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THE DELHI POLICE ACT, 1978

Title : THE DELHI POLICE ACT, 1978

Year : 1978



Subject to the orders of the Administrator, the Commissioner of
Police may make regulations not inconsistent with this Act or any other law for the time being in force-

(a) Regulating the inspection of the police force by his subordinates;

(b) Determining the description and quantity of arms, accoutre -ments, clothing and other necessaries to be furnished to the police;

(c) Prescribing the places of residence of members of the police force;

(d) For institution, management and regulation of any police fund for any purpose connected with police administration;

(e) Relating the distribution, movements and location of the police;

(f) Assigning duties to police officers of all ranks and grades, and prescribing the manner in which, and the conditions subject to which they shall exercise and perform their respective powers and duties;

(g) Regulating the collection and communication by the police of intelligence and information;

(h) Generally, for the purpose of rendering the police efficient and preventing abuse or neglect of their duties.



The Commissioner of Police may call for such returns, reports and statements on any subject connected with the prevention and detection of crime, the maintenance of order and the performance of the duties of his subordinates as such subordinates may be able to furnish to him.



(1) Subject to the provisions of article 311 of the Constitution and the rules, the Commissioner of Police, Additional Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Principal of the Police Training College or of the Police Training School or any other officer of equivalent rank, may award to any police officer of subordinate rank any of the following punishments, namely:

(a) Dismissal;
(b) Removal from service;
(c) Reduction in rank;
(d) Forfeiture of approved service;
(e) Reduction in pay;
(f) Withholding of increment; and
(g) Fine not exceeding one months pay.

(2) Subject to the rules-

(a) Any police officer specified in sub-section (1) may award the punishment of censure to any police officer of subordinate rank;

(b) The Assistant Commissioner of Police may award the punishment of censure to police officers of, or below, the rank of Sub-Inspectors of Police;

(c) Any police officer of, and above, the rank of Inspector may award punishment drill not exceeding fifteen days or fatigue duty or any other punitive duty to constables.

(3) Nothing in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall affect any police officers liability for prosecution and punishment for any offence committed by him.

(4) The Commissioner of Police, Additional Commissioner of
Police, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Principal of the Police Training College or of the Police Training School Assistant Commissioner of Police, or any other police officer, of equivalent rank may suspend any police officer of subordinate rank who is reasonably suspected to be guilty of misconduct, pending an investigation or enquiry into such misconduct.

(5) An Inspector of Police may suspend any police officer below the rank of Sub-Inspector of Police, who is reasonably suspected to be guilty of misconduct, pending an investigation or enquiry into such misconduct.



When any officer passes an order of awarding a punishment of dismissal, removal from service, reduction in rank, forfeiture of service, reduction in pay, withholding of increments or fine, he shall record such order or cause the same to be recorded together with the reasons therefor, in accordance with the rules.



An appeal against any order of punishment passed against a police officer under section 21 or the rules thereunder [not being an order of punishment under clause (c) of sub-section (2) of that section] shall lie-

(a) Where the order is passed by the Commissioner of Police, to the Administrator;

(b) Where the order is passed by an Additional Commissioner of Police, to the Commissioner of Police;

(c) Where the order is passed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police, Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Principal of the Police Training College or School, Assistant Commissioner of Police or any other officer of equivalent rank, to the Additional Commissioner of Police.



Every police officer not on leave or under suspension shall for all purposes of this Act be deemed to be always on duty and any police officer or any number or body of police officers allocated for duty in any part of Delhi may, if the Commissioner of Police so directs at any time, be employed on police duty in any other part of Delhi for so long as the services of the police officer or number or body of police officers may be required in such other part of Delhi.



(1) Resignation of any police officer of subordinate rank may be accepted only by the officer empowered to appoint (the officer so empowered to appoint being hereafter in this section referred to as the appointing authority) officers of such subordinate rank.

(2) A police officer of subordinate rank who intends to resign from police service shall give to the appointing authority notice in Writing to that effect and shall not be permitted to withdraw himself from duty unless he has been granted permission to resign by such authority and two months have elapsed from the date on which he tendered his resignation:

Provided that the appointing authority may at his discretion, permit a Head Constable or a constable to withdraw himself from duty on his crediting to the Government two months pay in lieu of notice.

(3) A Head Constable or a constable who has agreed to serve for any specific period may not be permitted to resign before the expiry of that period.

(4) Inspectors,Sub-Inspectors or Assistant Sub-Inspectors of Police, whose appointments involve training at any Police Training
College or Police Training School may not be permitted to resign within three years from the date of their successfully completing the training.

(5) No police officer of subordinate rank whose resignation has been accepted by the appointing authority shall be permitted to withdraw from duty until he has fully discharged all debts, due from him, as such police officer to Government or to any police fund and has surrendered his certificate of appointment, arms, accouterments, uniform and all other Government property in his possession and has also rendered a complete account of all Government money and property for which he is responsible.

(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section if any police officer of subordinate rank tenders his resignation on medical grounds and produces a certificate signed by the police surgeon or any other medical officer authorized by the Administrator in this behalf declaring him to be unfit by reason of disease or mental or physical incapacity for further service in the police, the appointing authority shall forthwith permit him to withdraw from duty on his discharging, or giving a satisfactory security for the payment of, any debt due from him as such police officer to Government or to any police fund:

Provided that he shall forthwith return the certificate of appointment, arms, accouterments, uniform and all other Government property in his possession before he is permitted to withdraw from duty.

(7) If any such police officer of subordinate rank resigns or with draws himself from the duties of his office in contravention of this section, he shall be liable on the orders of the appointing authority to forfeit all arrears of pay then due to him in addition to the penalty to which he may be liable under section 22 or any other law for the time being in force.

(8) Every such police officer on leaving the service in the Delhi police as aforesaid shall be given by the appointing authority a Discharge Certificate in such form as may be prescribed.



(1) Every person who for any reason ceases to be a police officer shall forthwith deliver to the officer empowered by the Commissioner of Police, the Additional Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Principal of the Police Training College or of the Police Training School, Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police or any other officer of equivalent rank to whom such officer is subordinate, to receive the same, his certificate of appointment and the arms, accouterments, clothing and other accessories which have been provided to him for the performance of duties and functions connected with his office.

(2) (a) Any Metropolitan Magistrate and, for special reasons which shall be recorded in writing at the time, the Commissioner of Police, Additional Commissioner of Police, Principal of the Police Training College or of the Police Training School or a Deputy Commissioner, Additional Deputy Commissioner or an Assistant Commissioner of Police may issue a warrant to search for and seize wherever they be found, any certificate, arms, accouterments, clothing or other accessories not delivered under sub-section (1).

(b) Every warrant so issued shall be executed by a police officer or, if the Metropolitan Magistrate or the police officer issuing the warrant so directs, by any other person in the same manner as if it were a warrant for a search issued under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).

(3) Nothing in this section shall apply in relation to any article which under the orders of the Commissioner of Police has become the property of the person to whom the same was provided.



(1) A police officer occupying any premises provided by the Commissioner of Police for his residence shall-

(a) Occupy the same subject to such terms and conditions as may, by general or special order, be specified by the Commissioner of Police; and

(b) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, vacate the same on his ceasing to be a police officer or whenever the Commissioner of Police or any officer authorised by the Administrator in this behalf considers it, for reasons to be recorded in writing, necessary end expedient to require him to do so.

(2) If any person who is bound or required under sub-section (1) to vacate any premises fails to do so, the Administrator or the officer authorised in this behalf by the Administrator may order such person to vacate the premises and may direct any police officer with such assistance as may be necessary to enter upon the premises and remove therefrom any person found therein and to take possession of the premises and deliver the same to any person specified in the direction.

Last updated on September, 2016

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