(1) Every dealer who is registered under the Bihar Finance Act, 1981 (Bihar Act 5 of 1981), as it stood before its repeal by section 94, shall be liable, on or after the commencement of this Act, to pay tax under this Act on sale or purchase, made by him.
(2) Every dealer, to whom sub-section (1) does not apply, shall be liable to pay tax on sale or purchase, as the case may be, from the date on which his gross turnover, during a period not exceeding twelve months, first exceeded five lakh rupees.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub- section (2) but subject to the other provisions of this Act, every dealer,-
(a) Being an importer or a manufacturer; or
(b) Who is required to file a return under the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961); or
(c) Who holds any licence under the Explosives Act, 1884 (4 of 1884), or the Bihar Excise Act, 1915 (Bihar and Orissa Act 2 of 1915), or the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 (23 of 1940), or the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (10 of 1955) or the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (67 of 1957); or
(d) Being a corporation, constituted under any law for the time being in force or a company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), or, is registered under the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956 (74 of 1956); or
(e) Whose place of business is located inside the market yard established under the Bihar Agriculture Produce Market Act, 1960 (Bihar Act 16 of 1960); or
(f) Who fulfills the following two conditions, namely:-
(i) Uses a telephone in his place of business or has a mobile telephone; and
(ii) The receipts or payments of whose business, either wholly or in part, are transacted through any bank,shall be liable to pay tax on sale or purchase, as the case may be, with effect from the date of the first sale of any taxable goods made by him.
(4) Every dealer who has become liable to pay tax under sub- sections (1), (2) and (3) shall, subject to the provisions of sub- section (5), cease to be so liable after the expiry of twelve consecutive months from the date he either closes or discontinues his business or entirely transfers his business to another person.
(5) A registered dealer shall, within a period of twelve consecutive months, pay tax on the stock of goods remaining with him on the date with effect from which he closes or discontinues his business: Provided that the Commissioner may, after recording the reasons, extend the period of twelve consecutive months if the goods are held in stock beyond the said period of twelve months because of reasons beyond the control of the dealer.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), where any person who, is, or was, less than six months earlier, a member of the partnership firm, concern or Hindu undivided family, which is, or was, less than six months earlier, liable to pay tax, starts a new business, either singly or jointly with other persons, or joins other business, partnership firm or concern, tax as aforesaid, shall likewise be payable on sales and purchases made from such business, partnership firm or concern, on and from the date the person starts or joins it, unless the liability in respect of such business, partnership firm or concern has arisen from an earlier date under the said sub-sections.
(7) The tax for each year or any part thereof, may, with the previous approval of the Commissioner, be estimated and collected in advance, in the manner prescribed, during a year, in such installments as may be fixed by the prescribed authority.
(8) For the purposes of sub-section (7), the prescribed authority may require the dealer to furnish an advance estimate of his taxable turnover for that year or any part thereof and may provisionally determine the amount of tax payable by the dealer in respect of the year or any part thereof and thereupon the dealer shall pay the amount so determined by such date as may be fixed by such authority.
Subject to the provisions of sections 6 and 7, every dealer liable to pay tax under section 3, who purchases goods in circumstances in which no tax on sales is payable or has been paid on the sale price of such goods and either consumes such goods in the manufacture of other goods for sale or otherwise disposes of such goods in any manner other than by way of sale in the State or sale in the course of inter-State trade or commerce, shall be liable to pay tax on the purchase price of such goods at the same rate at which it would have been leviable on the sale price of such goods under section 14.
Where a dealer purchases any taxable goods from any person within the State of Bihar, and such person is not a registered dealer and the said goods are used as capital assets anytime after such purchase, there shall be levied, a tax on the purchase price of such purchases at the rate at which tax on sales is leviable on the said goods.
(1) No tax shall be payable under this Act on sales or purchases of goods which have taken place-
(a) In the course of inter-State trade or commerce;
(b) Outside the State of Bihar;
(c) In the course of import of goods into, or, export of goods out of, the territory of India.
(2) The provisions of the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956 (74 of 1956) shall apply for determining when a sale or purchase of goods shall be deemed to have taken place in any of the ways mentioned in clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (1).
No tax shall be payable on sale or purchase of goods specified in Schedule I.
The burden of proving that any sale or purchase effected by a dealer is not liable to tax under section 6 or section 7 or sub-section (2) of section 13, as the case may be, or that he is eligible for an input tax credit under sections 16 and 17 shall be on the dealer.
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