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THE GENERAL INSURANCE BUSINESS (NATIONALISATION) ACT, 1972

Title : THE GENERAL INSURANCE BUSINESS (NATIONALISATION) ACT, 1972

Year : 1972



(1) If the Central Government is of opinion that for the more efficient carrying on of general insurance business it is necessary so to do, it may by notification frame one or more schemes providing for all or any of the following matters:-

(a) The merger in one Indian insurance company of any other Indian insurance company, or the formation of a new company by the amalgamation of two or more Indian insurance companies;

(b) The transfer to and vesting in the acquiring company of the undertaking(including all its business, properties, assets and liabilities) of any Indian insurance company which ceases to exist by reason of the scheme;

(c) The constitution, name and registered office and the capital structure of the acquiring company and the issue and allotment of shares;

(d) The constitution of a board of management by whatever name called for the management of the acquiring company;

(e) The alteration of the memorandum and articles of association of the acquiring company for such purposes as may be necessary to give effect to the scheme;

(f) The continuance in the acquiring company of the services of all officers and other employees of the Indian insurance company which has ceased to exist by reason of the scheme, on the same terms and conditions which they were getting or, as the case may be, by which they were governed immediately before the commencement of the scheme;

(g) The rationalisation or revision of pay scales and other terms and conditions of service of officers and other employees wherever necessary;

(h) The transfer to the acquiring company of the provident, superannuating, welfare and other funds relating to the officers and other employees of the Indian insurance company which has ceased to exist by reason of the scheme;

(i) The continuance by or against the acquiring company of legal proceedings pending by or against any Indian insurance company which has ceased to exist by reason of the scheme, and the initiation of such legal proceedings, civil or criminal, as the Indian insurance company might have initiated if it had not ceased to exist;

(j) Such incidental, consequential and supplemental matters as are necessary to give full effect to the scheme.

(2) In framing schemes under sub-section (1), the object of the Central Government shall be to ensure that ultimately there are only four companies (excluding the Corporation) in existence and that they are so situate as to render their combined services effective in all parts of India.

(3)Where a scheme under sub-section (1) provides for the transfer of any property or liabilities, then, by virtue of the scheme, the property shall stand transferred to and vested in, and those liabilities shall be transferred to and become the liabilities of, the acquiring company.

(4) If the rationalisation or revision of any pay scale or other terms and conditions of service under any scheme is not acceptable to any officer or other employee, the acquiring company may terminate his employment by giving him compensation equivalent to three months remuneration, unless the contract of service with such employee provides for a shorter notice of termination.

Explanation.-The compensation payable to an officer or other employee under this sub-section shall be in addition to, and shall not affect, any pension, gratuity, provident fund or other benefit to which the employee may be entitled under his contract of service.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of1947) or in any other law for the time being in force, the transfer of the services of any officer or other employee of an Indian insurance company to the acquiring company shall not entitle any such officer or other employee to any compensation under that Act or other law, and no such claim shall be entertained by any court, tribunal or other authority.

(6) The Central Government may, by notification, add to, amend or vary any scheme framed under this section.

(7) The provisions of this section and of any scheme framed under it shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law or any agreement, award or other instrument for the time being in force.

1*[(8)The power to frame a scheme under sub-section (1), and the power conferred by sub-section (6) to add to, amend or vary any scheme framed under this section, shall include the power to frame such scheme with retrospective effect from a date not earlier than the appointed date.]

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1.Inserted by Act 3 of 1985, section 3 (w.r.e.f. 17-9-1984).

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Every scheme framed under sub-section (1) of section 16 and every notification issued under sub-section (3) of that section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is framed or issued, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the scheme or notification or both Houses agree that the scheme or notification should not be framed or issued, the scheme or notification shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that scheme or notification.]

17A - Power of Central Government to regulate the terms and conditions of service of officers and other employees

(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, frame one or more schemes for regulating the pay scales and other terms and conditions of service of officers and other employees of the Corporation or of any acquiring company.

(2) A scheme framed under sub-section (1) may add to, amend or vary any scheme framed under section 16 [including any addition, amendment or variation made therein by notification under sub-section (6) of section 16] with respect to rationalisation or revision of pay scales and other terms and conditions of service of officers and other employees of the Corporation or of any acquiring company, to provide for further rationalisation or revision of such pay scales and other terms and conditions of service notwithstanding that such further rationalisation or revision is unrelated to, or unconnected with, the amalgamation of insurance companies or merger consequent on nationalisation of general insurance business.

(3) The Central Government may, by notification, add to, amend or vary any scheme framed under this section.

(4) The power to frame a scheme under sub-section (1), and the power conferred by sub-section (3) to add to, amend or vary any scheme framed under this section, shall include the power to frame such scheme, or, as the case may be, to make such addition, amendment or variation in any scheme framed under this section, with retrospective effect from a date not earlier than the appointed day.

(5) A copy of every scheme, and every amendment thereto, framed under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament.

(6) The provisions of this section and of any scheme framed under it shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law or any agreement, award or other instrument for the time being in force.

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1. Substituted by Act 4 of 1986, section 2, Schedule, for section 17 (w.e.f. 15-5-1986).

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Last updated on July, 2016

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