c), for the words "Bihar", the words "Bihar and Jharkhand" shall be substituted.



The provisions of Part II of this Act shall not be deemed to have effected any change in the territories to which any law in force immediately before the appointed day extends or applies, and territorial references in any such law to the State of Bihar shall, until otherwise provided by a competent Legislature or other competent authority be construed as meaning the territories within the existing State of Bihar before the appointed day.



For the purpose of facilitating the application in relation to the State of Bihar or Jharkhand of any law made before the appointed day, the appropriate Government may, before the expiration of two years from that day, by order, lake such adaptations and modifications of the law, whether by way of repeal or amendment, as may be necessary or expedient, and thereupon every such law shall have effect subject to the adaptations and modifications so made until altered, repealed or amended by a competent Legislature or other competent authority.

Explanation.-In this section, the expression "appropriate Government"means as respects any law relating to a matter enumerated in the Union List, the Central Government, and as respects any other law in its application to a State, the State Government.



Notwithstanding that no provision or insufficient provision has been made under section 85 for the adaptation of a law made before the appointed day, any court, tribunal or authority, required or empowered to enforce such laway, for the purpose of facilitating its application in relation to the State of Bihar or Jharkhand, construe the law in such manner, without affecting the substance, as may be necessary or proper in regard to the matter before the court, tribunal or austerity.



The Government of the State of Jharkhand, as respects the transferred territory may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify the authority, officer or person who, on or after the appointed day, shall be competent to exercise such functions exercisable under any law in force on that day as may be mentioned in that notification and such law shall have effect accordingly.



Where immediately before the appointed day, the existing State of Bihar is a party to any legal proceedings with respect to any property, rights or liabilities subject to apportionment between the States of Bihar and Jharkhand unde this Act, the State of Bihar or Jharkhand which succeeds to, or acquires a share in, that property or those rights or liabilities by virtue of any provision of this Act shall be deemed to be substituted for the existing State of Bihar or added as a part to those proceedings, and the proceedings may continue accordingly.



(1) Every proceeding pending immediately before the appointed day before a court (other than the High Court), tribunal, authority or officer in any area which on that day falls within the State of Bihar shall, if it i a proceeding relating exclusively to the territory, which as from that day is the territory of Jharkhand State, stand transferred to the corresponding court, tribunal, authority or officer of that State.

(2) If any question arises as to whether any proceeding should stand transferred under sub-section (1), it shall be referred to the High Court at Patna and the decision of that High Court shall be final.

(3) In this section-

(a) "Proceeding" includes any suit, case or appeal; and

(b) "Corresponding court, tribunal, authority or officer" in the State of Jharkhand means-

(i) The court, tribunal, authority or officer in which, or before whom, the proceeding would have laid if it had been instituted after the appointed day; or

(ii) In case of doubt, such court, tribunal, authority, or officer in that State, as may be determined after the appointed day by the Government of that State or the Central Government, as the case may be, or before the appointed day by the Government of the existing State of Bihar to be the corresponding court, tribunal, authority or officer.



Any person who, immediately before the appointed day, is enrolled as a pleader entitled to practise in any subordinate courts in the existing State of Bihar shall, for a period of one year from that day continue to be entitled to practise in those courts, notwithstanding that the whole or any part of the territories within the jurisdiction of those courts has been transferred to the State of Jharkhand.



The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law.



(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the President may, by order, do anything not inconsistent with such provisions which appears to him to be necessary or expedient for the purpos of removing the difficulty:

Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of three years from the appointed day.

(2) Every order made under this section shall be laid before each House of Parliament.

Last updated on September, 2016

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