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THE SLUM AREAS (IMPROVEMENT AND CLEARANCE) ACT, 1956

Title : THE SLUM AREAS (IMPROVEMENT AND CLEARANCE) ACT, 1956

Year : 1956



It shall be lawful for any purpose authorised by the competent authority in this behalf to enter into or upon any building or land in a slum area with or without assistants or workmen in order to make any inquiry, inspection, measurement, valuation or survey, or to execute any work which is authorised by or under this Act or which it is necessary to execute for any of the purposes or in pursuance of any of the provisions of this Act or of any rule or order made there under.



(1) The competent authority may, by general or special order, authorise any person-

(a) To inspect any drain, latrine, urinal, cess-pool, pipe, sewer or channel in or on any building or land in a slum area, and in this discretion to cause the ground to be opened for the purpose of preventing or removing any nuisance arising from the drain, latrine, urinal, cess-pool, pipe, sewer or channel, as the case may be;

(b) To examine works under construction in the slum area to take levels or to remove, test, examine, replace or read any meter.

(2) If, on such inspection, the opening of the ground is found to be necessary for the prevention of removal of a nuisance, the expenses thereby incurred shall be paid by the owner or occupier of the land or building, but if it is found that no nuisance exists or but for such opening would have arisen, the ground or portion or any building, drain, or other work opened, injured or removed for the purpose of such inspection shall be filled in, reinstated, or made good, as the case may be, by the competent authority.



(1) Any person authorised by the competent authority in this behalf may, with or without assistants or workmen, enter on any land within fifty yards of any work authorised by or under this Act for the purpose of depositing thereon any soil, gravel, stone or other materials, or for obtaining access to such work or for any other purposes connected with the carrying of the same.

(2) The person so authorised shall, before entering on any land under sub-section (1), state the purpose thereof, and shall, if so required by the occupier, or owner, fence off so much of the land as may be required for such purpose.

(3) The person so authorised, shall, in exercising any power conferred by this section, do as little damage, as may be, and compensation shall be payable by the competent authority to the owner or occupier of such land or to both for any such damage whether permanent or temporary.



It shall be lawful for any person authorised by the competent authority in this behalf to make any entry into any place, to open or cause to be opened any door, gate or other barrier-

(a) If he considers the opening thereof necessary for the purpose of such entry; and

(b) If the owner or occupier is absent, or being present refuses to open such door, gate or barrier.



No entry authorised by or under this Act shall be made except between the hours of sunrise and sunset.



1[Save as provided in this Act, no building or land] shall be entered without the consent of the occupier, or if there is no occupier, of the owner thereof and no such entry shall be made without giving the said occupier or owner, as the case may be, not less than twenty-four hours' written notice of the intention to make such entry:

Provided that no such notice shall be necessary if the place to be inspected is a shed for cattle or a latrine, urinal or a work under construction.

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1. Subs. by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 14, for "No building or land" (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

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Where the competent authority is satisfied either upon a representation from the owner of a building or upon other information in its possession that the occupants of the building have not vacated it in pursuance of any notice, order or direction issued or given by the authority, the authority shall, by order, direct the eviction of the occupants from the building in such manner and within such time as may be specified in the order1*[and for the purpose of such eviction may use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary];

Provided that before making any order under this section the competent authority shall give a reasonable opportunity to the occupants of the building to show cause why they should not be evicted therefrom.

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1. Ins. by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 15 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

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The competent authority may, by order in writing, direct any person carrying on any dangerous or offensive trade in a slum area to remove the trade from that area within such time as may be specified in the order:

Provided that no order under this section shall be made unless the person carrying on the trade has been afforded a reasonable opportunity of showing cause as to why the order should not be made.



(1) Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, any person aggrieved by any notice, order or direction issued or given by the competent authority may appeal to the Administrator within a period of thirty days from the date of issue of such notice, order or direction.

(2) Every appeal under this Act shall be made by petition in writing accompanied by a copy of the notice, order or direction appealed against.

(3) On the admission of an appeal, all proceedings to enforce the notice, order or direction and all prosecutions for any contravention thereof shall be held in abeyance pending the decision of the appeal, and if the notice, order or direction is set aside on appeal, disobedience thereto shall not be deemed to be an offence.

(4) No appeal shall be decided under this section unless the appellant has been heard or has had a reasonable opportunity of being heard in person or through a legal practitioner.

(5) The decision of the Administrator on appeal shall be final and shall not be questioned in any court.



(1) Every notice, order or direction issued under this Act shall, save as otherwise expressly provided in mis Act, be served-

(a) By giving or tendering the notice, order or direction, or by sending it by post to the person for whom it is intended; or

(b) If such person cannot be found, by affixing the notice, order or direction on some conspicuous part of his last known place of abode or business, or by giving or tendering the notice, order or direction to some adult male member or servant of his family or by causing it to be affixed on some conspicuous part of the building or land, if any, to which it relates.

(2) Where the person on whom a notice, order or direction is to be served is a minor, service upon his guardian or upon any adult male member or servant of his family shall be deemed to be the service upon the minor.

(3) Every notice, order or direction which by or under this Act is to be served as a public notice, order or direction or as a notice, order or direction which is not required to be served to any individual therein specified shall, save as otherwise expressly provided, be deemed to be sufficiently served if a copy thereof is affixed in such conspicuous part of the office of the competent authority or in such other public place during such period, or is published in such local newspaper or in such other manner, as the competent authority may direct.



(1) Whoever1[fails to comply with] any notice, order or direction issued or given under this Act shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.

(2) Whoever commences or causes to be commenced any work in contravention of any restriction or condition imposed under sub-section (7) of section 10 or any plan for the re-development of a clearance area shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.

(3) Whoever obstructs the entry of any person authorised under this Act to enter into or upon any building or land or molests such person after such entry shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.

(4) If the person committing an offence under this Act is a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3) where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director or manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section-

(a) "Company" means a body corporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and

(b) "Director" in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.

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1. Subs. by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 16, for "does any act in contravention of (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

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1*[(1)] Where the erection of any building has been commenced, or is being carried out or has been completed, in contravention of any restriction or condition imposed under sub-section (7) of section 10 or a plan for the redevelopment of any clearance area or in contravention of any notice, order or direction issued or given under this Act the competent authority may, in addition to any other remedy that may be resorted to under this Act or under any other law, make an order directing that such erection shall be demolished by the owner thereof within such lime not exceeding two months as may be specified in the order, and on the failure of the owner to comply with the order, the competent authority may itself cause the erection to be demolished and the expenses of such demolition shall be recoverable from the owner as arrears of land revenue:

Provided that no such order shall be made unless the owner has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

2*[(2) For the purpose of causing any building to be demolished under sub-section (1), the competent authority may use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary.]

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1. Section 33 re-numbered as sub-section (1) of that section by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 17 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

2. Inserted by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 17 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

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No court inferior to that of a magistrate of the first class shall try an offence punishable under this Act.



No prosecution for any offence punishable under this Act shall be instituted except with the previous sanction of the competent authority or an officer authorised by the competent authority in this behalf.



1*[(1)] The competent authority may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that any power exercisable by it under this Act may also be exercised, in such cases and subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification, by such officer or the local authority as may be mentioned therein.

2*[(2) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that any power exercisable by the Administrator under sub-section (7) of section 10, section 15, section 20 and section 30 may, subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification, be exercised also by the Chief Secretary or by such other officer as may be mentioned therein.]

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1. Section 36 re-numbered as sub-section (1) of that section by Act 43 of 1964 sec. 18 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

2. Inserted by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 18 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

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No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the competent authority or against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act or the rules made there under.

37A - 1* Bar of jurisdiction

Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, no civil court shall have jurisdiction in respect of any matter which the competent authority or any other person is empowered by or under this Act, to determine and no injunction shall be granted by any court or other authority in respect of any action taken or to be taken in pursuance of any power conferred by or under this Act.

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1. Inserted by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 19 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

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The competent authority and any person authorised by1*[it] under this Act shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

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1. Substituted. by Act 58 of 1960, sec. 3 and Sch. II, for "him".

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The provisions of this Act and the rules made there under shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law.



(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-

(a) The manner of authentication of notices, orders and other instruments of the competent authority;

(b) The preparation of plans for the re-development of any slum area, and matters to be included in such plans;

1*[(bb) The form in which an application under sub-section (3) of section 6A shall be made and the information to be furnished and the fees to be levied in respect of such application;

(bbb) The manner in which inquiries may be held under sections 15 and 19;]

(c) The form and manner in which applications for permission under sub-section (2) of section 19 shall be made and the fees to be levied in respect of such applications;

(d) The procedure to be followed2*[and the factors to be taken into consideration] by the competent authority before granting or refusing to grant permission under section 19;

(e) The time within which an appeal may be preferred under3[sub-section (7) of section 10 or section 20];

2*[(ee) The time within which a declaration may be filed under sub- section (1) or an intimation may be sent under sub-section (4) of section 20A and the fees, if any, to be levied in respect of such declaration;

(eee) The time within which plans, estimates and other particulars referred to in sub-section (2) of section 20A may be furnished;

(eeee) The procedure to be followed by the competent authority for fixing the provisional rent under sub-section (2) of section 20A;

(eeeee) The manner in which the rent provisionally determined under section 20A shall be communicated to the tenants and owners;

(eeeeee) The matters in respect of which provision may be made under sub-section (5) of section 20B;]

(f) The officers and local authorities to whom powers may be delegated under section 36; and

(g) Any other matter which has to be, or may be, prescribed.

4*[(3) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or5*[in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session, or the successive sessions aforesaid] both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so however that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.]

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1. Inserted by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 20 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

2. Inserted by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 20 (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

3. Substituted by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 20, for "section 20" (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

4. Substituted. by Act 43 of 1964, sec. 20, for sub-section (3) (w.e.f. 27-2-1965).

5. Substituted by Act 4 of 1986, sec. 2 and Sch., for certain words (w.e.f. 15-5-1986).

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Schedule 1

THE SCHEDULE
(See section 15)

PRINCIPLES FOR DETERMINATION OF THE NET AVERAGE MONTHLY INCOME

1. The competent authority shall first determine the gross rent actually derived by the owner of the land acquired including any building on such land during the period of five consecutive years referred to in sub-section (1) of section 15.

2. For such determination the competent authority may hold any local inquiry and obtain, if necessary, certified copies of extracts from the property tax assessment books of the municipal or other local authority concerned showing the rental value of such land.

3. The net average monthly income referred to in sub-section (1) of section 15 shall be sixty per cent. of the average monthly gross rent which shall be one-sixtieth of the gross rent during the five consecutive years as determined by the competent authority under paragraph 1.

4. Forty per cent. of the gross monthly rental referred to above shall not be taken into consideration in determining the net average monthly income but shall be deducted in lieu of the expenditure which the owner of the land would normally incur for payment of any property lax to the municipal or other local authority, for collection charges, income-tax or bad debts as well as for works of repair and maintenance of the buildings, if any, on the land.

5. Where the land or any portion thereof has been unoccupied or the owner has not been in receipt of any rent for the occupation of the land during the whole or any part of the said period of five years, the gross rent shall be taken to be the income which the owner would in fact have derived if the land had been leased out for rent during the said period, and for this purpose the rent actually derived from the land during a period prior or subsequent to the period during which it remained vacant or from similar land in the vicinity shall be taken into account.

Last updated on August, 2016

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