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THE STATES RE-ORGANIZATION ACT, 1956

Title : THE STATES RE-ORGANIZATION ACT, 1956

Year : 1956



As from the appointed day, in the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution, for the Table of Seats, the following Table shall be substituted, namely:-

"Table of Seats

1. Andhra Pradesh . . . . . . . . . . 18.

2. Assam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.

3. Bihar . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.

4. Bombay . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27.

5. Kerala . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.

6. Madhya Pradesh . . . . . . . . . . 16.

7. Madras . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.

8. Mysore . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.

9. Orissa . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.

10. Punjab . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.

11. Rajasthan . . . . . . . . . . . 10.

12. Uttar Pradesh . . . . . . . . . . 31.

13. West Bengal . . . . . . . . . . . 14.

14. Jammu and Kashmir . . . . . . . . . 4.

15. Delhi . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.

16. Himachal Pradesh . . . . . . . . . 1.

17. Manipur|. . . . . . . . . . . . 1.

18. Tripura|-------208".-------



(1) The twelve sitting members representing the State of Andhra and such six of the eleven sitting members representing the State of Hyderabad as the Chairman shall by order specify shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the eighteen seats allotted to the State of Andhra Pradesh.

(2) Such five of the six sitting members representing the State of Travancore-Cochin and such three of the eighteen sitting members representing the State of Madras as the Chairman shall by order specify shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill eight of the nine seats allotted to the State of
Kerala.

(3) The eleven sitting members representing the States of Bhopal, Madhya Bharat and Vindhya Pradesh and such five of the twelve sitting members representing the State of Madhya Pradesh as the Chairman shall by order specify shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the sixteen seats allotted to the new State of Madhya Pradesh.

(4) Such one of the six sitting members representing the State of
Travancore-Cochin as the Chairman shall by order specify shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill one of the seats allotted to the State of Madras.

(5) The six sitting members representing the State of Mysore, and such four of the seventeen sitting members representing the State of Bombay, and such two of the eleven sitting members representing the State of Hyderabad, as the Chairman shall by order specify shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the twelve seats allotted to the new State of Mysore.

(6) The eleven sitting members representing the existing States of Punjab and Patiala and East Punjab States Union shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the eleven seats allotted to the new State of Punjab.

(7) The nine sitting members representing the State of Rajasthan and the sitting members representing the States of Ajmer and Coorg shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the ten seats allotted to the new State of Rajasthan:

Provided that if the number of sitting members representing the
State of Rajasthan is less than nine, such one of the sitting members representing the existing State of Bombay as the Chairman shall by order specify shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill one of the seats allotted to the new State of Rajasthan.

(8) The five sitting members representing the State of Saurashtra and Kutch and the sitting members representing the existing States of Bombay, Hyderabad and Madhya Pradesh who have not been allocated under sub-sections (1), (3), (5) and (7) to Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Mysore or Rajasthan shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the twenty-seven seats allotted to the new State of Bombay.

(9) In this section, "Chairman" means the Chairman of the Council of States.



As soon as may be after the appointed day, by-elections shall be held to fill the vacancies existing on the appointed day in the seats allotted to the States of Kerala and Madras.



In order that, as nearly as may be, one-third of the members may retire on the 2nd day of April, 1958, and on the expiration of every second year thereafter, the President shall, after consultation with the Election Commission, make by order such provisions as he thinks fit in regard to the terms of office of the members elected under section 25 and such modifications as he thinks fit in the terms of office of any of the sitting members.



Nothing in Part II shall be deemed to affect the constitution or duration of the existing House of the People or the extent of the constituency of any sitting member of that House.



(1) Where by virtue of the provisions of Part II the whole area of any Assembly constituency in an existing State is transferred to any other existing State or becomes part of a new State other than Kerala,-

(a) That area shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to form a constituency provided by law for the purpose of elections to the Legislative Assembly of such other existing State or of such new State, as the case may be; and

(b) The sitting member representing that constituency shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been elected to the said Legislative Assembly by that constituency and shall cease to be a member of the Legislative Assembly of which he was a member immediately before that day.

(2) The sitting members representing the assembly constituencies in the State of Madras falling wholly or partly within the territories of that State which, on the appointed day, become part of the new State of Kerala shall, as from that day, cease to be members of the Legislative Assembly of Madras.

(3) The provisions of the First Schedule shall apply in relation to the sitting members representing the Assembly constituencies specified therein, parts of which are by virtue of the provisions of Part II transferred from an existing State to another existing State or to a new State.

(4) The members of the electoral college for Kutch constituted under section 27A of the Representation of the People Act, 1950 (43 of 1950) shall, as soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, elect eight persons from among themselves in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and in such manner as may be prescribed; and the persons so elected shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been elected to the Legislative Assembly of Bombay by a constituency comprising the whole of Kutch district.

(5) The office of member of the Council of Advisers constituted for the State of Kutch under section 42 of the Government of Part C States Act, 1951 (49 of 1951), is hereby declared to be an office of profit under the Government of India which shall not disqualify its holder for being elected under sub-section (4) or for becoming a member of the Legislative Assembly of Bombay as provided in that sub-section.

(6) The sitting members nominated under article 333 to represent the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies of Madhya Pradesh and Mysore shall, as from the appointed day, cease to be members of those Assemblies and shall be deemed to have been nominated under the said article by the respective Governors to the Legislative Assemblies of the corresponding new States.



When a general election is next held in the State of Andhra Pradesh for electing members to the House of the People, elections shall also be held to fill the seats allotted to the assembly constituencies into which the transferred territory in that State is divided in the order referred to in sub-section (2) of section 47, as if those seats had become vacant; and as from the date appointed under the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) as the date before which the said elections shall be completed, all the persons who, having been sitting members of the Legislative Assembly of Hyderabad, become on the appointed day members of the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh under sub-section (1) or sub-section (3) of section 28 of this Act shall cease to be such members.



The period of five years referred to in clause (1) of article 172 shall, in the case of the Legislative Assembly of each new State except Kerala, as constituted by the provisions of section 28, be deemed to have commenced on the date on which it actually commenced in the case of the Legislative Assembly of the corresponding State.



(1) As from the appointed day and until the first meeting of the Legislative Assembly of a new State other than Kerala, the persons who immediately before the appointed day are the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the corresponding State shall, if they are members of the Legislative Assembly of the new State, be the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, respectively, of that Assembly.

(2) As soon as may be after the appointed day, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Andhra Pradesh shall choose two members of the Assembly to be respectively Speaker and Deputy Speaker thereof and until they are so chosen, the persons who immediately before the appointed day are the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the existing State of Andhra shall be the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, respectively, of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Andhra Pradesh.



Until rules are made under clause (1) of article 208 by the Legislative Assembly of a new State, the rules as to procedure and conduct of business in force immediately before the appointed day with respect to the Legislative Assembly of the corresponding State shall have effect in relation to the Legislative Assembly of the new State subject to such modifications and adaptations as may be made therein by the Speaker.



(1) As from such date1*as the President may be order appoint, there shall be a Legislative Council for the new State of Madhya Pradesh.

(2) In the said Council there shall be 2*[90] seats of which-

(a) The numbers to be filled by persons elected by the electorates referred to in sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (3) of article 171 shall be 3*[31, 8 and 8] respectively;

(b) The number to be filled by persons elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly in accordance with the provisions of sub-clause (d) of the said clause shall be 4*[31]; and

(c) The number to be filled by persons nominated by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of sub-clause (e) of that clause shall be 12.

(3) As soon as may be after the commencement of 5*[the Legislative Councils Act, 1957 (37 of 1957)], the President, after consultation with the Election Commission, shall by order determine-

(a) The constituencies into which the said new State shall be divided for the purpose of elections to the Council under each of the sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (3) of article 171;

(b) The extent of each constituency; and

(c) The number of seats allotted to each constituency.

(4) As soon as may be after 6*[such commencement], steps shall be taken to constitute the said Council in accordance with the provisions of this section and the provisions of the Representation of the People Act, 1950 (43 of 1950) and the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951).

7* * * * *

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1. 15-8-1967: vide G&R 1987 dt. 23-12-66: This Notifn. has been rescinded by Notifn. No. G&R 1233 dt. 11-8-1967, Gaz. of India, Ex., Pt. II, Sec. 3(i), p. 428.

2. Subs. by Act 37 of 1957, s. 6(2), for "72".

3. Subs. by s. 6(2), ibid., for "24, 6 and 6".

4. Subs. by s. 6(2), ibid., for "24".

5. Subs. by Act 37 of 1957, s. 6(2), for "this Act".

6. Subs. by s. 6(2), ibid., for "the appointed day".

7. Proviso omitted by s. 6(2), ibid.

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(1) As from such date as the President may by order appoint, there shall be a Legislative Council for the new State of Bombay.

(2) 1*[Until otherwise provided by law], the said Council shall consist of-

(a) All the sitting members of the Legislative Council of the existing State of Bombay, except those representing the Belgaum (Local Authorities), Bijapur (Local Authorities) and Dharwar (Local Authorities)constitutencies; and

(b) 25 members to represent the territories specified in clauses (b), (c), (d) and (e) of sub-section (1) of section 8 who shall be chosen in such manner as may be prescribed.

2* * * * *

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1. Subs. by s. 5(8), ibid., for certain words (with retrospective effect).

2. Sub-sections (3), (4) and (5) omitted by s. 5(8), ibid. (with retrospective effect).

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(1) In the Legislative Council of Madras, as from the appointed day, there shall be 1*[50] seats of which-

(a) The numbers to be filled by persons elected by the electorates referred to in sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (3) of article 171 shall be 2*[16, 6 and 4] respectively;

(b) The number to be filled by persons elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly in accordance with the provisions of sub-clause (d) of the said clause shall be 16; and

(c) The number to be filled by persons nominated by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of sub-clause (e) of that clause shall be 8.

(2) As from the appointed day, the Delimitation of Council constituencies (Madras) Order, 1951 shall have effect subject to the modifications directed by the Second Schedule, and in the said Order,-

(a) Any reference to the State of Madras shall be construed as including the territory added to that State by section 4 and as excluding the territory which ceases to be part of that State by virtue of section 5, section 6 or section 7;

(b) Any reference to Tirunelveli district shall be construed as including the territory added to that district by section 4; and

(c) Any reference to Coimbatore district shall be construed as excluding Kollegal taluk.

(3) The two sitting members of the said Council representing the
West Coast (Local Authorities) Constituency 3***, and such two of the eighteen sitting members elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly, as the Chairman of the said Council shall by order specify, shall, on the appointed day, cease to be members of the said Council.

(4) If, immediately before the appointed day, the total number of sitting members nominated by the Governor is nine, such one of them as the Governor shall by order specify shall, on the appointed day, cease to be a member of the said Council.

(5) Save as provided by sub-section (3), every sitting member of the said Council representing a council constituency the extent of which is altered by virtue of sub-section (2) shall, as from the appointed day, be deemed to have been elected to the said Council by that constitutency as so altered.

(6) As soon as may be after the appointed day, by-elections shall be held in all the local authorities constituencies to fill the vacancies existing on that day in the said Council.

(7) In order that, as nearly as may be, one-third of the members of the said Council may retire on the 20th April, 1958, and on the expiration of every second year thereafter, the Governor shall after consultation with the Election Commission, make by order such provisions as he thinks fit in regard to the terms of office of the members elected under sub-section (6) and such modifications as he thinks fit in the terms of office of any of the sitting members.

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1. Subs. by Act 67 of 1956, s. 2, for "48" (with retrospective effect).

2. Subs. by Act 67 of 1956, s. 2, for "16, 4 and 4" (with retrospective effect).

3. Certain words omitted by s. 2, ibid. (with retrospective effect).

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(1) As from the appointed day there shall be a Legislative Council for the new State of Mysore.

(2) 1*[Until otherwise provided by law] the said Council shall consist of-

(a) All the sitting members of the Legislative Council of the existing State of Mysore, and

(b) 12 members to represent the territories specified in clauses (b), (c), (d) and (e) of sub-section (1) of section 7 who shall be chosen in such manner as may be prescribed.

2* * * * *

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1. Subs. by Act 37 of 1957, s. 8(9), for certain words (with retrospective effect).

2. Sub-sections (3) and (4) omitted by s. 8(9), ibid. (with retrospective effect).

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(1) As from the appointed day there shall be a Legislative Council for the new State of Punjab.

(2) 1*[Until otherwise provided by law] the said Council shall consist of-

(a) All the sitting members of the Legislative Council of the existing State of Punjab; and

(b) Six persons to be elected in such manner as may be prescribed by the members of the Legislative Assembly of the existing State of Patiala and East Punjab States Union from amongst persons who are not members of that Assembly.

2* * * * *

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1. Subs. by s. 9(7), ibid., for certain words (with retrospective effect).

2. Sub-sections (3) and (4) omitted by s. 9(7), ibid. (with retrospective effect).

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As from the appointed day until the first meeting of the Legislative Council of the new State of Bombay, Mysore or Punjab, as the case may be, the persons who immediately before the appointed day are the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council of the corresponding State shall be the Chairman and Deputy Chairman, respectively, of that Council.



Until rules are made under clause (1) of article 208 by the Legislative Council of the new State of Bombay, Mysore or Punjab, the rules as to procedure and conduct of business in force immediately before the appointed day with respect to the Legislative Council of the corresponding State shall have effect in relation to the Legislative Council of the new State subject to such modifications and adaptations as may be made therein by the Chairman.



The number of seats in the House of the People allotted to each of the States and the number of seats assigned to the Legislative Assembly of each Part A State and of each Part B State other than Jammu and Kashmir by order of the Delimitation Commission under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952.(81 of 1952) (hereinafter in this Part referred to as "the former Commission" and "the former Act", respectively) shall be modified as shown in the Third Schedule.



As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the President shall by order make such modifications in the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) (Part C States) Order, 1951, the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 and the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Part C States) Order, 1951, as he thinks fit having regard to the territorial changes and formation of new States under the provisions of Part II.



(1) After the said Orders have been so modified, the population as at the last census of the scheduled castes and of the scheduled tribes in the territory which, as from the appointed day, will be comprised in each of the States of Andhra Pradesh, Bombay, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Mysore, Punjab and Rajasthan, shall be ascertained or estimated by the census authority in such manner as may be prescribed and shall be notified by that authority in the Gazette of India.

(2) The population figures so notified shall be taken to be the relevant population figures as ascertained at the last census and shall supersede any figures previously published.



(1) As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the Central Government shall constitute a Commission to be called the Delimitation Commission which shall consist of three members as follows:-

(a) Two members each of whom shall be a person who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court, to be appointed by the Central Government; and

(b) The Chief Election Commissioner, ex officio.

(2) The Central Government shall nominate one of the members appointed under clause (a) of sub-section (1) to be the Chairman of the Commission.



It shall be the duty of the Commission-

(a) To determine on the basis of the population figures notified under section 42 the number of seats, if any, to be reserved for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes of each of the States mentioned in that section in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assembly of the State, having regard to the relevant provisions of the Constitution and of this Act;

(b) To determine the parliamentary and assembly constituencies into which each new State shall be divided, the extent of, and the number of seats to be allotted to each such constituency, and the number of seats, if any, to be reserved for the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes of the State in each such constituency; and

(c) To revise or cancel any of the orders of the former Commission made under section 8 of the former Act so as to provide, having regard to the provisions of the Constitution and of this Act, for a proper delimitation of all parliamentary and assembly constituencies.



(1) For the purpose of assisting the Commission in the performance of its functions under clause (b) of section 44, the Commission shall associate with itself in respect of each new State such five persons as the Central Government shall by order specify, being persons who are members either of the House of the People or of the Legislative Assembly of an existing State:

Provided that such persons shall be chosen, so far as practicable, from among those members who were associated with the former
Commission in delimiting constituencies in any part of the territories of the new State.

(2) None of the associate members shall have a right to vote or to sign any decision of the Commission.



If, owing to death or resignation, the office of the Chairman or of a member or of an associate member falls vacant, it shall be filled as soon as may be practicable by the Central Government in accordance with the provisions of section 43 or, as the case may be, of section 45.



(1) The provisions of section 7.of the former Act shall apply in relation to the Commission as it applied in relation to the former Commission; and in determining the matters referred to in clauses (b) and (c) of section 44, the Commission shall have regard to the provisions contained in clauses (a) to (e) of sub-section (2) of section 8 of the former Act.

(2) After determining all the matters referred to in section 44, the Commission shall prepare an order, to be known as the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1956 and send authenticated copies thereof to the Central Government and to each of the State Governments; and thereupon, that Order shall supersede all the orders made by the former Commission and have the full force of law and shall not be called in question in any Court.

(3) As soon as may be after the said Order is received by the Central Government or a State Government, it shall be laid before the House of the People or, as the case may be, the Legislative Assembly of the State.

(4) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (5), the readjustment of the representation of the several constituencies in the House of the People or in the Legislative Assembly of a State and the delimitation of those constituencies

provided for in the said Order shall apply in relation to every election to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of a State, as the case may be, held after the appointed day, and shall so apply in supersession of the provisions contained in any other law.

(5) Nothing in this section shall affect the representation in the House of the People or in the Legislative Assembly of a State until the dissolution of the House or the Assembly, as the case may be, existing or brought into existence on the appointed day.

(6) At any time within six months of the date of the said Order, any printing mistake found therein and any other error arising therein from an accidental slip or omission may be corrected by the Chief Election Commissioner by order published in the Gazette of India.



Where any election is held during the year commencing on the appointed day to fill a seat or seats in the Council of States allotted to a new or reorganised State or a seat or seats in the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council, if any, of such State, any person who is for the time being an elector for a parliamentary constituency or assembly constituency in any of the connected States, shall, for the purpose of sub-section (1) of section 3, clause (c) of section 5 or sub-section (1) of section 6, as the case may be, of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951), be deemed to be an elector for a parliamentary constituency or assembly constituency, as the case may be, of that new or reorganised State.

Explanation.-In this section "new or reorganised State" means any of the States specified in the first column of the following Table, and "connected States", in relation to a new or reorganised State, means the States specified against that new or reorganised State in the second column:

New or reorganised State Connected States

1. Andhra Pradesh . . . Bombay and Mysore.

2. Bombay . . . . . Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Mysore.

3. Kerala . . . . . Madras.

4. Madhya Pradesh . . . Bombay.

5. Madras . . . . . Kerala and Mysore.

6. Mysore . . . . . Andhra Pradesh, Bombay, and Madras.
Last updated on September, 2016

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