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THE URBAN LAND (CEILING AND REGULATION) ACT, 1976

Title : THE URBAN LAND (CEILING AND REGULATION) ACT, 1976

Year : 1976



Except as otherwise provided in this Act, on and from the commencement of this Act, no person shall be entitled to hold any vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit in the territories to which this Act applies under sub-section (2) of section 1.


(1) Subject to the other provisions of this section, in the case of every person, the ceiling limit shall be,-

(a) Where the vacant land is situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category A specified in Schedule I, five hundred square meters;

(b) Where such land is situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category B specified in Schedule I, one thousand square meters;

(c) where such land is situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category C specified in Schedule I, one thousand five hundred square meters;

(d) where such land is situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category D specified in Schedule I, two thousand square meters.

(2) Where any person holds vacant land situated in two or more categories of urban agglomerations specified in Schedule I, then, for the purpose of calculating the extent of vacant land held by him,-

(a) One square meter of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category A shall be deemed to be equal to two square meters of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category B, three square meters of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category C and four square meters of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category D;

(b) One square meter of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category B shall be deemed to be equal to one and one-half square meters of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category C and two square meters of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category D; and

(c) one square meter of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category C shall be deemed to be equal to one and one-third square meters of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category D.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (1), where in respect of any vacant land any scheme for group housing has been sanctioned by an authority competent in this behalf immediately before the commencement of this Act, then, the person holding such vacant land at such commencement shall be entitled to continue to hold such land for the purpose of group housing:

Provided that not more than one dwelling unit in the group housing shall be owned by one single person:

Provided further, that the extent of vacant land which such person shall be entitled to hold shall, in no case, exceed-

(a) The extent required under any building regulations governing such group housing; or

(b) The extent calculated by multiplying the number of dwelling units in the group housing and the, appropriate ceiling limit referred to in sub-section (1). whichever is less.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section and sub-section (10),-

(i) "Group housing" means a building constructed or to be constructed with one or more floors, each floor consisting of one or more, dwelling units and having common service facilities;

(ii) "Common service facility" includes facility like staircase, balcony and verandah.

(4) (a) In any State to which this Act applies in the first instance, if. on or after the 17th day of February, 1975, but before the, appointed day any person has made any transfer by way of sale, mortgage, gift, lease or otherwise ( other than a bona fide sale under a registered deed for valuable consideration) of any vacant land held by him and situated in such State to any other person, whether or not for consideration, then, for the purposes of calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person the land so transferred shall be taken into account, without prejudice to the rights or interests of the transference in the land so transferred:

Provided that the excess vacant land to be surrendered by such person under this Chapter shall be selected only out of the vacant land held by him after such transfer.

(b) For the purpose of clause (a), the burden of proving any sale to be a bona fide one shall be on the transfer or.

Explanation.-Where in any State aforesaid, there was or is in force any law prohibiting transfer of urban property in that State except under the circumstances, if any, specified therein, then, for the purposes of this sub-section, any transfer by way of sale of such property, being vacant land, made by any person under a registered deed for valuable consideration in accordance with the provisions of such law or in pursuance of any sanction or permission granted under such law, shall be deemed to be a bona fide sale.

(5) Where any firm or unincorporated association or body of individuals holds vacant land or holds any other land on which there is a building with a dwelling unit therein or holds both vacant land and such other land, then, the right or interest of any person in the vacant land or such other land or both, as the case may be, on the basis of his share in such firm or association or body shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person.

(6) Where a person is a beneficiary of a private trust and his share in the income from such trust is known or determinable, the share of such person in the vacant land and in any other land on which there is a building with a dwelling unit therein, held by the trust, shall be deemed to be in the same proportion as his share in the total income of such trust bears to such total income and the extent of such land apportion able to his share shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person.

(7) Where a person is a member of a Hindu undivided family, so much of the vacant land and of any other land on which there is a building with a dwelling unit therein, as would have fallen to his share had the entire vacant land and such other land held by the Hindu undivided family been partitioned amongst its members at the commencement of this Act shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person.

(8) Where a person, being a member of a housing co-operative society registered or deemed to be registered under any law for the time being in force, holds vacant land allotted to him by such society, then, the, extent of land so held shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person.

(9) Where a person holds vacant land and also holds any other land on which there is a building with a dwelling unit therein, the extent of such other land occupied by the building and the land appurtenant thereto shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person.

(10) Where a person owns a part of a building, being a group housing, the proportionate share of such person in the land occupied by the building and the land appurtenant thereto shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person.

(11) For the removal of doubts it is hereby declared that nothing in sub-sections (5), (6), (7), (9) and (10) shall be construed as empowering the competent authority to declare any land referred to in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (q) of section 2 as excess vacant land under this Chapter.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section and sections 6, 8.and 13 a person shall be deemed to hold any land on which there is a building (whether or not with a dwelling unit therein) if he-

(i) Owns such land and the building; or

(ii) Owns such land but possesses the building, or possesses such land and the building, the possession, in either case, being As a tenant under a lease, the unexpired period of which is not less than ten years at the commencement of this Act, or as a mortgagee or under an irrevocable power of attorney or a hire-purchase agreement or partly in one of the said capacities and partly in any other of the said capacity or capacities; or

(iii) Possesses such land but owns the building, the possession being as a tenant under a lease or as a mortgagee or under an irrevocable power of attorney or a hire-purchase agreement or partly in one of the said capacities or partly in any other of the said capacity or capacities.



(1) In any State to which this Act applies in the first instance, where any person who had held vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit at any time during the period commencing on the appointed day and ending with the commencement of this Act, has transferred such land or part thereof by way of sale, mortgage, gift, lease or otherwise, the extent of the land so transferred shall also be taken into account in calculating the extent of vacant land held by such person and the excess vacant land in relation to such person shall, for the purposes of this Chapter, be selected out of the vacant land held by him after such transfer and in case the entire excess vacant land cannot be so selected, the balance, or, where no vacant land is held by him after the transfer, the entire excess vacant land, shall be selected out of the vacant land held by the transference:

Provided that where such person has transferred his vacant land to more than one person, the balance, or, as the case may be, the entire excess vacant land aforesaid, shall be selected out of the vacant land held by each of the transference in the same proportion as the area of the vacant land transferred to him bears to the total area of the land transferred to all the transferred.

(2) Where any excess vacant land is selected out of the vacant land transferred under sub-section (1), the transfer of the excess vacant land so selected shall be deemed to be null and void.

(3) In any State to which this Act applies in the first instance and in any State which adopts this Act under clause (1) of article 252.of the Constitution, no person holding vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit immediately before the commencement of this Act shall transfer any such land or part thereof by way of sale, mortgage, gift, lease or otherwise until he has furnished a statement under section 6.and a notification regarding the excess vacant land held by him has been published under sub-section (1) of section 10; and any such transfer made in contravention of this provision shall be deemed to be null and void.



(1) Every person holding vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit at the commencement of this Act shall, within such period as may be prescribed, file a statement before the competent authority having jurisdiction specifying the location, extent, value and such other particulars as may be prescribed of all vacant lands and of any other land on which there is a building, whether or not with a dwelling unit therein, held by him (including the nature of his right, title or interest therein) and also specifying the vacant lands within the ceiling limit which he desires to retain:

Provided
that in relation to any State to which this Act applies in the first instance, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "Every person holding vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit at the commencement of this Act", the words, figures and letters "Every person who held vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit on or after the 17th day of February, 1975 and before the commencement of this Act and every person holding vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit at such commencement" had been substituted.

Explanation.-In this section, "commencement of this Act" means,-

(i) The date on which this Act comes into force in any State;

(ii) Where any land, not being vacant land, situated in a
State in which this Act is in force has become vacant land by any reason whatsoever, the date on which such land becomes vacant land;

(iii) Where any notification has been issued under clause (n) of section 2 in respect of any area in a State in which this Act is in force, the date of publication of such notification.

(2) If the competent authority is of opinion that-

(a) In any State to which this Act applies in the first instance, any person held on or after the 17th day of February, 1975 and before the commencement of this Act or holds at such commencement; or

(b) In any State which adopts this Act under clause (1) of article 252 of the Constitution, any person holds at the commencement of this Act, vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit, then, notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), it may serve a notice upon such person requiring him to file, within such period as may be specified in the notice, the statement referred to in sub-section (1).

(3) The competent authority may, if it is satisfied that it is necessary so to do, extend the date for filing the statement under this section by such further period or periods as it may think fit;
so, however, that the period or the aggregate of the periods of such extension shall not exceed three months.

(4) The statement under this section shall be filed,-

(a) In the case of an individual, by the individual himself; where the individual is absent from India, by the individual concerned or by some person duly authorized by him in this behalf; and where the individual is mentally incapacitated from attending to his affairs, by his guardian or any other person competent to act on his behalf;

(b) In the case of a family, by the husband or wife and where the husband or wife is absent from India or is mentally incapacitated
from attending to his or her affairs, by the husband or wife who is not so absent or mentally incapacitated and where both the husband and the wife are absent from India or are mentally incapacitated from attending to their affairs, by any other person competent to act on behalf of the husband or wife or both;

(c) In the case of a company, by the principal officer thereof;

(d) In the case of a firm, by any partner thereof;

(e) In the case of any other association, by any member of the association or the principal officer thereof; and

(f) In the case of any other person, by that person or by a person competent to act on his behalf.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, "principal officer",-

(i) In relation to a company, means the secretary, manager or managing-director of the company;

(ii) In relation to any association, means the secretary, treasurer manager or agent of the association, and includes any person connected with the management of the affairs of the company or the association, as the case may be, upon whom the competent authority has served a notice of his intention of treating him as the principal officer thereof.


(1) Where a person holds vacant land situated within the jurisdiction of two or more competent authorities, whether in the same
State or in two or more States to which this Act applies, then, he shall file his statement under sub-section (1) of section 6 before the competent authority within the jurisdiction of which the major part thereof is situated and thereafter all subsequent proceedings shall be taken before that competent authority to the exclusion of the other competent authority or authorities concerned and the competent authority, before which the statement is filed, shall send intimation thereof to the other competent authority or authorities concerned.

(2) Where the extent of vacant land held by any person and situated within the jurisdiction of two or more competent authorities within the same State to which this Act applies is equal, he shall file his statement under sub-section (1) of section 6 before any one of the competent authorities and send intimation thereof in such form as may be prescribed to the State Government and thereupon, the State Government shall, by order, determine the competent authority before which all subsequent proceedings under this Act shall be taken to the exclusion of the other competent authority or authorities and communicate that order, to such person and the competent authorities concerned.

(3) Where the extent of vacant land held by any person and situated within the jurisdiction of two or more competent authorities in two or more States to which this Act applies is equal, he shall file his statement under sub-section (1) of section 6 before any one of the competent authorities and send intimation thereof in such form as may be prescribed to the Central Government and thereupon, the Central Government shall, by order, determine the competent authority before which all subsequent proceedings shall be taken to the exclusion of the other competent authority or authorities and communicate that order to such person, the State Governments and the competent authorities concerned.



(1) On the basis of the statement filed under section 6 and after such inquiry as the competent authority may deem fit to make the competent authority shall prepare a draft statement in respect of the person who has filed the statement under section 6.

(2) Every statement prepared under sub-section (1) shall contain the following particulars, namely:-

(i) The name and address of the person;

(ii) The Particulars of all vacant lands and of any other land on which there is a building, whether or not with a dwelling unit therein, held by such person;

(iii) The particulars of the vacant lands which such person desires to retain within the ceiling limit;

(iv) The particulars of the right, title or interest of the person in the vacant lands; and

(v) Such other particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) The draft statement shall be served in such manner as may be prescribed on the person concerned together with a notice stating that any objection to the draft statement shall be preferred within thirty days of the service thereof.

(4) The competent authority shall duly consider any objection received, within the period specified in the notice referred to in sub-section (3) or within such further period as may be specified by the competent authority for any good and sufficient reason, from the person on whom a copy of the draft statement has been served under that sub-section and the competent authority shall, after giving the objector a, reasonable opportunity of being heard, pass such orders as it deems fit.



After the disposal of the objections, if any, received under sub-section (4) of section 8, the competent authority shall make the necessary alterations in the draft statement in accordance with the orders passed on the objections aforesaid and shall determine the vacant land held by the person concerned in excess of the ceiling limit and cause a copy of the draft statement as so altered to be served in the manner referred to in sub-section (3) of section 8 on the person concerned and where such vacant land is held under a lease, or a mortgage, or a hire-purchase agreement, or an irrevocable power of attorney, also on the owner of such vacant land.



(1) As soon as may be after the service of the statement under section 9 on the person concerned, the competent authority shall cause a notification giving the particulars of the vacant land held by such person in excess of the ceiling limit and stating that-

(i) Such vacant land is to be acquired by the concerned State Government; and

(ii) The claims of all persons interested in such vacant land may be made by them personally or by their agents giving particulars of the nature of their interests in such land,to be published for the information of the general public in the Official Gazette of the State concerned and in such other manner as may be prescribed.

(2) After considering the claims of the persons interested in the vacant land, made to the competent authority in pursuance of the
notification published under sub-section (1), the competent authority shall determine the nature and extent of such claims and pass such orders as it deems fit.

(3) At any time after the publication of the notification under sub-section (1), the competent authority may, by notification published in the Official Gazette of the State concerned, declare that the excess vacant land referred to in the notification published under sub-section (1) shall, with effect from such date as may be specified in the declaration, be deemed to have been acquired by the State Government and upon the publication of such declaration, such land shall be deemed to have vested absolutely in the State Government free from all encumbrances with effect from the date so specified.

(4) During the period commencing on the date of publication of the notification under sub-section (1) and ending with the date specified in the declaration made under sub-section (3)-

(i) No person shall transfer by way of sale, mortgage, gift, lease or otherwise any excess vacant land (including any part thereof) specified in the notification aforesaid and any such transfer made in contravention of this provision shall be deemed to be null and void; and

(ii) No person shall alter or cause to be altered the use of such excess vacant land.

(5) Where any vacant land is vested in the State Government under sub-section (3), the competent authority may, by notice in writing, order any person who may be in possession of it to surrender or deliver possession thereof to the State Government or to any person duly authorized by the State Government in this behalf within thirty days of the service of the notice.

(6) If any person refuses or fails to comply with an order made under sub-section (5), the competent authority may take possession of the vacant land or cause it to be given to the concerned State Government or to any person duly authorized by such State Government in this behalf and may for that purpose use such force as may be necessary.

Explanation.-In this section, in sub-section (1) of section 11.and in sections 14 and 23, "State Government", in relation to-

(a) Any vacant land owned by the Central Government, means the Central Government;

(b) Any vacant land owned by any State Government and situated in a Union territory or within the local limits of a cantonment declared as such under section 3 of the Cantonments Act, 1924, (2 of 1924.) means that State Government.



(1) Where any vacant land is deemed to have been acquired by any State Government under sub-section (3) of section 10, such State Government shall pay to the person or persons having any interest therein,-

(a) In a case where there is any income from such vacant land, an amount equal to eight and one-third times the net average annual income actually derived from such land during the period of five consecutive years immediately preceding the date of publication of the notification issued under sub-section (1) of section 10; or

(b) In a case where no income is derived from such vacant land, an amount calculated at a rate not exceeding-

(i) Ten rupees per square meter in the case of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category A or category B specified in Schedule I; and

(ii) Five rupees per square meter in the case of vacant land situated in an urban agglomeration falling within category C. or category D specified in that Schedule.

(2) The net average annual income referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (1) shall be calculated in the manner and in accordance with the principles set out in Schedule II.

(3) For the purpose of clause (b) of sub-section (1), the State
Government shall-

(a) Divide , by notification in the Official Gazette, every urban agglomeration situated within the State into different zones, having regard to the location and the general use of the land situated in an urban agglomeration, the utility of the land in that urban agglomeration for the orderly urban development thereof and such other relevant factors as the circumstances of the case may require; and

(b) Fix subject to the maximum rates specified in that clause, the rate per square meter of vacant land in each zone, having regard to the availability of vacant land in the zone, the trend of price rise of vacant land over a period of twenty years in the zone before the commencement of this Act,the amount invested by the Government for the development of the zone, the existing use of vacant land in the zone and such other relevant factors as the circumstances of the case may require.

(4) Different rates may be fixed under clause (b) of sub-section(3) for vacant lands situated in different zones within each urban agglomeration.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) where any vacant land which is deemed to have been acquired under sub-
section (3) of section 10 is held by any person under a grant, lease or other tenure from the Central Government or any State Government and-

(i) The terms of such grant, lease or other tenure do not provide for payment of any amount. to such person on the termination of such grant, lease or other tenure and the resumption of such land by the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be; or

(ii) The terms of such grant, lease or other tenure provide for payment of any amount to such person on such termination and resumption, then,-

(a) In a case falling under clause (i), no amount shall be payable in respect of such vacant land under sub-section (1)and

(b) In a case falling under clause (ii), the amount payable in respect of such vacant land shall be the amount payable to him under the terms of such grant, lease or other tenure on such termination and resumption or the amount payable to him under sub-section (1), whichever is less.

(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (5), the amount payable under either of the said sub-
sections shall, in no case, exceed two lakhs of rupees.

(7) The competent authority may, by order in writing, determine the amount to be paid in accordance with the provisions of this section as also the person, or, where there are several persons interested in the land, the persons to whom it shall be paid and in what proportion, if any.

(8) Before determining the amount to be paid, every person interested shall be given an opportunity to state his case as to the amount to be paid to him.

(9) The competent authority shall dispose of every case for determination of the amount to be paid as expeditiously as possible and in any case within such period as may be prescribed.

(10) Any claim. or liability enforceable against any vacant land which is deemed to have been acquired under sub-section (3) of section 10 may be enforced only against the amount payable under this section in respect of such land and against any other property of the owner of such land.



(1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute one or more Urban Land Tribunal or
Tribunals.

(2) The Tribunal shall consist of a sole member who shall be an officer of the rank of a Commissioner of a division or a member of the Board of Revenue.

(3) The Tribunal shall have jurisdiction over such area as the
State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

(4) If any person is aggrieved by an order of the competent authority under section 11, he may, within thirty days of the date on which the order is communicated to him, prefer an appeal to the
Tribunal having jurisdiction over the area in which the vacant land
(in relation to which the amount has been determined) is situated or where such land is situated within the jurisdiction of more than one Tribunal to the Tribunal having jurisdiction over the area in which a major part of such land is situated or where the extent of such land situated within the jurisdiction of two or more Tribunals is equal, to any of those Tribunals:

Provided that the Tribunal may entertain the appeal after tile expiry of the said period of thirty days if it is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time.

(5) In deciding appeals the Tribunal shall exercise all the powers which a civil court has and follow the same procedure which a civil court follows in deciding appeals against the decree of an original court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. (5 of 1908.)



Subject to the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, (5 of 1908.) applicable to appeals from original decrees, an appeal shall lie to the High Court from the decision of the Tribunal under section 12.


(1) The State Government shall, within a period of six months from the date of the order of the competent authority determining the amount to be paid under section 11, or, in a case where an appeal has been preferred against such order under section 12 or under section 13, within a period of six months from the date of the final appellate order, pay the amount referred to in section 11 to the person or persons entitled thereto.

(2) Twenty-five per cent. of the amount or twenty-five thousand rupees, whichever is less, shall be paid in cash and the balance in negotiable bonds redeemable after the expiry of twenty years carrying an interest at the rate of five per cent. per annum with effect from the date on which the vacant land is deemed to have been acquired by the State Government under sub-section (3) of section 10.



(1) If, on or after the commencement of this Act, any person acquires by inheritance, settlement or bequest from any other person or by sale in execution of a decree or order of a civil court or of an award or order of any other authority or by purchase or otherwise, any vacant land the extent of which together with the extent of the vacant land, any, already held by him exceeds in the aggregate the ceiling limit, then he shall, within three months of the date of such acquisition, file a statement before the competent authority having jurisdiction specifying the location, value and such other particulars as may be prescribed of all the vacant lands held by him and also specifying the vacant lands within the ceiling limit which he desires to retain.

(2) The provisions of sections 6 to 14 (both inclusive) shall, so far as may be apply to the statement filed under this section and to the vacant land held by such person in excess of the ceiling limit.



(1) Where any person holds any vacant land in any State to which this Act does not apply in the first instance but which subsequently adopts this Act under clause (1) of article 252.of the Constitution and the extent of such land together with the extent of the vacant land. if any, already held by him in any other State to which this Act applies in the first instance, exceeds in the aggregate the ceiling limit, then, be shall, within three months of the commencement of this Act in the State first mentioned, file a statement before the competent authority having jurisdiction specifying the location, extent, value and such other particulars as may be prescribed of all vacant lands held by him in that State and in such other State and also specifying the vacant lands within the ceiling limit which he desires to retain.

(2) The provisions of sections 6 to 14 (both inclusive) shall, so far as may be, apply to the statement filed under this section and to the vacant land held by such person in excess of the ceiling limit.



The competent authority or any person acting under the orders of the competent authority may, subject to any rules made in this behalf and at such reasonable times as may be prescribed, enter upon any vacant land or any other land on which there is a building with such assistance as the competent authority or such person considers necessary and make survey and take measurements thereof and do any other act which the competent authority or such person considers necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act.



(1) If the competent authority, in the course of any proceedings under this Act, is satisfied that any person has concealed the particulars of any vacant land or of any other land on which there is a building, whether or not with a dwelling unit therein, held by him or furnished inaccurate particulars of such land or of the user thereof, it may, after giving such person an opportunity of being heard in the matter, by order In writing, direct that, without prejudice to any other penalty to which he may be liable under this Act, such person shall pay, by way of penalty, a sum which shall not be less than, but which shall not exceed twice, the amount representing the value of the vacant land or of such other land or both, as the case may be, in respect of which the particulars have been concealed or. in respect of which inaccurate particulars as aforesaid have been furnished.

(2) Any amount payable under this section. if not paid, may be recovered as if A were an arrear of land revenue:



(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), nothing in this Chapter shall apply to any vacant land held by-

(i) The Central Government or any, State Government, or any local authority or any Corporation established by or under a Central or Provincial or State Act or any Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956; (1 of 1956.)

(ii) Any military, naval or air force institution;

(iii) Any bank.

Explanation-In this clause, "bank" means any banking company as defined in clause (c) of section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, (10 of 1949.) and includes-

(a) The Reserve Bank of India constituted under the Reserve
Bank of India Act, 1934; (2 of 1934.)

(b) The State Bank of India constituted under the State Bank of India Act, 1955; (23 of 1955.)

(c) A subsidiary bank as defined in the State Bank of India
(Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959; (38 of 1959.)

(d) A corresponding new bank constituted under section 3 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Under-
takings) Act, 1970; (5 of 1970.)

(e) The Industrial Finance Corporation of India, established under the Industrial Finance Corporation Act,1948 (15 of 1948.) the Life Insurance Corporation of India, established under the Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956, (31 of 1956.) the Unit Trust of India, established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963, (52 of 1963.) the Industrial Development Bank of India Act, 1964, (18 of 1964.) the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India, the Industrial Reconstruction Corporation of India and any other financial institution which the Central Government or the State Government concerned may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(iv) Any public charitable or religious trust (including waif) and required and used for any public charitable or religious purposes:

Provided that the exemption under this clause shall apply only so long as such land continues to be required and used for such purposes by such trust;

(v) Any co-operative society, being a land mortgage bank or a housing co-operative society, registered or deemed to be registered under any law relating to co-operative societies for the time being in force:

Provided that the exemption under this clause, in relation to a land mortgage bank, shall not apply to any vacant land held by it otherwise than in satisfaction of its dues;

(vi) Any such educational, cultural, technical or scientific institution or club [not being a Corporation established by or under a Central or Provincial or State Act referred to in clause (i) or a society referred to in clause (vii)] as may be approved for the purposes of this clause by the State Government by general or special order, on application made to it in this behalf by such institution or club or otherwise:

Provided that no approval under this clause shall be accorded by the State Government unless that Government is satisfied that it is necessary, so to do having regard to the nature and scope of the activities of the institution or club concerned, the extent of the vacant land required bona fide for the purposes of such institution or club and other relevant factors;

(vii) Any society registered under the Societies Registration
Act, 1860, (21 of 1860.) or under any other corresponding law for the time being in force and used for any non-profit and non-commercial purpose;

(viii) A foreign State for the purposes of its diplomatic and consular missions or for such other official purposes as may be approved by the Central Government or for the residence of the members of the said missions;

(ix) The United Nations and its specialized agencies for any official purpose or for the residence of the members of their staff;

(x) Any international Organization for any official purpose or for the residence of the members of the staff of such
Organization:

Provided that the exemption under this clause shall apply only If there is an agreement between the Government of India and such international Organization that such land shall be so exempted.

(2) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall not be construed as granting any exemption in favour of any person, other than an authority, institution or Organization specified in sub-section (1), who possesses any vacant land which is owned by such authority, institution or Organization or who owns any vacant land which is in the possession of such authority, institution or Organization:

Provided that where any vacant land which is in the possession of such authority, institution or Organization, but owned by any other person is declared as excess vacant land under this Chapter such authority, institution or Organization shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any of the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, continue to possess such land under the State Government on the same terms and conditions subject to which it possessed such land immediately before such declaration.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, the expression
"to possess vacant land" means to possess such land either as tenant or as mortgagee or under a hire-purchase agreement or under an irrevocable power of attorney or partly in one of the said capacities and partly in any other of the said capacity or capacities.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any of the foregoing provisions of this Chapter,-

(a) Where any person holds vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit and the State Government is satisfied, either on its own motion or otherwise, that, having regard to the location of such land, the purpose for which such land is being or is proposed to be used and such other relevant factors as the circumstances of the case may require, it is necessary or expedient in the public interest so to do, that Government may, by order, exempt, subject to such conditions, if any as may be specified in the order, such vacant land from the provisions of this Chapter;

(b) Where any person holds vacant land in excess of the ceiling Emit and the State Government, either on its own motion or otherwise, is satisfied that the application of the provisions of this Chapter would cause undue hardship to such person, that Government may, by order, exempt, subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the order, such vacant land from the provisions of this Chapter;

Provided that no order under this clause shall be made unless the reasons for doing so are recorded in writing.

(2) If at any time the State Government is satisfied that any of the conditions subject to which any exemption under clause (a), or clause (b) of sub-section (1) is granted is not complied with by any person, it shall be competent for the State Government to withdraw, by order, [such exemption after giving a reasonable opportunity to such person for making a representation against the proposed withdrawal and,thereupon the provisions of this Chapter shall apply accordingly.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any of the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, where a person holds any vacant land in excess of the ceiling limit and such person declares within such-time, in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed before the competent authority that such land is to be utilized for the construction of dwelling units (each such dwelling unit having a plinth area not exceeding eighty square meters) for the accommodation of the weaker sections of the society, in accordance with any scheme approved by such authority as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, then, the competent authority may, after making such inquiry as it deems fit, declare such land not to be excess land for the purposes of this Chapter and permit such person to continue to hold such land for the aforesaid purpose, subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed, Including a condition as to the time limit within which such buildings are to be constructed.

(2) Where any person contravenes any of the conditions subject to which the permission has been granted under sub-section (1), the competent authority shall, by order, and after giving such person an opportunity of being heard, declare such land to be excess land and thereupon all the provisions of this Chapter shall apply accordingly.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any of the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, where any person demolishes any building on any land held by him or any such building is destroyed or demolished solely due to natural causes and beyond the control of human agency and as a consequence thereof, in either case, the land on which such building has been constructed becomes vacant land and the aggregate of the extent of such land and the extent of any other vacant land held by him exceeds the ceiling limit, then, he shall, within three months from the date of such demolition or destruction file a statement before the competent authority having jurisdiction specifying the location, value and such other particulars as may be prescribed, of all the vacant lands held by him.

(2) Where, on receipt of a statement under sub-section (1) and after such inquiry as the competent authority may deem fit to make, the competent authority is satisfied that the land which has become vacant land is required by the holder for the purpose of redevelopment in accordance with the master plan, such authority may, subject to such conditions and restrictions as it may deem fit to impose, permit the holder to retain such land in excess of the ceiling limit for such purpose and where the competent authority is not so satisfied and does not so permit, the provisions of sections 6 to 14 (both. inclusive) shall, so far as may be, apply to the statement filed under sub-section (1) and to the vacant land held by such person in excess of the ceiling limit.



(1) It shall be competent for the State Government to allot, by order, in excess of the ceiling limit any vacant land which is deemed to have been acquired by the State Government under this Act or is acquired by the State Government under any other law, to any person for any purpose relating to, or in connection with, any industry or for providing residential accommodation of such type as may be approved by the State Government to the employees of any industry and it shall be lawful for such person to hold such land in excess of the ceiling limit.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section,-

(a) Where any land with a building has been acquired by the
State Government under any other law and such building has been subsequently demolished by the State Government, then such land shall be deemed to be vacant land acquired under such other law;

(b) "Industry" means any business, profession, trade, undertaking or manufacture.

(2) In making an order of allotment under sub-section (1), the
State Government may impose such conditions as may be specified therein including a condition as to the period within which the industry shall be put in operation or, as the case may be, the residential accommodation shall be provided for:

Provided that if, on a representation made in this behalf by the all otter, the State Government is satisfied that the all otter could not put the industry in operation, or provide the residential accommoda -tion, within the period specified in the order of allotment, for any good and sufficient reason, the State Government may extend such period to such further period or periods as it may deem fit.

(3) Where any condition imposed in an order of allotment is not complied with by the all otter, the State Government shall., after giving an opportunity to the all otter to be heard in the matter, cancel the allotment with effect from the date of the non-compliance of such condition and the land allotted shall revest in the State Government free from all encumbrances.

(4) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (1), (2) and (3), all vacant lands deemed to have been acquired by the State Government under this Act shall be disposed of by the State Government to sub serve the common good on such terms and conditions as the State Government may deem fit to impose.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) to
(4), where the State Government is satisfied that it is necessary to retain or reserve any vacant land, deemed to have been acquired by that Government under this Act, for the benefit of the public, it shall be competent for the State Government to retain or reserve such land for the same.



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 23, where any person, being the owner of any vacant land, had leased out or mortgaged with Possession such land or had given possession of such land under a hire-purchase agreement to any other person and as a consequence thereof he has no vacant land in his possession or has vacant land in his possession less in extent than the ceiling limit, and where the land so leased or mortgaged or given Possession of is deemed to have been acquired by the State Government under this Chapter, then, such person shall be entitled to make an application to the State Government in such form and containing such particulars as may be prescribed within a period of three months from the date of such acquisition for the assignment to him,-

(a) In a case where he has no land in his possession, of so much extent of land as is not in excess of the ceiling limit; or

(b) In a case where he has land in his possession less in extent than the ceiling limit, of so much extent of land as is required to make up the deficiency:

Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall be deemed to entitle a person for the assignment of land in excess of the extent of the land leased or mortgaged with possession or given possession under a hire-purchase agreement as aforesaid by such person.

(2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the State Government shall, after making such inquiry as it deems, fit assign such land to such person on payment of an amount equal to the amount which has been paid by the State Government for the acquisition of the extent of land to be assigned.

Last updated on June, 2016

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