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THE STATES RE-ORGANIZATION ACT, 1956

Title : THE STATES RE-ORGANIZATION ACT, 1956

Year : 1956



(1) The High Courts exercising immediately before the appointed day jurisdiction in relation to the existing States of Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, and Punjab shall, as from the appointed day,be deemed to be the High Courts for the new States of Bombay, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, respectively.

(2) As from the appointed day, there shall be established a High Court for each of the new States of Kerala, Mysore and Rajasthan.



(1) As from the appointed day, the High Courts of all the existing Part B States, except Jammu and Kashmir, and the Courts of the Judicial Commissioners for Ajmer, Bhopal, Kutch and Vindhya Pradesh shall cease to function and are hereby abolished.

(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall prejudice or affect the continued operation of any notice served, injunction issued, direction given or proceedings taken before the appointed day by any of the Courts abolished by that sub-section under the powers then conferred upon that Court.

(3) Every such Judge of a High Court abolished by sub-section (1) as the President after consultation with the Chief Justice of India may, by order made before the appointed day, specify shall, as from that day, become a Judge, or if so specified the Chief Justice, of such High Court as the President may in that order specify.



(1) The principal seat of the High Court for a new State shall be at such place as the President may, by notified order, appoint.

(2) The President may, after consultation with the Governor of a new State and the Chief Justice of the High Court for that State, by notified order, provide for the establishment of a permanent bench or benches of that High Court at one or more places within the State other than the principal seat of the High Court and for any matters connected therewith.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), the Judges and division courts of the High Court for a new State may also sit at such other place or places in that State as the Chief Justice may, with the approval of the Governor, appoint.



The High Court for a new State shall have, in respect of any part of the territories included in that new State, all such original, appellate and other jurisdiction as, under the law in force immediately before the appointed day, is exercisable in respect of that part of the said territories by any High Court or Judicial Commissioners Court for an existing State.



(1) The High Court for a new State shall have the like powers to approve, admit, enrol, remove and suspend advocates and attorneys, and to make rules with respect to advocates and attorneys as are, under the law in force immediately before the appointed day, exercisable by the High Court for the corresponding State.

(2) The right of audience in the High Court for a new State shall be regulated in accordance with the like principles as, immediately before the appointed day, are in force with respect to the right of audience in the High Court for the corresponding State:

Provided that, subject to any rule made or direction given by the High Court for a new State in exercise of the power conferred by this section, any person who, immediately before the appointed day, is an advocate entitled to practise, or an attorney entitled to act in any such High Court or Judicial Commissioners Court as may be specified in this behalf by the Chief Justice of the High Court for the new State, shall be recognised as an advocate or an attorney entitled to practise or to act, as the case may be, in the High Court for the new State.



Subject to the provisions of this Part, the law in force immediately before the appointed day with respect to practice and procedure in the High Court for the corresponding State shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to the High Court for a new State, and accordingly, the High Court for the new State shall have all such powers to make rules and orders with respect to practice and procedure as are, immediately before the appointed day exercisable by the High Court for the corresponding State:

Provided that any rules or orders which are in force immediately before the appointed day with respect to practice and procedure in the High Court for the corresponding State shall, until varied or revoked by rules or orders made by the High Court for a new State, apply with the necessary modifications in relation to practice and procedure in the High Court for the new State as if made by that Court.



The law in force immediately before the appointed day with respect to the custody of the seal of the High Court for the corresponding State shall, with the necessary modifications, apply with respect to the custody of the seal of the High Court for a new State.



The law in force immediately before the appointed day with respect to the form of writs and other processes used, issued or awarded by the High Court for the corresponding State shall, with the necessary modifications, apply with respect to the form of writs and other processes used, issued or awarded by the High Court for a new
State.



The law in force immediately before the appointed day relating to the powers of the Chief Justice, single Judges and division courts of the High Court for the corresponding State and with respect to matters ancillary to the exercise of those powers shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to the High Court for a new State.



The law in force immediately before the appointed day relating to appeals to the Supreme Court from the High Court for the corresponding State and the Judges and division courts thereof shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to the High Court for a new State.



(1) Except as hereinafter provided, the High Court at Nagpur (which on the appointed day becomes the High Court for the new State of Madhya Pradesh and is referred to in this Act as the High Court of Madhya Pradesh) shall, as from that day, have no jurisdiction in respect of the territory transferred from the existing State of Madhya Pradesh to the new State of Bombay.

(2) Such proceedings pending in the High Court at Nagpur or the High Court of Hyderabad immediately before the appointed day as are certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court, having regard to the place of accrual of the cause of action and other circumstances, to be proceedings which ought to be heard and decided by the High Court for the new State of Bombay (referred to in this Act as the High Court of Bombay) shall, as soon as may be after such certification, be transferred to the High Court of Bombay.

(3) All proceedings pending in the High Court of Saurashtra or in the Court of the Judicial Commissioner for Kutch immediately before the appointed day shall stand transferred to the High Court of Bombay.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), but save as hereinafter provided, the High Court of Madhya Pradesh shall have, and the High Court of Bombay shall not have, jurisdiction to entertain, hear or dispose of appeals, applications for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, applications for review and other proceedings, where any such proceedings seek any relief in respect of any orders passed by the High Court at Nagpur before the appointed day:

Provided that if after any such proceedings have been entertained by the High Court of Madhya Pradesh it appears to the Chief Justice of that High Court that they ought to be transferred to the High Court of Bombay, he shall order that they shall be so transferred, and such proceedings shall thereupon be transferred accordingly.

(5) Any order made before the appointed day by any Court referred to in sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) in any proceedings transferred to the High Court of Bombay by virtue of sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) shall for all purposes have effect, not only as an order of that Court, but also as an order of the High Court of Bombay; and any order made by the High Court of Madhya Pradesh in any proceedings with respect to which that Court retains jurisdiction by virtue of sub-section to (4) shall for all purposes have effect, not only as an order of that High Court, but also as an order of the High Court of Bombay.



(1) As from the appointed day the jurisdiction of the High Court for the State of Kerala (referred to in this Act as the High Court of Kerala) shall extend to the 1*[Union territory] of the Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands.

(2) Except as hereinafter provided, the High Court at Madras shall, as from the appointed day, have no jurisdiction in respect of the said 1*[Union territory] or in respect of any territory transferred from the State of Madras to the State of Kerala.

(3) Such proceedings pending in the High Court at Madras immediately before the appointed day as are certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court, having regard to the place of accrual of the cause of action and other circumstances, to be proceedings which ought to be heard and decided by the High Court of Kerala shall, as soon as may be after such certification, be transferred to the High Court of Kerala.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), but save as hereinafter provided, the High Court at Madras shall have, and the High Court of Kerala shall not have, jurisdiction to entertain, hear or dispose of appeals, applications for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, applications for review and other proceedings, where any such proceedings seek any relief in respect of any order passed by the High Court at Madras before the appointed day:

Provided that if after any such proceedings have been entertained by the High Court at Madras it appears to the Chief Justice of that High Court that they ought to be transferred to the High Court of Kerala, he shall order that they shall be so transferred, and such proceedings shall thereupon be transferred accordingly.

(5) Any order made by the High Court at Madras-

(a) Before the appointed day in any proceedings transferred to the High Court of Kerala by virtue of sub-section (3); or

(b) In any proceedings with respect to which the High Court at Madras retains jurisdiction by virtue of sub-section (4), Shall for all purposes have effect, not only as an order of the High Court at Madras, but also as an order made by the High Court of Kerala.

(6) All proceedings pending in the High Court of Travancore Cochin immediately before the appointed day other than those certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court under sub-section (2) of section 66 shall stand transferred to the High Court of Kerala, and any order made before the appointed day by the first mentioned High Court in any such proceedings shall for all purposes have effect, not only as an order of that High Court, but also as an order of the High Court of Kerala.

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1. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 1) Order, 1956, for "Part C
State".

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(1) Such proceedings pending in the High Court of the existing State of Rajasthan immediately before the appointed day as are certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court, having regard to the place of accrual of the cause of action and other circumstances, to be proceedings which ought to be heard and decided by the High Court of Madhya Pradesh shall, as soon as may be after such certification, be transferred to the High Court of Madhya Pradesh.

(2) All proceedings pending in the High Court of Madhya Bharat or in the Court of the Judicial Commissioner for Bhopal or in the Court of the Judicial Commissioner for Vindhya Pradesh, immediately before the appointed day, shall stand transferred to the High Court of Madhya Pradesh.

(3) Any order made before the appointed day by any Court referred to in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall for all purposes have effect not only as an order of that Court but also as an order of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh.



(1) Except as hereinafter provided, neither the High Court of Bombay nor the High Court at Madras shall, as from the appointed day, have jurisdiction in respect of any territory transferred from the existing State of Bombay or the State of Madras, as the case may be, to the new State of Mysore.

(2) Such proceedings pending in the High Court of Hyderabad or the High Court at Bombay or Madras, immediately before the appointed day, as are certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court, having regard to the place of accrual of the cause of action and other circumstances, to be proceedings which ought to be heard and decided by the High Court for the new State of Mysore (referred to in this Act as the High Court of Mysore) shall, as soon as may be after such certification, be transferred to the High Court of Mysore.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2) but save as hereinafter provided, the High Court of Bombay or, as the case may be, the High Court at Madras shall have, and the High Court of Mysore shall not have, jurisdiction to entertain, hear or dispose of appeals, applications for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, applications for review and other proceedings, where any such proceedings seek any relief in respect of any order passed by the High Court at Bombay or Madras before the appointed day:

Provided that if after any such proceedings have been entertained by the High Court of Bombay or at Madras it appears to the Chief Justice of that High Court that they ought to be transferred to the High Court of Mysore, he shall order that they shall be so transferred and such proceedings shall thereupon be transferred accordingly.

(4) Any order made by the High Court of Hyderabad before the appointed day in any proceedings transferred to the High Court of Mysore by virtue of sub-section (2) shall, for all purposes, have effect not only as an order of the High Court of Hyderabad, but also as an order made by the High Court of Mysore.

(5) Any order made by the High Court at Bombay or Madras-

(a) Before the appointed day in any proceedings transferred to the High Court of Mysore by virtue of sub-section (2), or

(b) In any proceedings with respect to which the High Court of Bombay or at Madras retains jurisdiction by virtue of sub-section (3), shall, for all purposes, have effect not only as an order of the High Court of Bombay or at Madras, but also as an order of the High Court of Mysore.

(6) All proceedings pending in the High Court of the existing State of Mysore immediately before the appointed day, shall stand transferred to the High Court of Mysore; and any order made before the appointed day by the first mentioned High Court in any such proceedings shall for all purposes have effect, not only as an order of that High Court, but also as an order of the High Court of Mysore.



(1) All proceedings pending in the High Court of Patiala and East Punjab States Union immediately before the appointed day shall stand transferred to the High Court for the new State of Punjab (referred to in this Act as the High Court of Punjab).

(2) Any order made before the appointed day by the High Court of
Patiala and East Punjab States Union shall for all purposes have effect, not only as an order of that Court, but also as an order made by the High Court of Punjab.



(1) As from the appointed day, the High Court of Bombay shall have no jurisdiction in respect of the territory transferred from the existing State of Bombay, to the new State of Rajasthan.

(2) Such proceedings pending in the High Court at Bombay or the High Court of Madhya Bharat immediately before the appointed day as are certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court, having regard to the place of accrual of the cause of action and other circumstances, to be proceedings which ought to be heard and decided by the High Court for the new State of Rajasthan (referred to in this Act as the High Court of Rajasthan) shall, as soon as may be after such certification, be transferred to the High Court of Rajasthan.

(3) All proceedings pending in the High Court of the existing State of Rajasthan immediately before the appointed day other than those certified under sub-section (1) of section 61 and all proceedings pending in the Court of the Judicial Commissioner for Ajmer immediately before the appointed day shall stand transferred to the High Court of Rajasthan.

(4) Any order made before the appointed day by any Court referred to in sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) in any proceedings transferred to the High Court of Rajasthan by virtue of sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) shall, for all purposes, have effect not only as an order of that Court, but also as an order of the High Court of Rajasthan.



(1) As from the appointed day,-

(a) The jurisdiction of the High Court of the existing State of Andhra shall extend to the whole of the territories transferred to that State from the existing State of Hyderabad;

(b) The said High Court shall be known as the High Court of Andhra Pradesh; and

(c) The principal seat of the said High Court shall be at Hyderabad.

(2) All proceedings pending in the High Court of Hyderabad immediately before the appointed day, other than those certified by the Chief Justice of that High Court under sub-section (2) of section 59 or under sub-section (2) of section 62, shall stand transferred to the High Court of Andhra Pradesh.

(3) Any order made by the High Court of Hyderabad before the appointed day in any proceedings transferred to the High Court of Andhra Pradesh by virtue of sub-section (2) shall, for all purposes, have effect not only as an order of the High Court of Hyderabad but also as an order made by the High Court of Andhra Pradesh.

(4) Any person who, immediately before the appointed day, is an advocate entitled to practise in the High Court of Hyderabad shall, as from the appointed day, be recognised as an advocate entitled to practise in the High Court of Andhra Pradesh:

Provided that if any such person makes, within one year from the appointed day, an application to the High Court of Bombay or to the High Court of Mysore for being recognised as an advocate entitled to practise in that High Court, he shall be so recognised, and on such recognition, he shall cease to be recognised as an advocate entitled to practise in the High Court of Andhra Pradesh.



(1) Except as hereinafter provided the jurisdiction of the High Court at Madras shall, as from the appointed day, extend to the whole of the territories transferred to the State of Madras from the State of
Travancore-Cochin.

(2) Such proceedings pending in the High Court of Travancore-Cochin immediately before the appointed day as are certified before that day by the Chief Justice of that High Court having regard to the place of accrual of the cause of action and other circumstances to be proceedings which ought to be heard and decided by the High Court at Madras shall, as soon as may be after such certification, be transferred to the High Court at Madras.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), but save as hereinafter provided, the High Court of Kerala shall have, and the High Court at Madras shall not have, jurisdiction to entertain, hear or dispose of appeals, applications for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, applications for review and other proceedings where any such proceedings seek any relief in respect of any order passed by the High Court of Travancore-Cochin before the appointed day:

Provided
that if, after any such proceedings have been entertained by the High Court of Kerala, it appears to the Chief Justice of that High Court that they ought to be transferred to the High Court at Madras, he shall order that they shall be so transferred, and such proceedings shall thereupon be transferred accordingly.

(4) Any order made-

(a) By the High Court of Travancore-Cochin before the appointed day in any proceedings transferred to the High Court at Madras by virtue of sub-section (2); or

(b) By the High Court of Kerala in any proceedings with respect to which that High Court retains jurisdiction by virtue of sub-section (3), shall, for all purposes, have effect, not only as an order of the High Court of Travancore-Cochin or the High Court of Kerala, as the case may be, but also as an order made by the High Court at Madras.

(5) Subject to any rule made or direction given by the High Court at Madras, any such person who immediately before the appointed day is an advocate entitled to practise in the High Court of Travancore- Cochin as may be specified in this behalf by the Chief Justice of the High Court at Madras having regard to the transfer of territories from Travancore-Cochin to Madras, shall be recognised as an advocate entitled to practise in the High Court at Madras.



Any person who immediately before the appointed day is an advocate entitled to practise, or an attorney entitled to act, in the High Court for an existing State and was authorized to appear or to act in any proceedings transferred from that High Court to any other High Court under any of the foregoing provisions of this Part shall have the right to appear or to act, as the case may be, in the other High Court in relation to those proceedings.



For the purposes of sections 59 to 66,-

(a) Proceedings shall be deemed to be pending in a Court until that court has disposed of all issues between the parties, including any issues with respect to the taxation of the costs of the proceedings and shall include appeals, applications for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, applications for review, petitions for revision and petitions for writs;

(b) References to a High Court shall be construed as including references to a Judge or division court thereof, and references to an order made by a Court or a Judge shall be construed as including references to a sentence, judgment or decree passed or made by that Court or Judge.



Nothing in this Part shall affect the application to the High Court for a new State of any provisions of the Constitution, and this Part shall have effect subject to any provision that may be made on or after the appointed day with respect to that High Court by any Legislature or other authority having power to make such provision.
Last updated on September, 2016

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