(1) The objects of the Producer Company shall relate to all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) Production, harvesting, procurement, grading, pooling,handling, marketing, selling, export of primary produce of the Members or import of goods or services for their benefit:
Provided that the Producer Company may carry on any of the activities specified in this clause either by itself or through other institution;
(b) Processing including preserving, drying, distilling, brewing, venting, canning and packaging of produce of its Members;
(c) Manufacture, sale or supply of machinery, equipment or consumables mainly to its Members;
(d) Providing education on the mutual assistance principles to its Members and others;
(e) Rendering technical services, consultancy services, training, research and development and all other activities for the promotion of the interests of its Members;
(f) Generation, transmission and distribution of power, revitalisation of land and water resources, their use, conservation and communications relatable to primary produce;
(g) Insurance of producers or their primary produce;
(h) Promoting techniques of mutuality and mutual assistance;
(i) Welfare measures or facilities for the benefit of Members as may be decided by the Board;
(j) Any other activity, ancillary or incidental to any of the activities referred to in clauses (a) to (1) or other activities which may promote the principles of mutuality and mutual assistance amongst the Members in any other manner;
(k) Financing of procurement, processing, marketing or other activities specified in clauses (a) to (1) which include extending of credit facilities or any other financial services to its Members.
(2) Every Producer Company shall deal primarily with the produce of its active Members for carrying out any of its objects specified in this section.
581 C. Formation of Producer Company and its registration .-
(1) Any ten or more individuals, each of them being a producer or any two or more Producer institutions, or a combination often or more individuals and Producer institutions, desirous of forming a Producer Company having its objects specified in section 581B and otherwise complying with the requirements of this Part and the provisions of this Act in respect of registration, may form an incorporated Company as a Producer Company under this Act.
(2) If the Registrar is satisfied that all the requirements of this Act have been complied with in respect of registration and matters precedent and incidental thereto, he shall, within thirty days of the receipt of the documents required for registration, register the memorandum, the articles and other documents, if any, and issue a certificate of incorporation under this Act.
(3) A Producer Company so formed shall have the liability of its Members limited by the memorandum to the amount, if any, unpaid on the shares respectively held by them and be termed a company limited by shares.
(4) The Producer Company may reimburse to its promoters all other direct costs associated with the promotion and registration of the company including registration, legal fees, printing of a memorandum and articles and the payment thereof shall be subject to the approval at its first general meeting of the Members.
(5) On registration under sub-section (1), the Producer Company shall become a body corporate as if it is a private limited company to which the provisions contained in this Part apply, without, however, any limit to the number of Members thereof, and the Producer Company shall not, under any circumstance, whatsoever, become or be deemed to become a public limited company under this Act.
581D. Membership and voting rights of Members of Producer Company .-
(1) (a) In a case where the membership consists solely of individual members, the voting rights shall be based on a single vote for every Member, irrespective of his shareholding or patronage of the Producer Company.
(b) In a case where the membership consists of Producer institutions only, the voting rights of such Producer institutions shall be determined on the basis of their participation in the business of the Producer Company in the previous year, as may be specified by articles:
Provided that during the first year of registration of a Producer Company, the voting rights shall be determined on the basis of the shareholding by such Producer institutions.
(c) In a case where the membership consists of individuals and Producer institutions, the voting rights shall be computed on the basis of a single vote for every Member.
(2) The articles of any Producer Company may provide for the conditions, subject to which a Member may continue to retain his membership, and the manner in which voting rights shall be exercised by the Members.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (7) or sub-section (2), any Producer Company may, if so authorised by its articles, restrict the voting rights to : active Members, in any special or general meeting.
(4) No person, who has any business interest which is in conflict with business of the Producer Company, shall become a Member of that Company.
(5) A Member, who acquires any business interest which is in conflict with the business of the Producer Company, shall cease to be a Member of that Company and be removed as a Member in accordance with articles.
581E. Benefits to Members .-
(1) Subject to provisions made in articles, every Member shall initially receive only such value for the produce or products pooled and supplied as the Board of Producer Company may determine, and the withheld price may be disbursed later in cash or in kind or by allotment of equity shares, in proportion to the produce supplied to the Producer Company during the financial year to such extent and in such manner and subject to such conditions as may be decided by the Board.
(2) Every Member shall, on the share capital contributed, receive only a limited return:
Provided that every such Member may be allotted bonus shares in accordance with the provisions contained in section 581ZJ.
(3) The surplus if any, remaining after making provision for payment of limited return and reserves referred to in section 581ZI, may be disbursed as patronage bonus, amongst the Members, in proportion to their participation in the business of the Producer Company, either in cash or by way of allotment of equity shares, or both, as may be decided by the Members at the general meeting.
581F. Memorandum of Producer Company .-
The memorandum of association of every Producer Company shall state-
(a) The name of the company with "Producer Company Limited" as the last words of the name of such Company;
(b) The State in which the registered office of the Producer Company is to situate;
(c) The main objects of the Producer Company shall be one or more of the objects specified in section 581B;
(d) The names and addresses of the persons who have subscribed to the memorandum;
(e) The amount of share capital with which the Producer Company is to be registered and division thereof into shares of a fixed amount;
(f) The names, addresses and occupations of the subscribers being producers, who shall act as the first directors in accordance with sub-section (2) of section 581J;
(g) That the liability of its members is limited;
(h) Opposite to the subscriber's name the number of shares each subscriber takes:
Provided that no subscriber shall take less than one share;
(i) In case the objects of the Producer Company are not confined to one State, the States to whose territories the objects extend.
581G. Articles of association .-
(1) There shall be presented, for registration to the Registrar of the State to which the registered office of the Producer Company is, stated by the memorandum of association, to be situate-
(a) Memorandum of the Producer Company;
(b) Its articles duly signed by the subscribers to the memorandum.
(2) The articles shall contain the following mutual assistance principles, namely:-
(a) The membership shall be voluntary and available, to all eligible persons who, can participate or avail of the facilities or services of the Producer Company, and are willing to accept the duties of membership;
(b) Each Member shall, save as otherwise provided in this Part, have only a single vote irrespective of the share holding;
(c) The Producer Company shall be administered by a Board consisting of persons elected or appointed as directors in the manner consistent with the provisions of this Part and the Board shall be accountable to the Members;
(d) Save as provided in this Part, there shall be limited return on share capital;
(e) The surplus arising out of the operations of the Producer Company shall be distributed in an equitable manner by-
(i) Providing for the development of the business of the Producer Company;
(ii) Providing for common facilities; and
(iii) Distributing amongst the Members, as may be admissible in proportion to their respective participation in the business;
(f) Provision shall be made for the education of Members, employees and others, on the principles of mutuality and techniques of mutual assistance;
(g) The Producer Company shall actively co-operate with other Producer Companies (and other organisations following similar principles) at local, national or international level so as to best serve the interest of their Members and the communities it purports to serve.
(3) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions of subsections (7) and (2), the articles shall contain the following provisions, namely:-
(a) The qualifications for membership, the conditions for continuance or cancellation of membership and the terms, conditions and procedure for transfer of shares;
(b) The manner of ascertaining the patronage and voting right based on patronage;
(c) Subject to the provisions contained in sub-section (7) of section 581N, the manner of constitution of the Board, its powers and duties, the minimum and maximum number of directors, manner of election and appointment of directors and retirement by rotation, qualifications for being elected or continuance as such and the terms of office of the said directors, their powers and duties, ; conditions for election or co-option of directors, method of removal of directors and the filling up of vacancies on the Board, and the manner and the terms of appointment of the Chief Executive;
(d) The election of the Chairman, term of office of directors and the Chairman, manner of voting at the general or special meetings of Members, procedure for voting, by directors at meetings of the Board, powers of the Chairman and the circumstances under which the Chairman may exercise a casting vote.
(e) The circumstances under which, and the manner in which, the withheld price is to be determined and distributed;
(f) The manner of disbursement of patronage bonus in cash or by issue of equity shares, or both;
(g) The contribution to be shared and related matters referred to in subsection (2) of section 581ZI;
(h) The matters relating to issue of bonus shares out of general reserves as set out in section 581ZJ;
(i) The basis and manner of allotment of equity shares of the Producer Company in lieu of the whole or part of the sale proceeds of produce or products supplied by the Members;
(j) The amount of reserves, sources from which funds may be raised, limitation on raising of funds, restriction on the use of such funds and the extent of debt that may be contracted and the conditions thereof;
(k) The credit, loans or advances which may be granted to a Member and the conditions for the grant of the same;
(l) The right of any Member to obtain information relating to general business of the company;
(m) The basis and manner of distribution and disposal of funds available after meeting liabilities in the event of dissolution or liquidation of the Producer Company;
(n) The authorisation for division, amalgamation, merger, creation of subsidiaries and the entering into joint ventures and other matters connected therewith;
(o) Laying of the memorandum and articles of the Producer Company before a special general meeting to be held within ninety days of its registration;
(p) Any other provision, which the Members may, by special resolution recommend to be included in articles.
581H. Amendment of memorandum .-
(1) A Producer Company shall not alter the conditions contained in its memorandum except in the cases, by the mode and to the extent for which express provision is made in this Act.
(2) A Producer Company may, by special resolution, not inconsistent with section 581B, alter its objects specified in its memorandum.
(3) A copy of the amended memorandum, together with a copy of the special resolution duly certified by two directors, shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days from the date of adoption of any resolution referred to in sub-section (2):
Provided that in the case of transfer of the registered office of a Producer Company from the jurisdiction of one Registrar to another, certified copies of the special resolution certified by two directors shall be filed with both the Registrars within thirty days, and each Registrar shall record the same, and thereupon the Registrar from whose jurisdiction the office is transferred, shall forthwith forward to the other Registrar all documents relating to the Producer Company.
(4) The alteration of the provisions of memorandum relating to the change of the place of its registered office from one State to another shall not take effect unless it is confirmed by the Company Law Board on petition.
581-I. Amendment of articles .-
(1) Any amendment of the articles shall be proposed by not less than two-third of the elected directors or by not less than one-third of the Members of the Producer Company, and adopted by the Members by a special resolution.
(2) A copy of the amended articles together with the copy of the special resolution, both duly certified by two directors, shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days from the date of its adoption.
581J. Option to inter-State co-operative societies to become Producer Companies .-
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 581C, any inter-State co-operative society with objects not confined to one State may make an application to the Registrar for registration as Producer Company under this Part.
(2) Every application under sub-section (1) shall be accompanied by-
(a) A copy of the special resolution, of not less than two-third of total members of inter-State co-operative society, for its incorporation as a Producer Company under this Act;
(b) A statement showing-
(i) Names and addresses or the occupation of the directors and Chief Executive, if any, by whatever name called, of such co-operative; and
(ii) List of members of such inter-State co-operative society;
(c) A statement indicating that the inter-State co-operative society is engaged in any one or more of the objects specified in section 58IB;
(d) A declaration by two or more directors of the inter-State co-operative society certifying that particulars given in clauses (a) to (c) are correct.
(3) When an inter-State co-operative society is registered as a Producer Company, the words "Producer Company Limited" shall form part of its name with any word or expression to show its identity preceding it.
(4) On compliance with the requirements of sub-sections (1) to (3), the Registrar shall, within a period of thirty days of the receipt of application, certify under his hand that the inter-State co-operative society applying for registration is registered and thereby incorporated as a Producer Company under this Part.
(5) A co-operative society formed by producers, by Federation or Union of co-operative societies of producers or co-operatives of producers, registered under any law for the time being in force which has extended its objects outside the Stale, either directly or through a union or federation of co-operatives of which it is a constituent, as the case may be, and any Federation or Unions of such co-operatives, which has so extended any of its objects or activities outside the State, shall be eligible to make an application under sub-section (1) and to obtain registration as a Producer Company under this Part.
(6) The inter-State co-operative society shall, upon registration under subsection (1), stand transformed into a Producer Company, and thereafter shall be governed by the provisions of this Part to the exclusion of the law by which it was earlier governed, save in so far as anything done or omitted to be done before its registration as a Producer Company, and notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no person shall have any claim against the cooperative institution or the company by reason of such conversion or transformation.
(7) Upon registration as a Producer Company, the Registrar of Companies who registers the company shall forthwith intimate the Registrar with whom the erstwhile inter-State co-operative society was earlier registered for appropriate deletion of the ; society from its register.
581K. Effect of incorporation of Producer Company .-
Every shareholder of the inter-State co-operative society immediately before the date of registration of Producer Company (hereafter referred to as the transformation date) shall be deemed to be registered on and from that date as a shareholder of the Producer Company to the extent of the face value of the shares held by such shareholder.
581L. Vesting of undertaking in Producer Company .-
(1) All properties and assets, movable and immovable, of, or belonging to, the inter-State co-operative society as on the transformation date, shall vest in the Producer Company.
(2) AH the rights, debts, liabilities, interests, privileges and obligations of the inter-State co-operative society as on the transformation date shall stand transferred to, and be the rights, debts, liabilities, interests, privileges and obligations of, the Producer Company.
(3) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (2), all debts, liabilities and obligations incurred, all contracts entered into and all matters and things engaged to be done by, with or for, the society as on the transformation date for or in connection with their purposes, shall be deemed to have been incurred, entered into, or engaged to be done by, with or for, the Producer Company.
(4) All sums of money due to the inter-State co-operative society immediately before the transformation date, shall be deemed to be due to the Producer Company.
(5) Every organisation, which was being managed immediately before the transformation date by the inter-State co-operative society shall be managed by the Producer Company for such period, to such extent and in such manner as the circumstances may require.
(6) Every organisation which was getting financial, managerial or technical assistance from the inter-State co-operative society, immediately before the transformation date, may continue to be given financial, managerial or technical assistance, as the case may be, by the Producer Company, for such period, to such extent and in such manner as that company may deem fit.
(7) The amount representing the capital of the erst while inter-State co-operative society shall form part of the capital of the Producer Company.
(8) Any reference to the inter-State co-operative society in any law other than this Act or in any contract or other instrument, shall be deemed to be reference to the Producer Company.
(9) If, on the transformation date, there is pending any suit, arbitration, appeal or other legal proceeding of whatever nature by or against the inter-State co-operative society, the same shall not abate, be discontinued or be in any way prejudicially affected by reason of the incorporation of the Producer Company under section 581C or transformation of the inter-State co-operative society as a Producer Company under section 581J, as the case may be, but the suit, arbitration, appeal or other proceeding, may be continued, prosecuted and enforced by or against the Producer Company in the same manner and to the same extent as it would have, or may have been continued, prosecuted and enforced by or against the inter-State co-operative society as if the provisions contained in this Part had not come into force.
581M. Concession, etc., to be deemed to have been granted to Producer Company .-
With effect from the transformation date, all fiscal and other concessions, licences, benefits, privileges and exemptions granted to the inter-State co-operative society in connection with the affairs and business of the inter-State co-operative society under any law for the time being in force shall be deemed to have been granted to the Producer Company.
581N. Provisions in respect of officers and other employees of inter-State co-operative society .-
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 581-O, all the directors in the inter-State co-operative society before the incorporation of the Producer Company shall continue in office for a period of one year from the transformation date and in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
(2) Every officer or other employee of the inter-State co-operative society (except a director of the Board, Chairman or Managing Director) serving in its employment immediately before the transformation date shall, in so far as such officer or other employee is employed in connection with the inter-State co-operative society which has vested in the Producer Company by virtue of this Act, become, as from the transformation date, an officer or, as the case may be, other employee of the Producer Company and shall hold his office or service therein by the same tenure, at the same remuneration, upon the same terms and conditions, with the same obligations and with the same rights and privileges as to leave, leave travel concession, welfare scheme, medical benefit scheme, insurance, provident fund, other funds, retirement, voluntary retirement, gratuity and other benefits as he would have held under the erstwhile inter-State co-operative society if its undertaking had not vested in the Producer Company and shall continue to do so as an officer or, as the case may be, other employee of the Producer Company.
(3) Where an officer or other employee of the inter-State co-operative society opts under sub-section (2) not to be in employment or service of the Producer Company, such officer or other employee shall be deemed to have resigned.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 or in any other law for the time being in force, the transfer of the services of any officer or other employee of the inter-State co-operative society to the Producer Company shall not entitle such officer or other employee to any compensation under this Act or under any other law for the time being in force and no such claim shall be entertained £ by any court, tribunal or other authority.
(5) The officers and other employees who have retired before the transformation date from the service of the inter-State co-operative society and are entitled to any benefits, rights or privileges, shall be entitled to receive the same benefits, rights or privileges from the Producer Company.
(6) The trusts of the provident fund or the gratuity fund of the inter-State cooperative society and any other bodies created for the welfare of officers or employees shall continue to discharge functions in the Producer Company as was being done hitherto in the inter-State co-operative society and any tax exemption granted to the provident fund or the gratuity fund would continue to be applied to the Producer Company.
(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or in any other law for the time being in force or in the regulations of the inter-State co-operative society, no director of the Board, Chairman, Managing Director or any other person entitled to manage the whole or substantial part of the business and affairs of the inter-State 3, co-operative society shall be entitled to any compensation against the inter-State co-operative society or the Producer Company for the loss of office or for the premature termination of any contract of management entered into by him with the inter-State co-operative society.
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