Title : THE REHABILITATION COUNCIL OF INDIA ACT, 1992
Year : 1992
[Act, No. 34 of 1992] [1st September, 1992]
An Act to provide for the constitution of the Rehabilitation Council of India for1*[and monitoring the training of rehabilitation professionals and personnel, promoting research in rehabilitation and special education,] the maintenance of a Central Rehabilitation Register and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) Chairperson means the Chairperson of the Council appointed under sub-section (3) of section 3;
(b) Council means the Rehabilitation Council of India constituted under section 3;
1*[(c) Handicapped means a person suffering from any disability referred to in clause (i) of section 2 of the Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996);]
(f) Member means a member appointed under sub-section (3) of section 3 and includes the Chairperson;
(g) Member-Secretary means the Member-Secretary appointed under sub-section (1) of section 8;
(h) Mental retardation means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterised by sub-normality of intelligence;
(i) Notification means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(j) prescribed means prescribed by regulations;
(k) Recognised rehabilitation qualification means any of the qualifications included in the Schedule;
(l) Register means the Central Rehabilitation Register maintained under sub-section (1) of section 23;
(m) Regulations means regulations made under this Act;
3*[(ma) Rehabilitation refers to a process aimed at enabling persons with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychiatric or social functional levels;]
(n) Rehabilitation professionals means-
(i) Audiologists and speech therapists;
(ii) Clinical psychologists;
(iii) Hearing aid and ear mould technicians;
(iv) Rehabilitation engineers and technicians;
(v) Special teachers for educating and training the handicapped;
(vi) Vocational counsellors, employment officers and placement officers dealing with handicapped.
(vii) Multi-purpose rehabilitation therapists, technicians; or
(viii) Such other category of professionals as the Central Government may, in consultation with the Council, notify from time to time;
3*[(1A) Words and expressions used and not defined in this Act but defined in the Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Act]
(2) Any reference in this Act to any enactment or any provision thereof shall, in relation to an area in which such enactment or such provision is not in force, be construed as a reference to the correspond¬ing law or the relevant provision of the corresponding law, if any, in force in that area.
1. Substituted by The Rehabilitation Council Of India (Amendment) Act, 2000 (38 of 2000) w.e.f. 04.09.2000. Prior to substitution it read as under:
"(c) Handicapped means a person-
(i) Visually handicapped;
(ii) Hearing handicapped;
(iii) Suffering from loco motor disability; or
(iv) Suffering from mental retardation;"
2. Clause (d) and (e) omitted by The Rehabilitation Council Of India (Amendment) Act, 2000 (38 of 2000) w.e.f. 04.09.2000. Prior to omission they read as under:
"(d) Hearing handicap means deafness with hearing impairment of 70 decibels and above, in the better or total loss of hearing in both ears;
(e) Loco motor disability means person's inability to execute distinctive activities associated with moving, both himself and objects, from place to place and such inability resulting from affliction of either bones, joints, muscles or nerves;"
3. Inserted by The Rehabilitation Council Of India (Amendment) Act, 2000 (38 of 2000) w.e.f. 04.09.2000.
4. Clause (o) omitted by The Rehabilitation Council Of India (Amendment) Act, 2000 (38 of 2000) w.e.f. 04.09.2000. Prior to omission it read as under:
"(o) Visually handicapped means a person who suffers from any of the following conditions, namely:-
(i) Total absence of sight;
(ii) Visual acquity (acuity) not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (snellen) in the better eye with the correcting lenses; or
(iii) Limitation of the field of vision subtending and angle of degree or worse."
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