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THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986

Title : THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986

Year : 1986



(1) Whoever employs any child or permits any child to work in contravention of the provisions of Section 3 shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend to twenty thousand rupees or with both.

(2) Whoever, having been convicted of an offence under Section. 3, commits a like offence afterwards, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to two years.

(3) Whoever -

(a) Fails to give notice as required by Section 9, or

(b) Fails to maintain a register as required by Section 11 or makes any false entry in any such register; or

(c) Fails to display a notice containing an abstract of Section 3 and this section as required by Section 12; or

(d) Fails to comply with or contravenes any other provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder,shall be punishable with simple imprisonment which may extend to one month or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both.


 
(1) Where any person is found guilty and convicted of contravention of any of the provisions mentioned in sub-section (2), he shall be liable to penalties as provided in sub-sections (1) and (2) of Section 14 of this Act and not under the Acts in which those provisions are contained.

(2) The provisions referred to in sub-section (1) are the provision mentioned below :

(a) Section 67 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948);

(b) Section 40 of the Mines Act, 1952 (35 of 1952);

(c) Section 109 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958); and

(d) Section 21 of the Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961 (27 of 1961).



(1) Any person, police officer or inspector may file a complaint of the commission of an offence under this Act in any Court of competent jurisdiction.

(2) Every certificate as to the age of a child which has been granted by a prescribed medical authority shall, for the purposes of this Act, be conclusive evidence as to the age of the child to whom it relates.

(3) No Court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence under this Act.



The appropriate Government may appoint Inspectors for the purposes of securing compliance with the provisions of this Act and any Inspector so appointed shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).



(1) The appropriate Government may, by notification in the official Gazette and subject to the condition of previous publication, make rules for carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of
the following matters, namely:-

(a) The term of office of, the manner of filling casual vacancies of, and the allowances payable to, the Chairman and members of the Child Labour Technical Advisory Committee and the conditions and restrictions subject to which a non-member may be appointed to a sub-committee under sub-section (5) of Section 5;

(b) Number of hours for which a child may be required or permitted to work under sub-section (1) of Section 7;

(c) Grant of certificates of age in respect of young persons in employment or seeking employment, the medical authorities which may issue such certificate, the form of such certificate, the charges which may be made there under and the manner in which such certificate may be issued:

Provided that no charge shall be made for the issue of any such certificate if the application is accompanied by evidence of age deemed satisfactory by the authority concerned;

(d) The other particulars which a register maintained under Section 11 should contain.



(1) Every rule made under this Act by the Central Government and every notification issued under Section 4, shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made or issued, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or notification or both Houses agree that the rule or notification should not be made or issued, the rule or notification shall thereafter have effect only in such, modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or notification.

(2) Every rule made by a State Government under this Act shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made, before the Legislature of that State.



Subject to the provisions contained in Section 15, the provisions of this Act and the rules made there under shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the provisions of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948), the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 (69 of 1951) and the Mines Act, 1952 (35 of 1952).



(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the official Gazette, make such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for removal of the difficulty:

Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of three years from the date on which this Act receives the assent of the President.

(2) Every order made under this section shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before the Houses of Parliament.



(1) The Employment of Children Act, 1938 (26 of 1938), is here-by repealed.

(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken or purported to have been done or taken under the Act so repealed shall, in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken under the corres -ponding provisions of this Act.



In Section 2 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948,-

(i) For Clause (a), the following clauses shall be substituted, namely:-

‘(a) “Adolescent' means a person who has completed his fourteenth year of age but has not completed his eighteenth year;

(aa) “Adult” means a person who has completed his eighteenth year of age;’

(ii) After Clause (b), the following clause shall be inserted, namely,-

"(bb) 'Child' means a person who has not completed his fourteenth year of age;".



In the Plantations Labour Act, 1951,-

(a) In section 2, in clauses (a) and (c), for the word "fifteenth", the word "fourteenth" shall be substituted;

(b) Section 24 shall be omitted;

(c) In section 26, in the opening portion, the words "who has completed his twelfth year" shall be omitted.



In the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958, in Section 109, for the word "fifteen", the word "fourteen" shall be substituted.



In the Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961, in Section 2, in Clauses (a) and (c), for the word "fifteenth", the word "fourteenth" shall be substituted.

Schedule I

SCHEDULE

THE SCHEDULE
[See section 3]

PART A
 
OCCUPATIONS

An occupation connected with-

(1) Transport of passengers, goods or mails by railway;

(2) Cinder picking, clearing of an ash pit or building operation in the railway premises; 

(3) Work in a catering establishment at a railway station, involving the movement of a vendor or any other employee of the establishment from one platform to another or into or out of a moving train;

(4) Work relating to the construction of a railway station or with any other work where such work is done in close proximity to or between the railway lines;

(5) A port authority within the limits of any port;

1*[(6) Work relating to selling of crackers and fireworks in shops with temporary licences;]

2*[(7) Abattoirs/slaughter Houses;]

3*[(8) Automobile workshop and garages;

(9) Foundries;

(10) Handling of toxic or inflammable substances or explosives;

(11) Handloom and power loom industry;

(12) Mines (underground and underwater) and collieries;

(13) Plastic units and fiberglass workshops.]

4*[(14) Employment of child as domestic workers or servants;

(15) Employment of children in dhobis (roadside eateries), restaurants, hotels, motels, tea-shops, resorts, spas or other recreational centers.]

10*, 10a*[(16) Diving]

11*[(17) Circus;

(18) Caring of Elephants.]
 
PART B
 
PROCESSES

(1) Bidi-making.

5*[(2) Carpet-weaving including preparatory and incidental process thereof.]

(3) Cement manufacture, including bagging of cement.

5*[(4) Cloth printing, dyeing and weaving including preparatory and incidental process thereto.]

(5) Manufacture of matches, explosives and fire-works.

(6) Mica-cutting and splitting.

(7) Shellac manufacture.

(8) Soap manufacture.

(9) Tanning.

(10) Wool-cleaning.

(11) 6*[Building and Construction Industry including processing and polishing of granite stones.]

7*[(12) Manufacture of slate pencils (including packing).

(13) Manufacture of products from agate.

(14) Manufacturing processes using toxic metals and substances, such as lead, mercury, manganese, chromium, cadmium, benzene, pesticides and asbestos.]

8*[(15) "Hazardous processes" as defined in Section 2 (cb) and 'dangerous operations' as defined in rules made under Section 87 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948).

(16) Printing as defined in Section 2(k) (iv) of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948).

(17) Cashew and cashew nut decaling and processing.

(18) Soldering processes in electronic industries.]

5*[(19) 'Aggarbatti' manufacturing.

(20) Automobile repairs and maintenance including processes incidental thereto, namely, welding, lathe work, dent beating and painting.

(21) Brick kilns and roof titles units.

(22) Cotton ginning and processing and production of hosiery goods.

(23) Detergent manufacturing.

(24) Fabrication workshops (ferrous and non-ferrous).

(25) Gem cutting and polishing.

(26) Handling of chromite and managanese ores.

(27) Jute textile manufacture and coir making.

(28) Lime Kilns and manufacture of lime.

(29) Lock making.

(30) Manufacturing processes having exposure to lead such as primary and secondary smelting, welding and cutting of lead-painted metal constructions, welding of galvanized or Zinc silicate, polyvinyl chloride, mixing (by hand) of crystal glass mass, sanding or scrapping of lead paint, burning of lead in enamelling workshops, lead mining, plumbing, cable making, wire patenting, lead casting, type founding in printing shops. Store type setting, assembling of cars, shot making and lead glass blowing.

(31) Manufacture of cement pipes, cement products and other related work.

(32) Manufacturing of glass, glassware including bangles, fluorescent tubes, bulbs and other similar glass products.

(33) Manufacture of dyes and dye stuff.

(34) Manufacturing or handling of pesticides and insecticides.

(35) Manufacturing or processing and handling of corrosive and toxic substances, metal cleaning photo engraving and soldering processes in electronic industry.

(36) Manufacturing of burning coal and coal briquettes.

(37) Manufacturing of sports goods involving exposure to synthetic materials, chemicals and leather.

(38) Moulding and processing of fibreglass and plastic.

(39) Oil expelling and refinery.

(40) Paper making.

(41) Potteries and ceramic industry.

(42) Polishing, moulding, cutting, welding and manufacture of brass goods in all forms.

(43) Process in agriculture where tractors, threshing and harvesting machines are used and chaff cutting.

(44) Saw Mill-all processes.

(45) Sericulture processings.

(46) Skinning, dyeing and processes for manufacturing of leather and leather products.

(47) Stone breaking and stone crushing.

(48) Tobacco processing including manufacturing of tobacco paste and handling of tobacco in any form.

(49) Tyre making, repairing, re-treading and graphite beneficiation.

(50) Utensils making, polishing and metal buffing.

(51) 'Zari' making (all processes).]

9*[(52) Electroplating;

(53) Graphite powdering and incidental processing;

(54) Grinding or glazing of metals;

(55) Diamond cutting and polishing;

(56) Extraction of slate from mines;

(57) Rag picking and scavenging".]

10*, 10a*[(58) Processes involving exposure to excessive heat (e.g. working near furnace) and cold;

(59) Mechanised fishing;

(60) Food Processing;

(61) Beverage Industry;

(62) Timber handling and loading; (63)' Mechanical Lumbering;

(64) Warehousing;

(65) Processes involving exposure to free silica such as slate, pencil industry, stone grinding, slate stone mining, stone quarries, agate industry.]
 
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1.  Inserted by S.O. 404 (E), dated 5th June, 1989.

2.  Inserted by S.O. 263(E), dated 29th March 1994.

3.  Added by S.O. 36(E), dated 27th January 1999.

4.  Inserted by the Notification No: S.O. 1742(E) w.e.f . 10.10.2006.

5. Added by S.O. 36(E), dated 27th January, 1999.

6. Substituted by S.O. 397(E), dated 10th May, 2001.

7. Inserted by S.O. 404 (E), dated 5th June, 1989.

8. Inserted by S.O. 263(E), dated 29th March 1994.

9. Added by S.O. 397(E) , dated 10th May, 2001.

10. Inserted by the Notification No. SO1109(E) dated 08.05.2008.

10a.Inserted by the Notification No. SO2280(E) dated 25.09.2008.

11. Inserted by the Notification No. SO2469(E) dated 08.10.2010.

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Last updated on May, 2016

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