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THE PETROLEUM ACT, 1934

Title : THE PETROLEUM ACT, 1934

Year : 1934



(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, authorise, any officer by name or by virtue of office to enter any place where petroleum is being imported, transported, stored, produced, refined or blended and to inspect and take samples for testing of any petroleum found therein.

(2) The Central Government may make rules-

(a) Regulating the taking of samples of petroleum for testing,

(b) Determining the cases in which payment shall be made for the value of samples taken, and the mode of payment, and

(c) Generally, regulating the procedure of officers exercising powers under this section.



(1) A standard apparatus for determining the 1*[flash-point] of petroleum shall be deposited with an officer to be appointed in this behalf by the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette.

(2) Such apparatus shall be engraved with the words "Standard Test Apparatus", and shall be verified and corrected from time to time and replaced when necessary, in accordance with rules made under section 21.

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1. Subs. by s. 11, ibid., for "flashing-point" (w.e.f. 1-8-1976).

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(1) The officer appointed under section 15 shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, if any, compare with the Standard Test Apparatus any apparatus for determining the 1*[flash-point] of petroleum which may be submitted to him for this purpose.

(2) If any apparatus is found by him to agree with the Standard Test Apparatus within prescribed limits, the officer shall engrave such apparatus with a special number and with the date of the comparison, and shall give a certificate in respect of it in the prescribed form, certifying that on the and said date the apparatus was compared with the Standard Test Apparatus and was found to agree with it within the prescribed limits, and specifying any corrections to be made in the results of tests carried out with the apparatus.

(3) A certificate granted under this section shall be valid for such period as may be prescribed.

(4) A certificate granted under this section shall, during the period for which it is valid, be proof, until the contrary is proved, of any matter stated therein.

(5) The officer shall keep a register in the prescribed form of all certificates granted by him under this section.

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1. Subs. by Act 24 of 1970, s. 12, for "flashing-point" (w.e.f. 1-8-1976).

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The Central Government may authorise any officer by name or by virtue of office to test petroleum of which samples have been taken under this Act, or which may have been submitted to him for test by any person, and to grant certificates of the results of such test.



All test of petroleum made under this Act shall be made with a test apparatus in respect of which there is a valid certificate under section 16, shall have due regard to any correction specified in that certificate, and shall be carried out in accordance with rules made under section 21.



 
(1) The testing officer after testing samples of petroleum shall make out a certificate in the prescribed form, stating whether the petroleum is petroleum Class A or petroleum Class B or petroleum Class C, and if the petroleum is petroleum Class B or petroleum Class C, the flash-point of the petroleum.]

(2) The testing officer shall furnish the person concerned, at his request, with a certified copy of the certificate, on payment of the prescribed fee, and




(1) The owner of any petroleum, or his agent, who is dissatisfied with the result of the test of the petroleum may, within seven days from the date on which he received intimation of the result of the test, apply to the officer empowered under section 14 to have fresh samples of the petroleum taken and tested.

(2) On such application and on payment of the prescribed fee, fresh samples of the petroleum shall be taken in the presence of such owner of agent or person deputed by him, and shall be tested in the presence of such owner or agent or person deuted by him.

(3) If, on such re-test, it appears that the original test was erroneous, the testing-officer shall cancel the original certificate granted under section 19, shall make out a fresh certificate, and shall furnish the owner of the petroleum, or his agent, with a certified copy thereof, free of charge.




The Central Government may make rules--

(a) For the specification, verification, correction and replacement of the Standard Test Apparatus;

(b) Prescribing fees for the inspection of the Standard Test Apparatus;

(c) Regulating the procedure in comparing a test apparatus with the Standard Test Apparatus;

(d) Prescribing the form of certificate to be given in respect of a test apparatus so compared, and the period for which such certificates shall be valid;

(e) Prescribing the form of the register of such certificates;

(f) Prescribing fees for comparing a test apparatus with the
Standard Test Apparatus;

(g) Regulating the procedure of testing officers in carrying out tests of petroleum, providing for the averaging of results where several samples of thee same petroleum are tested, and prescribing
the variations from standard temperatures which may be allowed;

(h) Prescribing the form of certificates of tests of petroleum and the fees which may be charged therefore;

(i) Providing, where the results of the testing of samples raise a doubt as to the uniformity of the quality of the petroleum in any lot under test, for the division of the lot into sub-lots, and for the selection and testing of samples of each sub lot and for the averaging of results in accordance with the results of tests of those samples;

(j) Prescribing fees for re-tests under section 20 and providing for their refund where the original test was erroneous ; and

(k) Generally, regulating the procedure of all officers performing duties connected with the testing of petroleum, and providing for any matter incidental to such testing.




The Central Government may also make rules providing specially for the testing of any form of petroleum which is viscous or solid or contains sediment or thickening ingredients, and such rules may modify or supplement any of the provisions of this Chapter or of the rules made under section 21 in order to adapt them to the special needs of such tests.
Last updated on June, 2016

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