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THE RAILWAYS ACT, 1989

Title : THE RAILWAYS ACT, 1989

Year : 1989



CHAPTER XII

ACCIDENTS

113.Notice of railway accident.

113. Notice of railway accident.- (1) Where, in the course of working a railway,--

(a) any accident attended with loss of any human life, or with grievous hurt, as defined in the Indian Penal Code (45 of
1860), or with such serious injury to property as may be prescribed; or

(b) any collision between trains of which one is a train carrying passengers; or

(c) the derailment of any train carrying passengers, or of any part of such train; or

(d) any accident of a description usually attended with loss of human life or with such grievous hurt as aforesaid or with serious injury to property; or

(e) any accident of any other description which the Central
Government may notify in this behalf in the Official Gazette, occurs, the station master of the station nearest to the place at which the accident occurs or where there is no station master, the railway servant in charge of the section of the railway on which the accident occurs, shall, without delay, give notice of the accident to the District Magistrate and Superintendent of
Police, within whose jurisdiction the accident occurs, the officer in charge of the police station within the local limits of which the accident occurs and to such other Magistrate or police officer as may be appointed in this behalf by the Central
Government.

(2) The railway administration within whose jurisdiction the accident occurs, as also the railway administration to whom the train involved in the accident belongs, shall without delay, give notice of the accident to the State Government and the Commissioner having jurisdiction over the place of the accident.

114.Inquiry by Commissioner.

114. Inquiry by Commissioner.- (1) On the receipt of a notice under section 113 of the occurrence of an accident to a train carrying passengers resulting in loss of human life or grievous hurt causing total or partial disablement of permanent nature to a passenger or serious damage to railway property, the Commissioner shall, as soon as may be, notify the railway administration in whose jurisdiction the accident occurred of his intention to hold an inquiry into the causes that led to the accident and shall at the same time fix and communicate the date, time and place of inquiry:

Provided that it shall be open to the Commissioner to hold an inquiry into any other accident which, in his opinion, requires the holding of such an inquiry.

(2) If for any reason, the Commissioner is not able to hold an inquiry as soon as may be after the occurrence of the accident, he shall notify the railway administration accordingly.

288.115.Inquiry by railway administration.

115. Inquiry by railway administration.-Where no inquiry is held by the Commissioner under sub-section (1) of section 114 or where the
Commissioner has informed the railway administration under sub-section
(2) of that section that he is not able to hold an inquiry, the railway administration within whose jurisdiction the accident occurs, shall cause an inquiry to be made in accordance with the prescribed procedure.

116.Powers of Commissioner in relation to inquiries.

116. Powers of Commissioner in relation to inquiries.-(1) For the purpose of conducting an inquiry under this Chapter into the causes of any accident on a railway, the Commissioner shall, in addition to the powers specified in section 7, have the powers as are vested in a civil court while trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure,
1908 (5 of 1908), in respect of the following matters, namely:--

(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of persons and examining them on oath;

(b) requiring the discovery and production of documents;

(c) receiving evidence on affidavits;

(d) requisitioning any public record or copies thereof from any court or office;

(e) any other matter which may be prescribed.

(2) The Commissioner while conducting an inquiry under this
Chapter shall be deemed to be a Civil Court for the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.(2 of 1974),

117.Statement made before Commissioner.

117. Statement made before Commissioner.- No statement made by a person in the course of giving evidence in an inquiry before the
Commissioner shall subject him to, or be used against him in, any civil or criminal proceeding, except a prosecution for giving false evidence by such statement:

Provided that the statement is--

(a) made in reply to a question which is required by the
Commissioner to answer; or

(b) relevant to the subject-matter of the inquiry.

118.Procedure, etc.

118. Procedure, etc.- Any railway administration or the
Commissioner conducting an inquiry under this Chapter may send notice of the inquiry to such persons, follow such procedure, and prepare the report in such manner as may be prescribed.

119.No inquiry, investigation, etc., to be made if the Commission ofInquiry is appointed.

119. No inquiry, investigation, etc., to be made if the
Commission of Inquiry is appointed.-Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, where a Commission of
Inquiry is appointed under the Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952 (3 of
1952), to inquire into an accident, any inquiry, investigation or other proceeding pending in relation to that accident shall not be proceeded with, and all records or other documents relating to such inquiry shall be forwarded to such authority as may be specified by the Central Government in this behalf.

289.120.Inquiry into accident not covered by section 113.120. Inquiry into accident not covered by section 113.- Where any accident of the nature not specified in section 113 occurs in the course of working a railway, the railway administration within whose jurisdiction the accident occurs, may cause such inquiry to be made into the causes of the accident, as may be prescribed.

121.Returns.

121. Returns.- Every railway administration shall send to the
Central Government, a return of accidents occurring on its railway, whether attended with injury to any person or not, in such form and manner and at such intervals as may be prescribed.

122.Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter.

122. Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter.-
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:--

(a) the injury to property which shall be considered serious under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 113;

(b) the forms of notice of accidents to be given under section 113 and the particulars of the accident such notices shall contain;

(c) the manner of sending the notices of accidents, including the class of accidents to be sent immediately after the accident;

(d) the duties of the Commissioner, railway administration, railway servants, police officers and Magistrates on the occurrence of an accident;

(e) the persons to whom notices in respect of any inquiry under this Chapter are to be sent, the procedure to be followed in such inquiry and the manner in which a report of such inquiry shall be prepared;

(f) the nature of inquiry to be made by a railway administration into the causes of an accident under section 120;

(g) the form and manner of sending a return of accidents by a railway administration under section 121.CHAP
LIABILITY OF RAILWAY ADMINISTRATION FOR DEATH AND INJURY TO PASSENGERSDUE TO
ACCIDENTS
Last updated on May, 2015

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