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THE GUARDIANS AND WARDS ACT, 1890

Title : THE GUARDIANS AND WARDS ACT, 1890

Year : 1890



(1) The Court may, on the application of any person interested or of its own motion, make an order regulating the conduct or proceedings of any guardian appointed or declared by the Court.

(2) Where there are more guardians than one of a ward and they are unable to agree upon a question affecting his welfare, any of them may apply to the Court for its direction, and the Court may make such order respecting the matter in difference as it thinks fit.

(3) Except where it appears that the object of making an order under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) would be defeated by the delay, the Court shall, before making the order, direct notice of the application therefore or of the intention of the Court to make it, as the case may be, to be given in a case under sub-section (1), to the guardian or, in a case under sub-section (2), to the guardian who has not made the application.

(4) In case of disobedience to an order made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), the order maybe enforced in the same manner as an injunction granted under section 492 or section 493 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1882 (14 of 1882)1, in a case under sub-section (1), as if the ward were the plaintiff and the guardian were the defendant or, in a case under sub-section (2), as if the guardian who made the application were the plaintiff and the other guardian were the defendant.

(5) Except in a case under sub-section (2), nothing in this section shall apply to a Collector who is, as such, a guardian.

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1. Now Order XXXIX, rules 1 and 2 in the First Schedule to the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908).

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If, for the purpose or with the effect of preventing the Court from exercising its authority with respect to a ward, a guardian appointed or declared by the Court removes the ward from the limits of the jurisdiction of the Court in contravention of the provisions of section 26, he shall be liable, by order of the Court, to fine not exceeding one thousand rupees, or to imprisonment in the civil jail for a term which may extend to six months.



(1) In the following cases, namely,-

(a) If a person having the custody of a minor fails to produce him or cause him to be produced in compliance with a direction under section 12, sub-section (1), or to do his utmost to compel the minor to return to the custody of his guardian in obedience to an order under section 25, sub-section (1); or

(b) If a guardian appointed or declared by the Court fails to deliver to the Court, within the time allowed by or under clause (b) of section 34, a statement required under that clause, or to exhibit accounts in compliance with a requisition under clause (c) of that section, or to pay into the Court the balance due from him on those accounts in compliance with a requisition under clause (d) of that section;

(c) If a person who has ceased to be a guardian, or the representative of such a person, fails to deliver any property or accounts in compliance with the requisition under section 41, sub-section (3),the person, guardian or representative, as the case may be, shall be liable, by order of the Court, to fine not exceeding one hundred rupees, and in case of recusancy to further fine not exceeding ten rupees for each day after the first during which the default continues, and not exceeding five hundred rupees in the aggregate, and to detention in the civil jail until he undertakes to produce the minor or cause him to be produced, or to compel his return, or to deliver the statement, or to exhibit the accounts, or to pay the balance, or to deliver the property or accounts, as the case may be.

(2) If a person who has been released from detention on giving an undertaking under sub-section (1) fails to carry out the undertaking within the time allowed by the Court, the Court may cause him to be arrested and recommitted to the civil jail.



(1) The Court may call upon the Collector, or upon any Court subordinate to the Court, for a report on any matter arising in any proceeding under this Act, and treat the report as evidence.

(2) For the purpose of preparing the report the Collector or the Judge of the subordinate Court, as the case may be, shall make such inquiry as he deems necessary, and may for the purposes of the inquiry exercise any power of compelling the attendance of a witness to give evidence or produce a document which is conferred on a Court by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1882 (14 of 1882)1*.

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1. Now the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908).

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An appeal shall lie to the High Court from an order made by a1[*] Court,-

(a) Under section 7, appointing or declaring or refusing to appoint or declare a guardian; or

(b) Under section 9, sub-section (3), returning an application; or

(c) Under section 25, making or refusing to make an order for the return of a ward to the custody of his guardian; or

(d) Under section 26, refusing leave for the removal of a ward from the limits of the jurisdiction of the Court, or imposing conditions with respect thereto; or

(e) Under section 28 or section 29, refusing permission to a guardian to do an act referred to in the section; or

(f) Under section 32, defining, restricting or extending the powers of a guardian; or

(g) Under section 39, removing a guardian; or

(h) Under section 40, refusing to discharge a guardian; or

(i) Under section 43, regulating the conduct or proceedings of a guardian or settling a matter in difference between joint guardians or enforcing the order ; or

(j) Under section 44 or section 45, imposing a penalty.

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1. The word "district" repealed by Act 4 of 1926, section 4.

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Save as provided by the last foregoing section and by section 622 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1882 (14 of 1882)1, an order made under this Act shall be final, and shall not be liable to be contested by suit or otherwise.

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1. Now section 115 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908).

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The costs of any proceeding under this Act, including the costs of maintaining a guardian or other person in the civil jail, shall, subject to any rules made by the High Court under this Act, be in the discretion of the Court in which the proceeding is, had.



(1) In addition to any other power to make rules conferred expressly or impliedly by this Act, the High Court may from time to time make rules consistent with this Act-

(a) As to the matters respecting which, and the time at which, reports should be called for from Collectors and subordinate Courts;

(b) As to the allowances to be granted to, and the security to be required from, guardians, and the cases in which such allowances should be granted;

(c) As to the procedure to be followed with respect to applications of guardians for permission to do acts referred to in sections 28 and 29;

(d) As to the circumstances in which such requisitions as are mentioned in clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d) of section 34 should be made;

(e) As to the preservation of statements and accounts delivered and exhibited by guardians;

(f) As to the inspection of those statements and accounts by persons interested;

1*[(ff) As to the audit of accounts under section 34A, the class of persons who should be appointed to audit accounts, and the scales of remuneration to be granted to them;]

(g) As to the custody of money, and securities for money, belonging to wards;

(h) As to the securities on which money belonging to wards may be invested;

(i) As to the education of wards for whom guardians, not being Collectors, have been appointed or declared by the Court; and

(j) Generally, for the guidance of the Courts in carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(2) Rules under clauses (a) and (i) of sub-section (1) shall not have effect until they have been approved by the2*[State Government], nor shall any rule under this section have effect until it has been published in the Official Gazette.

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1. Inserted by Act 17 of 1929, section 3.

2. Substituted by A.L.O. 1950, for the words "Provincial Government".

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A guardian appointed by, or holding a certificate of administration from a civil Court under any enactment repealed by this Act shall, save as may be prescribed, be subject to the provisions of this Act, and of the rules, made under it, as if he had been appointed or declared by the Court under Chapter II.



[Repealed by the Repealing Act, 1938 (1 of 1938), section 2 and Schedule].



[Repealed by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), section 156 and Schedule V]


Schedule 1

THE SCHEDULE

Enactments repealed-

[Rep. by the Repealing Act, 1938 (1 of 1938), section 2 and Schedule].

Last updated on July, 2016

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