Title : THE UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION ACT, 1956
Year : 1956
(1) In the discharge of its functions under this Act, the Commission shall be guided by such directions on questions of policy relating to national purposes as may be given to it by the Central Government.
If any dispute arises between the Central Government and the Commission as to whether a question is or is not a question of policy relating to national purposes, the decision of the Central Government shall be final.
The Commission shall furnish to the Central Government such returns or other information, with respect to its property or activities as the Central Government may, from time to time, require.
(1) The right of conferring or granting degree shall be exercised only by a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act or an institution deemed to be a University under section 3 or an institution specially empowered by an Act of Parliament to confer or grant degrees.
(2) Save as provided in sub-section (1), no person or authority shall confer, or grant, or hold himself or itself out as entitled to confer or grant, any degree.
(3) For the purposes of this section, "degree" means any such degree as may, with the previous approval of the Central Government, be specified in this behalf by the Commission by notification in the Official Gazette.
No institution, whether a corporate body or not, other than a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act shall be entitled to have the word "University" associated with its name in any manner whatsoever: Provided that nothing in this section shall, for a period of two years from the commencement of this Act, apply to an institution which immediately before such commencement, had the word "University" associated with its name.
Whoever contravenes the provisions of section 22 or section 23 shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, and if the person contravening is an association or other body of individuals, every member of such association or other body who knowingly or willfully authorizes or permits the contravention shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rulesa to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters namely :-
(a) The procedure for the retirementa of members under section 6;
(b) The disqualifications for continuing as a member of the Commission;
(c) The terms and conditions of service of members of the Commission;
(d) The terms and conditions of service of employees appointed by the Commission;
(e) The additional functions which may be performed by the Commission under clause (j) of section 12;
(f) The returns and information which are to be furnished by Universities in respect of their financial position or standards of teaching and examination maintained therein;
(g) The inspection of Universities;
(h) The form and manner in which the budget and reports are to be prepared by the Commission;
(i) The manner in which the accounts of the Commission are to be maintained;
(j) The form and manner in which returns or other information are to be furnished by the Commission to Central Government;
(k) Any other matter which has to be, or may be, prescribed.
1*[(3) The power to make rules conferred by this section shall include the power to give retrospective effect from a date not earlier than the date of commencement of this Act, to the rules or any of them but no retrospective effect shall be given to any rule so as to prejudicially affect the interests of any person to whom such rule may be applicable.]
(1) The Commission1*[may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations] consistent with this Act and the rules made there under,-
(a) Regulating the meetings of the Commission and the procedure for conducting business thereat;
(b) Regulating the manner in which and the purposes for which persons may be associated with the Commission under section 9;
(c) Specifying the terms and conditions of service of the employees appointed by the Commission;
(d) Specifying the institutions or class of institutions which may be recognised by the Commission under clause (f) of section 2; (e) defining the qualifications that should ordinarily be required of any person to be appointed to the teaching staff of the University having regard to the branch of education in which he is expected to give instructions;
(f) Defining the minimum standards of instruction for the grant of any degree by any University;
(g) Regulating the maintenance of standards and the co-ordination of work or facilities in Universities.
2*[(h) Regulating the establishment of institutions referred to in clause (ccc) of section 12 and other matters relating to such institutions;
(i) Specifying the matters in respect of which fees may be charged and scales of fees in accordance with which fees may be charged by a college under sub-section (2) of section 12A;
(j) Specifying the manner in which an inquiry may be conducted under sub-section (4) of section 12A.]
(2) No regulation shall be made under clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c) or clause (d)2*[(or clause (h) or clause (i) or clause (j)] of sub-section (1) except with the previous approval of the Central Government.
2*(3) The power to make regulations conferred by this section [except clause (i) and clause (j) of sub-section (1)] shall include the power to give retrospective effect from a date not earlier than the date of commencement of this Act, to the regulations or any of them but no retrospective effect shall be given to any regulation so as to prejudicially affect the interests of any person to whom such regulation may be applicable.]
(1) The Commission may, 2*[by regulations made, by notification in the Official Gazette,] under this Act, delegate to its Chairman, Vice-Chairman or any of its officers, its power of general superintendence and direction over the business transacted by, or in, the Commission, including the powers with regard to the expenditure incurred in connection with the maintenance of the office and internal administration of the Commission.
(2) No regulation shall be made under this section except with the previous approval of the Central Government.]
Every rule and every regulation made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session, or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or regulation or both Houses agree that the rule or regulation should not be made, the rule or regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation.
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