(1) It shall be the duty of the Coast Guard to protect by such measures, as it thinks fit, the maritime and other national interests of India in the maritime zones of India.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (1), the measures referred to therein may provide for-
(a) Ensuring the safety and protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals, installations and other structures and devices in any maritime zone;
(b) Providing protection to fishermen including assistance to them at sea while in distress;
(c) Taking such measures as are necessary to preserve and protect the maritime environment and to prevent and control marine pollution;
(d) Assisting the customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations ;
(e) Enforcing the provisions of such enactments as are for the time being in force in the maritime zones; and
(f) Such other matters, including measures for the safety of life and property at sea and collection of scientific data, as may be prescribed.
(3) The Coast Guard shall perform its functions under this section in accordance with, and subject to such rules, as may be prescribed and such rules may, in particular, make provisions for ensuring that the Coast Guard functions in close liaison with Union agencies, Institutions and authorities so as to avoid duplication of effort.
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