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THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) ACT, 2004

Title : THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) ACT, 2004

Year : 2004



An association shall not be deemed to have ceased to exist by reason only of any formal act of its dissolution or change of name but shall be deemed to continue so long as any actual combination for the purposes of such association continues between any members thereof.



The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that all or any of the powers which may be exercised by it under section 7, or section 8, or both, shall, in such circumstances and under such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification, be exercised also by any State Government and the State Government may, with the previous approval of the Central Government, by order in writing, direct that any power which has been directed to be exercised by it shall, in such circumstances and under such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the direction, be exercised by any person subordinate to the State Government as may be specified therein.



Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code, no police officer,-

(a) In the case of the Delhi Special Police Establishment, constituted under sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 (25 of 1946), below the rank of a Deputy Superintendent of Police or a police officer of equivalent rank;

(b) In the metropolitan areas of Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Ahmedabad and any other metropolitan area notified as such under sub-section (1) of section 8 of the Code, below the rank of an Assistant Commissioner of Police;

(c) In any case not relatable to clause (a) or clause (b), below the rank of a Deputy Superintendent of Police or a police officer of an equivalent rank, shall investigate any offence punishable under Chapter IV or VI.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code, the proceedings under this Act may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, be held in camera if the court so desires.

(2) A court, if on an application made by a witness in any proceeding before it or by the Public Prosecutor in relation to such witness or on its own motion, is satisfied that the life of such witness is in danger, it may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, take such measures as it deems fit for keeping the identity and address of such witness secret.

(3) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (2), the measures which a court may take under that sub-section may include-

(a) The holding of the proceedings at a place to be decided by the court;

(b) The avoiding of the mention of the name and address of the witness in its orders or judgments or in any records of the case accessible to public;

(c) The issuing of any directions for securing that the identity and address of the witness are not disclosed;

(d) A decision that it is in the public interest to order that all or any of the proceedings pending before such a court shall not be published in any manner.

(4) Any person who contravenes any decision or direction issued under sub-section (3) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.



No court shall take cognizance of any offence-

(i) Under Chapter III without the previous sanction of the Central
Government or any officer authorised by the Central Government in this behalf;

(ii) Under Chapters IV and VI without the previous sanction of the Central Government or, as the case may be, the State Government, and where such offence is committed against the Government of a foreign country without the previous sanction of the Central Government.



Notwithstanding anything contained in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872) or any other law for the time being in force, the evidence collected through the interception of wire, electronic or oral communication under the provisions of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885) or the Information Technology Act, 2000 (21 of 2000) or any other law for the time being in force, shall be admissible as evidence against the accused in the court during the trial of a case:

Provided that the contents of any wire, electronic or oral communication intercepted or evidence derived therefrom shall not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in any trial, hearing or other proceeding in any court unless each accused has been furnished with a copy of the order of the competent authority under the aforesaid law, under which the interception was directed, not less than ten days before trial, hearing or proceeding:

Provided further that the period of ten days may be waived by the judge trying the matter, if he comes to the conclusion that it was not possible to furnish the accused with such order ten days before the trial, hearing or proceeding and that the accused shall not be prejudiced by the delay in receiving such order.



(1) Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, no proceeding taken under this Act by the Central Government or the District Magistrate or any officer authorised in this behalf by the Central Government or the District Magistrate, shall be called in question in any civil court in any suit or application or by way of appeal or revision, and no injunction shall be granted by any civil court or other authority in respect of any action taken or to be taken in pursuance of any power conferred by or under this Act.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), no civil court or other authority shall have, or be entitled to exercise, any jurisdiction, powers or authority in relation to the matters referred to in section 36.



The provisions of this Act or any rule or order made there under shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any enactment other than this Act or any instrument having effect by virtue of any enactment other than this Act.



No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against-

(a) The Central Government or a State Government or any officer or
authority of the Central Government or State Government or District Magistrate or any officer authorised in this behalf by the Government or the District Magistrate or any other authority on whom powers have been conferred under this Act, for anything which is in good faith done or purported to be done in pursuance of this Act or any rule or order made there under; and

(b) Any serving or retired member of the armed forces or paramilitary forces in respect of any action taken or purported to be taken by him in good faith, in the course of any operation directed towards combating terrorism.



Nothing in this Act shall affect the jurisdiction exercisable by, or the procedure applicable to, any court or other authority under any law relating to the navy, army or air force or other armed forces of the Union.



Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the passport and the arms licence of a person, who is charge sheeted for having committed any offence under this Act, shall be deemed to have been impounded for such period as the court may deem fit.



(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-

(a) The service of notices or orders issued or made under this Act and the manner in which such notices or orders may be served, where the person to be served is a corporation, company, bank or other association;

(b) The procedure to be followed by the Tribunal or a District Judge in holding any inquiry or disposing of any application under this Act;

(c) Determination of the price of the forfeited property under sub- section (2) of section 28;

(d) The procedure for admission and disposal of an application under sub-section (3) of section 36;

(e) The qualifications of the members of the Review Committee under sub-section (2) of section 37; and

(f) Any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.



Every order and every rule made by the Central Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the order or rule or both Houses agree that the order or rule should not be made, the order or rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that order or rule.

THE SCHEDULE

[See sections 2(1)(m) and 35]

TERRORIST ORGANISATIONS

1. BABBAR KHALSA INTERNATIONAL.

2. KHALISTAN COMMANDO FORCE.

3. KHALISTAN ZINDABAD FORCE.

4. INTERNATIONAL SIKH YOUTH FEDERATION.

5. LASHKAR-E-TAIBA/PASBAN-E-AHLE HADIS.

6. JAISH-E-MOHAMMED/TAHRIK-E-FURQAN.

7. HARKAT-UL-MUJAHIDEEN/HARKAT-UL-ANSAR/HARKAT-UL-JEHAD- E-ISLAMI.

8. HIZB-UL-MUJAHIDEEN/HIZB-UL-MUJAHIDEEN PIR PANJAL REGIMENT.

9. AL-UMAR-MUJAHIDEEN.

10. JAMMU AND KASHMIR ISLAMIC FRONT.

11. UNITED LIBERATION FRONT OF ASSAM (ULFA).

12. NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC FRONT OF BODOLAND (NDFB).

13. PEOPLES LIBERATION ARMY (PLA).

14. UNITED NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT (UNLF).

15. PEOPLES REVOLUTIONARY PARTY OF KANGLEIPAK (PREPAK).

16. KANGLEIPAK COMMUNIST PARTY (KCP).

17. KANGLEI YAOL KANBA LUP (KYKL).

18. MANIPUR PEOPLES LIBERATION FRONT (MPLF).

19. ALL TRIPURA TIGER FORCE.

20. NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT OF TRIPURA.

21. LIBERATION TIGERS OF TAMIL EELAM (LTTE).

22. STUDENTS ISLAMIC MOVEMENT OF INDIA.

23. DEENDAR ANJUMAN.

24. COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST-LENINIST)-PEOPLES WAR, ALL ITS FORMATIONS AND FRONT ORGANISATIONS.

25. MAOIST COMMUNIST CENTRE (MCC), ALL ITS FORMATIONS AND  FRONT ORGANISATIONS.

26. AL BADR.

27. JAMIAT-UL-MUJAHIDDEN.

28. AL-QAIDA.

29. DUKHTARAN-E-MILLAT (DEM).

30. TAMIL NADU LIBERATION ARMY (TNLA).

31. TAMIL NATIONAL RETRIEVAL TROOPS (TNRT).

32. AKHIL BHARAT NEPALI EKTA SAMAJ (ABNES)..

Last updated on September, 2016

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