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THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT, 1960

Title : THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT, 1960

Year : 1960

[26th December, 1960.]


An Act to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals and for that purpose to amend the law relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Eleventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY



(1) This Act may be called the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.

(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates1* may be appointed for different States and for the different provisions contained in this Act.

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1 1st April, 1961 in respect of the State of Punjab and the Union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Island:vide Notification No.S.O.823, dated the 1st April, 1961, see Gazette of India 1961, Pt II, Sec. 3(ii), p. 806.1st September, 1961, for Chapters I and II in respect of the States of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madras, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mysore, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal and the Union territories of Delhi, Manipur and Tripura : vide Notification No. S.O. 2061. dated the 25th August, 1961, see Gazette of India, 1961, Pt. II. Sec, 3(ii), p. 2154.2-10-1961: Chapters I and II come into force in the Union territory of Himachal Pradesh, vide Notification No. S.O. 2286, dated 15-9-1961, Gazette of India, Pt. II, sec. 3(ii), p. 2397 26-1-1962:Provisions of Chapters I and II come into force in the State of Rajasthan, vide Notification No. S.O. 21, dated 28-12-1961, see Gazette of India, Pt. II, sec. 3(ii), p.11.15-7-1963 for Chapter IV in the States of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madras, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mysore, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal and in the Union territories of Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Tripura, vide Notification No. S.O. 2000 dated 11-7-1963, Gazzete of India, Pt. II, sec. 3 (ii), p. 2242.20-11-1963 for  Chapters III and VI in the States of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madras, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mysore, Orissa, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh and in the union territories of Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Tripura, vide Notification No. S.O. 3160 dated 29-10-1963, Gazette of India. Pt. II, sec. 3 (ii), p, 3098 .24-5-1977; vide Notification No. S.O. 1902, dated 24-5-1977. The provisions of Chapter V of this Act shall come into force in all States and Union territories to which this Act extends (except Jammu and Kashmir). This Act has been extended to Goa, Daman and Diu by Reg. 11 of 1963, s. 3 and Sch. and comes into force in Pondicherry vide Reg. 7 of 1963, s. 3 and Sch.I (w.e.f. 1-10-1963) and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 and Sch. I (w.e.f. 1-7-1965).

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In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) "Animal" means any living creature other than a human being;

(b) "Board" means the Board established under section 4, and reconstituted from time to time under section 5A;]

(c) "Captive animal" means any animal (not being a domestic animal) which is in captivity or confinement, whether permanent or temporary, or which is subjected to any appliance or contrivance for the purpose of hindering or preventing its escape from captivity or confinement or which is pinioned or which is or appears to be maimed;

(d) "Domestic animal" means any animal which is tamed or which has been or is being sufficiently tamed to serve some purpose for the use of man or which, although it neither has been nor is being nor is intended to be so tamed, is or has become in fact wholly or partly tamed;

(e) "Local authority" means a municipal committee, district board or other authority for the time being invested by law with the control and administration of any matters within a specified local area;

(f) "Owner", used with reference to an animal, includes not only the owner but also any other person for the time being in possession or custody of the animal, whether with or without the consent of the owner;

(g) "Phooka" or "doom dev" includes any process of introducing air or any substance into the female organ of a milch animal with the object of drawing off from the animal any secretion of milk;

(h) "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(i) "Street" includes any way, road, lane, square, court, alley, passage or open space, whether a thoroughfare or not, to which the public have access.



It shall be the duty of every person having the care or charge of any animal to take all reasonable measures to ensure the well-being of such animal and to prevent the infliction upon such animal of unnecessary pain or suffering.

Last updated on July, 2016

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