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THE SUPREME COURT JUDGES (CONDITIONS OF SERVICE) ACT, 1958

Title : THE SUPREME COURT JUDGES (CONDITIONS OF SERVICE) ACT, 1958

Year : 1958



(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, leave granted to a Judge may be at his option either-

1*[(a) Leave on full allowances (including commuted leave on half allowances into leave on full allowances on medical certificate); or.]

(b) Leave on half allowances; or

(c) Leave partly on full allowances and partly on half allowances.

(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, any period of leave on full allowances shall he reckoned as double that period of leave on half allowances.

2*[(3) For the purposes of this Chapter, casual leave may be admissible to a Judge in a calendar year, for such number of days and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed]

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1. Substituted by the Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), Section. 2 (15-1-1972).

2. Inserted by the High Court and the Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 2016.

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(1) A leave account shall he kept for each Judge showing therein the amount of leave due to him in terms of leave on half allowances.

(2) In the leave account of a Judge-

(a) There shall be credited to him-

(i) one-fourth of the time spent by him on actual service; 1 [*].

(ii) Where the Judge, by reason of his having been detained for the performance of duties not connected with the Supreme Court, cannot enjoy any vacation which he would otherwise have been entitled to enjoy had he not been so detained, as compensation for the vacation not enjoyed, a period equal to double the period by which the vacation enjoyed by him in any year falls short of one month; and

(iii) Where the Judge was, prior to his appointment as such, a Judge of a High Court, the period of leave earned by him as a Judge of the High Court, 2 [***]; and

(b) There shall be debited to him all leave with allowances taken by him.

(3) This section shall be deemed to have come into force on the 1st day of May, 1.958.

4A -3* Leave encashment

A Judge shall be entitled in his entire service, including the period of service rendered either as a Judge of a High Court or in a pensionable post under the Union or a State or on re-employment, if any, to claim the cash equivalent of leave salary on his retirement 4*[in respect of the period of leave at his credit, calculated on full allowances basis,] to the extent of the maximum period prescribed for encashment of such leave under the All India Service (Leave) Rules, 1955.]

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1. Word "and" at the end of sub-clause (i) omitted and sub-clause (iii) inserted by the Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), Section. 3 (w.r.e.f. 1-5-1958).

2. Words "so, however, that such period shall not exceed two hundred and forty days in terms of leave on full allowances" omitted by The Supreme Court and High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1998. (7 of 1999) w.e.f 08.01.1999

3. Inserted by The Supreme Court and High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1998. (7 of 1999) w.e.f 08.01.1999

4. Substituted by the High Court and the Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 2016, for the following:-
"in respect of the period of earned leave at his credit,"

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(1) The aggregate amount of leave which may be granted to a Judge during the whole period of his service as such shall not exceed in terms of leave on half allowances three years 1*[including the period credited to his leave account under sub-section (2) (a) (iii) of section 4 as leave earned by him as Judge of a High Court] together with the aggregate of the periods, if any, credited to his leave account under sub-section (2)(a) (ii) of section 4 as compensation for vacation not enjoyed.

(2) The aggregate amount of leave on full allowances which may be granted to a Judge during the whole period of his service as such shall not exceed one-twenty-fourth of the period spent by him on actual service together with one-half of the aggregate periods, if any, 2*[credited to his leave account (a) under sub-section (a) under sub-section (2)(a) (ii) of section 4 as compensation for vacation not enjoyed, and (b) under sub-section (2)(a) (iii) of section 4 as leave granted by him as a Judge of a High Court.]

(3) 3*[Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2) of section 5 A, the maximum period of leave which may be granted) at one time shall be in the case of leave on full allowances, five months and in the case of leave with allowances of any kind, sixteen months.

5A - 4*Commutation of leave on half allowances into leave on full allowances

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2) of section 5, a Judge may be permitted to commute leave on half allowances into leave on full allowances on medical certificate up to a maximum of three months during the whole period of his service as a Judge.

(2) In computing the maximum period of leave on full allowances which may be granted at one time to a Judge under sub-section (3) of section 5, the amount of commuted leave permitted to him under this section shall not be taken into account.]

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1.Inserted, by the Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), Section 3(w.r.e.f. 17-10-1958).

2. Substituted for the words "credited to his leave account under sub-section (2)(a) (ii) of section 4 its compensation for vacation not enjoyed, "by the Supreme court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), Section 3(w.r.e.f. 17-10-1958).

3.Substituted for the words "The maximum period of leave which may be granted" by the Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), Section 3(w.r.e.f. 17-10-1958).

4. Inserted by the Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), S. 5 (15-1-1972).

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Subject to the maximum limit specified in sub-section (1)of section 5, leave on half allowances may be granted to a Judge in excess of the amount at his credit-

(i) On medical certificate; or

(ii) Otherwise than on medical certificate, for a period not exceeding six months, or for two or more periods not exceeding in the aggregate six months, during the whole period of his service as a Judge :

Provided that no such leave shall be granted if the Judge is not expected to return to duty at the end of such leave and earn the leave granted.

Note : Leave under this section is granted only when the Judge is expected to return to duty at the end of such leave and earn the leave granted. Leave granted under this section will be adjusted with the leave earned in future.



Special disability leave may be granted to a Judge under such circumstances, on such allowances and for such periods as may be prescribed.



Extraordinary leave may be granted to a Judge for a period not exceeding six months, or for two or more periods not exceeding in the aggregate six months, during the whole period of his service as a Judge in excess of any leave permissible under the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, but no salary or allowances shall be payable in respect of such leave.



4*[The monthly rate of leave salary payable to a Judge shall be in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 3.]

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1. Substituted for the words "and thereafter, two thousand two hundred and twenty rupees" by High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act (32 of 1989), Section. 6 (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1986).

2. Substituted for "one thousand one hundred and ten rupees," by High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act (32 of 1989), Section. 6 (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1986).

3. Inserted by the Supreme Court Judges (Conditions and Service) Amendment Act, 1971 (77 of 1971), Section. 6 (15-1-1972).

4. Substituted by the High Court and the Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 2016, for the following:-

"(1) The monthly rate of leave allowances payable to a Judge while on leave on full allowances shall be for the first forty-five days of such leave a rate equal to the monthly rate of the salary 1*[and thereafter, in the case of the Chief Justice, fifty per cent. of the monthly rate of his salary and in the case of each of the other Judges, fifty-five per cent. of this monthly rate of his salary].

(2) The monthly rate of leave allowances payable to a Judge while on leave on half allowances shall be 2*[,in the case of the Chief Justice, twenty-five per cent. of the monthly rate of his salary, and in the case of each of the other Judges, twenty-seven and a half per cent. of the monthly rate of his salary].

3*[Provided that the monthly rate of leave allowances payable to a Judge in respect of leave credit to his leave account under sub-section (2)(a)(iii) of section 4 shall not exceed the rate of leave allowances admissible to him therefore as a Judge of a High Court and shall he payable by the State Government concerned.]"

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A Judge may be permitted to combine vacation on full salary with leave, if-

(a) Where the vacation consists of one continuous period, the leave is taken either at the commencement or at the end of the vacation but not at both;

(b) Where the vacation is divided into two periods, the leave is taken for the interval, or part of the interval, between the two periods of that vacation, or for the interval, or part of the interval, between the second period of that vacation and the commencement of the next ensuing vacation :

Provided that no such permission to combine vacation with leave shall be granted if it becomes necessary to appoint an acting Chief Justice during the period of vacation or if the Judge is not expected to return to duty at the end of such leave.



(1) If a Judge overstays his leave or any vacation, whether combined with leave or not, he shall receive no salary in respect of the period of his absence in excess of the leave granted to him or beyond the end of the vacation, as the case may be :

Provided that, if such absence is due to circumstances beyond his control, the period thereof may be treated as leave and may be debited to his leave account.

(2) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as requiring a Judge to rejoin on the expiration of the period of leave when that period expires immediately before the commencement of a vacation, nor as authorizing any acting Chief Justice to continue to hold the acting appointment during the vacation.



The authority competent to grant or refuse leave to a Judge or to revoke or curtail the leave already granted to a Judge shall be the President who shall exercise the power after consultation with the Chief Justice.

12A - 1*Salaries of the Judges

(1) There shall be paid to the Chief Justice of India, by way of salary, 2*[one lakh rupees per mensem.]

(2) There shall be paid to a Judge of the Supreme Court, by way of salary, 3*[Ninety thousand rupees per mensem.]

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1. Substituted for the heading "Pensions" by the High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act (18 of 1998), Section 5 (w.r.e.f. 1-1-1996).

2. Substituted by the High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and conditions of service) Amendment Act, 2009 Previous text was
"thirty-three thousand rupees per mensem"

3. Substituted by the High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and conditions of service) Amendment Act, 2009 Previous text was
"thirty thousand rupees per mensem."

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Last updated on August, 2016

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