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THE INDO-TIBETAN BORDER POLICE FORCE ACT, 1992

Title : THE INDO-TIBETAN BORDER POLICE FORCE ACT, 1992

Year : 1992



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Shamefully abandons or delivers up any post, place or guard, committed to his charge or which it is his duty to defend;or

(b) Intentionally uses any means to compel or induce any person subject to this Act or to any other law relating to military, naval, air force or any other armed force of the Union to abstain from acting against the enemy or to discourage such person from acting against the enemy; or

(c) In the presence of the enemy of terrorist, shamefully casts away his arms, ammunition, tools or equipment or misbehaves in such manner as to show cowardice; or

(d) Treacherously holds correspondence with, or communicates intelligence to, the enemy, terrorist or any person in arms against the Union; or

(e) Directly or indirectly assists the enemy or terrorist with money, arms ammunition, stores or supplies or in any other manner whatsoever; or

(f) In time of active operation against the enemy or terrorist, intentionally occasions a false alarm in action, camp, quarters or spreads or causes to be spread reports calculated to create alarm or despondency; or

(g) In time of action leaves his commanding officer or other superior officer or his post, guard, picket, patrol or party without being regularly relieved or without leave; or

(h) Having been captured by the enemy or made a prisoner of war, voluntarily serves with or aids the enemy; or

(i) Knowingly harbours or protects an enemy, not being a prisoner; or

(j) Being a sentry in time of active operation against the enemy or alarm, sleeps upon his post or is intoxicated; or

(k) Knowingly does any act calculated to imperil the success of the Force or the military, naval or air force of India or any forces co-operating therewith or any part of such forces,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer death or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Is taken prisoner or captured by the enemy, by want of due precaution or through disobedience of orders, or willful neglect of duty, or having been taken prisoner or so captured fails to rejoin his service when able to do so; or

(b) Without due authority holds correspondence with, or communicates intelligence to, the enemy or any person in league with the enemy or having come by the knowledge of any such correspondence or communication, willfully omits to discover it immediately to his commanding officer or other superior officer, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Forces a safeguard, or forces or uses criminal force to a sentry; or

(b) Breaks into any house or other place in search of plunder; or

(c) Being a sentry sleeps upon his post, or is intoxicated;or

(d) Without orders from his superior officer leaves his guard, picket, patrol or post; or

(e) Intentionally or through neglect occasions a false alarm in camp or quarters, or spreads or causes to be spread reports calculated to create unnecessary alarm or despondency; or

(f) Makes known the parole, watchward or countersign to any person not entitled to receive it; or knowingly gives a parole, watchward or a countersign different from what he received,shall, on conviction by a Force Court,-

(i) If he commits any such offence when on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and

(ii) If he commits any such offence when not on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Begins, incites, causes or conspires with any other person to cause any mutiny in the Force or in the military, naval or air force of India or any forces co-operating therewith; or

(b) Joins in any such mutiny; or

(c) Being present at any such mutiny, does not use his utmost end eavours to suppress the same; or

(d) Knowing or having reason to believe in the existence of any such mutiny, or of any intention to mutiny or of any such conspiracy, does not, without delay, give information thereof to his commanding officer or other superior officer; or

(e) End eavours to seduce any person in the Force or in the military, naval or air force of India or any forces co-operating therewith from his duty or allegiance to the Union.shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer death or suchless punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



(1) Any person subject to this Act who deserts or attempts to desert the service shall, on conviction by a Force Court,-

(a) If he commits the offence when on active duty or when under orders for active duty, be liable to suffer death or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and

(b) If he commits the offence under any other circumstances, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

(2) Any person subject to this Act who knowingly harbours any such deserter shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

(3) Any person subject to this Act who, being cognizant of any desertion or attempt at desertion of a person subject to this Act, does not forthwith give notice to his own or some other superior officer, or take any steps in his power to cause such person to be apprehended, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

(4) For the purposes of this Act, a person deserts,-

(a) If he absents from his unit or the place of duty at any time with the intention of not reporting back to such unit or place, or who, at any time and under any circumstances when absent from his unit or place of duty, does any act which shows that he has an intention of not reporting to such unit or place of duty;

(b) If he absents himself without leave with intent to avoid any active duty.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Absents himself without leave; or

(b) Without sufficient cause overstays leave granted to him;or

(c) Being on leave of absence and having received information from the appropriate authority that any battalion or part thereof or any other unit of the Force, to which he belongs, has been ordered on active duty, fails, without sufficient cause, to rejoin without delay; or

(d) Without sufficient cause fails to appear at the time fixed at the parade or place appointed for exercise or duty; or

(e) When on parade, or on the line of march, without sufficient cause or without leave from his superior officer, quits the parade or line of march; or

(f) When in camp or elsewhere, is found beyond any limits fixed, or in any place prohibited, by any general, local or other order, without a pass or written leave from his superior officer;or

(g) Without leave from his superior officer or without due cause absents himself from any school or training institution when duly ordered to attend there,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Uses criminal force to or assaults his superior officer;or

(b) Uses threatening language to such officer; or

(c) Uses insubordinate language to such officer, shall, on conviction by a Force Court,-

(i) If such officer is at the time in the execution of his office or, if the offence is committed on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and

(ii) In other cases, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned:

Provided
that in the case of an offence specified in clause (c)
the imprisonment shall not exceed five years.



(1) Any person subject to this Act who disobeys in such manner as to show a willful defiance of authority any lawful command given personally by his superior officer in the execution of his office whether the same is given orally, or in writing or by signal or otherwise, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

(2) Any person subject to this Act who disobeys any lawful command given by his superior officer shall, on conviction by a Force Court,-

(a) If he commits such offence when on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourten years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned: and

(b) If he commits such offence when not on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Being concerned in any quarrel, affray or disorder, refuses to obey any officer, though of inferior rank, who orders him into arrest, or uses criminal force to, or assaults, any such officer; or

(b) Uses criminal force to, or assaults, any person, whether subject to this Act or not, in whose custody he is lawfully placed, and whether he is or is not his superior officer; or

(c) Resists an escort whose duty it is to apprehend him or to have him in charge; or

(d) Breaks out of barracks, camp or quarters; or

(e) Neglects to obey any general, local or other order; or

(f) Impedes the Force Police referred to in section 75 or any person lawfully acting on his behalf, or when called upon, refuses to assist in the execution of his duty a Force Police or any person lawfully acting on his behalf,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend, in the case of the offences specified in clauses (d) and (e), to two years, and in the case of the offences specified in the other clauses, to ten years, or in either case such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person having become subject to this Act who is discovered to have made at the time of enrollment a wilfully false answer to any question set forth in the prescribed form of enrollment which has been put to him by the enrolling officer before whom he appears for the purpose of being enrolled, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned



Any officer or subordinate officer who behaves in a manner unbecoming of his position and the character expected of him shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to be dismissed or to suffer such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Is guilty of any disgraceful conduct of a cruel, indecent or unnatural kind; or

(b) Malingers or feigns or produces disease or infirmity in him self or intentionally delays his cure or aggravates his disease or infirmity; or

(c) With intent to render himself or any other person unfit for service, voluntarily causes hurt to himself or that person,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any officer, subordinate officer or under-officer, who uses criminal force, to or otherwise ill-treats, any person subject to this Act, being his subordinate in rank or position, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



(1) Any person subject to this Act who is found in a state of intoxication, whether on duty or not, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), a person shall be deemed to be in a state of intoxication if, owing to the influence of alcohol or any drug whether alone, or any combination with any other substance, he is unfit to be entrusted with his duty or with any duty which he may be called upon to perform or, behaves in a disorderly manner or in a manner likely to bring discredit to the Force.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) When in command of a guard, picket, patrol, detachment or post, releases without proper authority, whether willfully or without reasonable excuse, any person committed to his charge, or refuses to receive any prisoner or person so committed; or

(b) willfully or without reasonable excuse allows to escape any person who is committed to his charge, or whom it is his duty to keep or guard,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable, if he has acted willfully, to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and if he has not acted willfully, to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Unnecessarily detains a person in arrest or confinement without bringing him to trial, or fails to bring his case before the proper authority for investigation; or

(b) Having committed a person to Force custody fails without reasonable cause to deliver at the time of such committal, or as soon as Practicable, and in any case within forty-eight hours thereafter, to the officer or other person into whose custody the person arrested is committed, an account in writing signed by himself of the offence with which the person so committed is charged, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who, being in lawful custody, escapes or attempts to escape, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Commits theft of any property belonging to the Government, or to any Force mess, band or institution, or to any person subject to this Act; or

(b) Dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use any such property; or

(c) Commits criminal breach of trust in respect of any such property; or

(d) Dishonestly receives or retains any such property in respect of which any of the offences under clauses (a), (b) and (c) has been committed, knowing or having reason to believe the commission of such offence; or

(e) Willfully destroys or injures any property of the Government entrusted to him; or

(f) Does any other thing with intent to defraud, or to cause wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to another person, Shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Makes away with, or is concerned in making away with, any arms, ammunition, equipment, instruments, tools, clothing or any other thing being the property of the Government issued to him for his use or entrusted to him; or

(b) Loses by neglect anything mentioned in clause (a); or

(c) Sells, pawns, destroys or defaces any medal or decoration granted to him, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend, in the case of the offences specified in clause (a), to ten years, and in the case of the offences specified in the other clauses, to five years, or in either case such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Destroys or injures any property mentioned in clause (a)
of section 35, or any property belonging to any Force mess, band or institution, or to any person subject to this Act; or

(b) Commits any act which causes damage to, or destruction of, any property of the Government by fire; or

(c) Kills, injures, makes away with, ill-teats or loses any animal entrusted to him,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable, if he has acted willfully, to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and if he has acted without reasonable excuse, to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Makes a false accusation against any person subject to this Act, knowing or having reason to believe such accusation to be false; or

(b) In making a complaint against any person subject to this
Act, makes any statement affecting the character of such person, knowing or having reason to believe such statement to be false, or knowingly and willfully suppresses any material facts,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) In any report, return, list, certificate, book or other document made or signed by him, or of the contents of which it is his duty to ascertain the accuracy, knowingly makes, or is privy to the making of, any false or fraudulent statement; or

(b) In any document of the description mentioned in clause
(a) knowingly makes, or is privy to the making of, any omission, with intent to defraud; or

(c) Knowingly and with intent to injure any person, or knowingly and with intent to defraud, suppresses, defaces, alters or makes away with any document which it is his duty to preserve or produce; or

(d) Where it is his official duty to make a declaration respecting any matter, knowingly makes a false declaration; or

(e) Obtains for himself, or for any other person, any pension, allowance or other advantage or privilege by a statement which is false, and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, or by making or using a false entry in any book or record, or by making any document containing a false statement, or by omitting to make a true entry or document containing a true statement,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) When signing any document relating to pay, arms, ammunition, equipment, clothing, supplies or stores, or any property of the Government fraudulently leaves in blank any material part for which his signature is a voucher; or

(b) Refuses or by culpable neglect omits to make or send a report or return which it is his duty to make or send,shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Being duly summoned or ordered to attend as a witness before a Force Court, wilfully or without reasonable excuse, makes default in attending; or

(b) Refuses to take an oath or make an affirmation legally required by a Force Court to be taken or made; or

(c) Refuses to produce or deliver any document in his power or control legally required by a Force Court to be produced or delivered by him; or

(d) Refuses, when a witness, to answer any question which he is by law bound to answer; or

(e) Is guilty of contempt of the Force Court by using insulting or threatening language, or by causing any interruption or disturbance in the proceedings of such Court, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who, having been duly sworn or affirmed before any Force Court or other court competent under this Act to administer an oath or affirmation, makes any statement which is false, and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any officer, subordinate officer or under-officer who, having received the pay of a person subject to this Act unlawfully detains or refuses to pay the same when due, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who is guilty of any act or omission which, though not specified in this Act, is prejudicial to good order and discipline of the Force shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, that is to say,-

(a) Being in command at any post or on the march, and receiving a complaint that any one under his command has beaten or other-
wise maltreated or oppressed any person, or has disturbed any fair or market, or committed any riot or trespass, fails to have due reparation made to the injured person or to report the case to the proper authority; or

(b) By defiling any place of worship, or otherwise, intentionally insults the religion, or wounds the religious feelings of any person; or

(c) Attempts to commit suicide, and in such attempt does any act towards the commission of such offence; or

(d) Being below the rank of subordinate officer, when off duty, appears without proper authority, in or about camp, or in or about, or when going to, or returning from, any town or bazar, carrying a rifle, sword or other offensive weapon; or

(e) Directly or indirectly accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept, or attempts to obtain, for himself or for any other person, any gratification as a motive or reward for procuring the enrollment of any person, or leave of absence, promotion or any other advantage or indulgence for any person in the service; or

(f) Commits any offence against the property or person of any inhabitant of, or resident in, the country in which he is serving, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who attempts to commit any of the offences specified in sections 16 to 44 (both inclusive) and in such attempt does any act towards the commission of the offence shall, on conviction by a Force Court, where no express provision is made by this Act for the punishment of such attempt, be liable,-

(a) If the offence attempted to be committed is punishable with death, to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and

(b) If the offence attempted to be committed is punishable with imprisonment, to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to one-half of the longest term provided for that offence or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who abets the commission of any of the offences specified in sections 16 to 44 (both inclusive) shall, on conviction by a Force Court, if the act abetted is committed in consequence of the abetment and no express provision is made by this Act for the punishment of such abetment, be liable to suffer the punishment provided for that offence or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who abets the commission of any of the offences punishable with death under sections 16, 19 and sub-section (1) of section 20 shall, on conviction by a Force Court, if that offence be not committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is made by this Act for the punishment of such abetment, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Any person subject to this Act who abets the commission of any of the offences specified in sections 16 to 44 (both inclusive)
and punishable with imprisonment shall, on conviction by a Force
Court, if that offence be not committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is made by this Act for the punishment of such abetment, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to one half of the longest term provided for that offence or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



Subject to the provisions of section 50, any person subject to this Act who at any place in, or beyond, India commits any civil offence shall be deemed to be guilty of an offence against this Act and, if charged therewith under this section shall be liable to be tried by a Force Court and, on conviction, be punishable as follows, that is to say,-

(a) If the offence is one which would be punishable under any law in force in India with death, he shall be liable to suffer any punishment, assigned for the offence, by the aforesaid law and such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and

(b) In any other case, he shall be liable to suffer any punishment, assigned for the offence by the law in force in India, or imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.



A person subject to this Act who commits an offence of murder or culpable homicide not amounting to murder against, or of rape in relation to, a person not subject to this Act shall not be deemed to be guilty of an offence against this Act and shall not be tried by a Force Court, unless he commits any of the said offences-

(a) While on active duty; or

(b) At any place outside India; or

(c) At any place specified by the Central Government by notification, in this behalf.

Last updated on June, 2016

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