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THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986

Title : THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986

Year : 1986



The provisions of this Part shall apply to an establishment or a class of establishments in which none to the occupations or processes referred to in Sec. 3 is carried on.



(1) No child shall be required or permitted to work in any establishment in excess of such number of hours, as may be prescribed for such establishment or class of establishments.

(2) The period of work on each day shall be so fixed that no period shall exceed three hours and that no child shall work for more than three hours before he has had an interval for rest for at least one hour.

(3) The period of work of a child shall be so arranged that inclusive of his interval for rest, under sub-section (2), it shall not be spread over more than six hours, including the time spent in waiting for work on any day.

(4) No child shall be permitted or required to work between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m.

(5) No child shall be required or permitted to work overtime.

(6) No child shall be required or permitted to work in any establishment on any day on which he has already been working in another establishment.



Every child employed in an establishment shall be allowed in each week, a holiday of one whole day, which day shall be specified by the occupier in a notice permanently exhibited in a conspicuous place in the establishment and the day so specified shall not be altered by the occupier more than once in three months.



(1) Every occupier in relation to an establishment in which a child was employed or permitted to work immediately before the date of commencement of this Act in relation to such establishment shall, within a period of thirty days from such commencement, send to the Inspector within whose local limits the establishment is situated, a written notice containing the following particulars, namely :-

(a) The name and situation of the establishment;

(b) The name of the person in actual management of the establishment;

(c) The address to which communications relating to the establishment should be sent; and

(d) The nature of the occupation or process carried on in the establishment.

(2) Every occupier, in relation to an establishment, who employs, or permits to work, any child after the date of commencement of this Act in relation to such establishment, shall, within a period of thirty days from the date of such employment, send to the Inspector within whose local limits the establishment is situated, a written notice containing the particulars as are mentioned in sub- subsection (1).

Explanation.-For the purposes of sub-sections (1) and (2), "date of commencement of this Act, in relation to an establishment" means the date of bringing into force of this Act in relation to such establishment.

(3) Nothing in Sections 7, 8 and 9 shall apply to any establishment wherein any process is carried on by the occupier with the aid of his family or to any school established by, or receiving assistance or recognition from, Government.



If any question arises between an Inspector and an occupier as to the age of any child who is employed or is permitted to work by him in an establishment, the question shall, in the absence of a certificate as to the age of such child granted by the prescribed medical authority, be referred by the Inspector for decision to the prescribed medical authority.     



There shall be maintained by every occupier in respect of children employed or permitted to work in any establishment, a register to be available for inspection by an Inspector at all times during working hours or when work is being carried on in any such establishment, showing-

(a) The name and date of birth of every child so employed or permitted to work;

(b) Hours and periods of work of any such child and the intervals of rest to which he is entitled;

(c) The nature of work of any such child; and

(d) Such other particulars as may be prescribed.



Every railway administration, every port authority and every occupier shall cause to be displayed in a conspicuous and accessible place at every station on its railway or within the limits of a port or at the place of work, as the case may be, a notice in the local language and in the English language containing an abstract of Sections. 3 and 14.



(1) The appropriate Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for the health and safety of the children employed or permitted to work in any establishment or class of establishments.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the said rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-

(a) Cleanliness in the place of work and its freedom from nuisance;

(b) Disposal of wastes and effluents;

(c) Ventilation and temperature;

(d) Dust and fume;

(e) Artificial humidification;

(f) Lighting;

(g) Drinking water;

(h) Latrine and urinals;

(i) Spittoons;

(j) Fencing of machinery;

(k) Work at or near machinery in motion;

(l) Employment of children on dangerous machines;

(m) Instructions, training and supervision in relation to employment of children on dangerous machines;

(n) Device for cutting off power;

(o) Self-acting machiners;

(p) Easing of new machinery;

(q) Floor, stairs and means of access;

(r) Pits, sumps, openings in floors, etc.;

(s) Excessive weights;

(t) Protection of eyes;

(u) Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc.;

(v) Precautions in case of fire;

(w) Maintenance of buildings; and

(x) Safety of buildings and machinery.


Last updated on May, 2016

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