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THE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES ACT, 2005

Title : THE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES ACT, 2005

Year : 2005



(1) The Central Government may appoint any of its officers not below the rank of Deputy Secretary to the Government of India as the Development Commissioner of one or more Special Economic Zones.

(2) The Central Government may appoint such officers and other employees as it considers-necessary to assist the Development Commissioner in the performance of his functions in the Special Economic Zones established by a Developer (other than the Central Government) under this Act on such terms and conditions as it deems fit.

(3) Every Development Commissioner, officer and other employee shall be entitled to such salary and allowances and subject to such terms and conditions of service in respect of leave, pension, provident fund and other matters as may, from time to time, be specified by the Central Government.



(1) Every Development Commissioner shall take all steps in order to discharge his functions under this Act to ensure speedy development of the Special Economic Zone and promotion of exports there from.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the Development Commissioner shall-

(a) Guide the entrepreneurs for setting up of Units in the Special Economic Zone;

(b) Ensure and take suitable steps for effective promotion of exports from the Special Economic Zone;

(c) Ensure proper co-ordination with the Central Government or State Government Departments concerned or agencies with respect to, or for the purposes, of clauses (a) and (b);

(d) Monitor the performance of the Developer and the Units in a Special Economic Zone;

(e) Discharge such other functions as may be assigned to him by the Central Government under this Act or any other law for the time being in force; and

(f) Discharge such other functions as may be delegated to him by the Board.

(3) Every Development Commissioner shall be overall in-charge of the Special Economic Zone and shall exercise administrative control and supervision over the officers and employees appointed under sub-section (2) of section 11 (including the officials deputed to such Special Economic Zone) to discharge any of the functions under this Act.

(4) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-sections (1) to (3), every Development Commissioner shall discharge such functions and exercise such powers as may be delegated to him by a general or special order by the Central Government or the State Government concerned, as the case may be.

(5) Every Development Commissioner may call for such information from a Developer or Unit from time to time as maybe necessary to monitor the performance of the Developer or the Unit, as the case may be.

(6) The Development Commissioner may delegate any or all of his powers or functions to any of the officers employed under him.



(1) The Central Government shall,-

(a) In the case of existing Special Economic Zones, within six months from the date of commencement of this Act;

(b) In case of other Special Economic Zones established after the commencement of this Act, within six months from the date of establishment of such Special Economic Zone,by notification, constitute a Committee for every Special Economic Zone, to be called the Approval Committee to exercise the powers and perform the functions specified in section 14.

(2) Every Approval Committee shall consist of-

(a) The Development Commissioner-Chairperson, ex officio;

(b) Two officers of the Central Government to be nominated by that Government-Members, ex officio;

(c) Two officers of the Central Government to be nominated by that Government to represent the Ministry or Department dealing with revenue--Members, ex officio;

(d) One officer of the Central Government to be nominated by that Government to represent the Ministry or Department dealing with economic affairs (financial services)--Member, ex officio;

(e) Two officers of the State Government concerned to be nominated by that State Government--Members, ex officio;

(f) A representative of the Developer concerned--Special invitee.

(3) For the purpose of exercising its powers and performing its functions, the Approval Committee may invite to its meetings, such persons as the Committee deems fit, whose assistance or advice it may consider necessary.

(4) Every Approval Committee shall meet at such times and places as it considers necessary and shall have the power to regulate its own procedure.

(5) One-half of the total Members of the Approval Committee shall form a quorum, and all the acts of the Approval Committee shall be decided by a general consensus of the Members present:
Provided that in case the Approval Committee is unable to decide any matter by a general consensus, such matter shall stand referred to the Board of Approval for its decision.

(6) No act of the Approval Committee shall be called in question on the ground merely of existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Approval Committee.

(7) All orders and decisions of the Approval Committee and all other communications issued by it shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairperson or any other member as may be authorised by the Approval Committee in this behalf.

(8) The term of office of an ex officio Member shall come to an end as soon as he ceases to hold office by virtue of which he was so nominated.



(1) Every Approval Committee may discharge the functions and exercise the powers in respect of the following matters, namely:-

(a) Approve the import or procurement of goods from the Domestic Tariff Area, in the Special Economic Zone for carrying on the authorised operations by a Developer;

(b) Approve the providing of services by a service provider, from outside India, or from the Domestic Tariff Area, for carrying on the authorised operations by the Developer, in the Special Economic Zone;

(c) Monitor the utilisation of goods or services or warehousing or trading in the Special Economic Zone;

(d) Approve, modify or reject proposals for setting up Units for manufacturing or rendering services or warehousing or trading in the Special Economic Zone [other than the grant of licence under clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 9] in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (8) of section 15:

Provided that where the Approval Committee is unable to decide whether a particular process constitutes manufacture or not it shall refer the same to the Board of Approval for decision;

(e) Allow, on receipt of approval under clause (c) of sub-section (2) of section 9, foreign collaborations and foreign direct investments (including investments by a person outside India) for setting up a Unit;

(f) Monitor and supervise compliance of conditions subject to which the letter of approval or permission,if any, has been granted to the Developer or entrepreneur; and

(g) Perform such other functions as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government or the State Government concerned, as the case may be.

(2) The Approval Committee shall not discharge such functions and exercise such powers referred to in sub-section (1) in relation to a Developer, being the Central Government, as may be specified, by notification, by the Central Government:

Provided that till such time,the Approval Committee is constituted, the concerned Development Commissioner shall discharge all functions and exercise all powers of the Approval Committee.

Last updated on August, 2016

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