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The Companies Act,1956

Title : The Companies Act,1956

Year : 1956



A bill of exchange, hundi or promissory note shall be deemed to have been made, accepted, drawn or endorsed on behalf of a company if drawn, accepted, made, or endorsed in the name of, or on behalf or on account of, the company by any person acting under its authority, express or implied.



(1) A company may, by writing under its common seal, empower any person, either generally or in respect of any specified matters, as its attorney, to execute deeds on its behalf in any place either in or outside India.

(2) A deed signed by such an attorney on behalf of the company and under his seal where sealing is required, shall bind the company and have the same effect as if it were under its common seal.



(1) Save as otherwise provided in sub-sections (2) to (5)1[or any other law for the time being in force] and subject to the provisions of sub-sections (6) to (8), -

(a) All investments made by a company on its own behalf shall be made and held by it in its own name; and

(b) Where any such investments are not so held at the commencement of this Act the company shall, within a period of one year from such commencement, either cause them to be transferred to, and hold them in, its own name, or dispose of them,

(2) Where the company has a right to appoint any person or persons, or where any nominee or nominees of the company has or have been appointed, as a director or directors of any other body corporate, shares in such other body corporate to an amount not exceeding the nominal value of the qualification shares which are required to be held by a director thereof, may be registered or held by such company jointly in the names of itself and of each such person or nominee or in the name of each such person or nominee 2[***].

(3) A company may hold any shares in its subsidiary in the name or names of any nominee or nominees of the company, if and insofar as it is necessary so to do, to ensure that the number of members of the subsidiary is not reduced, where it is a public company, below seven, and where it is a private company, below two.

(4) Sub-section (1) shall not apply to investments made by a company whose principal business consists of the buying and selling of shares or securities.

(5) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent a company -

(a) From depositing with a bank, being the bankers of the company, any shares or securities for the collection of any dividend or interest payable thereon; or

1*[(aa) From depositing with, or transferring to, or holding in the name of, the State Bank of India or a Scheduled Bank, being the bankers of the company, shares or securities, in order to facilitate the transfer thereof:-

Provided that if within a period of six months from the date on which the shares or securities are transferred by the company to, or are first held by the company in the name of the State Bank of India or a Scheduled Bank as aforesaid, no transfer of such shares or securities takes place, the company shall, as soon as practicable after the expiry of that period, have the shares or securities re-transferred to it from the State Bank of India or the Scheduled Bank or, as the case may be, again hold the shares or securities in its own name; or]

(b) From depositing with or transferring to, any person any shares or securities, by way of security for the repayment of any loan advanced to the company or the performance of any obligation undertaken by it;

3*[(c) from holding investments in the name of a depository when such investments are in the form of securities held by the company as a beneficial owner.]

(6) The certificate or letter of allotment relating to the shares or securities in which investments have been made by a company shall, except in the cases referred to in sub-sections (4) and (5), be in the custody of such company or4[with the State Bank of India or a Schedule Bank], being the bankers of the company.

(7) Where, in pursuance of sub-sections (2), (3), (4) or (5), any shares or securities in which investments have been made by a company are not held by it in its own name, the company shall forthwith enter in a register maintained by it for the purpose -

(a) The nature, value, and such other particulars as may be necessary fully to identify the shares or securities in question; and

(b) The bank or person in whose name or custody the shares or securities are held.

(8) The register kept under sub-section (7) shall be open to the inspection of any member or debenture-holder of the company without charge, during business hours, subject to such reasonable restrictions as the company may, by its articles or in general meeting, impose, so that not less than two hours in each day are allowed for inspection.

(9) If default is made in complying with any of the requirements of sub-sections (1) to (8), the company, and every officer of the company who is in default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to5[fifty thousand rupees].

(10) If any inspection required under sub-section (8) is refused, the6[Central Government] may, by order, direct an immediate inspection of the register.

Nothing in this sub-section shall be construed as prejudicing in any way the operation of sub-section (9).

(11) In this section, "securities" includes stock and debentures.

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1. Inserted by Act 65 of 1960, Section 15 (w.e.f. 28-12-1960).

2. The words "expressly described as a nominee of the company" omitted by Act 65 of 1960, Section 15 (w.e.f. 28-12-1960).

3. Inserted by Act 22 of 1996, section 30 an d Schedule (w.r.e.f. 20-9-1995).

4. Substituted by Act 65 of 1960, Section 15, for "with a Schedule Bank" (w.e.f. 28-12-1960).

5. Substituted by Act 53 of 2000, Section 14, for "five thousand rupees" (w.e.f. 13-12-2000).
 
6. Substituted by Act 31 of 1988, Section 67,  for "Court" (w.e.f. 31-5-1991) and again Substituted by the Companies (Second Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act 11 of 2003),w.e.f. 12.08.2012 Section 8, for "Company Law Board".

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(1) A company whose objects require or comprise the transaction of business outside India may, if authorised by its articles, have for use in any territory, district or place not situate in India an official seal which shall be a facsimile of the common seal of the company, with the addition on its face of me name of the territory, district or place where it is to be used.

(2) A company having an official seal for use in any such territory, district or place may, by writing under its common seal, authorise any person appointed for the purpose in that territory, district or place to affix the official seal to any deed or other document to which the company is a party in that territory, district or place.

(3) The authority of any agent authorised tinder sub-section (2) shall, as between the company and any person dealing with the agent, continue during the period, if any, mentioned in the instrument conferring the authority, or if no period is there mentioned, until notice of the revocation or determination of the agents authority has been given to the person dealing with him.

(4) The person affixing any such official seal shall, by writing under his hand, certify on the deed or other document to which the seal is affixed, the date on which and the place at which, it is affixed.

(5) A deed or other document to which an official seal is duly affixed shall bind the company as if it had been sealed with the common seal of the company.
Last updated on September, 2016

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