Indian Bare Acts

Search Alphabatically :

THE RAILWAYS ACT,1989

Title : THE RAILWAYS ACT,1989

Year : 1989


CHAPTER IX-CARRIAGE OR GOODS

61. Maintenance of rate-books, etc., for carriage of goods.- Every railway administration shall maintain, at each station and at such other places where goods are received for carriage, the rate-books or other documents which shall contain the rate authorized for the carriage of goods form one station to another and make them available for the reference of any person during all reasonable hours without payment of any fee.

62. Conditions for receiving, etc., of goods.- (1) A railway administration may impose conditions, not inconsistent with this Act or any rules made thereunder, with respect to the receiving, forwarding , carrying or delivering of any goods.

(2) A railway administration shall maintain, at each station and at such other places where goods are received for carriage, a copy of the conditions for the time being in force under sub-section (1) and make them available for the reference of any person during all reasonable hours without payment of any fee.

63. Provision of risk rate.- (1) Where any goods are entrusted to a railway administration for carriage, such carriage shall, except where owner$s risk rate is applicable in respect of such goods, be at railway risk rate.

Any goods, for which owner$s risk rate and railway risk rate are in force, may be entrusted for carriage at either of the rates and if no rate is opted, the goods shall be deemed to have been entrusted at owner$s risk rate.

(2) Any goods, for which owner’s risk rate and railway risk rate are in force, may be entrusted for carriage at either of the rates and if no rate is opted, the goods shall be deemed to have been intrusted at owner’s risk rate.

64. Forwarding note.- (1) Every person entrusting any goods to a railway administration for carriage shall execute a forwarding note in such form as may be specified by the Central Government:

Provided that no forwarding note shall be executed in the case of such goods as may be prescribed.

(2) The consignor shall be responsible for the correctness of the particulars furnished by him in the forwarding note.

(3) The consignor shall indemnify the railway administration against any damage suffered by it by reason of the incorrectness or incompleteness of the particulars in the forwarding note.

65. Railway receipt.- (1) A railway administration shall,-

(a) in a case where the goods are to be loaded by a person entrusting such goods, on the completion of such loading; or

(b) in any other case, on the acceptance of the goods by it,

issue a railway receipt in such form as may be specified by the Central Government.

(2) A railway receipt shall be prima facie evidence of the weight and the number of packages stated therein:

Provided that in the case of a consignment in wagon-load or train-load and the weight or the number of packages is not checked by a railway servant authoried in this behalf, and a statement to that effect is recorded on such railway receipt by him, the burden of proving the weight or, as the case may be, the number of packages stated therein, shall lie on the consignor, the consignee or the endorsee.

66. Power to require statement relating to the description of goods.- (1) The owner or a person having charge of any goods which are brought upon are brought upon a railway for the purposes of carriage by railway, and the consignee or the endorsee of any consignment shall, on the request of any railway servant authoried on this behalf, deliver to such railway servant a statement in writhing signed by such owner or person or by such consignee or endorsee, as the case may be, containing such description of the goods as would enable the railway servant to determine the rate for such carriage.

(2) If such owner or person refuses or neglects to give the statement as required under sub-section (1) and refuses to open the package containing the goods, if so required by the railway servant, it shall be open to the railway administration to refuse to accept such goods for carriage unless such owner or person pays for such carriage the highest rate for any class of goods.

(3) If the consignee or endorsee refuses or neglects to give the statement as required under sub-section (1) and refuses to open the package containing the goods, if so required by the railway servant, it shall be open to the railway administration to charge in respect of the carriage of the goods the highest rate for any class of goods.

(4) If the statement delivered under sub-section (1) is materially false with respect to the description of any goods to which it purports to relate, the railway administration may charge in respect of the carriage of such goods such rate, not exceeding double the highest rate for any class of goods as may be specified by the Central Government.

(5) If any difference arises between a railway servant and such owner or person, the consigee or the endorsee, as the case may be, in respect of the description of the goods for which a statement has been delivered under sub-section (1), the railway servant may detain and examine the goods.

(6) Where any goods have been detained under sub-section (5) for examination and upon such examination it is found that the description of the goods is different from that given in the statement delivered under sub-section (1), the cost of such detention and examination shall be borne by such owner or person, the consignee or the endorsee, as the case may be, and the railway administration shall not be liable for any loss, damage or deterioration which may be caused by such detention or examination.

67. Carriage of dangerous or offensive goods.- (1) No person shall take with him on a railway, or require a railway administration to carry such dangerous or offensive goods, as may be prescribed, except in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) No person shall take with him on a railway the goods referred to in sub-section (1) unless he gives a notice in writhing of their dangerous or offensive nature to the railway servant authorized in this behalf.

(3) No person shall entrust the goods referred to in sub-section (1) to a railway servant authorized in this behalf for carriage unless he distinctly marks on the outside of the package containing such goods their dangerous or offensive nature and gives a notice in writing of their dangerous or offensive nature to such railway servant.

(4) If any railway servant has reason to believe that goods contained in a package are dangerous or offensive and notice as required under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), as the case may be, in respect of such goods in not given, he may cause such package to be opened for the purpose of ascertaining its contents.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, any railway servant may refuse to accept any dangerous or offensive goods for carriage or stop, in transit, such goods or cause the same to be removed, as the case may be, if he has reason to believe that the provisions of this section for such carriage age not complied with.

(6) Nothing in this section shall be construed to derogate from the provisions of the Indian Explosives Act, 1884 (4 of 1884), or any or order made under that Act, and nothing in sub-sections (4) and (5) shall be construed to apply to any goods entrusted for carriage by order or on behalf of the Government or to any goods which a soldier, sailor, airman or any other officer of the armed forces of the Union or a police officer or a member of the Territorial Army or of the National Cadet Corps may take with him on a railway in the course of his employment or duty as such.

68. Carriage of animals suffering from infectious or contagious diseases.- A railway administration shall not be bound to carry any animal suffering from such infectious or contagious disease as may be prescribed.

69. Deviation of route.- Where due to any cause beyond the control of a railway administration or due to congestion in the yard or any other operational reasons, goods are carried over a route other than the route by which such goods are booked, the railway administration shall not be deemed to have committed a breach of the contract of carriage by reason only of the deviation of the route.

70. Prohibition of undue preference.- A railway administration shall not make or give any undue or unreasonable preference or advantage to, or in favour of, any particular person or any particular description of traffic in the carriage of goods.

71. Power to give direction in regard to carriage of certain goods.- (1) The Central Government may, if it is of the opinion that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, by general or special order, direct any railway administration-

(a) to give special facilities for, or preference to, the carriage of such goods or class of goods consigned by or to the Central Government or the Government of any state or of such other goods or class of goods;

(b) to carry any goods or class of goods by such route or routes and at such rates;

(c) to restrict or refuse acceptance of such goods or class of goods at or to such station for carriage,

as may be specified in the order.

(2) Any order made under sub-section (1) shall cease to have effect after the expiration of a period of one year form the date of such order, but may, by a like order, be renewed from time to time for such period not exceeding one year at a time as may be specified in the order.

(3)Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, every railway administration shall be bound to comply with any order given under sub-section (1)and any action taken by a railway administration in pursuance of any such order shall not be deemed to be contravention of section 70.

72. Maximum carrying capacity for wagons and trucks.- (1) The gross weight of every wagon or trucks bearing on the axles when the wagon or truck is loaded to its maximum carrying capacity shall not exceed such limit as may be fixed by the central Government for the class of axle under the wagon or truck.

(2) Subject to the limit fixed under sub-section (1), every railway administration shall determine the normal carrying capacity for every wagon or truck in its possession and shall exhibit in words and figures the normal carrying capacity so determined in a conspicuous manner on the outside of every such wagon or truck.

(3) Every person owing a wagon or truck which passes over a railway shall determine and exhibit the normal carrying capacity for the wagon or truck in the manner specified in sub-section (2).

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), where a railway administration considers it necessary or expedient so to do in respect of any wagon or truck carrying any specified class of goods or any class of wagons or trucks of any specified type, it may vary the normal carrying capacity for such wagon or truck or such class or wagons or trucks and subject to such conditions as it may think fit to impose, determine for the wagon or truck or class of wagons or trucks such carrying capacity as may be specified in the notification and it shall not be necessary to exhibit the words and figures representing the carrying capacity so determined on the outside of such wagon or truck or such class of wagons or trucks.

73. Punitive charge for overloading a wagon.- Where a person loads goods in a wagon beyond its permissible carrying capacity as exhibited under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), or notified under sub-section (4), of section 72, a railway administration may, in addition to the freight and other charges, recover from the consignor, the consignee or the endorsee, as the case may be, charges by way of penalty at such rates, as may be prescribed, before the delivery of the goods:

Provided that it shall be lawful for the railway administration to unload the goods loaded beyond the capacity of the wagon, if detected at the forwarding station or at any place before the destination station and to recover the cost of such unloading and any charge for the detention of any wagon on this account.

74. Passing of property in the goods covered by railway receipt.- The property in the consignment covered by a railway receipt shall pass to the consignee or the endorsee, as the case may be, on the delivery of such railway receipt to him and he shall have all the rights and liabilities of the consignor.

75. Section 74 not to affect right of stoppage in transit or claims for freight.- Nothing contained in section 74 shall prejudice or affect-

(a) any right of the consignor for stoppage of goods in transit as an unpaid vendor (as defined under the Sale of Goods Act, 1930 (3 of 1930) on his written request to the railway administration;

(b) any right of the railway to claim freight from the consignor; or

(c) any liability of the consignee or the endorsee, referred to in that section by reason of his being such consignee or endorsee.

76. Surrender of railway receipt.- The railway administration shall deliver the consignment under a railway receipt on the surrender of such railway receipt:

Provided that in case the railway receipt is not forthcoming, the consignment may be delivered to the person, entitled in the opinion of the railway administration to receive the goods, in such manner as may be prescribed.

77. Power of railway administration to deliver goods or sale proceeds thereof in certain cases.- where no railway receipt is forthcoming and any consignment or the sale proceeds of any consignment are claimed by tow or mire persons, the railway administration may withhold delivery of such consignment or sale proceeds, as the case may be, and shall deliver such consignment or sale proceeds in such manner as may be prescribed.

78. Power to measure, weigh, etc.- Notwithstanding anything contained in the railway receipt, the railway administration may, before the delivery of the consignment, have the right to-

(i) re-measure, re-weigh or re-classify any consignment;

(ii) re-calculate the freight and other charges; and

(iii) correct any other error or collect any amount that may have been omitted to be charged.

79. Weighment of consignment on request of the consigee or endorsee.- A railway administration may, on the request made by the consignee or endorsee, allow weighment of the consignment subject to such conditions and on payment of such charges as may be prescribed and the demurrage charges if any:

Provided that except in cases where a railway servant authorized in this behalf considers it necessary so to do, no weighment shall be allowed of goods booked at owner$s risk rate or goods which are perishable and are likely to lose weight in transit:

Provided further that no request for weighment of consignment in wagon-load or train load shall be allowed if the weighment is not feasible due to congestion in the yard or such other circumstances as may be prescribed.

80. Liability of railway administration for wrong delivery.- Where a railway administration delivers the consignment to the person who produces the railway receipt, it shall not be responsible for any wrong delivery on the ground that such person is not entitled thereto or that the endorsement on the railway receipt is forged or otherwise defective.

81. Open delivery of consignments.- Where the consignment arrives in a damaged condition or shows signs of having been tampered with and the consignee or the endorsee demands open delivery, the railway administration shall give open delivery in such manner as may be prescribed.

82. Partial delivery of consignments.- (1) The consignee or endorsee shall, as soon as the consignment or part thereof is ready for delivery, take delivery of such consignment or part thereof notwithstanding that such consignment or part thereof is damaged.

(2) In the case of partial delivery under sub-section (1), the railway administration shall furnish a partial delivery certificate, in such form as may be prescribed.

(3) If the consignee or endorsee refuses to take delivery under sub-section (1), the consignment or part thereof shall be subject to wharfage charges beyond the time allowed for removal.

83. Lien for freight or any other sum due.- (1) If the consignor, the consignee of the endorsee fails to pay on demand any freight or other charges due from him in respect of any consignment, the railway administration may detain such consignment or part thereof or, if such consignment is delivered, if may detain any other consignment of such person which is in, or thereafter comes into, its possession.

(2) The railway administration may, if the consignment detained under sub-section (1) is-

(a) perishable in nature, sell at once; or

(b) not perishable in nature, sell, by public auction,

such consignment or part thereof, as may be necessary to realize a sum equal to the freight or other charges:

Provided that where a railway administration for reasons to be recorded in writing is of the opinion that it is not expedient to hold the auction, such consignment or part thereof may be sold in such manner as may be prescribed.

(3) The railway administration shall give a notice of not less than seven days of the public auction under clause (b) of sub-section (2) in one or mire local newspapers or where there are no such newspapers in such manner as may be prescribed.

(4) The railway administration may, out of the sale proceeds received under sub-section (2), retain a sum equal to the freight and other charges including expenses for the sale due to it and the surplus of such proceeds and the part of the consignment, if any shall be rendered to the person entitled thereto.

84. Unclaimed consignment.- (1) If any person fails to take delivery of -

(a) any consignment; or

(b) the consignment released from detention under sub-section (1) of section 83; or

(c) any remaining part of the consignment under sub-section (2) of section 83, such consignment shall be treated as unclaimed .

(2) The railway administration may,-

(a) in the case of an unclaimed consignment which is perishable in nature, sell such consignment in the manner provided in clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 83; or

(b) in the case of an unclaimed consignment which is not perishable in nature, cause a notice to be served upon the consignee if his name and address are known, and upon the consigner if the name and address of the consignee are not known, requiring him to remove the goods within a period of seven days form the receipt thereof and if such notice cannot be served or there is a failure to comply with the requisition in the notice, sell such consignment in the manner provided in clause (b) of sub-section (2) of section 83.

(3) The railway administration shall, out of the sale proceeds received under sub-section (2), retain a sum equal to the freight and other charges including expenses for the sale due to it and the surplus, if any, of such sale proceeds shall be rendered to the person entitled thereto.

85. Disposal of perishable consignments in certain circumstances.- (1) Where by reason of any flood, land-slip, breach of any lines of rails, collision between trains, derailment of, or other accident to train or nay other cause, traffic on any route is interrupted and there is no likelihood of early resumption of such traffic, nor is there any other reasonable route whereby traffic of perishable consignment may be diverted to prevent, loss or deterioration of, or damage to, such consignment, the railway administration may sell them in the manner provided in clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 83.

(2) The railway administration shall, out of the sale proceeds received under sub-section (1), retain a sum equal to the freight and other charges including expenses for the sale due to it and the surplus, if any of such sale proceeds, shall be rendered to the person entitled thereto.

86. Sales under sections 83 to 85 not to affect the right to suit.- Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, the right of sale under sections 83 to 85 shall be without prejudice to the right of the railway administration to recover by suit, any freight , charge, amount or other expenses due to it.

87. Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter.- (1)The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters namely:-

(a) goods in respect of which no forwarding note shall be executed under proviso to sub-section (1) of section 64;

(b) dangerous and offensive goods for the purposes of sub-section (1) of section 67;

(c) infectious or contagious diseases for the purposes of section 68;

(d) rates of penalty charges under section 73;

(e) the manner in which the consignment may be delivered without a railway receipt under section 76;

(f) the manner of delivery of consignment or the sale proceeds to the person entitled thereto under section 77;

(g) the conditions subject to which and charges payable for allowing weighment and circumstances for not allowing weighment of consignment in wagon load or train-load under section 79;

(h) the manner of giving open delivery under section 81;

(i) the form of partial delivery certificate under sub-section (2) of section 82;

(j) the manner of sale of consignment or part thereof under the proviso to sub-section (2) of section 83;

(k) the manner in which a notice under sub-section (3) of section 83 may be given;

(l) generally, for regulating the carriage of goods by the railways.

(3) Any rule made under this section may provide that a contravention thereof shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred and fifty rupees.

(4) Every railway administration shall keep at each station a copy of the rules for the time being in force under this section, and shall allow any person to refer to it free of charge.
Last updated on May, 2015

Find a Lawyer

Legal Hall of Fame

The current Legal Luminaries of India, the credible names in the legal circle along with those who would be the leading stars of the next decade. These are some of the reliable names in field of law. Nominate the Legal Stars of tomorrow

More

Recent Judgment


Sudha Mishra vs. Surya Chandra Mishra( R.F.A 299 of 2014

The Hon'ble High Court of Delhi in Sudha Mishra vs. Surya Chandra Mishra (R.F.A 299 of 2014)has ruled that a woman has a right over the property of her husband but she cannot claim a right to live in the house of her parents-in-law

More

Bare Acts

Helpline Law provides a user friendly compendium of Indian Law & Bare Acts. Get a complete list & detail of Indian Bare Acts, with amendments and repeals. It comes with easy-to-use features like Search by bare acts & by year. You can even email the information to yourself!

More

Have a Legal Matter ?
Need a Lawyer?

Have a Legal Matter ?

Need a Lawyer?

Male
Female