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THE INDIAN CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE ACT, 1872

Title : THE INDIAN CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE ACT, 1872

Year : 1872



Whoever, for the purpose of procuring a marriage or licence of marriage, intentionally,-

(a) Where an oath or declaration is required by this Act, or by any rule or custom of a Church according to the rites and ceremonies of which, a marriage is intended to be solemnized, such Church being the Church of England or of Scotland or of Rome, makes a false oath or declaration, or,

(b) Where a notice or certificate is required by this Act, signs a false notice or certificate, shall be deemed to have committed the of fence punishable under section 193 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years and, at the discretion of the Court, with fine.



Whoever forbids the issue, by a Marriage Registrar, of a certificate, by falsely representing himself to be a person whose consent to the marriage is required by law, knowing or believing such representation to be false, or not having reason to believe it to be true, shall be deemed guilty of the of fence described in section 205.of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).




Whoever, not being authorized by section 5 of this Act to solemnize marriages, solemnizes or professes to solemnize, in the absence of a Marriage Registrar of the district in which the ceremony takes place, a marriage between persons one or both of whom is or a are a Christian or Christians, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to ten years, or (in lieu of a sentence of imprisonment for seven years or upwards) with transportation for a term of not less than seven years, and not exceeding ten years, 1* * * * * and shall also be liable to fine.

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1. Act 25 of 1864 had been rep. by Act 5 of 1865, which was rep. by this Act,

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Whoever knowingly and willfully solemnizes a marriage between persons, one or both of whom is or are a Christian or Christians, at any time other than between the hours of six in the morning and seven in the evening, or in the absence of at least two credible witnesses other than the person solemnizing the marriage, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Saving of marriages solemnized under special license: This section does not apply to marriages solemnized under special licenses granted by the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or by his Commissary, nor to marriages performed between the hours of seven in the evening and six in the morning by a Clergyman of the Church of Rome, when he has received the general or special license in that behalf mentioned in section 10.2*[Nor does this section apply to marriages solemnized by a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of the Church of Scotland.

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1. Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s, 5, for the original s, 66.

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Any Minister of Religion licensed to solemnize marriages under this Act, who, without a notice in writing, or, when one of the parties to the marriage is a minor and the required consent of the parents or guardians to such marriage has not been obtained, within fourteen days after the receipt by him of notice of such marriage, knowingly and willfully solemnizes a marriage under Part III, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.



A Marriage Registrar under this Act, who commits any of the following of fences:-

(1) Knowingly and willfully issues any certificate for marriage, or solemnizes any marriage, without publishing the notice of such marriage as directed by this Act ;

(2) Marrying after expiry of notice;-after the expiration of two months after the copy of the notice has been entered as required by section 40 in respect of any marriage, solemnizes such marriage

(3) Solemnizing, marriage with minor within fourteen days, without authority of Court, or without sending copy of notice;-solemnizes, without an order of a competent Court authorizing him to do so, any marriage, when one of the parties is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days after the receipt of the notice of such marriage, or without sending, by the post or otherwise, a copy of such notice to the Senior Marriage Registrar of the district if there be more Marriage Registrars of the district than one, and if he himself be not the Senior Marriage Registrar;

(4) Issuing certificate against authorized prohibition: issues any certificate the issue of which has been prohibited, as in this Act provided, by any person authorized to prohibit the issue thereof, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.



Any Marriage Registrar knowingly and willfully issuing any certificate for marriage after the expiration of 1*[two months] after the notice has been entered by him as aforesaid, or knowingly and willfully issuing, without the order of a competent Court authorizing him so to do, any certificate for marriage, where one of the parties intending marriage is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days after the entry of such notice, or any certificate the issue of which has been forbidden as aforesaid by any person authorized in this behalf, shall be deemed to have committed an of fence under section 166 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

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1. Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 6, for the original s. 68.

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(other than Clergy of Churches of England, Scotland or Rome)
Whoever, being authorized under this Act to solemnize a marriage, and not being a Clergyman of the Church of England solemnizing a marriage after due publication of banns, or under a license from the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or a Surrogate duly authorized in that behalf, or, not being a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland, solemnizing a marriage according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of that church, or, not being a Clergyman of the Church of Rome, solemnizing a marriage according to the rites, rules, ceremonies and customs of that church, issuing certificate, or marrying, without publishing notice, or after expiry of certificate;-knowingly and willfully issues any certificate for marriage under this Act, or solemnizes any marriage between such persons as aforesaid, without publishing, or causing to be affixed, the notice of such marriage as directed in Part III of this Act, or after the expiration of two months after the certificate has been issued by him ;issuing certificate for, or solemnizing, marriage with minor, within fourteen days after notice;-or knowingly and willfully issues any certificate for marriage, or solemnizes a marriage between such persons when one of the persons intending marriage is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days after the receipt of notice of such marriage, or without sending, by the post or otherwise, a copy of such notice to the Marriage Registrar, or, if there be more Marriage Registrars than one, to the Senior Marriage Registrar of the district; issuing certificate authorized forbidden;-or knowingly and willfully issues any certificate the issue of which has been forbidden, under this Act, by any person authorized to forbid the issue ; solemnizing marriage authorized forbidden.-or knowingly and willfully solemnizes any marriage forbidden by any person authorized to forbid the same ; shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to four years, and shall also be liable to fine.



Whoever, not being licensed to grant a certificate of marriage under Part VI of this Act, grants such certificate intending thereby to make it appear that he is. so licensed, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.
1*Whoever, being licensed to grant certificates of marriage under Part VI of this Act, without just cause refuses, or willfully neglects or omits, to perform any of the duties imposed upon him by that Part shall be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.

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1 Ins. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 9.

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Whoever, by himself or another, willfully destroys or injures any register-book or the counterfoil certificates thereof, or any part thereof, or any authenticated extract therefrom,
or falsely makes or counterfeits any part of such register-book or counterfoil certificates, or willfully inserts any false entry in any such register-book or counterfoil certificate or authenticated extract, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.



The prosecution. for every of fence punishable under this Act shall be commenced within two years after the of fence is committed.
Last updated on April, 2016

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