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THE INDIAN CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE ACT, 1872

Title : THE INDIAN CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE ACT, 1872

Year : 1872



Whenever any marriage has been solemnized in accordance with the provisions of sections 4 and 5, it shall not be void merely on account of any irregularity in respect of any of the following matters, namely:-

(1) Any statement made in regard to the dwelling of the persons married, or to the consent of any person whose consent to such marriage is required by law;

(2) The notice of the marriage ;

(3) The certificate or translation thereof;

(4) The time and place at which the marriage has been solemnized ;
(5) The registration of the marriage.



Every person charged with the duty of registering any marriage, who discovers any error in the form or substance of any such entry, may within one month next after the discovery of such error, in the presence of the persons married, or, in case of their death or absence, in the presence of two other credible witnesses, correct the error by entry in the margin, without any alteration of the original entry, and shall sign the marginal entry, and add thereto the date of such correction, and such person shall make the like marginal entry in the certificate thereof.

And every entry made under this section shall be attested by the witnesses in whose presence it was made.
And, in case such certificate has been already sent to the 1*[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages], such person shall make and send in like manner a separate certificate of the original erroneous entry, and of the marginal correction therein made.

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1. Subs. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30(b), for " Secretary to. the L. G."

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Every person solemnizing a marriage under this Act, and hereby required to register the same, and every Marriage Registrar or 1*[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages] having the custody for the time being of any register of marriages, or of any certificate, or duplicate, or copies of certificate, under this Act, shall, on payment of the proper fees, at all reasonable times, allow searches to be made in such register, or for such certificate, or duplicate or copies, and give a copy under his hand of any entry in the same.

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1. Subs. by s. 30(b), ibid., for " Secretary to a L. G."

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Every certified copy, purporting to be signed by the person entrusted under this Act with the custody of any marriage-register or certificate, or duplicate, required to be kept or delivered under this Act, of any entry of a marriage in such register or of any such certificate or duplicate, shall be received as evidence of the marriage purporting to be so entered, or of the facts purporting to be so certified therein, without further proof of such register or certificate, or duplicate, or of any entry therein, respectively, or of such copy.



The Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages 1* * * shall, at the end of every quarter in each year, select, from the certificates of marriages forwarded to 2*[him], during such quarter, the certificates of the marriages of which 3*[the Government by whom he was appointed] may desire that evidence shall be transmitted to England, and shall send the same certificates, signed by 4*[him] to the 5*[Central Government].

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1.Subs. by Act 13 of 1911, s. 2, for the original s. 81.

2.The words " and the officers appointed under section 56 " rep. by Act 48 of 1952, s. 3 and Sch. II.

3. Subs. by s. 3 and Sch. II, ibid., for " them, respectively".

4. Subs. by the A. O. 1937, for "the G. G. in C.".

5. Subs. by the A. O. 1948, for " Secretary of State for India".

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Fees shall be chargeable under this Act for receiving and publishing notices of marriages;
issuing 1*[certificates for marriage] by Marriage Registrars, and registering marriages by the same;

entering protests against, or prohibitions of, the issue of 2*[certificates for marriage] by the said Registrars;
searching register-books or certificates, or duplicates, of copies thereof;

giving copies of entries in the same under sections 63 and 79.The State Government shall fix the amount of such fees respectively,
and may from time to time vary or remit them either generally or in special cases, as to it may seem fit.

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1. Subs. by Act 1 of 1903, s. 3 and Sch. II, Pt. II, for "certificates of marriage".

2. Subs. by s. 3 and Sch. II, Pt. II, ibid., for "marriage certificates".

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(1)1*The State Government 2*[ may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules] in regard to the disposal of the fees mentioned in section 82, the supply of register-books, and the preparation and submission of returns of marriages solemnized under this Act.

(2)3* Every rule made by the State Government under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before the State Legislature.

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1. Renumbered. by Act 20 of 1983, s.2 & Sch.(w.e.f.15-3-1984).

2. Subs. by s.2 & Sch., ibid. (w.e.f.15-3-1984).

3. Ins. by s.2 & Sch., ibid (w.e.f. 15-3-1984).

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Rep. by the A.O. 1950.



The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare who shall, in any place to which this Act applies, be deemed to be the District Judge.



Rep. by the A. O. 1950.



Nothing in this Act applies to any marriage performed by any Minister, Consul, or Consular Agent between subjects of the State which he represents and according to the laws of such State.



Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to validate any marriage which the personal law applicable to either of the parties forbids him or her to enter into.

Last updated on July, 2016

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