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THE TRIPURA LAND REVENUE AND LAND REFORMS ACT, 1960

Title : THE TRIPURA LAND REVENUE AND LAND REFORMS ACT, 1960

Year : 1960



The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to land owned by the Government or a local authority.



For the purposes of this Chapter,-

(a) "Ceiling limit", in relation to land, means the limit fixed under section 164;

(b) "Family" relation to a person, means the person, the wife or husband, as the ease may be, and, the dependent children and grand-children, of such person;

(c) "Land" does not Include land used for non-agricultural purposes.



No person dither by himself or, If he has a family, together with any other member of his family (hereinafter referred to as the, person representing the family) shall, whether as a raiyat or an under-raiyat or as a mortgagee with possession or otherwise, or partly in one capacity and partly in another, hold land in excess of twenty-five standard acres in the aggregate:

Provided that where the number of members of the family of such person-exceed five, he may hold five additional standard acres for each member in excess of five, so however as not to,exceed fifty standard acres in the aggregate.

Explanation.-In the case of a company, an association or any other body of individuals, the ceiling limit shall be twenty-five standard acres.



Every person representing a family who at the commencement of this Act holds, or has at any time during the period between the 10th day of August, 1957 and such commencement held, land In excess of the ceiling limit shall submit to the competent authority, in such form and within such time as may be prescribed, a return giving the particulars of all land held by him and indicating therein the parcels of land, not exceeding the ceiling limit, which he desires to retain;

Provided
that in the case of a joint holding, all co-sharers may submit the return jointly indicating the parcels of land, not exceed-
ing the aggregate of their individual ceiling limits, which they desire to retain.

Explanation.-In the case of a person under disability, the return shall be furnished by his guardian or authorised agent, as the case may be.



If any person, who under section 165 is required to submit a return, fails to do so, the competent authority may collect the necessary information through such agency as may be prescribed.



(1) On-receipt of any return under section 165 or Information under section 166 or otherwise, the competent authority shall, after giving the persons affected an opportunity of being heard, hold an inquiry in such manner as may be prescribed, and having regard to the provisions of section 168 and section 169 or of any rules that may be made in this behalf, it shall determine-

(a) The total area of land held by each person representing the family;

(b) The specific parcels of land which he may retain;

(c) The land held by him in excess of the ceiling limit;

(d) Whether such excess land is held by him as a raiyat or as an under-raiyat or as a mortgagee with possession;

(e) The excess land in respect of which the under-raiyat or the mortgagee with possession may acquire the rights of the raiyat or the mortgagor, as the case may be;

(f) The excess land which may be restored to a raiyat or a mortgagor;

(g) The excess land which shall vest in the Government; and

(h) Such other matters as may be prescribed.

(2) For the purposes of determining the excess land under this section, any land transferred at any time during the period between the 10th day of August, 1957 and the commencement of this Act shall, notwithstanding such transfer, be deemed to be held by the transferor.

(3) The competent authority shall prepare a list in the prescribed form containing the particulars determined by him under subsection (1) and shall cause every such list to be published in the
Official Gazette and also in such other manner as may be prescribed.



(1) Where any person holding land in excess of the ceiling limit at any time during the period between the 10th day of August, 1957 and the 2nd day of December, 1959, has transferred during such period any part of his land to any other person under a registered deed for valuable consideration, the excess land to be determined under section 167.shall, to the extent possible, be selected out of the land held at the commencement of this Act by the transferor in excess of a family holding and no land shall be selected out of the land transferred.

(2) Where any person holding land in excess of the ceiling limit at any time-

(a) During the period between the 10th day of August, 1957.and the 2nd day of December, 1959, has transferred during such period any part of his land to any other person in any manner other than under a registered deed for valuable consideration, or

(b) During the period between the 2nd day of December, 1959.and the commencement of this Act has transferred during such period any part of his land to any other person in any manner whatsoever,
the excess land to be determined under section 167 shall be selected out of the lands held at the commencement of this Act by the trans-feror and the transferee in the same proportion as the land held by the transferor bears to the land transferred and where no land is hed by the transferor, out of the land transferred.

(3) Where excess land is to be selected out of the lands of more than one transferee, such land shall be selected out of the lands held by each of the transferees in the same proportion as the area of the land transferred to him bears to the total area of the lands transferred to all the transferees.

(4) Where any excess land is selected out of the land transferred, the transfer of such land shall be void.

(5) Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, the excess land to be selected shall in no case include the homestead land of a person.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, homestead land" means the land on which the homestead (whether used by the owner or let out on rent) stands together with any courtyard, compound and attached garden, not exceeding one acre in the aggregate.



(1) Where any excess land of a raiyat is in his actual possession, the excess land shall vest in the Government.

(2) Where any excess land of a raiyat is in the possession of a person holding the same as an under-raiyat or as a mortgagee and the excess land together with any other land held by such person exceeds his ceiling limit, the land in excess of the ceiling limit shall vest in the Government.

(3) Where any excess land of, a raiyat is in the possession of a person holding the same as an under-raiyat or as a mortgagee and such person is allowed to retain the excess land or a part thereof as being within his ceiling limit, that person shall acquire the rights of the raiyat or of the mortgagor, as the case may be, in respect of such excess land or part thereof on payment of compensation, if any, as hereinafter provided, but if that person refuses to pay such compensation, the excess land or part thereof shall vest in the Government.

(4) Where there is any excess land of an under-raiyat or of a mortgagee with possession, the excess land shall vest in the Government:

Provided
that in any case where the excess land or any part thereof held by the raiyat or the mortgagor together with any other land held by such person does not exceed the ceiling limit, the excess land or such part thereof as does not exceed the ceiling limit shall be restored to the possession of that person on an application made by him in this behalf to the competent authority within such time as may be prescribed and in the case where the possession of such land is restored to the mortgagor, the mortgage in respect of such land shall be deemed to be a simple mortgage.



(1) Any person aggrieved by an entry in the list published under sub-section (3) of section 167 may, within thirty days from the date of publication thereof in the Official Gazette, file objections thereto before the Collector.

(2) The Collector or any other officer authorised in this behalf by the Administrator may, after considering the objections and after giving the objector or his representatives an opportunity of being heard in the matter, approve or modify the list.

(3) The list as approved or modified under sub-section (2) shall then be published in the Official Gazette and also in such other manner as may be prescribed and subject to the provisions of this Act, the list shall be final.

(4) With effect from the date of the publication of the list In the Official Gazette under sub-section (3),-

(a) The excess land shall stand transferred to and vest in the. Government free of all encumbrances; or

(b) The possession of the excess land shall stand restored to the raiyat or the mortgagor, as the case may be; or

(c) The rights of the raiyat or the mortgagor in respect of the excess land shall stand transferred to the under-raiyat or the mortgagee, as the case may be.



(1) Where any excess land of a raiyat vests in the Government there shall be paid by the Government to the raiyat compensation, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), of an amount equal to twenty times the net annual income from such land.

Explanation.-For the purposes of sub-section (1), the net annual income from any land shall be deemed to be one-fifth of the value of the average yearly gross produce of the land, calculated in such manner as may be prescribed.

(2) Where such excess land or any part thereof is in the possession of an under-raiyat, the compensation payable under sub-section (1) in respect of the land shall be apportioned between the raiyat and the under-raiyat in such proportion as may be determined by the competent authority in the prescribed manner, having regard to their respective shares in the net income from such land.

(3) In addition to the compensation payable in respect of any excess land under sub-section (1), there shall also be paid compensation in respect of any structure or building constructed on such land and any trees planted thereon and such compensation shall be determined by the competent authority in the prescribed manner, having regard to the market value of such structure or building or the value of such trees, and such compensation shall be paid to the person who has constructed the structure or building or planted the trees.

(4) Where any excess land in respect of which compensation is payable is subject to any mortgage or other encumbrance, the amount due under the mortgage or other encumbrance in respect of such excess land, or where a transfer in respect of any excess land is void by virtue of sub-section (4) of section 168, the consideration money paid by the transferee in respect of such excess land, shall be a charge on the compensation payable in respect of the excess land to the person who has created the mortgage or encumbrance or, as the case may be, to the transferor.

(5) Where an under-raiyat acquires the rights of a raiyat In respect of any excess land, the compensation payable by him in respect of that land shall be equal to the amount which the raiyat would nave been paid as compensation under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) if the land had vested in the Government; and the amount shall, in the first instance, be paid to the raiyat by the Government and shall be recovered from the under-raiyat in such manner as may be prescribed.

(6) Where a mortgagee in possession acquires the rights of the mortgagor in respect of any excess land under sub-section (3) of section 169, the compensation payable by the mortgagee in respect of that land shall be such sum of money, if any, as may be due to the mortgagor after setting off the mortgage debt against the market value of such excess land.

(7) Where any excess land of a religious or charitable institution vests in the Government, such institution shall, in lieu of compensation payable under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), or sub-section (3), be paid an annuity equal to the net annual income of the excess land and such net annual income shall be determined by the competent authority in the prescribed manner.

(8) The competent authority shall, after holding an inquiry in the prescribed manner, make an order determining the amount of compensation payable to any person under this section.,



(1) The compensation payable under section 171 shall be due from the date of the publication of the list under sub-section (3) of section 170 and may be paid in cash, in a lump sum or in instalments, or in bonds.

(2) Where the compensation is payable in bonds, the bonds may be made not transferable or transferable by endorsement or in any other manner but all such bonds shall be redeemed within such period, not exceeding twenty years from the date of issue, as may be prescribed.

(3) Where there is any delay In the payment of compensation or where the compensation is paid either in instalments or in bonds, it shall carry interest at the rate of two and a half per cent. per annum from the date on which it falls due.



No person representing a family shall acquire in any manner whatsoever, whether by transfer, exchange, lease, agreement or succession, any land where such acquisition has the effect of making the total area of the land held by him exceed the ceiling limit; and any such land in excess of the ceiling limit shall be treated as excess land of the transferee and the provisions of sections 167 to 172 shall, as far as may be, apply to such excess land.



Where a person representing a family holds land not exceeding the ceiling limit, but subsequently the land held exceeds the ceiling limit, then, notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, such person shall not be required to surrender any part of the land on the ground that it is excess land, if such excess is due to any improvements effected in the land by the efforts of the family or to a decrease in the number of its members.



After the publication of the list of excess land under sub-section (3)
of section 170, and after demarcation in the prescribed manner of such land where necessary, the Collector may take possession of any excess land and may use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary for the purpose.



(1) Whoever being bound to submit a return under section 165 fails to do so, without reasonable cause, within the prescribed time, or submits a return which he knows or has reason to believe to be false, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.

(2) Whoever contravenes any lawful order made under this Chapter or otherwise obstructs any person from lawfully taking possession of any land shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.



 Subject to the revisions of this Act, every order made under this Chapter shall be final.



(1) The Administrator may, on an application made to him in this behalf within three months from the commencement of this Act, exempt from the operation of section 164-

(a) Any land which is being used for growing tea, coffee or rubber including lands used or required for use for purposes ancillary to, or for the extension of, the cultivation of tea, coffee or rubber to be determined in the prescribed manner;

(b) Any sugarcane farm operated by a sugar factory;

(c) Any specialised farm which is being used for cattle breeding, dairy or wool raising;

(d) Any person who holds a compact block of land exceeding the ceiling limit which-

(i) Is being used as an orchard from before the 1st January, 1958; or

(ii) Is being used as a farm in which heavy investment or permanent structural improvements have been made and which, in the opinion of the Administrator, is being so efficiently managed that its break up is likely to bring a fall in production:

Provided that where such person holds the compact block of land together with any other land, he shall be permitted to elect to retain either the compact block of land, notwithstanding that it exceeds the ceiling limit or the other land not exceeding the ceiling limit;

(e) Any land which is being held by a co-operative society, provided that where a member of any such society holds a share in such land, his share shall be taken into account in determining his ceiling limit:

Provided that the Administrator may entertain the application after the expiry of the said period of three months, if he is satisfied that the applicant was prevented by sufficient cause from making the application in time.

(2) Where any land in respect of which exemption has beer.
granted to a person under clause (d) of sub-section (1) is transferred to another person, the Administrator may, on an application made to him within three months from the date of the transfer, exempt the transferee from the operation of section 164 and section 173 and the provisions of the said clause shall, as far as may be, apply to the grant of such exemption.

(3) Where the Administrator is of opinion that the use of land for any specified purpose is expedient or necessary in the public interest, he may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make a declaration to that effect and on the issue of such notification, any person may, notwithstanding anything contained in section 173, acquire land in excess of the ceiling limit for being used for such specified purpose and such person shall, within one month from the date of such acquisition, send intimation thereof to the competent authority.

(4) Where any land, in respect of which exemption has been granted under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) or sub-section (3),
ceases to be used, or is not within the prescribed time used, for the purpose for which exemption had been granted, the Administrator may, after giving the persons affected an opportunity of being heard withdraw such exemption.

Last updated on April, 2016

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