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THE SUPPRESSION OF UNLAWFUL ACTS AGAINST SAFETY OF MARITIME NAVIGATION AND FIXED PLATFORMS ON CONTINENTAL SHELF ACT, 2002

Title : THE SUPPRESSION OF UNLAWFUL ACTS AGAINST SAFETY OF MARITIME NAVIGATION AND FIXED PLATFORMS ON CONTINENTAL SHELF ACT, 2002

Year : 2002



(1) Whoever unlawfully and intentionally-

(a) Commits an act of violence against a person on board a fixed platform or a ship which is likely to endanger the safety of the fixed platform or, as the case may be, safe navigation of the ship shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and shall also be liable to fine;

(b) Destroys a fixed platform or a ship or causes damage to a fixed platform or a ship or cargo of the ship in such manner which is likely to endanger the safety of such platform or safe navigation of such ship shall be punished with imprisonment for ;

(c) Seizes or exercises control over a fixed platform or a ship by force or threatens or in any other form intimidates shall be punished with imprisonment for life;

(d) Places or causes to be placed on a fixed platform or a ship, by any means whatsoever, a device or substance which is likely to destroy that fixed platform or that ship or cause damage to that fixed platform or that ship or its cargo which endangers o is likely to endanger that fixed platform or the safe navigation of that ship shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years;

(e) Destroys or damages maritime navigational facilities or interferes with their operation if such act is likely to endanger the safe navigation of a ship shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years;

(f) Communicates information which he knows to be false thereby endangering the safe navigation of a ship shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years and shall also be liable to fine;

(g) In the course of commission of or in attempt to commit, any of the offences specified in clauses (a) to (d) in connection with a fixed platform or clauses (a) to (f) in connection with a ship-

(i) Causes death to any person shall be punished with death;

(ii) Causes grievous hurt to any person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years;

(iii) Causes injury to any person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years;

(iv) Seizes or threatens a person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years; and

(v) Threatens to endanger a ship or a fixed platform shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years.

(2) Whoever attempts to commit, or abets the commission of, an offence punishable under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to have committed such offence and shall be punished with the punishment provided for such offence.

(3) Whoever unlawfully or intentionally threatens a person to compel that person to do or refrain from doing any act or to commit any offence specified in clause (a), clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (1), if such threat is likely to endanger the s fe navigation of a ship or safety of a fixed platform shall be punished with the punishment provided for such offence.

(4) Where any act referred to in sub-section (1) is committed,-

(a) Against or on board-

(i) An Indian ship at the time of commission of the offence; or

(ii) Any ship in the territory of India including its territorial waters;

(b) By a stateless person, such act shall be deemed to be an offence committed by such person for the purposes of this Act.

Explanation.- In this sub-section, the expression "stateless person"
means a person whose habitual residence is in India but he does not have nationality of any country.

(5) Where an offence under sub-section (1) is committed and the person accused of or suspected of the commission of such offence is present in the territory of India and is not extradited to any Convention State or Protocol State, as the case may be, sch person shall be dealt with in India in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(6) On being satisfied that the circumstances so warrant, the Central Government or any other authority designated by it shall take the person referred to in sub-section (5) and present in the territory of India into custody or take measures, in accorda ce with the law for the time being in force, to ensure his presence in India for such time as is necessary to enable any criminal or extradition proceeding to be instituted:

Provided that when a person is taken into custody under this sub-section, it shall be necessary for the Central Government or any other authority designated by it to notify the Government of any jurisdiction over the offence committed or suspected to have been committed by the person in custody. Convention State or Protocol State which have also establi hed

(7) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (8), where an offence under sub-section (1) is committed outside India, the person committing such offence may be dealt with in respect thereof as if such offence had been committed at any place within India at which he may be found.

(8) No court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under this section which is committed outside India unless-

(a) Such offence is committed on a fixed platform or on board a ship flying the Indian flag at the time the offence is committed;

(b) Such offence is committed on board a ship which is for the time being chartered without crew to a lessee who has his principal place of business, or where he has no such place of business, his permanent residence, is in India; or

(c) The alleged offender is a citizen of India or is on a fixed platform or on board a ship in relation to which such offence is committed when it enters the territorial waters of India or is found in India.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code, for the purpose of this Act, the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, confer on any gazetted officer of the Coast Guard or any other gazetted officer of the Central Government powers of arrest, investigation and prosecution exercisable by a police officer under the Code.

(2) All officers of police and all officers of Government are hereby required and empowered to assist the officer of the Central Government referred to in sub-section (1), in the execution of provisions of this Act.

Explanation.-For the purpose of this section, "officer of the Coast
Guard" means an officer as defined in clause (q) of section 2 of the
Coast Guard Act, 1978 (30 of 1978).



(1) For the purpose of providing for speedy trial, the State Government shall, with the concurrence of the Chief
Justice of the High Court, by notification in the Official Gazette, areas as may be specified in the notification. specify a Court of
Session to be a Designated Cour for such area or

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code, a Designated Court shall, as far as practicable, hold the trial on a day-to-day basis.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code,-

(a) All offences under this Act shall be triable only by the
Designated Court specified under sub-section (1) of section 5;

(b) Where a person accused of or suspected of the commission of an offence under this Act is forwarded to a Magistrate under sub-section (2) or sub-section (2A) of section 167 of the Code, such Magistrate may authorise the detention of such person in suc custody as he thinks fit for a period not exceeding fifteen days in the whole where such Magistrate is a Judicial Magistrate and seven days in the whole where such Magistrate is an Executive Magistrate:

Provided that where such Magistrate considers,-

(i) When such person is forwarded to him as aforesaid; or

(ii) Upon or at any time before the expiry of the period of detention authorised by him,that the detention of such person is unnecessary, he shall order such person to be forwarded to the Designated Court having the jurisdiction;

(c) The Designated Court may exercise, in relation to the person forwarded to it under clause (b), the same power which a Magistrate having jurisdiction to try a case may exercise under section 167 of the Code, in relation to an accused person in such ca e who has been forwarded to him under that section;

(d) A Designated Court may, upon a perusal of a complaint made by an officer of the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, authorised in this behalf, take cognizance of that offence without the accused being committed to it for rial.

(2) When trying an offence under this Act, a Designated Court may also try an offence other than an offence under this Act, with which the accused may, under the Code, be charged at the same trial.



(1) Notwithstanding anything in the Code, no person accused of an offence punishable under this Act shall, if in custody, be released on bail or on his own bond unless-

(a) The Public Prosecutor has been given an opportunity to oppose the application for such release; and

(b) Where the Public Prosecutor opposes the application, the Court is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that he is not guilty of such offence and that he is not likely to commit any offence while on bail.

(2) The limitations on granting of bail specified in sub-section (1)
are in addition to the limitations under the Code or any other law for the time being in force on granting of bail.

(3) Nothing contained in this section shall be deemed to affect the special powers of the High Court regarding bail under section 439 of the Code.

Last updated on July, 2016

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