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THE PATENTS ACT, 1970

Title : THE PATENTS ACT, 1970

Year : 1970



"(1) Where a convention application is made in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter, the applicant shall furnish, when required by the Controller, in addition to the complete specification, copies of the specifications or corresponding documents filed or deposited by the applicant in the patent office of the convention country as referred to in section 133 verified to the satisfaction of the Controller, within the prescribed period from the date of communication by the Controller

(2) If any such specification or other document is in a foreign language, a translation into English of the specification or document, verified by affidavit or otherwise to the satisfaction of the Controller, shall be1*[furnished when required by the Controller]

(3) For the purposes of this Act, the date on which an application was made in a convention country is such date as the Controller is satisfied, by certificate of the official chief or head of the patent office of the convention country or otherwise, is the date on which the application was made in that convention country.

2*[(4) An international application filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty designating India shall have effect of filing an application for patent under section 7, section 54 and section 135, as the case may be, and the title, description, claim and abstract and drawings, if any, filed in the international application shall be taken as complete specification for the purposes of this Act.

(5) The filing date of application for patent and its complete specification processed by the patent office as designated office shall be the international filing date accorded under the Patent Cooperation Treaty.

(6) Amendment, if any, proposed by the applicant for an international application designation designating India or designating and electing India before international searching authority or preliminary examination authority shall, if the applicant so desires, be taken as an amendment made before the patent office.]

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1. Substituted for "shall be annexed to the specification or document." by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003. dated 25.06.2002.

2. Inserted by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003.

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Save as otherwise provided in this Chapter, all the provisions of this Act shall apply in relation to a convention application and a patent granted in pursuance thereof as they apply in relation to an ordinary application and a patent granted in pursuance thereof.



(1)It shall not be lawful to insert-

(i) In any contract for or in relation to the sale or lease of a patented article or an article made by a patented process; or

(ii) In licence to manufacture or use a patented article; or

(iii) In a licence to work any process protected by a patent, a condition the effect of which may be-

(a) To require the purchaser, lessee, or licensee to acquire from the vendor, lessor, or licensor or his nominees, or to prohibit him from acquiring or to restrict in any manner or to any extent his right to acquire from any person or to prohibit him from acquiring except from the vendor, lessor, or licensor or his nominees any article other than the patented article or an article other than that made by the patented process; or

(b) To prohibit the purchaser, lessee or licensee from using or to restrict in any manner or to any extent the right of the purchaser, lessee or licensee, to use an article other than the patented article or an article other than that made by the patented process, which is not supplied by the vendor,lessor or licensor or his nominee; or

(c) To prohibit the purchaser, lessee or licensee from using or to restrict in any manner or to any extent the right of the purchases,lessee or licensee to use any process other than the patented process, and any such condition shall be void.

1*[(d)to provide exclusive grant back, prevention to challenges to validity of patent and coercive package licensing.]

(2) A condition of the nature referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (1) shall not cease to be a condition falling with that sub-section merely by reason of the fact that the agreement containing it has been entered into separately, whether before or after the contract relating to the sale, lease or licence of the patented article or process.

(3) In proceedings against any person for the infringement of a patent,it shall be a defence to prove that at the time of the infringement there was in force a contract relating to the patent and containing a condition declared unlawful by this section:

Provided that this sub-section shall not apply if the plaintiff is not a party to the contract and proves to the satisfaction of the court that there strictive condition was inserted in the contract without his knowledge and consent, express or implied.

(4) Nothing in this section shall-

(a)Affect a condition in a contract by which a person is prohibited from selling goods other than those of a particular person;
(b) validate a contract which, but for this section would be invalid;
(c)affect a condition in a contract for the lease of, or licence to use, a patented article, by which the lessor or licensor reserves to himself or his nominee the right to supply such new parts of the patented article as may be required or to put or keep it in repair.

2 [***]

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1.Inserted by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003. (clauses (xiia) ,(xiib)and (xiic) of section 159 have not yet been come into force.)

2.Sub-section(5)omitted by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003.Prior to omission it read as under:

"(5) The provisions of this section shall also apply to contracts made before the commencement of this Act if, and in so far as, any restrictive conditions declared unlawful by this section continue in force after the expiration of one year from such commencement."

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(1) Any contract for the sale or lease of a patented article or for licence to manufacture, use or work a patented article or process, or relating to any such sale, lease or licence,1[***], may at any time after the patent or all the patents by which the article or process was protected at the time of the making of the contract has or have ceased to be in force, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the contract or in any other contract, be determined by the purchaser, lessee, or licensee, as the case may be, of the patent on giving three months, notice in writing to the other party.

(2) The provisions of this section shall be without prejudice to any right of determining a contract exercisable apart from this section.

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1. Words "whether made before or after the commencement of this Act" omitted by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003.

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(1) There shall be paid in respect of the grant of patents and applications therefor, and in respect of other matters in relation to the grant of patents under this Act, such fees as may be prescribed by the Central Government.

(2) Where a fee is payable in respect of the doing of an act by the Controller, the Controller shall not do that act until the fee has been paid.

1*[(3) Where a fee is payable in respect of the filing of a document at the patent office, the fee shall be paid along with the document or within the prescribed time and the document shall be deemed not to have been filed at the office if the fee has not been paid within such time.]

(4) Where a principal patent is granted later than two years from the date of the filing of2*[the application], the fees which have become due in the meantime may be paid within a term of three months from the date of the recording of the patent in the register.3*[or within the extended period not later than nine months from the date of recording]

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1. Substituted by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003. Prior to substitution it read as under:

"(3) Where a fee is payable in respect of the filing of a document at the patent office, the document shall be deemed not to have been filed at the office until the fee has been paid"

2. Substituted by Patents Amendment Act, (15 of 2005) for the words: the complete specification

3. Inserted by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003. ( clauses (xiia) ,(xiib) and (xiic) of section 159 have not yet been come into force.)

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Subject to the provisions of Chapter VII, an application for a patent, and any specification filed in pursuance thereof, shall not, except with the consent of the applicant, be published by the Controller before the expiration of the period prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 11A or before the same is open to public inspection in pursuance of sub-section (3) of section 11A or section 43.]

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1. Substituted by Patents Amendment Act, (15 of 2005) for the words:

143. Restrictions upon publication of specifications.-

Subject to the provisions of Chapter VII, an application for a patent, and any specification filed in pursuance thereof, shall not, except with the consent of the applicant, be published by the Controller* [before eighteen months from the date of application or the priority date of the application or before the same is opened to public inspection] in pursuance of section 23.

* Substituted for "or be open to public inspection at any time before the date of advertisement of acceptance of the application." by Patents (Amdt) Act, 2002. dated 25.06.2002 w.e.f 20.05.2003.

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The reports of examiners to the Controller under this Act shall not be open to public inspection or be published by the Controller; and such reports shall not be liable to production or inspection in any legal proceeding unless the court certifies that the production or inspection is desirable in the interests or justice, and ought to be allowed.



The Controller shall publish periodically an official journal which. shall contain such information as may be required to be published by or under the provisions of this Act or any rule made there under.

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1. Substituted by Patents Amendment Act, (15 of 2005) for the words:
Publication of patented inventions.-

The Controller shall issue periodically a publication of patented inventions containing such information as the Central Government may direct.

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(1) The Controller may, at any time during the continuance of the patent, by notice in writing, require a patentee or a licensee, exclusive or otherwise, to furnish to him within two months from the date of such notice or within such further time as the Controller may allow, such information or such periodical statements as to the extent to which the patented invention has been commercially worked in India as may be specified in the notice.

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (1), every patentee and every licensee (whether exclusive or otherwise) shall furnish in such manner and form and at such intervals (not being less than six months) as may be prescribed statements as to the extent to which the patented invention has been worked on a commercial scale in India.

(3) The Controller may publish the information received by him under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) in such manner as may be prescribed.



(1) A certificate purporting to be signed by the Controller as to any entry, matter or thing which he is authorised by this Act or any rules made thereunder to make or do, shall be prima facie evidence of the entry having been made and of the contents thereof and of the matter or thing having been done or omitted to be done.

(2) A copy of any entry in any register or of any document kept in the patent office or of any patent, or an extract from any such register or document, purporting to be certified by the Controller and sealed with the seal of the patent office shall be admitted in evidence in all courts, and in all proceedings, without further proof or production of the original.

(3) The Controller or any other officer of the patent office shall not, in any legal proceedings to which he is not a party, be compellable to produce the register or any other document in his custody, the contents of which can be proved by the production of a certified copy issued under this Act or to appear as a witness to prove the matters therein recorded unless by order of the court made for special causes.


Last updated on July, 2016

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