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THE TEA COMPANIES (ACQUISITION AND TRANSFER OF SICK TEA UNITS) ACT,1985

Title : THE TEA COMPANIES (ACQUISITION AND TRANSFER OF SICK TEA UNITS) ACT,1985

Year : 1985



(1) The Central Government shall, for the purpose of disbursing the amounts payable under sections 6 and 7 to the tea companies, by notification, appoint a Commissioner of Payments.

(2) The Central Government may appoint such other persons as it may think fit to assist the Commissioner and thereupon the Commissioner may authorise one or more of such persons also be exercise all or any of the powers exercisable by him under this Act and different persons may be authorised to exercise different powers.

(3) Any person authorised by the Commissioner to exercise any of the powers exercisable by the Commissioner may exercise those powers in the same manner and with the same effect as if they have been conferred on that person directly by this Act and not by way of authorisation.

(4) The salaries and allowances of the Commissioner and other persons appointed under this section shall be defrayed out of the Consolidated Fund of India.



(1) The Central Government shall, within thirty days from the specified date, pay in cash to the Commissioner, for payment to every tea company,-

(a) An amount equal to the amounts or amount specified against the name of that company in column (4) of the First Schedule ; and

(b) A further amount equal to the amounts or amount specified against the name of that company in column (5) of the First Schedule.

(2) A deposit account shall be opened by the Central Government in favour of the Commissioner in the Public Account of India, and every amount paid under this Act to the Commissioner shall be deposited by him to the credit of the said deposit account and the same deposit account shall be operated by the Commissioner.

(3) Separate records shall be maintained by the Commissioner in respect of each of the tea companies in relation to which payment has been made to him under this Act.

(4) Interest accruing on the amount in relation to a tea company standing to the credit of the deposit account referred to in sub-section (2) shall ensure to the benefit of such tea company.



(1) The Tea Trading Corporation shall be entitled to receive, up to the specified date, to the exclusion of all other persons, any money due to any tea company in relation to its sick tea unit which has vested in the Corporation under sub-section (2) of section 3, and realised after the appointed day, notwithstanding that the realisation pertains to a period prior to the appointed day.

(2) The Tea Trading Corporation may make a claim to the Commissioner with regard to every payment made by that Corporation, after the appointed day, for discharging any liability of a tea company, not being any liability specified in sub-section (1) of section 24, in relation to any sick tea unit owned by it in respect of any period prior to the appointed day; and every such claim shall have priority, in accordance with the priorities attaching under this Act to the matter in relation to which such liability has been discharged by the Tea Trading Corporation.

(3) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the liabilities of a tea company in relation to any sick tea unit owned by it in respect of any transaction prior to the appointed day, which have not been discharged on or before the specified date, shall be the liabilities of that company.



1*[(1) Every person having a claim against a tea company with regard to any of the matters specified in the Second Schedule, pertaining to any sick tea unit owned by it,shall prefer such claim before the Commissioner within thirty days from the specified date:

Provided that if the Commissioner is satisfied that the claimant was prevented by sufficient cause from preferring the claim within the said period of thirty days, he may entertain the claim within a further period of thirty days, but not thereafter.

2*[(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), all the claims preferred before the Commissioner after the period or the further period specified in that sub-section but on or before the 27th day of July, 1989, shall be deemed to have been validly preferred.]

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1. Section 16 renumbered as sub-section (1) of section 16 by The Tea Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of side Tea Unit) (Amendment) Act, 1991, w.e.f. 21.12.1991.

2. Inserted by The Tea Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of side Tea Unit) (Amendment) Act, 1991, w.e.f. 21.12.1991.

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The claims made under section 16 shall be priorities in accordance with the following principles, namely:-
 
(a) Category I shall have precedence over all other categories and category II shall have precedence over Category III, and so on;

(b) The claims specified in each of the categories shall rank equally and be paid in full, but if the amount paid to the Commissioner under this Act is insufficient to meet such claims in full, they shall abate in equal proportions and be paid accordingly; and

(c) The question of discharging any liability with regard to a matter specified in a lower category shall arise only if a surplus is left after meeting all the liabilities specified in the immediately higher category.



(1) On receipt of the claims made under section 16, the Commissioner shall arrange the claims in the order of priorities specified in the Second Schedule and examine the same in accordance with such order.

(2) If on an examination of the claims against a tea company, the Commissioner is of the opinion that the amount paid to him under this Act for payment to such company is not sufficient to meet the liabilities specified in any lower category, he shall not be required to examine any claim in respect of such lower category.



(1) After examining the claims against a tea company, with reference to the priorities set out in the Second Schedule, the Commissioner shall fix a date on or before which every claimant against the tea company shall file the proof of his claim.

(2) Not less than fourteen days' notice of the date so fixed shall be given by advertisement in one issue of any daily newspaper in the English language having circulation in the major parts of the country and one issue of any daily newspaper in such regional language as the Commissioner may consider suitable, and every such notice shall call upon the claimant to file the proof of his claim with the Commissioner within the period specified in the advertisement.

(3) Every claimant who fails to file the proof of his claim within the period specified by the Commissioner shall be excluded from the disbursements made by the Commissioner.

(4) The Commissioner shall, after such investigation as may, in his opinion, be necessary and after giving the tea company concerned an opportunity of refuting the claim and after giving the claimant a reasonable opportunity of being heard, by order in writing, admit or reject the claim in whole or in part.

(5) The Commissioner shall have the power to regulate his own procedure in all matters arising out of the discharge of his functions, including the place or places at which he may hold his sittings and shall, for the purpose of making any investigation under this Act, have the same powers as are vested in a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, (1908, 5 of 1908) while trying a suit in respect of the following matters, namely:-

(a) The summoning and enforcing the attendance of any witness and examining him or oath;

(b) The discovery and production of any document or other material object predicable as evidence;

(c) The reception of evidence on affidavit;
 
(d)The issuing of any commission for the examination of witnesses.

(6) Any investigation before the Commissioner shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code, (45 of 1860) and the Commissioner shall be deemed to be a Civil Court for the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.(2 of 1974)

(7) A claimant who is dissatisfied with the decision of the Commissioner may prefer an appeal against such decision to the High Court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the registered office of the tea company concerned is situated and every such appeal shall be heard and disposed of by not less than two Judges of that High Court.



After admitting a claim against a tea company under this Act, the amount due in respect of such claim shall be paid by the Commissioner to the person or persons to whom such amount is due and on such payment, the liability of such tea company in respect of such claim shall stand discharged.



(1) If out of the monies paid to him in relation to a tea company, there is a balance left after meeting the liabilities as specified in the Second Schedule, the Commissioner shall disburse such balance to such tea company.

(2) Where the possession of any machinery, equipment or other property possessed by a tea company has vested in the Tea Trading Corporation under this Act but such machinery, equipment or other property does not belong to such tea company, it shall be lawful for that Corporation to continue to possess such machinery or equipment or other property on the same terms and conditions under which they were possessed by such tea company immediately before the appointed day.



Any money paid to the Commissioner which remains undisbursed or unclaimed on the date immediately preceding the date on which the office of the Commissioner is finally would up, shall be transferred by the Commissioner, before his office is finally would up, to the general revenue account of the Central Government, but a claim to any money so transferred may be preferred to the Central Government by the person entitled to such payment and shall dealt with as if such transfer had not been made, and the order, if any, for payment of the claim being treated as an order for the refund of revenue.

Last updated on July, 2016

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