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The Companies Act, 1956

Title : The Companies Act, 1956

Year : 1956

Where the share capital of a company is divided into different classes of shares, the rights attached to the shares of any class may be varied with the consent in writing of the holders of not less than three-fourths of the issued shares of that class or with the sanction of a special resolution passed at a separate meeting of the holders of the issued shares of that class -

(a) If provision with respect to such variation is contained in the memorandum or articles of the company, or

(b) In the absence of any such provision in the memorandum or articles, if such variation is not prohibited by the terms of issue of the shares of that class.

1. Substituted by Act 65 of 1960, Section 26, for section 106 (w.e.f. 28-12-1960).


(1) If, in pursuance of any provision such as is referred to in section 106, the rights attached to any such class of shares are at any time varied, the holders of not less in the aggregate than ten per cent of the issued shares of that class, being persons who did not consent to or vote in favour of the resolution for the variation, may apply to the1*[Tribunal] to have the variation cancelled, and where any such application is made, the variation shall not have effect unless and until it is confirmed by the1[Tribunal].

(2) An application under this section shall be made within twenty-one days after the date on which the consent was given or the resolution was passed, as the case may be, and may be made on behalf of the shareholders entitled to make the application by such one or more of their number as they may appoint in writing for the purpose.

(3) On any such application, the1*[Tribunal] after hearing the applicant and any other persons who apply to the1[Tribunal] to be heard and appear to the1*[Tribunal] to be interested in the application, may, if it is satisfied, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, that the variation would unfairly prejudice the shareholders of the class represented by the applicant, disallow the variation; and shall, if not so satisfied, confirm the variation.

(4) The decision of the Court any such application shall be final.

(5) The company shall, within2*[thirty] days after the service on the company of any order made on any such application, forward a copy of the order to the Registrar; and if default is made in complying with this provision, the company, and every officer of the company who is in default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to3*[five hundred rupees].


1.Substituted by Act 11 of 2003, Section 14, for "Court".

2.Substituted by Act 31 of 1965, Section 62 and Schedule, for "fifteen" (w.e.f. 15-10-1965).

3. Substituted by Act 53 of 2000, Section 43, for "fifty rupees" (w.e.f. 13-12-2000).


Last updated on August, 2016

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