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THE DELHI POLICE ACT, 1978

Title : THE DELHI POLICE ACT, 1978

Year : 1978



No person shall-

(a) When driving a vehicle along a street (except in cases of actual necessity or of some other sufficient reason for deviation)fail to keep on the left side of such street and when passing any other vehicle proceeding in the same direction fail to keep on the right side of such vehicle; or

(b) Leave in any street or public place insufficiently tended or secured any animal or vehicle.



No person shall cause obstruction, damage, injury, danger, alarm or mischief in any street or public place-

(i) By misbehaviour, negligence or ill-usage in the driving, management, treatment or care of any animal or vehicle; or

(ii) By driving any vehicle or animal laden with timber,poles or other unwieldy articles through a street or public place contrary to any regulation made in that behalf.



No person shall in any street or public place expose for hire or sale any animal or vehicle, clean any furniture or vehicle, or clean or groom any horse or other animal except at such times and places as the competent authority permits, or shall train or break in any horse or other animal or make any vehicle or any part of a vehicle or (except .when as a result of any accident repairing on the spot is unavoidable) repair any vehicle or part of a vehicle, or carry on therein any manufacture or operation so as to be a serious impediment to traffic or serious annoyance to residents in the vicinity or to the public.



No person shall cause obstruction In any street or public place-

(a) By allowing any animal or vehicle, which has to be loaded or unloaded, or take up or set down passengers, to remain or stand in the street or the public place longer than may be necessary for such purpose; or

(b) By leaving any vehicle standing or fastening any cattle in the street or the public place; or

(c) By using any part of a street or public place as a halting place for vehicles or cattle; or

(d) By leaving any box, bale, package or other things what so-ever in or upon a street for an unreasonable length of time, or contrary to any regulation; or

(e) By exposing anything for sale or setting out anything for sale in or upon any stall, booth, board, cask, basket or in any other way whatsoever.



No person shall drive, ride, load, propel or leave on any foot way any animal or vehicle other than a perambulator or fasten any animal in such a way that the animal can stand across or upon such foot way.



No person shall, in contravention of any regulation made by the
Commissioner of Police,-

(a) Exhibit any mimetic, musical or other performances of such a nature as may attract crowds; or

(b) Carry or place bulky advertisements, pictures, figures or emblems in any street or public place, whereby any obstruction to passengers or annoyance to the residents in the vicinity may be occasioned.



No person shall slaughter any animal, clean a carcass or hide, or bathe or wash his person in or near to and within sight of a street or public place, except at a place set apart for the purpose, so as to cause annoyance to the neigh bouring residents or to passersby.



No person shall in any street or public place-

(a) Negligently let loose any horse or other animal, so as to cause danger, injury, alarm or annoyance; or

(b) Suffer a ferocious dog to be at large without a muzzle; or

(c) Set on or urge a dog or other animal to attack, worry or put in fear any person or horse or other animal.



No person shall bathe or wash in, or by the side of, a public well, tank or reservoir not set apart for such purpose by order of the competent authority, or in, or by the side of, any pond, pool, aqueduct, part of a river, stream, mullah or other source or means of water supply in which such bathing or washing is forbidden by order of the competent authority.



No person shall defile or cause to be defiled the water in any public well, tank, reservoir, pond, pool, aqueduct or part of a river, stream, mullah or other source or means of water supply, so as to render the same less fit for any purpose for which it is set apart by the order of the competent authority.



No person shall obstruct or incommode a person bathing at a place set apart for the purpose by the order of the competent authority under section 88 by willful Intrusion or by using such place for any purpose for which It is not so set apart.



No person shall willfully and indecently expose his person in any street or public place or place of public resort or within sight of, and in such manner as to be seen from, any street or public place or place of public resort, whether from within any house or building or not, or use indecent language or behave indecently or riotously or in a disorderly manner in a street or public place or place of public resort or in any office, police station or station house.



No person shall willfully push, press, bustle or obstruct any passenger in a street or public place or by violent movements, menacing gestures, wanton personal annoyance, screaming, shouting, willfully frightening horses or cattle or otherwise, disturb the public peace or order.



No person shall use in any street or public place any threatening, abusive or insulting words or behaviour with intent to provoke, a breach of the peace or whereby a breach of the peace may be occasioned.



No person shall fly a kite or any other thing so as to cause danger, injury or alarm to persons, animals or property.



No person shall inor near to any street, public place or place of public resort- (a) commit a n



No person shall, in any court, police station, police office or building occupied by Government or building occupied by any local body, smoke, or spit in contravention of a notice, by the competent authority in charge of such place, displayed in such court, police station, police office or building.



Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of sections 80 to 96 (both inclusive) shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or, in default of payment of such fine, with imprisonment for a term not exceeding eight days.



(1) Whoever allows any cattle which are his property or in his charge to stray in any street or to trespass upon any public or private property shall on conviction be punished-

(a) For the first offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to three hundred rupees, or with both; and

(b) For the second or subsequent offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both.

(2) The Metropolitan Magistrate trying an offence under sub-section (1) may order-

(a) that the accused shall pay such compensation not exceeding two hundred and fifty rupees as such Magistrate considers reasonable to any person or any damage proved to have been caused to his property or the produce of his land by the cattle under the control of the accused trespassing on his land; and

(b) That the cattle in respect of which the offence has been committed shall be forfeited to the Government.

(3) Any compensation awarded under sub-section (2) may be recovered as if it were a fine imposed under this section.

(4) It shall be the duty of every police officer and it shall be lawful for any other person to seize and take to any cattle pound for confinement therein any cattle found straying in any street or trespassing upon any private or public property.

(5)Any fine imposed under this section may, without prejudice to any other means of recovery provided by law, be recovered by sale of all or any of the cattle in respect of which the offence was committed, whether they are the property of the person convicted of the offence or were only in his charge when the offence was committed.

(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal
Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), the offence punishable under this section shall be cognizable.



Whoever in any place cruelly beats, goads, overworks, ill-treats or tortures or causes, or procures to be cruelly beaten, goaded, overworked, ill-treated or tortured, any animal shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment which may extent to one month, or with fine which may extent to one hundred rupees, or with both.



Whoever without satisfactory excuse willfully enters or remains in or upon any dwelling-house or premises or land or ground attached thereto, or on any ground, building, monument or structure belonging to Government or used for public purposes or on any vehicle, shall, on conviction, whether he causes any actual damage or not, be punished with imprisonment which may extend to seven days or with fine which may extent to one hundred rupees, or with both.



Whoever knowingly gives or causes to be given a false alarm of fire to the fire brigade of the Government or the Corporation or a municipality or to any officer or fireman thereof, whether by means of a street fire alarm, statement, message or otherwise, or with intent to give such false alarm willfully breaks the glass of, or otherwise damages, a street fire alarm, shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extent to three months or with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with both.



Whoever is found between sunset and sunrise-

(a) Armed with any dangerous instrument with intent to commit an offence; or

(b) Having his face covered, or otherwise disguised with intent to commit an offence; or

(c) In any dwelling-house or other building, or on any vehicle, with out being able satisfactorily to account for his presence there; or

(d) Lying or loitering in any street, yard or other place, being a reputed thief and without being able to give a satisfactory account of himself ; or

(e) Having in his possession without lawful excuse (the burden of proving which excuse shall be on such person) any implement of house breaking, shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months.



Whoever has in his possession or conveys in any manner, or offers for sale or pawn, anything which there is reason to believe is stolen property or property fraudulently obtained, shall, if he fails to account for such possession or act to the satisfaction of the
Metropolitan Magistrate, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with both.



Whoever being a pawn-broker, dealer in second hand property, or worker in metals, or reasonably believed by the Commissioner of Police to be such a person, and having received from a police officer written or printed information in relation to any property suspected to have been transferred by any offence mentioned in section 410 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) or by any offence punishable under section 417, section 418, section 419 or section 420 of the said Code, is found in possession, or, after the receipt of such information, comes into possession or has an offer, either by way of sale, pawn, exchange, or for custody, alteration or otherwise howsoever, made to him, of property answering the description contained in such information, shall, unless.

(i) He forthwith gives information to the Commissioner of Police, or at, a police station of such possession or offers and takes all reasonable means to ascertain and to give information as aforesaid of the name and address of the person from whom the possession or, offer was received, or

(ii) The property, being an article of common wearing apparel or otherwise, is incapable of identification from the written or printed information given and has been in no way concealed after the receipt of such information, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees in respect of each such article of property so in his possession or offered to him.



Whoever having received such information as is referred to in section 104.alters, melts, defaces or puts away or causes or suffers to be altered melted, defaced or put away, without the previous permission of the police, any such property as is referred to in that section shall on proof that the same was stolen property within the meaning of section 410 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) or property in respect of which any offence punishable under section 417, section 418, section 419 or section 420 of the said Code has been committed, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine, or with both.



Whoever takes from any child, not appearing to be above the age of fourteen years, any article whatsoever as a pawn, pledge or security for any sum of money lent, advanced or delivered to such child or without the knowledge and consent of the owner of the article buys from such child any article whatsoever, shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.



Whoever, being the keeper of any place of public amusement or public entertainment, knowingly permits or suffers drunkenness or other disorderly behaviour or any gambling whatsoever, in such place, shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.



(1) Whoever by any fraud or unlawful device or malpractice in playing at or with cards, dice or other game or in taking part in the stakes or wagers, or in betting on the sides or hands of the players, or in wagering on the event of any game, sports, pastime or exercise, wins from any other person, for himself or any other or others, any sum of money or valuable thing, shall be deemed to have committed the offence of cheating within the meaning of section 415 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860),and be liable to punishment accordingly.

(2) Whoever assembles with others, or joins any assembly, in a street assembled for the purpose of gambling or wagering shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees or may be released after a due admonition.



Whoever contravenes, disobeys, opposes, or fails to conform to an order under section 27 requiring him to vacate any premises, shall, on conviction be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both.



Save as provided in section 112, whoever contravenes or abets the contravention of, any regulation made under section 28 or any of the conditions of a licence issued under such regulation shall, on conviction, be punished-

(a) If the regulation was made under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 28 providing for the prohibition of the sale, or exposure for sale, of any goods on any street or portion thereof so as to cause obstruction to traffic or inconvenience to the public-

(i) for the first offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both, and

(ii) For any subsequent offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months and with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees;

(b) If the regulation was made under clause (d), (h), (i) or (j), sub -clause (i) or (ii) of clause (s) or clause (v) of sub-section (1) of section 28, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to eight days, or with fine which may extend to fifty rupees, or with both;

(c) If the regulation was made under clause (0) or (p) of sub- section (1) of section 28, with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees; and

(d) If the regulation was made under any clause of sub-section (1) of section 28 and for the contravention of which no penalty is provided under clause (a), (b) or (c) of this section, with fine which may extend to fifty rupees.



The holder of a licence granted under this Act in respect of a place of public amusement or public entertainment shall be responsible, as well as the actual offender for any offence under section 110 committed by his servant or other agent acting with his express or implied permission on his behalf as if he himself had committed the same, unless he establishes that all due and reasonable precautions were taken by him to prevent the commission of such offence.



(1) Whoever fails to obtain a licence under this Act in respect of a place of public entertainment or a certificate of registration there under in respect of any eating house, or to renew the licence or the certificate, as the case may be, within the prescribed period shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees.

(2) Any court trying any such offence shall in addition direct that the person keeping the place of public entertainment, or the eating house, in respect of which the offence has been committed shall close such place, or eating house until he obtains a licence or fresh licence, or a certificate of registration or fresh certificate of registration, as the case may be, in respect thereof and thereupon such person shall forthwith comply with such direction.

(3) If the person fails to comply with any such direction, he shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees or with both.

(4) Without prejudice to any action taken under sub-section (3), on the failure of such person to comply with the direction of the court, any police officer authorised by the Commissioner of Police, by an order in writing, may take or cause to be taken such steps and use or cause to be used such force as may, in the opinion of such officer, be reasonably necessary for securing compliance with the courts direction.



(1) Whoever contravenes, disobeys, opposes or fails to conform to any order given by a police officer under section 29 shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees.

(2) Whoever contravenes a notification or an order made under section 30, section 32, section 33 or section 34 or abets the contravention thereof shall, on conviction, be punished-

(a) If the said notification or order was made under sub-section (1) of section 30 or under section 33 or section 34. with Imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than four months but which may extend to one year, and shall also be liable to fine:

Provided that the court may, for adequate and sufficient reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than four months;

(b) If the said order was made under sub-section (2) of section 30, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with both;

(c) If the said notification was made under sub-section (3) of section 30, with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees; or

(d) If the said order was made under section 32, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both.

(3) Whoever opposes or fails to conform to any direction given by a police officer under section 31, shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees.



Whoever contravenes, or abets the contravention of, any regulation, notice or order made under section 35, section 36 or section 37 shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both.



Whoever opposes or fails to conform to any direction issued under section 46, section 47 or section 48 or abets the opposition to, or the failure to conform to, any such direction shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment which shall not be less than four months but which may extend to one year and shall also be liable to fine:

Provided that the court may, for adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than four months.



Without prejudice to the power to arrest and remove a person in the circumstances, and in the manner provided in section 53, any person who-

(a) In contravention of a direction issued to him under section 46, section 47 or section 48 enters or returns without permission to Delhi, or any part thereof, as the case may be, from which he was directed to remove himself; or

(b) Enters or returns to Delhi or any part thereof with permission granted under sub-section (1) of section 54, but fails, contrary to the provisions thereof, to remove himself outside such area at the expiry of the temporary period for which he was permitted to enter or return or on the earlier revocation of such permission, or having removed himself at the expiry of such temporary period or on revocation of the permission, enters or returns thereafter, without fresh permission, shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to two years and shall also be liable to fine:

Provided that the court may, for adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than six months.



Whoever contravenes any order made under section 57 shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.



Whoever opposes or fails forthwith to comply with any reasonable requisition made by a police officer under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 59, or abets the opposition thereto or failure to comply therewith, shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than four months but which may extend to one year and shall also be liable to fine:

Provided that the court may, for adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than four months.



Whoever opposes or fails to conform to any direction given by any police officer under section 65 or abets the opposition or failure to conform to such direction shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees.



(1) No person shall without the previous permission of the Commissioner of Police and except in accordance with any conditions subject to which such permission is granted, hold or give in any place which is likely to cause an assembly of persons, any performance in which or during which he buries himself under ground or seals himself in any room or receptacle or other thing, in such manner as to prevent all access of air to him and for such time as would ordinarily result in death by suffocation.

(2) If any person contravenes or attempts to contravene the provisions of sub-section (1), he shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine, or with both.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (22 of 1974), the offence punishable under this section shall be cognizable. (2 of 1974).



(1) Any person, who having been appointed to be a special police officer under section 17 shall without sufficient cause neglect or refuse to serve as such or to obey any lawful order or direction that may be given to him for the performance of his duties as such special police officer, shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees.

(2) Such punishment shall automatically cancel the certificate of appointment of such a special police officer.



(a) Any person who makes a false statement or uses a false document for the purpose of obtaining employment or release from employment as a police officer, or

(b) Any police officer who-

(i) Is guilty of cowardice, or

(ii) Being a police officer of subordinate rank, resigns his office or withdraws himself from duties thereof in contravention of section 25, or

(iii) Is guilty of any willful breach or neglect of any provision of law or of any rule or regulation or any order which he is bound to observe or obey, or

(iv) Is guilty of any violation of duty for which no punishment is expressly provided by any other law in force,shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with both.

Explanation.-A police Officer who being absent on leave fails with out reasonable cause to report himself for duty, on the expiration of such leave shall, for the purpose of sub-clause (ii) of clause (b), be deemed to withdraw himself from the duties of his office within the meaning of section 25.



Any police officer, who willfully neglects or refuses to deliver up his certificate of appointment or of office or any other article, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 26 shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both.



Any police officer who-

(a) Without lawful authority or reasonable cause enters or searches, or causes to be entered or searched, any building, vessel, tent or place; or

(b) Vexatiously and unnecessarily seizes the property of any person; or

(c) Vexatiously and unnecessarily detains, searches or arrests any person; or

(d) Offers any unnecessary personal violence to any person in his custody; or

(e) Holds out any threat or promise not warranted by law, shall, for every such offence, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both.



Any police officer who vexatiously and unnecessarily delays the forwarding of any person arrested to a Magistrate or to any other authority to whom he is legally bound to forward such person, shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both.



If any person not being a member of the Delhi police wears, without the permission of an officer authorised by the Administrator in this behalf by general or special order, the uniform of the Delhi police or any dress having the appearance or bearing any of the distinctive marks of that uniform, he shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees.



(1) The Commissioner of Police may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations to provide that no person, other than a member of the armed forces of the Union acting as such or a police officer, shall go armed with any sword, spear, bludgeon, gun or other offensive weapon or with any explosive or corrosive substance in any street or public place unless so authorised by such authority as may be specified in such regulations.

(2) Any regulation made under sub-section (1) may provide that any person who goes armed in contravention of such regulation shall be liable to be disarmed by any police officer and the weapon or sub-stance so seized shall be forfeited to the Government, unless redeemed within two months by payment of such fine, not exceeding five hundred rupees, as the Commissioner of Police imposes.



It shall not, except in obedience to a rule, regulation or order made by the Administrator or by the Commissioner of Police, be incumbent on the Delhi police to prosecute for an offence punishable under section 97, section 104, sub-section (1) of section 113, section 114, section 119 or section 121 when such offence has not occasioned serious mischief and has been promptly desisted from on a warning being given.



(1) A court taking cognizance of an offence punishable under section 97, or under clause (a), (b) or (c) of section 110 may state upon the summons to be served on the accused person that he may, by a specified date, prior to the hearing of the charge plead guilty to the charge by registered letter and remit to the court such sum not exceeding one hundred rupees in the case of an offence punishable under section 97 and in any other case rupees fifty, as the court may specify.

(2) Where an accused person pleads guilty and remits the sum specified in the summons, under sub-section (1), no further proceedings in respect of the offence shall be taken against him.



Subject to the provisions contained in section 300 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), nothing in this Act shall be construed to prevent any person from being prosecuted and punished under any other law for anything made punishable by this Act or from being prosecuted and punished under this Act for any thing made punishable under any other law.



(1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act, if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or that the commission of the offence is attributable to, any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section,-


(a) "Company" means a body corporate, and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and

(b) "Director", in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.

Last updated on September, 2016

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