Indian Bare Acts



Year : 1974

[Act, No. 28 of 1974]
[26th August, 1974]


An Act to provide for the conservation of coal and development of coal mines and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-fifth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

(1) This Act may be called The Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Act, 1974.

(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force on such day,1*as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint in this behalf.


1. Enforced on and from 1-4-1975.


It is hereby declared that it is expedient in the public interest that the Central Government should take under its control the regulation and development of coal mines to the extent hereinafter provided.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) "Appointed day" means the day on which this Act comes into force;

(b) "Blending" means the process of intimately mixing different varieties of coal so as to provide a mixture which on carbonisation results in coke;

(c) "Coal" includes coke in all its forms but does not include lignite;

(d) "Chief Inspector" and "Inspector" mean the persons respectively appointed as the Chief Inspector of Mines and Inspector of Mines under the Mines Act, 1952 and the provisions of that Act shall apply to the Chief Inspector and to all Inspectors while exercising their powers under this Act or the rules made there under;

(e) "Notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;

(f) "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(g) "Scheduled bank" means a bank for the time being included in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934;

(h) "Railway" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Indian Railways Act, 1890;

(i) "Safety in coal mines" includes the safety of any railway situated on the surface above a coal mine;

(j) "Stowing" means the operation of filling, with sand or any other material, or with both, spaces left underground in a coal mine by the extraction of coal;

(k) "Washing" means such process or combination of processes as may be approved in this behalf by the Central Government by which the whole or any part of the shale and mineral matter found in the coal is removed therefrom;

(l) "Agent", "mine" and "owner" have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Mines Act, 1952.
Last updated on June, 2016

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