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THE FORWARD CONTRACTS (REGULATION)ACT, 1952

Title : THE FORWARD CONTRACTS (REGULATION)ACT, 1952

Year : 1952



Any association concerned with the regulation and control of [forward contracts] which is desirous of being recognised for the purposes of this Act may make an application in the prescribed manner to the Central Government.

(2) Every application made under sub-section (1) shall contain such particulars as may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by a copy of the bye-laws for the regulation and control of [forward contracts] and also a copy of the rules relating in general to the constitution of the association, and in particular, to-

(a) The governing body of such association, its constitution and powers of management and the manner in which its business is to be transacted;

(b) The powers and duties of the office-bearers of the association;

(c) The admission into the association of various classes of members, the qualifications of members, and the exclusion, suspension, expulsion and readmission of members therefrom or there into;

(d) The procedure for registration of partnerships as members of the association and the nomination and appointment of authorised representatives and clerks.



(1) If the Central Government, after milking such inquiry as may he necessary in this behalf and alter obtaining such further information, if any, as it may require, is satisfied that it would be in the interest of the trade and also in the public interest to grant recognition to the association which has made an application under Section 5, it may grant recognition to the association in such form and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed or specified, and shall specify in such recognition the goods or classes of goods with respect to which [forward contracts] may be entered into between members of such association or through or with any such member.

(2) Before granting recognition under sub-section (1), the Central Government may, by order direct,-

(a) That there shall be no limitation on the number of members of the association or that there shall be such limitation on the number of members as may be specified;

(b) That the association shall provide for the appointment by the Central Government of a person, whether a member of the association or not, as its representative on, and of not more than three persons representing interests not directly represented through membership of the association as member or members of, the governing body of such association, and may require the association to incorporate in its rules any such direction and the conditions, if any, accompanying it.

(3) No rules of a recognised association shall he amended except with the approval of the Central Government.

(4) Every grant of recognition1under this section shall he published in the Gazette of India and also in the Official Gazette of the State in which the principal office of the recognised association is situated, and such recognition shall have effect as from the date of its publication in the Gazette of India.

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1. For recognised Associations see footnote to Section 5.
 
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If the Central Government is of opinion that any recognition granted to an association under the provisions of this Act should in the interest of the trade or in the public interest, be withdrawn, the Central Government may, alter giving a reasonable opportunity to the association to be heard in the matter withdraw, by notification in the Official Gazette, the recognition granted to the said association:

Provided
that no such withdrawal shall affect the validity of any contract entered into or made before the date of the notification, and the Central Government may make such provision as it deems fit in the notification of withdrawal or in any subsequent notification similarly published for the due performance of any contracts outstanding on that date.



1[(1) Every recognised association and every member thereof shall furnish to the Central Government such periodical returns relating to its affairs, or the affairs of its members, as the case may be, as may be prescribed.]

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (1), where the Central Government considers it expedient so to do, it may, by order in writing,-

(a) Call upon a recognised association2*[or a member thereof] to furnish in writing such information or explanation relating to its affairs or the affairs of any of its members2*[or his affairs, as the case may be] as the Central Government may require, or

(b) Appoint one or more persons to make an inquiry in relation to the affairs of such association or the affairs of any of its members and submit a report of the result of such inquiry to the Central Government within such time as may be specified in the order or, in the alternative, direct the inquiry to be made, and the report to be submitted, by the governing body of such association acting jointly with one or more representatives of the Central Government.

(c) Direct the Commission to inspect the accounts and other documents of any recognised association or of any of its members and submit its report thereon to the Central Government.

(3) Where an inquiry in relation to the affairs of a recognised association or the affairs of any of its members has been undertaken under sub-section (2)-

(a) Every director, manager, secretary or other officer of such association,

(b) Every member of such association,

(c) If the member of the association is a firm, every partner, manager, secretary or other officer of the firm, and

(d) Every other person or body of persons who has dealings in the course of business with any of the persons mentioned in clauses (a), (b) and (c),shall be bound to produce before the authority making the inquiry, all such books, accounts, correspondence and other documents his custody or power relating to, or having a bearing on the subject-matter of, such inquiry and also to furnish the authority with any such statement or information relating thereto as may be required of him within such time as may be specified.

2*[(4) Every recognised association and every member thereof shall maintain such books of account and other documents as the Commission may specify and the books of account and other documents so specified shall be preserved for such period not exceeding three years as the Commission may specify and shall be subject to inspection at all reasonable times by the Commission.]

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1. Substituted for former sub-section (1) by the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Amendment Act 1960 (62 of 1960), Section 7 (28-12-1960).

2. Inserted by the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Amendment Act 1960 (62 of 1960), Section 7 (28-12-1960).

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1*[(1) Every recognised association shall furnish to the Commission three copies of its annual report.]

(2) Such annual report shall contain such particulars as may be prescribed.

9A - 2* Power of recognised association to make rules respecting grouping of members, restricting voting rights, etc., in special cases

(1) A recognised association may make rules or amend any rules made by it to provide for all or any of the following matters namely,-

3*[(a) The admission of a firm or a Hindu undivided family as a member,]

3*[(b)] The grouping of the members of the association according to functional or local interests, the reservation of seats on its governing body for members belonging to each group and appointment of members to such reserved seats-

(i) By election exclusively by the members of the association from among persons chosen by the members belonging to the group concerned;

(ii) By election by all the members of the association;

(iii) By election by all the members belonging to the group concerned for the purpose;

3*[(c)] The restriction of voting rights in respect of any matter placed before the association at any meeting to those members only who, by reason of their functional or local interests, are actually interested in such matter,

3*[(d)] The regulation of voting rights in respect of any matter placed before the association at any meeting so that each member may be entitled to have one vote only, irrespective of his share of the paid-up equity capital of the association;

3*[(e)] The restriction on the right of a member to appoint another person as his proxy to attend and vote at a meeting of the association;

4*[(f)] The retirement at every annual general meeting of all directors or such number or proportion of their total number as may be specified in the rules;]

3*[(g)] Such incidental, consequential and supplementary matters as may be necessary to give effect to any of the matters specified in 5*[clauses (a) to (f).]

(2) No rules of a recognised association made or amended in relation to any matter referred to in cls. 6*[(a) to (g)] of sub-section (1) shall have effect until they have been approved by the Central Government and published by that Government in the Official Gazette and, in approving the rules so made or amended, the Central Government may make such modifications therein as it thinks fit, and on such publication, the rules as approved by the Central Government shall be deemed to have been validly made, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Companies Act, 1956.

(3) Where, before the commencement of the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Amendment Act, 1957, any rules have been made or amended in relation to any matter referred to in 6*[clauses (b) to (e) and (g)] of sub-section (1), the rules so made or amended shall not be deemed to be invalid or ever to have been invalid merely by reason of the fact that the rules so made or amended are repugnant to any of the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.]

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1. Substituted for former sub-section (1) by Act 62 of 1960, Section 8 (28-12-1960).

2. Inserted by the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Amendment Act, 1957 (32 of 1957), Section 2 (17-9-1957).

3. New clause (a) inserted and original clauses (a) to (e), relettered as (b), (c) (d), (e) and (g) respectively by Act 62 of 1960, Section 9 (28-12-1960).

4. Inserted by Act 62 of 1960, Section 9 (28-12-1960).

5. Substituted for clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d), by Act 62 of 1960, Section 9 (28-12-1960).

6. Substituted for "clauses (a) to (e)" by Act 62 of 1960, Section 9 (28-12-1960).

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(1) Whenever the Central Government considers it expedient so to do, it may, by order in writing, direct any recognised association to make any rules or to amend any rules made by the recognised association within such period as it may specify in this behalf.

(2) If any recognised association, against whom an order is issued by the Central Government under sub-section (1), fails or neglects to comply with such order within the specified period, the Central Government may make the rules or amend the rules made by the recognised association, as the case may be, either in the form specified in the order or with such modification thereof as the Central Government may think fit.

1*[(3) Where, in pursuance of sub-section (2), any rules have been made or amended, the rules so made or amended shall be published in the Gazette of India, and shall, thereupon, have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Companies Act, 1956, or any other law for the time being in force, as if they had been made or amended by the recognised association concerned.]

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1. Substituted for former sub-section (3) by Act 62 of 1960, Section 10 (28-12-1960).

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(1) Any recognised association may, subject to the previous approval of the Central Government, make bye-laws for the regulation and control of [forward contracts].

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such bye-laws may provide for-

(a) The opening and closing of markets and the regulation of the hours of trade;

(b) A clearing house for the periodical settlement of contracts and differences thereunder, the delivery of, and payment for goods, the passing on of delivery orders and for the regulation and maintenance of such clearing house;

(c) The number and classes of contracts in respect of which settlements shall be made or differences paid through the clearing house;

(d) Fixing, altering or postponing days for settlement;

(e) Determining and declaring market rates, including opening, closing, highest and lowest rates for goods;

(f) The terms, conditions and incidents of contracts including the prescription of margin requirements, if any, and conditions relating thereto, and the forms of contracts in writing;

(g) Regulating the entering into, making, performance, rescission and termination of contracts, including contracts between members or between a commission agent and his constituent, or between a broker and his constituent, or between a member of the recognised association and a person who is not a member, and the consequences of default or insolvency on the part of a seller or buyer or intermediary, the consequences of a breach or omission by a seller or buyer and the responsibility of commission agents and brokers who are not parties to such contracts;

(h) The admission and prohibition of specified classes or types of goods or of dealings in goods by a member of the recognised association;

(i) The method and procedure for the settlement of claims or disputes including the settlement thereof by arbitration;

(j) The levy and recovery of fees, fines and penalties;

(k) The regulation of the course of business between parties to contracts in any capacity;

(l) The fixing of a scale of brokerage and other charges;

(m) The making, comparing, settling and closing of bargains;

(n) The regulation of fluctuations in rates and prices;

(o) The emergencies in trade which may arise and the exercise of powers in such emergencies including the power to fix maximum and minimum prices;

(p) The regulation of dealings by members for their own account;

(q) The limitations on the volume of trade done by any individual member;

(r) The obligation of members to supply such information or
explanation and to produce such books relating to their business as the governing body may require.

(3) The bye-laws made under this section may-

(a) Specify the bye-laws the contravention of any of which shall make a contract entered into otherwise than in accordance with the bye-laws void under subsection (2) of section 15:

1*(aa) specify the bye-laws the contravention of any of which shall make a [forward contract] entered into otherwise than in accordance with bye-laws illegal under sub-section (3A) of section 15.]

(b) Provide that the contravention of any of the bye-laws shall-

(i) Render the member concerned liable to fine; or

(ii) Render the member concerned liable to expulsion or suspension from the recognised association or to any other penalty of a like nature not involving the payment of money.

(4) Any bye-laws made under this section shall be subject to such conditions in regard to previous publication as may be prescribed, and when approved by the Central Government, shall be published in the Gazette of India 2 [* * *].

Provided that the Central Government may, in the interest of the trade or in the public interest, by order in writing, dispense with the condition of previous publication, in any case.

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1. Inserted by Act 62 of 1960, Section 11 (28-12-1960).

2. Words "and also in the Official Gazette of the State in which the principal office of the recognised association is situate" omitted by Act 62 of 1960. Section 11 (28-12-1960).

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(1) The Central Government may, either on a request in writing received by it in this behalf from the governing body of a recognised association, or if in its opinion it is expedient so to do, make bye-laws for all or any of the matters specified in section 11 or amend any bye-laws made by such association under that section.

(2) Where, in pursuance of this section, any bye-laws have been made or amended, the bye-laws so made or amended shall be published in the Gazette of India1[and shall thereupon have effect].

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, where the governing body of a recognised association objects to any bye-laws made or amended under this section by the Central Government on its own motion, it may, within six months of the publication thereof under sub-section (2), apply to the Central Government for a revision thereof, and the Central Government may, after giving a reasonable opportunity to the governing body of the association to be heard in the matter, revise the bye-laws so made or amended, and where any bye-laws so made or amended are revised as a result of any action taken under this sub-section the bye-laws so revised shall be published and shall become effective as provided in sub-section (2).

(4) The making or the amendment or revision of any bye-laws under this section shall in all cases be [subject to such conditions as to previous publication, as may be prescribed.]

Provided that the Central Government may, in the interest of the trade or in the public interest, by order in writing, dispense with the condition of previous publication.

12A - 2*Application of amendment of bye-laws to existing forward contracts

Any amendment of a bye-law under Section 11 other than amendment made in pursuance of clause (a) or clause (aa) of sub-section (3) of that section or under section 12 also apply to all [forward contracts] entered into before the date of its approval by the Central Government or before the date of its publication in the Gazette of India, as the case may be, and remaining to be performed on or after the said date.

12B -2* Power of Commission to suspend member of recognised association or to prohibit him from trading

(1) If, in the interest of trade or in the public interest, the Commission considers it necessary to suspend a member from his membership of any recognised association or to prohibit such member from entering into any [forward contract] for the sale or purchase in his own name or through another member of a recognised association of any goods or class of goods, then, notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force or in the rules or bye-laws of a recognised association, the Commission may, alter giving an opportunity of being heard, by order suspend his membership of any association or prohibit him from entering into any such contract.

(2) An order under sub-section (1) shall specify the period for which the suspension or prohibition is to have effect and such period may be extended from time to time but so as not to exceed three years in the aggregate.

(3) No order made under sub-section (1) in respect of any member of a recognised association shall affect the validity of any [forward contract] entered into or made by, with or through such member on or before the date of such order and remaining to be performed on or after the said date; but the Commission may make such provision as it deems fit in such order or in any subsequent order for the closing out of any such [forward contract].

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1. Substituted for certain words by Act 62 of 1960, Section 12 (28-12-1960).

2. Sections 12-A, 12-B inserted by the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Amendment Act, 1060 (62 of 1960), Section 13 (28-12-1960).

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(1) Without prejudice to any other powers vested in the Central Government under this Act, where the Central Government is of opinion that the governing body of any recognised association should be superseded, then, notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or in any other law for the time being in force, the Central Government may, after giving a reasonable opportunity to the governing body of the recognised association concerned to show cause why it should not be superseded, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare the governing body of such association to be superseded for such period not exceeding six months as may be specified in the notification, and may appoint any person or persons to exercise and perform, all the powers and duties of the governing body, and where more persons than one are appointed may appoint one of such persons to be the chairman and another of such persons to be the vice-chairman.

(2) On the publication of a notification in the Official Gazette under sub-section (1), the following consequences shall ensue, namely:-

(a) The members of the governing body which has been superseded shall, as from the date of the notification of supersession cease to hold office as such members;

(b) The person or persons appointed under sub-section (1) may exercise and perform all the powers and duties of the governing body which has been superseded;

(c) All such property of the recognised association as the person or persons appointed under sub-section (1) may, by order in writing, specify in this behalf as being necessary for the purpose of enabling him or them to carry out the purposes of this Act, shall vest in such person or persons.

(3) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any law or the rules or bye-laws of the association whose governing body is superseded under sub-section (1), the person or persons appointed under that sub-section shall hold office for such period as may be specified in the notification published under that sub-section, and the Central Government may, from time to time, by like notification vary such period.

(4) On the determination of the period of office of any person or persons appointed under this section the recognised association shall forthwith reconstitute a governing body in accordance with its rules:

Provided that until a governing body is so reconstituted, the person or persons appointed under sub-section. (1) shall, notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), continue to exercise and perform their powers and duties.

(5) On the reconstitution of a governing body under sub-section (4), all the property of the recognised association which has vested in, or was in the possession of, the person or persons appointed under sub-section (1) shall vest or revest, as the case may be, in the governing body so reconstituted.



If in the interest of the trade or in the public interest the Central Government considers it expedient so to do, it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct a recognises association to suspend such of its business for such period not exceeding seven days and subject to such conditions as may be specified in the notification, and may, if, in the opinion of the Central Government, the interest of the trade or the public interest to requires, by like notification, extend the said period from time to time:

Provided that where the period of suspension is likely to exceed one month, no notification extending the suspension beyond such period shall be issued unless the governing body of the recognised association has been given an opportunity of being heard in the matter.

14A - Certificate of registration to be obtained by all associations

(1) No association concerned with regulation and control of business relating to forward contracts shall, after the commencement of the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Amendment Act 1960 (hereinafter referred to as such commencement)1*carry on such business except under, and in accordance with, the conditions of a certificate of registration granted under this Act by the Commission.

(2) Every association referred to in sub-section (1) which is in existence at such commencement, before the expiry of six months from such commencement, and every association referred to in sub-section which is not in existence at such commencement, before commencing such business, shall make an application for a certificate of registration to the Commission in such form and containing such particulars as may be prescribed:

Provided that the Commission may in its discretion extend from time to time the period of six months aforesaid up to one year in the aggregate.

(3) Nothing in this section shall be deemed.

(a) To prohibit an association in existence at such commencement from carrying on its business until the disposal of the application made by it under sub-section (2); or

(b) To require a recognised association in existence at such commencement to make an application under sub-section (2);
and every such association shall, as soon as may he after such commencement, be granted free of cost by the Commission a certificate of registration.

14B - Grant or refusal of certificate of registration

On receipt of an application under section 14-A, the Commission, after making such inquiry as it considers necessary in this behalf, may by order in writing grant a certificate of registration or refuse to grant it:

Provided that before refusing to grant such certificate, the association shall be given an opportunity of being heard in the matter.

14C - Application of section 8 and 12-B to registered association

The provisions of section 8 and 12-B shall apply in relation to a registered association as they apply in relation to a recognised association with the substitution of-

(i) References to the registered association, for references to the recognised association; and

(ii) The words 'two years' for the words 'three years' in sub-section (2) of section 12-B.]

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1. In Goa, Daman and Diu, this means the date of commencement of this Act in that territory

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Last updated on July, 2016

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