Indian Bare Acts



Year : 1973

[Act, No. 26 Of 1973]
[30th May, 1973]


An Act to provide for the acquisition and transfer of the right, title and interest of the owners in respect of the coal mines specified in the schedule with a view to re-organising and reconstructing such coal mines so as to ensure the rational, co-ordinated and scientific development and utilisation of coal resources consistent with the growing requirements of the country, in order that the ownership and control of such resources are vested in the State and thereby so distributed as best to sub serve the common good and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

(1) This Act may be called the coal Mines (Nationalisation) Act, 1973.

(2) The provisions of sections 30 and 31 shall come into force at once and the remaining provisions of this Act shall be deemed to have come into force on the 1st day of May, 1973.

1A - 1*Declaration as to expediency of Union control

(1) It is hereby declared that it is expedient in the public interest that the Union should take under its control the regulation and development of coal mines to the extent hereinafter provided in sub-sections (3) and (4) of section 3 2*[section 3A] and sub-section (2) of section 30.

(2) The declaration contained in sub-section (1) is in addition to, and not in derogation of, the declaration contained in section 2 of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957.]


1. Inserted by the Coal Mines (Nationalisation) Amendment Act (67 of 1976), Section. 2 (w.r.e.f. 29-4-76).

2. Inserted by Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 w.e.f. 21.10.2014.


In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,

(a) "Appointed day" means the 1st day of May, 1973;

(b) "Coal mine" means a mine in which there exists one or more seams of coal;

(c) "Company" means a company as defined in section 3 of the Companies Act, 1956 and includes a foreign company within the meaning of section 591 of that Act;

(d) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Payments appointed under section 17;

(e) "Custodian" means the Custodian appointed under sub-section (2) of section 11, to take over, or carry on, the management of a coal mine;

(f) "Government company" has the meaning assigned to it by section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956;

(g) "Managing contractor" means the person, or body of persons, who, with the previous consent, in writing, of the State Government has entered into an arrangement, contract or understanding, with the owner of a coal mine under which the operations of the coal mine are substantially controlled by such person or body of persons;

(h) "Mine" means any excavation where any operation for the purpose of searching for or obtaining minerals has been or is being carried on, and includes-

(i) All borings and bore holes;

(ii) All shafts, whether in the course of being sunk or not;

(iii) All levels and inclined planes in the course of being driven;

(iv) All open cast workings;

(v) All conveyors or aerial rope ways provided for bringing into or removal from a mine of minerals or other articles or for the removal of refuse therefrom;

(vi) All lands, buildings, works, adits, levels, planes, machinery and equipments, instruments, stores, vehicles, railways, tramways and sidings in, or adjacent to, a mine and used for the purposes of the mine;

(vii) All workshops (including buildings, machinery, instruments, stores, equipment of such workshops and the lands on which such workshops stand) in, or adjacent to, a mine and used substantially for the purposes of the mine or a number of mines under the same management;

(viii) All coal belonging to the owner of the mine, whether in stock or in transit, and all coal under production in a mine;

(ix) All power stations in a mine or operation primarily for supplying electricity for the purpose of working the mine or a number of mines under the same management.

(x) All lands, buildings and equipments belonging to the owners of the mine, and in, adjacent to or situated on the surface of, the mine where the washing of coal obtained from the mine or manufacture, therefrom, of coke is carried on;

(xi) All lands and buildings [other than those referred to in sub-clause (x)], wherever situated, if solely used for the location of the management, sale or liaison offices, or for the residence of officers and staff, of the mine;

1*[(xii) All other fixed assets, movable and immovable, belonging to the owner of a mine, wherever situate and current assets, belonging to a mine, whether within its premises or outside.

Explanation.-The expression "current assets" does not include,-

(a) Dues representing the sale of coal and coal products effected at any time before the appointed day and outstanding immediately before the said day;

(b) Dues from the Coal Board, established under section 4 of the Coal Mines (Conserva┬Čtion, Safety and Development) Act, 1952, prior to the repeal of the said Act, with respect to any period before the appointed day;

(c) Dues from sundry debtors, loans and advances to other parties and investments, not being investments in the coal mines;

(d) Security deposits made by the owners with the Coal Controller appointed by the Central Government or with the Railways for the fulfillment of contracts or with a State Electricity Board for the payment of bills;

(e) Earnest money deposited by the owners with the Railways for obtaining contracts;]

(i) "Mineral Concession Rules" means the rules, for the time being in force, made under the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957;

(j) "Mining company" means a company owning a coal mine, and in relation to a foreign company within the meaning of section 591 of the Companies Act, 1956, the undertaking of that company in India;

(k) "Notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;

(l) "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(m) "Specified date" means such date as the Central Government may, for the purpose of any provision of this Act, by notification, specify, and different dates may be specified for  different provisions of this Act;

(n) Words and expressions used herein and not defined but defined in the Coal Mines (Conservation, Safety and Development) Act, 1952, have the meanings, respectively, assigned to them in that Act;

(o) Words and expressions used herein and not defined in this Act or in the Coal Mines (Conservation, Safety and Development) Act, 1952, but defined in the Mines Act, 1952, have the meanings, respectively assigned to them in the Mines Act, 1952.


1. Substituted for Clause. (h) (xii) by the Coal Mines Nationalisation Laws (Amendment) Act (22 of 1978), Section. 10 (w.r.e.f. 1-5-73).

Last updated on June, 2016

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