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THE NORTH-EASTERN AREAS (REORGANIZATION) ACT, 1971

Title : THE NORTH-EASTERN AREAS (REORGANIZATION) ACT, 1971

Year : 1971



On and from the appointed day1*in the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution, in the Table,-

(a) entries 19 to 22, the following shall be substituted, namely:-"

19. Manipur    ...1

20. Tripura     ...1

21. Meghalaya     ...1

22. Delhi     ...3

23. Pondicherry     ...1

24. Mizoram     ...1

25. Arunachal Pradesh     ...1";

(b) For the figures "228", figures "231" shall be substituted.

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1. i.e. 21-1-1972

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On and from the appointed day the sitting members of the Council of States representing the existing Union territories of Manipur and Tripura shall be deemed to have been duly elected under clause (4) of article 80 to fill the seat allotted to each of the States of Manipur and Tripura respectively in that Council and the term of office of such sitting members shall remain, unaltered.



As soon as may be after the appointed day1* steps shall be taken to fill the seats in the Council of States allotted to the State of Meghalaya and the Union territories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh.

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1.i.e. 21-1-1972

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On and from the appointed day, in section 27 A of the Representation of the People Act, 1950,-

(a) In sub-section (1), for the words "For the purpose of filling any seat," the words, brackets and figure, "Subject to the provisions of sub-section (5) for the purpose of filling any seat" shall be substituted;

(b) In sub-section (4), for the words "The electoral college for each of the Union territories of Manipur, Tripura and Pondicherry," the words "The electoral college for the Union territory of Pondicherry" shall be substituted;

(c) After sub-section (4), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

"5. The seat allotted in the Council of States to each of the Union territories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh shall be filled by a person nominated by the President in this behalf."



(1) On and from the appointed day and until the dissolution of the existing House of the People, the allocation of seats to the States of Assam, Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya and the Union territories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh in the House of the People and the number of seats, if any, to be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and for the Scheduled Tribes of each State and Union territory shall be as specified in the Table below and the First Schedule to the Representation of the People Act, 1950, shall be deemed to have been amended accordingly.

THE TABLE

Name of the State/Union territory    Number of seats in the existing House of the People

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total    Reserved for the Scheduled Castes    Reserved for the Scheduled Tribes
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  1                                    2               3           4
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. STATES :

1. Assam    ...    …            14              1             2

2. Manipur    ...    …           2              ...             1

3. Tripura    ...    …            2               ...             1

4. Meghalaya    ...    …       2               ...             2

II. UNION TERRITORIES :

1. Mizoram    ...    …          1               ...             1

2. Arunachal Pradesh    ...  1               ...             1

(2) On and from the appointed day and until the dissolution of the existing House of the People, Part A of Schedule II to the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1966 shall stand amended as directed in the First Schedule.



(1) On and from the appointed day and until the dissolution of the existing House of the People,-

(a) The two parliamentary constituencies of the existing Union territory of Manipur shall be deemed to be the two parliamentary constituencies of the State of Manipur; and

(b) The two parliamentary constituencies of the existing Union territory of Tripura shall be deemed to be the two parliamentary constituencies of the State of Tripura, and the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1966 shall be construed accordingly.

(2) Every sitting member of the House of the People representing a parliamentary constituency which on the appointed day, by virtue of the provisions of sub-section (1), becomes a parliamentary constituency of the State of Manipur or Tripura, as the case may be, shall as from that day, be deemed to have been elected under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of article 81 to the House of the People from that constituency.



(1) The sitting member of the House of the People representing the Cachar parliamentary constituency which on the appointed day, by virtue of the provisions of sub¬section (2) of section 14, stands altered shall, as from that day, be deemed to have been elected under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of article 81 to the House of the People from that constituency as so altered.

(2) The sitting member of the House of the People representing the Dhubri parliamentary constituency which on the appointed day, by virtue of the provisions of sub-section (2) of section 14, stands altered shall, as from that day, be deemed to have been elected under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of article 81 to the House of the People from that constituency as so altered.

(3) As soon as may be after the appointed day election shall be held to the House of the People to elect a representative from the Diphu parliamentary constituency as if the seat of the member elected to the House of the People from that constituency has become vacant and the provisions of section 149 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to such election.



(1) There shall be two parliamentary constituencies in the State of Meghalaya to be called the Shillong parliamentary constituency and the Tura parliamentary constituency.

(2) The area falling within the Garo Hills district as it exists immediately before the appointed day shall form the Tura parliamentary constituency and the remaining area in the State of Meghalaya shall form the Shillong parliamentary constituency and the said two parliamentary constituencies shall be deemed to have been delimited accordingly.

(3) The sitting member of the House of the People representing immediately before the appointed day the Autonomous District parliamentary constituency shall, as from that day, be deemed to have been elected under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of article 81 to the House of the People from the Shillong parliamentary constituency.

(4) As soon as may be after the appointed day election shall be held to the House of the People to elect a representative from the Tura parliamentary constituency as if the seat of the member elected to the House of the People from that constituency has become vacant and the provisions of section 149 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to such election.



The whole of the Union territory of Mizoram shall form one parliamentary constituency to be called the Mizoram parliamentary constituency and as soon as may be after the appointed day election shall be held to the House of the People to elect a representative from that constituency, as if the seat of the member elected to the House of the People from that constituency has become vacant and the provisions of section 149 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to such election.



The sitting member nominated to fill the seat allotted in the House of the People to the Tribal Areas of Assam specified in Part B of the Table appended to paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution, known as the North-East Frontier Agency, shall, and from the appointed day, be deemed to have been nominated to fill the seat allotted to the Union territory of Arunachal Pradesh in the House of the People.



(1) On and from the appointed day, the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam, to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies, shall be reduced from one hundred and twenty-six to one hundred and fourteen; and every sitting member of that Legislative Assembly representing a constituency which ceases to be a constituency in the State of Assam by virtue of the provisions of sub-section (5) shall, as from the appointed day, cease to be a member of that Legislative Assembly.

(2) The total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Manipur, to be constituted at any time after the appointed day, to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies shall be sixty, out of which one seat shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and nineteen seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes.

(3) The total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Tripura, to be constituted at any time after the appointed day to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies shall be sixty, out of which six seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and nineteen seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes.

(4) The total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya, to be constituted at any time after the appointed day, to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies shall be sixty out of which fifty seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes.

(5) On and from the appointed day, Part B of Schedule II to the Delimination of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1966 shall stand amended as directed in the First Schedule.



(1) In the Second Schedule to the Representation of the People Act, 1950,-

(i) Under the heading "I. STATES :;-

(a) In item 2 relating to Assam, for the figures "126," the figures " 114" shall be substituted;

(b) After item 17 and the entries relating thereto, the following shall be inserted, namely :-

"18. Manipur    ... 60 1 19

19. Tripura    ...60 6 19

20. Meghalaya    ... 60 ... 50"

(ii) Under the heading "II. UNION TERRITORIES :" items 3 and 5 and the entries relating thereto shall be omitted.

(2) The amendment made by clause (i)(a) of sub-section (1) shall have effect on and after the appointed day in relation to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam and the amendments made by clause (i)(b) and clause (ii) of sub-section (1) shall have effect in relation to the Legislative Assemblies of the States of Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya to be constituted at any time after the appointed day.



(1) The Election Commission shall, in the manner herein provided, distribute, whether before or after the appointed day, the seats assigned to the Legislative Assemblies of the States of Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya under section 20 to single member territorial constituencies and delimit them on the basis of the latest census figures having regard to the provisions of the Constitution and to the following provisions:-

(a) All constituencies, shall, so far as practicable, be geographically compact areas and in delimiting them, regard shall be had to physical features, existing boundaries of administrative units, facilities of communication and public convenience;

(b) Every assembly constituency shall be so delimited as to fall only within one parliamentary constituency;

(c) Constituencies in which seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes shall be distributed in different parts of the States and located, as far as practicable, in those areas where the proportion of their population to the total population is comparatively large; and

(d) Constituencies in which seats are reserved for the Scheduled Tribes shall, as far as practicable,be located in those areas where the proportion of their population to the total population is the largest.

Explanation
.- In this section "latest census figures" means the census figures with respect to the State concerned ascertainable from the latest census of which the finally published figures are available.

(2) For the purpose of assisting in the performance of its functions under sub-section (1), the Election Commission shall associate with itself as associate members,-

(a) In respect of the State of Manipur, all the sitting members of the House of the People representing the Union territory of Manipur or, as the case may be, the State of Manipur under sub-section (2) of section 15, and such six persons who were members of the Legislative Assembly of the Union territory of Manipur immediately before its dissolution by order of the President published in the Gazette of India, dated 16th October, 1969 with Notification No. S.O. 4223, dated 16th October, 1969 of the Government of India in the Ministry of Home Affairs, as the President may, by order, nominate;

(b) In respect of the State of Tripura, all the sitting members of the House of the People representing the Union territory of Tripura or, as the case may be, the State of Tripura under sub-section (2) of section 15, and such six persons, being members of the Legislative Assembly of the Union territory of Tripura as it functioned immediately before the 1st November, 1971, as the President may, by order, nominate;

(c) In respect of the State of Meghalaya, the member of the House of the People representing the Autonomous Districts parliamentary constituency or, as the case may be, the Meghalaya parliamentary constituency under section 17, and such of the six members of the Legislative Assembly of the autonomous State of Meghalaya constituted under section 62 of the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969 or, as the case may be, of the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya referred to in section 27, as the President may, by order, nominate :

Provided
that none of the associate members shall have a right to vote or to sign any decision of the Election Commission.

(3) If owing to death or resignation, the office of an associate member falls vacant, it shall be filled, if practicable, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2).

(4) A member of any Legislative Assembly nominated under clause (b) or clause (c) of sub¬section (2) shall continue to be an associate member notwithstanding that he ceases to be a member of such Legislative Assembly, otherwise than consequent on the incurring of any disqualification.

(5) The Election Commission shall-

(a) Publish its proposals for the delimitation of constituencies, together with the dissenting proposals, if any, of any associate member who desires publication thereof, in the Official Gazette and in such other manner as the Commission may consider fit, together with a notice inviting objections and suggestions in relation to the proposals and specifying a date on or after which the proposals will be further considered by it;

(b) Consider all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified;

(c) After considering all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified, determine by one or more orders the delimitation of constituencies and cause such order or orders to be published in the Official Gazette; and upon such publication, the order or orders shall have the full force of law and shall not be called in question in any Court.

(6) As soon as may be after such publication, every such order shall be laid before the Legislative Assembly of the concerned State.



(1) The Election Commission may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette,-

(a) Correct any printing mistake in any order made under section 22 or any error arising therein from inadvertent slip or omission;

(b) Where the boundaries or name of any territorial division mentioned in any such order or orders are or is altered, make such amendment as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for bringing such order up-to-date.

(2) Every notification under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is issued, before the Legislative Assembly of the concerned State.



All things done, and all steps taken, before the commencement of this Act with a view to delimiting the territorial constituencies of the States of Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya for the purpose of elections to the Legislative Assemblies of those States shall, in so far as they are in conformity with the provisions of sections 22 and 23, be deemed to have been done or taken under those sections as if those sections were in force at the time such things were done or such steps were taken.



(1) On and from the appointed day, the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 shall stand amended as directed in the Second Schedule.

(2) On and from the appointed day, the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) (Union Territories) Order, 1951 shall stand amended as directed in the Third Schedule.



(1) On and from the appointed day, the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 shall stand amended as directed in the Fourth Schedule.

(2) On and from the appointed day, the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Union Territories) Order, 1951 shall stand amended as directed in the Fifth Schedule.



(1) On and from the appointed day and until the Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya has been duly constituted and summoned to meet for the first session under the provisions of the Constitution, the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the autonomous State of Meghalaya, excluding the members nominated thereto, constituted under section 62 of the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969 and functioning immediately before the appointed day, shall be the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya and that Assembly shall exercise all the powers and perform all the duties conferred by the provisions Of the Constitution on the Legislative Assembly of that State:

Provided that for the purposes of this sub-section, the member representing the autonomous District of United Khasi-Jaintia Hills in the said Provisional Legislative Assembly of the autonomous State of Meghalaya shall be deemed also to represent the territories specified in Cl. (b) of section 5.

(2) The term of office of the members of the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya shall, unless the said Legislative Assembly is sooner dissolved, expire immediately before the first meeting of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya.

(3) The persons who, immediately before the appointed day, are the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the autonomous State of Meghalaya shall be the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker respectively of the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya.

(4) The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the autonomous State of Meghalaya, as in force immediately before the appointed day, shall, until rules are made under clause (1) of Article 208, be the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Provisional Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya and of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya duly constituted under the provisions of the Constitution subject to such adaptations as may be made, therein by the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, concerned.

(5) The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Legislative Assembly of the Union territory of Manipur, as in force immediately before its dissolution by order of the President published in the Gazette of India, dated the 16th October, 1969 with notification No. S. O. 4223, dated the 16th October, 1969 of the Government of India in the Ministry of Home Affairs, shall, until rules are made under clause (1) of Article 208, be the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Manipur, subject to such modifications and adaptations as may be made therein by the Governor of that State.

(6) The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Legislative Assembly of the Union territory of Tripura as in force immediately before the 1st November, 1971, shall, until rules are made under clause (1) of Article 208, be the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Tripura, subject to such modifications and adaptations as may be made therein by the Governor of that State.

Last updated on August, 2016

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