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THE WAKF ACT, 1954

Title : THE WAKF ACT, 1954

Year : 1954

ACT NO. 29 OF 1954 1*
[21st May, 1954.]

An Act to provide for the better administration and supervision of wakfs.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

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1 Supplemented by Madras Act 19 of 1961.

The Act has been extended to Pondicherry by Act 26 of 1968, s. 3 and Sch. 2 15th January 1955-Ajmer, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Coorg, Hyderabad, Kutch, Madhya Bharat, Madras, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union, Tripura and Vindhya Pradesh-Notification No. SRO 53, dated the 4th January, 1955, Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Pt. II, Sec. 3, p. 7; 1st February, 1955-Assam and Travancore-Cochin, 1st April 1955- Andhra and Rajasthan-Notification No. SRO 28

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CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY




(1) This Act may be called the Wakf Act, 1954.

(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

(3) It shall come into force in a State to which this Act extends on such date 1* as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in this behalf for that State; and different dates may be appointed for different States:

Provided that in respect of any of the States of Bihar, 2*** Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, no such notification shall be issued except on the recommendation of the State Government concerned:

3*[Provided further that where on account of the territorial changes brought about by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, (37 of 1956) this Act is, as from the 1st day of November, 1956, applicable only to a part of a State, the Central Government may, by notification in the Am. in Bihar by Bihar Act 3 of 1975. Am. in Mysore by Mysore Act 52 of 1976. 104 Official Gazette, bring this Act into force in the remaining part of that State with effect from such date 4* as may be specified in the notification.]

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1. dated the 22nd January, 1955, Gazette of India, Extraordinary, 1955, Pt. II, Sec. 3, p. 199; 20th December, 1955-Bhopal-Notification No. SRO 3696, dated the 20th December, 1955, Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Pt. II, Sec. 3. p. 2501; 1st June, 1958-Orissa-Notification No. G.S.R. 428, dated the 23rd May, 1958, Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec. 3(i), p. 319. 1st October. 1962-Union territory of Delhi-Notification No. G.S.R. 1283, dated the 24th September, 1962, Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec. 3(i), p. 1464. 12th April, 1973-Bihar-Notification No. G.S.R. 197(E), dated the 7th April, 1973, Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Pt. II, Sec. 3(i), p. 539.

2. The word "Delhi," omitted by Act 30 of 1959, s. 2.

3. Ins. by s. 2, ibid. Am. in Kerla by kerla Act 18 of 1972.

4 10th October, 1959--In the remaining parts of Punjab-- Notification No. G.S.R. 1126, dated the 1st October, 1959, Gazette of India, 1959, Pt. II, Sec. 3(i), p. 1401. 1st November, 1959--In the remaining part of Rajasthan-- Notification No. G.S.R. 1204, dated the 26th October, 1959, Gazette of India, 1959, Pt. II Sec. 3(i), p. 1500. 1st January, 1960--In the remaining part of Madhya Pradesh. vide Notification No. G.S.R. 40, dated the 2nd January, 1960, Gazette of India, 1960, Pt. II Sec. 3(i), p. 46. 1st December, 1961-In the remaining part of Mysore, vide Notification No. G.S.R. 1431, dated the 20th November, 1961, Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec. 3(i), p. 1761. 20th November, 1967-In that part of the Union territory of Himachal Pradesh in which it is not already in force; vide S.O. 4062, dated the 8th November, 1967, Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec. 3(ii), p. 4235. 

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Save as otherwise expressly provided under this Act, this Act shall apply to all wakfs whether created before or after the commencement of this Act:

Provided that nothing in this Act shall apply to Durgah Khawaja Saheb, Ajmer, to which 1*[the Durgah Khawaja Saheb Act, 1955, (36 of 1955.) applies].

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1. Subs. by Act 38 of 1969, s. 2, for certain words and figures.

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In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) "Beneficiary" means a person or object for whose benefit a wakf is created and includes religious, pious and charitable objects and any other objects of public utility 1*[sanctioned by he Muslim law];

(b) "Benefit" does not include any benefit which a mutawalli is entitled to claim solely by reason of his being such mutawalli;

(c) "Board" means a Board of Wakfs established under 2*[subsection (1), or as the case may be, under sub- section (1A) of section 9];

(d) "Commissioner" means a Commissioner of Wakfs appointed under section 4 and includes any additional or assistant commissioner of wakfs;

3*[(dd) "Council" means the Central Wakf Council established under section 8A;]

(e) "Member" means a member of the Board and includes the Chairman;

(f) "Mutawalli" means any person appointed either verbally or under any deed or instrument by which a wakf has been created or by a competent authority to be the mutawalli of a wakf and includes any naib-mutawalli, khadim, mujawar, sajjadanishin, amin or other person appointed by a mutawalli to perform the duties of a mutawalli and, save as otherwise provided in this Act, any person or Committee for the time being managing or administering any wakf property as such;

4*[(g) "Net annual income", in relation to a wakf, means the gross income thereof from all sources in a year excluding only-

(i) Land revenue, cess, rates and taxes payable to the Government or any local authority; and (ii) donations given or offerings made with a specific direction that they shall form part of the corpus of the wakf:

Provided that the interest or income, if any, accruing from such donations or offerings shall be taken into account in calculating the gross annual income;]

(h) "Person interested in a wakf" means any person who is entitled to receive any pecuniary or other benefits from the wakf and includes,-

(i) Any person who has a right to worship or to perform any religious rite in a mosque, idgah, imambara, dargah, khangah, maqbara, graveyard or any other religious institution connected with the wakf or to participate in any religious or charitable institution under the wakf;

(ii) The wakif and any descendant of the wakif and the mutawalli;

(i) "Prescribed", 5*[except in Chapter IIA], means prescribed by rules made by the State Government under this Act and includes the regulations made by the Board under this Act;

(i) "Shia wakf" means a wakf governed by Shia law;

(k) "Sunni wakf" means a wakf governed by Sunni law;

(l) "Wakf" means the permanent dedication by a person professing Islam of any movable or immovable property for any purpose recognised by the Muslim law as pious, religious or charitable and includes-

(i) A wakf by user;

4*[(ii) Grants (including mashrut-ul-khidmat) for any purpose recognised by the Muslim law as pious, religious or charitable; and]

(iii) A wakf-alal-aulad to the extent to which the property is dedicated for any purpose recognised by Muslim law as pious, religious or charitable; and "wakif" means any person making such dedication;

(m) "Wakf deed" means any deed or instrument by which a wakf has been created and includes and valid subsequent deed or instrument by which any of the terms of the original dedication have been varied.


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1 Subs. by Act 34 of 1964, s. 2, for "established for the benefit of the Muslim community".

2 Subs. by s. 2, ibid., for "section 9".

3 Ins. by s. 2, ibid. 105
 
4 Subs. by Act 38 of 1969, s. 3, for the former clause (with retrospective effect).

5 Ins. by Act 34 of 1964, s. 2.

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Last updated on August, 2016

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