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THE DISPLACED PERSONS (DEBTS ADJUSTMENT) ACT, 1951

Title : THE DISPLACED PERSONS (DEBTS ADJUSTMENT) ACT, 1951

Year : 1951



(1) Where the registered office of any society or company registered before the 15th day of August, 1947, under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (XXI of 1860), or the Cooperative Societies Act, 1912 (II of 1912), or under any other law then in force in any Province for the registration of co-operative societies or the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (VII of 1913), is situated in the territory now forming part of West Pakistan but a majority of its members for the time being are resident in India, or in the case of a company, more than thirty-three and one-third per cent.of its shares in value are being held by persons resident in India, the society, or company, as the case may be, may apply within one year from the commencement of?this Act to the Registrar of Societies, Co-operative Societies or Companies, as the case may be, within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the majority of the members of the governing body reside or carry on business, for the recognition of the society or company as such in India.

(2) The Registrar, after making such inquiry into the matter as he deems fit, may either accord such recognition or refuse to do so.

(3) An appeal shall lie from the order of the Registrar under sub-section (2) to the State Government and no order passed by the Registrar or by the State Government on appeal shall be called in question in any court.

(4) Where the Registrar accords recognition to a society, co-operative society or company, he shall cause necessary entries thereof to be made in his register and thereupon, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any law for the time being in force or in any instrument the society or the company, as the case may be, shall be deemed to have been formed and registered under the relevant law as in force in India, and every such society or company shall, among other matters, have the right to demand and receive any moneys due to it from any person residing or carrying on business in India.



Subject to the other provisions contained in this Act, where an application made by a displaced under section 5 or under sub-section (2) of section 11, or by a displaced creditor under section 13 has been dismissed, no further application for the same purpose shall lie.



Clerical or arithmetical mistakes in any application or in any schedule annexed thereto arising from any accidental slip or omission may at any time be corrected by the Tribunal, either of its own motion or on the application of any of the parties.



Every  notice issued under this Act shall be served by registered post, acknowledgment due, unless the Tribunal for reasons to be recorded, directs service in any of the other modes specified in Order V of the First Schedule to the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908).



Where a displaced debtor has not mentioned in the relevant schedule to his application any debt owing by him or any property, movable or immovable, belonging to him, whether such property is liable to attachment or not liable to attachment at all, nothing contained in this Act shall prevent-

(a) In the case of the debt, the creditor from instituting any proceeding for the recovery thereof under any law for the time being in force other than this Act; and

(b) In the case of the property, from being attached or otherwise dealt with under any such law.



Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, no proceeding before a Tribunal shall be deemed to abate by reason merely of the death of the debtor who is a party to the proceeding, and  a decree may be passed notwithstanding the death and such decree shall have the same force and effect as if it had been passed before the death took place:

Provided
that the Tribunal on an application made in that behalf, shall cause the legal representative of the deceased debtor to be made a party to the proceeding, and nay person so made a party may make any defence appropriate to his character as legal representative of the deceased debtor:

Provided further that nothing contained herein shall be deemed to render the legal representative of the deceased debtor liable to satisfy the decree except to the extent to which any of the assets of the deceased debtor have devolved on him.



(1) If before the commencement of this Act a displaced debtor has satisfied or discharged any of his liabilities in any manner whatsoever, such transactions shall not be affected by anything contained in this Act.

(2) Where the Tribunal has determined the amount due in respect of any debt in accordance with the provisions of this Act, any payments (including payments by way of interest) made by the displaced debtor towards the debt prior to such determination shall be adjusted towards the amount so determined:

Provided that no creditor shall be called upon to refund any amount paid to him if it is found that it is in excess of the amount determined as being due to him under this Act.



Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force relating to insolvency, no displaced debtor shall be deemed to be insolvent or to have been adjudicated as such within the meaning of any law for the time being in force relating to insolvency by reason only of his applying to get his debts adjusted under this Act, and no petition in insolvency shall lie against a displaced debtor in respect of any debt incurred by him before the 15th day of August, 1947.



Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, no compromise or arrangement arrived at, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, between a displaced debtor and a bank relating to the repayment, discharge or satisfaction of any debt owing by the displaced debtor to the bank shall be reopened by the Tribunal, and nothing contained in this Act shall affect any such compromise or arrangement:

Provided that there is in force in respect of the bank compromise or arrangement between it and its own creditors or any class of such creditors which has been duly sanctioned by the court under section 153 of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (VII of 1913): and
Provided further that the particulars specified in clause (c), (cc), (Ccc), (I) (q), ® and (S) of the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 60 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), as amended by section 31 of this Act, shall not be liable to attachment or sale in any proceeding against the displaced debtor.



(1) Every Tribunal shall communicate to the prescribed authority, in such manner as may be prescribed the amount of the prior charge declared under sub-section (3) of section 16, and shall also forward to it a copy of the decree passed on the application of a displaced debtor under section 5 or sub-section (2) of section 11 and also of any order passed under sub-section (5) of section 32, specifying the amount due to the creditor mentioned therein on the date of the order.

(2) The prescribed authority shall scale down the debts reported to him in accordance with sub-section (6) of section 32 and shall, subject to any rules made in this behalf, meet the prior charge of the secured creditor in accordance with sub-section (2) of section 16 in the first instance and thereafter distribute the balance of the compensation available for distribution within the meaning of sub-section (10) of section 32 rateably amongst the other decree-holder whose decrees have been reported to him:

Provided that in making any such rateable distribution the prescribed authority shall have due regard to the provisions contained in sub-section (2) of section 33.

(3) The balance from the amount of the compensation payable shall be refunded to the displaced debtor.

(4) Any amount paid by the prescribed authority to any decree holder under the provisions of this section shall, to that extent, he a valid discharge of the debt due by the displaced debtor.



Subject to the other provisions contained in this  Act, the Indian Limitation Act, 1908 (IX of 1908) shall apply to the institution of any proceeding under this Act, and, for the purpose of determining and computing the period of limitation prescribed by that Act in relation thereto, every application made under this Act shall be deemed to be a suit for the purpose of that Act.



Nothing contained in Order XXXVIII of the First Schedule to the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908) relating to arrest and attachment before judgement, shall apply to any proceeding under this Act.



No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Government or any person, in respect of anything done or intended to be done by it or him in good faith in pursuance of this Act or of any rule or order made there under.



The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that any power exercisable by it under this Act may also be exercised by such officer or authority subordinate to the Central Government or by the State Government or by any officer or authority subordinate to the State Government as may be specified in the direction.



(1) The Central Government may be notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the rules so made may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-

(a) The additional, particulars, if any, which an application under section 5, should contain;

(b) The form in which notices under this Act may be issued;

(c) The form in which applications under section 10 or section 13 may be made;

(d) The registers which should be maintained under this Act;

(e) The authorities which should be maintained under this Act;

(f) The board or other authority to which any report under sub-section (2) of section 18 may be made and the maters which board or other authority should take into account in making its report.



The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, makes rules providing for-

(a) The distribution of business amongst the various Tribunals within the State;

(b) The manner is which copies of documents produced before the Tribunals should be certified;

(c) The returns to be made by the Tribunals and the authorities to which they may be so made.

58A -1* Laying of Rules

(1) Every rule made by the state Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before the state Legislature.

(2) Every rule made by the Central Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.]

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1.  Inserted by the Delegated Legislation Provision (Amendment) Act 1983 (2 of 1983) w.e.f. 05-03-1984

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Save as otherwise provided to section 36, the Displaced Persons (Institution of Suits) Act, 1948 (XLVII of 1948) and the Displaced Persons (Legal Proceedings) Act, 1949 (XXV of 1949) shall cease to apply to displaced persons as defined in this Act.
Last updated on July, 2016

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