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THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT ACT, 1999

Title : THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT ACT, 1999

Year : 1999



Save as otherwise provided in this Act, rules or regulations made there under, or with the general or special permission of the Reserve Bank, no person shall-

(a) Deal in or transfer any foreign exchange or foreign security to any person not being an authorized person;

(b) Make any payment to or for the credit of any person resident outside India in any manner;

(c) Receive otherwise through an authorized person, any payment by order or on behalf of any person resident outside India in any manner.
 
Explanation
.-For the purpose of this clause, where any person in, or resident in, India receives any payment by order or on behalf of any person resident outside India through any other person (including an authorized person) without a corresponding in wa d remittance from any place outside India, then, such person shall be deemed to have received such payment otherwise than through an authorized person;

(d) Enter into any financial transaction in India as consideration for or in association with acquisition or creation or transfer of a right to acquire, any asset outside India by any person.

Explanation.-For the purpose of this clause, "financial transaction" means making any payment to, or for the credit of any person, or receiving any payment for, by order or on behalf of any person, or drawing, issuing or negotiating any bill of exchange r promissory note, or transferring any security or acknowledging any debt.



Save as otherwise provided in this Act, no person resident in India shall acquire, hold, own, possess or transfer any foreign exchange, foreign security or any immovable property situated outside India.



Any person may sell or draw foreign exchange to or from an authorized person if such sale or drawal is a current account transaction:

Provided that the Central Government may, in public interest and in consultation with the Reserve Bank, impose such reasonable restrictions for current account transactions as may be prescribed.



(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), any person may sell or draw foreign exchange to or from an authorized person for a capital account transaction.

(2) The Reserve Bank may, in consultation with the Central
Government, specify-

(a) Any class or classes of capital account transactions which are permissible;

(b) The limit up to which foreign exchange shall be admissible for such transactions: Provided that the Reserve Bank shall not impose any restriction on the drawal of foreign exchange for payments due on account of amortization of loans or for depreciation of direct investments in the ordinary courts of business.

(3) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (2), the Reserve Bank may, by regulations, prohibit, restrict or regulate the following-

(a) Transfer or issue of any foreign security by a person resident in India;

(b) Transfer or issue of any security by a person resident outside India;

(c) Transfer or issue of any security or foreign security by any branch, office or agency in India of a person resident outside
India;

(d) Any borrowing or lending in rupees in whatever form or by whatever name called;

(e) Any borrowing or lending in rupees in whatever form or by whatever name called between a person resident in India and a person resident outside India;

(f) Deposits between persons resident in India and persons resident outside India;

(g) Export, import or holding of currency or currency notes;

(h) Transfer of immovable property outside India, other than a lease not exceeding five years, by a person resident in India;

(i) Acquisition or transfer of immovable property in India, other than a lease not exceeding five years, by a person resident outside India;

(j) Giving of a guarantee or surety in respect of any debt, obligation or other liability incurred-

(i) By a person resident in India and owed to a person resident outside India; or

(ii) By a person resident outside India.

(4) A person resident in India may hold, own, transfer or invest in foreign currency, foreign security or any immovable property situated outside India if such currency, security or property was acquired, held or owned by such person when he was resident outside India or inherited from a person who was resident outside
India.

(5) A person resident outside India may hold, own, transfer or invest in Indian currency, security or any immovable property situated in India if such currency, security or property was acquired, held or owned by such person when he was resident in India or inherited from a person who was resident in India.

(6) Without prejudice to the provisions of this section, the Reserve Bank may, by regulation, prohibit, restrict, or regulate establishment in India of a branch, office or other place of business by a person resident outside India, for carrying on any activity relating to such branch, office or other place of business.



(1) Every exporter of goods shall-

(a) Furnish to the Reserve Bank or to such other authority a declaration in such form and in such manner as may be specified, containing true and correct material particulars, including the amount representing the full export value or, if the full export value of the goods is not ascertainable at the time of export, the value which the exporter, having regard to the prevailing market conditions, expects to receive on the sale of the goods in a market outside India;

(b) Furnish to the Reserve Bank such other information as may be required by the Reserve Bank for the purpose of ensuring the realization of the export proceeds by such exporter.

(2) The Reserve Bank may, for he purpose of ensuring that the full export value of the goods or such reduced value of the goods as the Reserve Bank determines, having regard to the prevailing market conditions, is received without any delay, direct any e porter to comply with such requirements as it deems fit.

(3) Every exporter of services shall furnish to the Reserve Bank or to such other authorities a declaration in such form and in such manner as may be specified, containing the true and correct material particulars in relation to payment for such services



Save as otherwise provided in this Act, where any amount of foreign exchange is due or has accrued to any person resident in India, such person shall take all reasonable steps to realize and repatriate to India such foreign exchange within such period and in such manner as may be specified by the Reserve Bank.



The provisions of sections 4 and 8 shall not apply to the following, namely:-

(a) Possession of foreign currency or foreign coins by any person up to such limit as the Reserve Bank may specify;

(b) Foreign currency account held or operated by such person or class of persons and the limit up to which the Reserve Bank may specify;

(c) Foreign exchange acquired or received before the 8th day of
July, 1947 or any income arising or accruing thereon which is he ld outside India by any person in pursuance of a general or special permission granted by the Reserve Bank;

(d) Foreign exchange held by a person resident in India up to such limit as the Reserve Bank may specify, if such foreign exchange was acquired by way of gift or inheritance from a person referred to in clause (c), including any income arising there from;

(e) Foreign exchange acquired from employment, business, trade, vocation, services, honorarium, gifts, inheritance or any other legitimate means up to such limit as the Reserve Bank may specify; and

(f) Such other receipts in foreign exchange as the Reserve Bank may specify.

Last updated on July, 2016

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