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THE DEPOSITORIES ACT, 1996

Title : THE DEPOSITORIES ACT, 1996

Year : 1996



(1) The Board, on being satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest or in the interest of investors so to do, may, by order in writing,-

(a) Call upon any issuer, depository, participant or beneficial owner to furnish in writing such information relating to the securities held in a depository as it may require; or

(b) Authorise any person to make an enquiry or inspection in relation to the affairs of the issuer, beneficial owner, depository or participant, who shall submit a report of such enquiry or inspection to it within such period as may be specified in the order.

(2) Every director, manager, partner, secretary, officer or employee of the depository or issuer or the participant or beneficial owner shall on demand produce before the person making the enquiry or inspection all information or such records and other documents in his custody having a bearing on the subject-matter of such enquiry or inspection.



Save as provided in this Act, if after making or causing to be made an enquiry or inspection, the Board is satisfied that it is necessary-

(i) In the interest of investors, or orderly development of securities market; or

(ii) To prevent the affairs of any depository or participant being conducted in the manner detrimental to the interests of investors or securities market,it may issue such directions,-

(a) To any depository or participant or any person associated with the securities market; or

(b) To any issuer, as may be appropriate in the interest of investors or the securities market.

1*[Explanation.-For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that power to issue directions under this section shall include and always be deemed to have been included the power to direct any person, who made profit or averted loss by indulging in any transaction or activity in contravention of the provisions of this Act or regulations made there under, to disgorge an amount equivalent to the wrongful gain made or loss averted by such contravention.]

19A -2* Penalty for failure to furnish Information, return, etc.

Any person, who is required under this Act or any rules or regulations or bye-laws made thereunder, -

(a) To furnish any information, document, books, returns or report to the Board, fails to furnish the same within the time specified therefor, he shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees] for each such failure;

(b) To file any return or furnish any information, books or other documents within the time specified therefor in the regulations or the bye-laws, fails to file return or furnish the same within the time specified therefor, he shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees];

(c) To maintain books of account or records, fails to maintain the same, he shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees]

19B -2* Penalty for failure to enter into an agreement

If a depository or participant or any issuer or its agent or any person, who is registered as an intermediary under the provisions of Section 12 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992), and is required under this Act or any rules or regulations made thereunder, to enter into an agreement, fails to enter into such agreement, such depository or participant or issuer or its agent or intermediary shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees] for every such failure.

19C -2* Penalty for failure to redress Investors' grievances

If any depository or participant or any issuer or its agent or any person, who is registered as an intermediary under the provisions of Section 12 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992), after having been called upon by the Board in writing, to redress the grievances of the investors, fails to redress such grievances within the time specified by the Board, such depository or participant or issuer or its agent or intermediary shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees].]

19D -2* Penalty for delay in dematerialisation or issue of certificate of Securities

If any issuer or its agent or any person, who is registered as an intermediary under the provisions of Section 12 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992), fails to dematerialize or issue the certificate of securities on opting out of a depository by the investors, within the time specified under this Act or regulations or bye-laws made there under or abets in delaying the process of dematerialization or issue the certificate of securities on opting out of a depository of securities, such issuer or its agent or intermediary shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees].

19E - 2*Penalty for failure to reconcile records

If a depository or participant or any issuer or its agent or any person, who is registered as an intermediary under the provisions of Section 12 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992), fails to reconcile the records of dematerilaised securities with all the securities issued by the issuer as specified in the regulations, such depository or participant or issuer or its agent or intermediary shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees].

19F -2*Penalty for failure to comply with directions issued by Board under section 19 of the Act

If any person fails to comply with the directions issued by the Board under Section 19, within the time specified by it, he shall be liable to a penalty 3*[which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum of one crore rupees].]

19G -2* Penalty for contravention where no separate penalty has been provided

Whoever fails to comply with any provision of this Act, the rules or regulations or bye-laws made or directions issued by the Board thereunder for which no separate penalty has been provided, shall be 4*[liable to a penalty which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to one crore rupees].

19H -2* Power to adjudicate

(1) For the purpose of adjudging under Sections 19A, 19B, 19C, 19D, 19E, 19F and 19G, the Board shall appoint any officer not below the rank of a Division Chief of the Securities and Exchange Board of India to be an adjudicating officer for holding an inquiry in the prescribed manner after giving any person concerned a reasonable opportunity of being heard for the purpose of imposing any penalty.

(2) While holding an inquiry, the adjudicating officer shall have power to summon and enforce the attendance of any person acquainted with the facts and circumstances of the case to give evidence or to produce any document, which in the opinion of the adjudicating officer, may be useful for or relevant to the subject-matter of the inquiry and if, on such inquiry, he is satisfied that the person has failed to comply with the provisions of any of the Sections specified in sub-Section (1), he may impose such penalty as he thinks fit in accordance with the provisions of any of those Sections.]

2*[(3) The Board may call for and examine the record of any proceedings under this section and if it considers that the order passed by the adjudicating officer is erroneous to the extent it is not in the interests of the securities market, it may, after making or causing to be made such inquiry as it deems necessary, pass an order enhancing the quantum of penalty, if the circumstances of the case so justify:

Provided that no such order shall be passed unless the person concerned has been given an opportunity of being heard in the matter:

Provided further that nothing contained in this sub-section shall be applicable after an expiry of a period of three months from the date of the order passed by the adjudicating officer or disposal of the appeal under section 23 A, whichever is earlier.]
 
19-I 2*Factors to be taken into account by adjudicating officer

While adjudging the quantum of penalty under Section 19H, the adjudicating officer shall have due regard to the following factors, namely:-

(a) The amount of disproportionate gain or unfair advantage, wherever quantifiable, made as a result of the default;

(b) The amount of loss caused to an investor or group of investors as a result of the default ;

(c) The repetitive nature of the default.]

Section 19IA -5* Settlement of Administrative and Civil Proceedings

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, any person, against whom any proceedings have been initiated or may be initiated under section 19 or section 19H, as the case may be, may file an application in writing to the Board proposing for settlement of the proceedings initiated or to be initiated for the alleged defaults.

(2) The Board may, after taking into consideration the nature, gravity and impact of defaults, agree to the proposal for settlement, on payment of such sum by the defaulter or on such other terms as may be determined by the Board in accordance with the regulations made under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992(15 of 1992).

(3) For the purpose of settlement under this section, the procedure as specified by the Board under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992(15 of 1992) shall apply.

(4) No appeal shall lie under section 23 A against any order passed by the Board or the adjudicating officer under this section.]

19IB -2* Recovery of amounts

(1) If a person fails to pay the penalty imposed by the adjudicating officer or fails to comply with a direction of disgorgement order issued under section 19 or fails to pay any fees due to the Board, the Recovery Officer may draw up under his signature a statement in the specified form specifying the amount due from the person (such statement being hereafter in this Chapter referred to as certificate) and shall proceed to recover from such person the amount specified in the certificate by one or more of the following modes, namely: -

(a) Attachment and sale of the person's movable property;

(b) Attachment of the person's bank accounts;

(c) Attachment and sale of the person's immovable property;

(d) Arrest of the person and his detention in prison;

(e) Appointing a receiver for the management of the person's movable and immovable properties,and for this purpose, the provisions of sections 220 to 227, 228A, 229, 232, the Second and Third Schedules to the Income-tax Act, 1961 and the Income-tax (Certificate Proceedings) Rules, 1962, as in force from time to time, in so far as may be, apply with necessary modifications as if the said provisions and the rules there under were the provisions of this Act and referred to the amount due under this Act instead of to income-tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961(43 of 1961).

Explanation
1.-For the purposes of this sub-section, the person's movable or immovable property or monies held in bank accounts shall include any property or monies held in bank accounts which has been transferred, directly or indirectly on or after the date when the amount specified in certificate had become due, by the person to his spouse or minor child or son's wife or son's minor child, otherwise than for adequate consideration, and which is held by, or stands in the name of, any of the persons aforesaid; and so far as the movable or immovable property or monies held in bank accounts so transferred to his minor child or his son's minor child is concerned, it shall, even after the date of attainment of majority by such minor child or son's minor child, as the case may be, continue to be included in the person's movable or immovable property or monies held in bank accounts for recovering any amount due from the person under this Act.

Explanation 2.-Any reference under the provisions of the Second and Third Schedules to the Income-tax Act, 1961(43 of 1961) and the Income-tax (Certificate Proceedings) Rules, 1962 to the assessee shall be construed as a reference to the person specified in the certificate.

Explanation 3.- Any reference to appeal in Chapter XVIID and the Second Schedule to the Income-tax Act, 1961(43 of 1961), shall be construed as a reference to appeal before the Securities Appellate Tribunal under section 23 A of this Act.

(2) The Recovery Officer shall be empowered to seek the assistance of the local district administration while exercising the powers under sub-section (1).

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the recovery of amounts by a Recovery Officer under sub-section (7), pursuant to non-compliance with any direction issued by the Board under section 19, shall have precedence over any other claim against such person.

(4) For the purposes of sub-sections (1), (2) and (3), the expression "Recovery Officer" means any officer of the Board who may be authorised, by general or special order in writing, to exercise the powers of a Recovery Officer.


19J -2* Crediting sums realised by way of penalties to Consolidated Fund of India

All sums realised by way of penalties under this Act shall be credited to the Consolidated Fund of India.".]

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1. Inserted by the Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2014.

2. Inserted vide The Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2004.

3. Substituted by the Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2014, for the following:-"of one lakh rupees for each day during which such failure continues or one crore rupees, whichever is less"

4. Substituted by the Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2014, for the following:-"liable to a penalty which may extend to one crore rupees"

5. Inserted vide The Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2014 w.e.f. 20.04.2007.

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Last updated on July, 2016

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