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THE MINES ACT, 1952

Title : THE MINES ACT, 1952

Year : 1952



(1) The owner, agent or manager of a mine shall, before the commencement of any mining operation, give to the Chief Inspector, the1*[Controller] Indian Bureau of Mines and the district magistrate of the district in which the mine is situate, notice in writing in such form and containing such particulars relating to the mine as may be prescribed.

(2) Any notice given under sub-section (1) shall be so given as to reach the persons concerned at least one month before the commencement of any mining operation.

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1. Substituted by Act 42 of 1983, section 12, for "Director" (w.e.f. 31-5-1984).

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(1) Save as may be otherwise prescribed, every mine shall be under a sole manager who shall have the prescribed qualifications and the owner or agent of every mine shall appoint a person having such qualifications to be the manager:

Provided that the owner or agent may appoint himself as manager if he possesses the prescribed qualifications.

(2) Subject to any instructions given to him by or on behalf of the owner or agent of the mine, the manager shall be responsible for the overall management, control, supervision and direction of the mine and all such instructions when given by the owner or agent shall be confirmed in writing forthwith.

(3) Except in case of an emergency, the owner or agent of a mine or anyone on his behalf shall not give, otherwise than through the manager, instructions affecting the fulfillment of his statutory duties, to a person, employed in a mine, who is responsible to the manager.]

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1. Substituted by Act 42 of 1983, section 13, for sections 17 and 18 (w.e.f. 31-5-1984).

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(1) The owner and agent of every mine shall each be responsible for making financial and other provisions and for taking such other steps as may be necessary for compliance with the provisions of this Act and the regulations, rules, bye-laws and orders made there under.

(2) The responsibility in respect of matters provided for in the rules made under clauses (d), (e) and (p) of section 58 shall be exclusively carried out by the owner and agent of the mine and by such person (other than the manager) whom the owner or agent may appoint for securing compliance with the aforesaid provisions,

(3) If the carrying out of any instructions given under sub-section (2) or given otherwise than through the manager under sub-section (3) of section 17, results in the contravention of the provisions of this Act or of the regulations, rules, bye-laws or orders made there under, every person giving such instructions shall also be liable for the contravention of the provisions concerned.

(4) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (1), (2) and (3), the owner, agent and manager of every mine shall each be responsible to see that all operations carried on in connection with the mine are conducted in accordance with the provisions of this Act and of the regulations, rules, bye-laws and orders made there under.

(5) In the event of any contravention by any person whosoever of any of the provisions of this Act or of the regulations, rules, bye-laws or orders made there under except those which specifically require any person to do any act or thing or prohibit any person from doing an act or thing, besides the person who contravenes, each of the following persons shall also be deemed to be guilty of such contravention unless he proves that he had used due diligence to secure compliance with the provisions and had taken reasonable means to prevent such contravention:-

(i) The official or officials appointed to perform duties of supervision in respect of the provisions contravened;

(ii) The manager of the mine;

(iii) The owner and agent of the mine;

(iv) The person appointed, if any, to carry out the responsibility under sub-section (2):

Provided that any of the persons aforesaid may not be proceeded against if it appears an inquiry and investigation, that he is not prima facie liable.

(6) It shall not be a defence in any proceedings; brought against the owner or agent of a mine under this section that the manager and other official have been appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Act or that a person to carry the responsibility under sub-section (2) has been appointed.].

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1. Substituted by Act 42 of 1983, section 13, for sections 17 and 18 (w.e.f. 31-5-1984).

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Last updated on August, 2016

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