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THE DELHI POLICE ACT, 1978

Title : THE DELHI POLICE ACT, 1978

Year : 1978



(1) The Commissioner of Police may, on the application of any person, depute any additional number of police to keep the peace, to preserve order, to enforce any of the provisions of this Act or of any other law in respect of any particular class or classes of offences or to perform any other duties imposed on the police at any place in Delhi.

(2) Such additional police shall be employed at the cost (which shall be determined by the Commissioner of Police in accordance with the rules made in this behalf of the person making the application, but shall be subject to the orders of the police authorities and shall be employed for such period as the Commissioner of Police considers necessary.

(3) If the person upon whose application such additional police are employed shall at any time make a written requisition to the
Commissioner of Police for the withdrawal of the said police, he shall be relieved from the cost thereof at the expiration of such period not exceeding one week from the date of the delivery of such requisition as the Commissioner of Police shall determine.

(4) Where there is any dispute as to the amount to be paid by way of cost, the Commissioner of Police shall, on an application made in that behalf by the aggrieved party, refer the matter to the
District Collector, whose decision thereon shall be final.



(1) If in the opinion of the Administrator any area in Delhi is in a disturbed or dangerous condition or the conduct of the inhabitants or of any particular section or class of the inhabitants of such area renders it expedient to employ temporarily additional police in the area, he may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify the area (hereafter in this section referred to as the disturbed area) in which, and the period for which, the additional police shall be employed and thereupon the Commissioner of Police shall depute such number of additional police officers as he considers necessary, in the disturbed area:

Provided that the period so specified may be extended by the
Administrator from time to time, if in his opinion it is necessary so to do in the interests of the public.

(2) On the issue of a notification under sub-section (1), the
Administrator may require the District Collector, or any other authority specified by the Administrator, to recover, whether in whole or in part, the cost of such additional police generally from all persons who are inhabitants of the disturbed area or specially from any particular section or class of such persons, and in such proportion as the Administrator may direct.

(3) It shall be lawful for the Administrator to exempt, by order in writing, and for sufficient reasons, any person from liability to bear any portion of the cost of such additional police.


Explanation.-In this section and in section 41, the expression
"inhabitants", when used in relation to any disturbed area includes persons who themselves or by their agents or servants occupy or hold land or immovable property, within such area and landlords who themselves or by their agents or servants collect rent from holders of occupants of land in such area notwithstanding that they do not actually reside therein.



(1) Whenever it appears to the Administrator or to the competent authority that-

(a) Any large work which is being carried on or any public amusement which is being conducted in any place is likely to impede the traffic or to attract a large number of people; or

(b) The behaviour or a reasonable apprehension of the behaviour of the persons employed on any railway, canal or other public work, or in or upon any manufactory or other commercial concern, under construction or in operation at any place necessitates the employment of additional police at such place, the Administrator, or the competent authority, as the case may be, may depute such number of additional police to the said place for so long as the necessity to employ the additional police shall appear to the
Administrator or the competent authority to continue.

(2) Such additional police shall be employed at the cost of the person by whom the work, public amusement, manufactory or concern is being constructed, conducted or carried on and the said person shall pay the costs therefor at such rates as the Administrator or the competent authority, as the case may be, shall from time to time require.



(1) When any loss or damage is caused to any property or when death results or grievous hurt is caused to any person or persons, by anything done in the prosecution of the common object of an unlawful assembly, the Administrator may, by notification in the
Official Gazette, specify the area (hereafter in this section called the "disturbed area") in which, and the date on which or the period during which, such unlawful assembly was, in his opinion, held.

(2) On the issue of a notification under sub-section (1), the
District Collector may, after such inquiry as he deems necessary, determine the amount of the compensation which, in his opinion, should be paid to any person or persons in respect of the loss or damage or death or grievous hurt aforesaid.

(3) The amount of the compensation shall be deemed to be a fine imposed under this section, and shall be payable by the inhabitants of the disturbed area.

(4) It shall be lawful for the District Collector to exempt, by order in writing and for sufficient reasons, any person from liability to pay any portion of the compensation amount.



In the event of any dispute relating to the cost payable under section 39 or section 40 or the compensation determined under section 41 or the person or persons or the section or class of persons by whom or the proportion in which such cost or compensation should be paid, the matter shall be referred by the
Collector, or the Administrator or the competent authority, as the case may be, on an application made in that behalf by the aggrieved party, to the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, whose decision thereon shall be final.



Any amount payable under section 38, section 39, section 40 or section 41.shall be recovered in the same manner as if it were an arrear of land revenue.



(1) Amounts payable under section 38, section 39, section 40 or section 41 shall, when recovered, be credited to the Government.

(2) The District Collector shall pay, from the amounts recovered by him as compensation payable under section 41, such amount as he deems just and proper by way of compensation to any person who has suffered loss or damage to property or grievous hurt or to the legal heirs of any person who died, by reason of any thing done in the prosecution of the common object of the unlawful assembly.

(3) No compensation shall be paid under this section, except when a claim has been made therefor within forty-five days from the date of the notification referred to in sub-section (1) of section 41.and the District Collector is satisfied that the claimant, where the claim is by the person who suffered the loss, damage or grievous hurt, or the deceased, where the claim is. by the legal heirs of such deceased, has been free from blame in connection with the occurrence which led to the loss, damage, grievous hurt or death.

(4) The compensation payable to any person under sub-section (2)
shall not in any way be capable of being assigned or charged or be liable to attachment or to pass to any person other than the person entitled to it by operation of law, nor shall any claim be set off against the same.

(5) No civil suit shall be maintainable in respect of any loss, damage or grievous hurt for which compensation has been granted under this section.



Without prejudice to the provisions contained in section 43, all amounts payable under section 39 or section 41 shall be recoverable in the manner provided in sections 421 and 422 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) as if each such amount were a fine imposed on an offender by a court.



Whenever it appears to the Commissioner of Police that the movement or encampment of any gang or body of persons in any part of Delhi is causing or is calculated to cause danger to person or property or alarm or reasonable suspicion that unlawful designs are entertained by such gang or body of persons or by members thereof, the Commissioner of Police may, by order addressed to the persons appearing to be the leaders or chief men of such gang or body of persons and published by announcement or beat of drums, or otherwise as the Commissioner of Police thinks fit direct the members of such gang or body of persons-

(a) To so conduct themselves as shall seem necessary in order to prevent violence and alarm; or

(b) To disperse and to remove themselves beyond the limits of Delhi, or any part thereof, within such time as the Commissioner
of Police shall specify and not to enter Delhi or the part thereof, as the case may be, from which they were directed to remove themselves.



Whenever it appears to the Commissioner of Police-

(a) That the movements or acts of any person are causing or are calculated to cause alarm, danger or harm to person or property; or

(b) That there are reasonable grounds for believing that such person is engaged or is about to be engaged in the commission of an offence involving force or violence or an offence punishable under Chapter XII, Chapter XVI, Chapter XVII or Chapter XXII of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) or under section 290 or sections 489A to 489E (both inclusive) of that Code or in the abetment of any such offence; or

(c) That such person-

(i) Is so desperate and dangerous as to render his being at large in Delhi or in any part thereof hazardous to the community; or

(ii) Has been found habitually intimidating other persons by acts of violence or by show of force; or

(iii) Habitually commits affray or breach of peace or riot, or habitually makes forcible collection of subscription or threatens people for illegal pecuniary gain for himself or for others; or

(iv) Has been habitually passing indecent remarks on women and girls, or teasing them by overtures; and that in the opinion of the Commissioner of Police witnesses are not willing to come forward to give evidence in public against such person by reason of apprehension on their part as regards the Safety of their person or property, the Commissioner of Police may by order in writing duly served on such person, or by beat of drum or otherwise as he thinks fit, direct such person to so conduct himself as shall seem necessary in order to prevent violence and alarm or to remove himself outside Delhi or any part thereof, by such route and within such time as the Commissioner of Police may specify and not to enter or return to Delhi or part thereof, as the case may be, from which he was directed to remove himself.

Explanation.-A person who during a period within one year im -mediately preceding the commencement of an action under this section has been found on not less than three occasions to have committed or to have been involved in any of the acts referred to in this section shall be deemed to have habitually committed that act.



If a person has been convicted-

(a) Of Ian offence under Chapter XII, Chapter XVI or Chapter XVII of the Indian Penal Code or (45 of 1860)

(b) Of an offence under section 3 or section 4 of the Delhi Public Gambling Act, 1955 (Delhi Act 9 of 1955), or under section 12 of that Act in so far as it relates to satta gambling or on two or more occasions under any other provision of that Act (including section 12 of that Act in so far as it does not relate to satta gambling); or

(c) Of any offence under the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956 (104 of 1956); or

(d) Of any offence under section 25, section 26, section 27, section 28 or section 29 of the Arms Act, 1959 (54 of
1959); or

(e) Of any offence under section 135 of the Customs Act, 1962 or (52 of 1962)

(f) Of any offence under section 61, section 63 or section 66.of the Punjab Excise Act, 1955 (Punjab Act No. 1 of 1955), as in force in Delhi; or

(g) On two or more occasions of an offence under-

(i) The Opium Act, 1878 (1 of 1878); or

(ii) The Dangerous Drugs Act, 1930 (2 of 1930); or

(iii) The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 (23 of 1940); or

(iv) Section 11 of the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, As 1959 (Bombay Act No. 10 of 1960), in force in Delhi; or

(h) On three or more occasions of an offence under section 105 or section 107 of this Act, the Commissioner of Police may, if he has reason to believe that such person is likely again to engage himself in the commission of any of the offences referred to in this section, by order in writing, direct such person remove himself beyond the limits of Delhi or any part thereof by such route, and within such time as the Commissioner of Police may specify and not to enter or return to Delhi or any part thereof, as the case may be, from which he was directed to remove himself.



Any direction made under section 46, section 47 or section 48 not to enter Delhi or any part thereof, shall be for such period as may be specified therein, it shall in no case exceed a period of two years from the date on which it was made.



(1) Before an order under section 46, section 47 or section
48 is made against any person, the Commissioner of Police shall by notice in writing inform him of the general nature of the material allegations against him and give him a reasonable opportunity of tendering an explanation regarding them.

(2) If such person makes an application for the examination of any witness to be produced by him, the Commissioner of Police shall grant such application and examine such witness, unless for reasons to be recorded in writing, the Commissioner of Police is of opinion that such application is made for the purpose of causing vexation or delay.

(3) Any written explanation put in by such person shall be filed with the record of the case.

(4) Such person shall be entitled to be represented in the proceeding before the Commissioner of Police by a counsel.

(5) (a) The Commissioner of Police may for the purpose of securing the attendance of any person against whom any order is proposed to be made under section 46, section 47 or section 48 require such person, by order in writing, to appear before him and to furnish a security bond with or without sureties for attendance during the inquiry.

(b) The provisions of sections 119 to 124 (both inclusive) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), shall, so for as may be, apply in relation to the order under clause (a) to furnish security bond.

(6) Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions, the Commissioner of Police, while issuing notice to any person under sub-section (1) may issue a warrant for his arrest and the provisions of sections 70 to 89 (both inclusive) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to such warrant.


(7) The provisions of section 445, section 446, section 447 or section 448 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to all bonds executed under, this section.



(1) Any person aggrieved by an order made under section 46, section 47 or section 48 may appeal to the Administrator within thirty days from the date of the service of such order on him.

(2) An appeal under this section shall be preferred in duplicate in the form of a memorandum, setting forth concisely the grounds of objection to the order appealed against, and shall be accompanied by that order or a certified copy thereof.

(3) On receipt of such appeal, the Administrator may, after giving a reasonable opportunity to the appellant to be heard either personally or by a counsel and after such further inquiry, if any, as he may deem necessary, confirm, vary or set aside the order appealed against:

Provided that the order appealed against shall remain in force pending the disposal of the appeal, unless the Administrator otherwise directs.

(4) The Administrator shall make every endeavour to dispose of an appeal under this section within a period of three months from the date of receipt of such appeal.

(5) In calculating the period of thirty days provided for an appeal under this section, the time taken for obtaining a certified copy of the order appealed against, shall be excluded.



An order passed by the Commissioner of Police under section 46, section 47 or section 48 or the Administrator under section 51 shall not be called in question in any court except on the ground-

(a) That the Commissioner of Police or the Administrator, as the case may be, had not followed the procedure laid down in sub-section (1), sub-section (2) or sub-section (4) of section 50 or in section 51, as the case may be; or

(b) That there was no material before the Commissioner of
Police or the Administrator, as the case may be, upon which he could have based his order; or

(c) In the case of an order made under section 47 or an order in appeal therefrom to the Administrator under section 51, the Commissioner of Police or the Administrator, as the case may be, was not of the opinion that witnesses were unwilling to come forward to give evidence in public against the person against whom such order has been made.



If a person to whom a direction has been issued under section 46, section 47 or section 48 to remove himself from Delhi or any part them re of-

(a) Fails to remove himself as directed; or

(b) Having so removed himself enters Delhi or any part thereof within the period specified in the order, otherwise than with the permission in writing of the Commissioner of Police under section 54, the Commissioner of Police may cause him to be arrested and removed in Police custody to such place outside Delhi or any part thereof as the Commissioner of police may in each case specify.



(1) The Commissioner of Police or any other police officer specially empowered by the Administrator in that behalf may, by order in writing, permit any person, in respect of whom an order under section 46, section 47 or section 48 has been made, to return to Delhi or any part thereof, from which he was directed to remove himself, for such temporary period and subject to such conditions as may be specified in such order and may require him to execute a bond with or without surety for the due observance of the conditions imposed. The Commissioner of Police may at any time revoke any such permission.

(3) Any person who with such permission returns to Delhi or any part thereof shall observe the conditions imposed, and at the expiry of the temporary period for which he was permitted to return, or on the revocation of such permission before the expiry of such temporary period, shall remove himself outside Delhi or any part thereof, as the case may be, and shall not return thereto within the unexpired portion of the period specified in the original order made under section 46, section 47 or section 48 without a fresh permission.

(4) If such person fails to observe any of the conditions imposed, or to remove himself accordingly or having so removed himself enters or returns to Delhi or any part thereof, as the case may be, without fresh permission, the Commissioner of Police may cause him to be arrested and removed in police custody to such place outside Delhi or part thereof as the Commissioner of Police may in each case specify.



Every person against whom an order has been made under section 46, section 47 or section 48 shall, if so required by the Commissioner of Police, allow his measurements and photograph to be taken by a police officer in the prescribed manner.



(1) If any person as aforesaid when required to allow his measurements or photograph to be taken resists or refuses to allow the taking of such measurements or photograph, it shall be lawful to use all necessary means to secure the taking thereof.

(2) Resistance to or refusal to allow the taking of measurements
of photographs under this Act shall be deemed to be an offence under section 186 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

(3) Where an order under section 46, section 47 or section 48 is set aside in appeal, all measurements and photographs (including negatives) taken under this section shall be destroyed or made over to the person against whom such order is made.



(1) If the Administrator is satisfied that the wearing in public, by any member of any body, or association or Organisation, of any dress or article of apparel resembling any uniform required to be worn by a member of the Armed Forces of the Union or by a member of any police force or of any force constituted by or under any law for the time being in force, is likely to prejudice the security of the State or the maintenance of public order, he may, by a general or special order, prohibit or restrict the wearing, or display, in public of any such dress or article of apparel by any member of such body or organisation.

(2) Every general or special order under sub-section (1) shall be published in the manner prescribed for the publication of a public notice under section 142.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section a dress or an article of apparel shall be deemed to be worn or displayed in public if it Is worn or displayed in any place to which the public have access.



(1) For the protection of persons, the security of property and the public safety in any locality the Commissioner of Police may constitute voluntary bodies (hereafter in this section referred to as Defence Societies) in the prescribed manner.

(2) The Commissioner of Police or any officer of a Defence
Society may at any time call up officers subordinate to him or any member of a Defence Society, for training or to discharge any of the duties under this Act assigned to them.

(3) Every officer or member of a Defence Society shall-

(a) On appointment receive a certificate in such form as may be specified or approved by the Administrator in this behalf, and

(b) When called up for duty have the same powers, privileges and protection as are vested in a police officer appointed under this Act.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, an officer or member of a Defence Society shall not be disqualified for being chosen as, or for being, a member of-

(a) The Delhi Metropolitan Council or the Municipal Corporation of Delhi; or

(b) Any other local authority, by reason of the fact that he is a member or officer of such Society.


Last updated on April, 2016

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