Indian Bare Acts



Year : 1972

[Act, No. 26 of 1972]1*
[8th June, 1972]


An Act to define and regulate the rights and duties of parties to hire-purchase agreements and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:-


1. Published in the Gazette of India, Extra., Pt. II, Sec. 1, dated 8th June, 1972.


(1) This Act may be called the Hire-purchase Act. 1972.

(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.1*

(3) It shall come into force on such date2*as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.


1. The Act has not been extended to the State of Sikkim.

2. This Act was to come into force on 1st June, 1973, vide GSR 222 (E), dated 30th April, 1973, but this notification was rescinded by GSR 288 (E) dated 31st May, 1973 and the Act was made effective from 1-9-1973 but this notification was also rescinded by GSR 402 (E) dated 30th August 1973. This Act has not come into force as yet.


In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) "Contract of guarantee", in relation to any hire-purchase agreement, means a contract whereby a person (in this Act referred to as the surety) guarantees the performance of all or any of the hirer's obligations under the hire-purchase agreement;

(b) "Hire" means the sum payable periodically by the hirer under a hire-purchase agreement;

(c) "Hire-purchase agreement" means an agreement under which goods are let on hire and under which the hirer has an option to purchase them in accordance with the terms of the agreement and includes an agreement under which

(i) Possession of goods is delivered by the owner thereof to a person on condition that such person pays the agreed amount in periodical installments, and

(ii) The property in the goods is to pass to such person on the payment of the last of such installments, and

(iii) Such person has a right to terminate the agreement at any time before the property so passes;

(d) "Hire-purchase price" means the total sum payable by the hirer under hire-purchase agreement in order to complete the purchase of, or the acquisition of property in, the goods to which the agreement relates; and includes any sum so payable by the hirer under the hire-purchase agreement by way of a deposit or other initial payment, or credited or to be credited to him under such agreement on account of any such deposit or payment, whether that sum is to be or has been paid to the owner or to any other person or is to be or has been discharged by payment of money or by transfer or delivery of goods or by any other means; but does not include any sum payable as a penalty or as compensation or damages for a breach of the agreement;

(e) "Hirer" means the person who obtains or has obtained possession of goods from an owner under a hire-purchase agreement, and includes a person to whom the hirer's rights or liabilities under the agreement have passed by assignment or by operation of law;

(f) "Owner' means the person who lets or has let, delivers or has delivered possession of goods, to a hirer under a hire-purchase agreement and includes a person to whom the owner's property in the goods or any of the owner's rights or liabilities under the agreement has passed by assignment or by operation of law;

(g) Each of the words and expressions used and not defined in this Act but defined in the Indian Contract Act, 1872 (9 of 1872) or the Sale of Goods Act, 1930 (3 of 1930) shall have the meaning assigned to it in that Act.

Last updated on July, 2016

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