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THE WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972

Title : THE WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972

Year : 1972



No person shall hunt any wild animal specified in Schedules I, II,III and IV except as provided under section 11 and section 12.



Rep. by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 (44 of 1991), sec. 10 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).



(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force and subject to the provisions of Chapter IV,—

(a) The Chief Wild Life Warden may, if he is satisfied that any wild animal specified in Schedule I has become dangerous to human life or is so disabled or diseased as to be beyond recovery, by order in writing and stating the reasons therefor, permit any person to hunt such animal or cause such animal to be hunted:

Provided
that no wild animal shall be ordered to be killed unless the Chief Wild Life Warden is satisfied that such animal cannot be captured, transquilised or translocated:

Provided further
that no such captured animal shall be kept in captivity unless the Chief Wild Life Warden is satisfied that such animal cannot be rehabilitated in the wild and the reasons for the same are recorded in writing.

Explanation.—For the purposes of clause (a), the process of capture or translocation, as the case may be, of such animal shall be made in such manner as to cause minimum trauma to the said animal.

(b) The Chief Wild Life Warden or the authorised officer may, if he is satisfied that any wild animal specified in Schedule II, Schedule III, or Schedule IV, has become dangerous to human life or to property (including standing crops on any land) or is so disabled or diseased as to be beyond recovery, by order in writing and stating the reasons therefor, permit any person to hunt such animal or group of animals in a specified area or cause such animal or group of animals in that specified area to be hunted.

(2) The killing or wounding in good faith of any wild animal in defence of oneself or of any other person shall not be an offence: Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall exonerate any person who, when such defence becomes necessary, was committing any act in contravention of any provision of this Act or any rule or order made thereunder.

(3) Any wild animal killed or wounded in defence of any person shall be Government property.



Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Act, it shall be lawful for the Chief Wild Life Warden, to grant 1[***] a permit, by an order in writing stating the reasons therefor, to any person, on payment of such fee as may be prescribed, which shall entitle the holder of such permit to hunt subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, any wild animal specified in such permit, for the purpose of,-

(a) Education;

(b) 2* Scientific research;

(bb) Scientific management.

Explanation
.-For the purposes of clause (bb), the expression, “Scientific Management” means-

(i) Translocation of any wild animal to an alternative suitable habitat; or

(ii) Population management of wild life without killing or poisoning or destroying any wild animals;

(c)3* collection of specimens-

(i) For recognised zoos subject to the permission under section 38I; or

(ii) For museums and similar institutions;

(d) Derivation, collection or preparation of snake-venom for the manufacture of life-saving drugs:

4*Provided that no such permit shall be granted-

(a) In respect of any wild animal specified in Schedule I, except with the previous permission of the Central Government, and

(b) In respect of any other wild animal, except with the previous permission of the State Government.

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1. Subs. by Act 44 of 1991, sec. 45, for “subject to the provision of section 61, the State Government” (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).

2. Subs. by Act 44 of 1991, sec. 46, for sub-section (1) (w.e.f. 2-10-1991). tc" 1. Subs. by Act 44 of 1991, sec. 46, for sub-section (1) (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).

3. Subs. by Act 16 of 2003, sec. 38, for clauses (a) and (b) (w.e.f. 1-4-2003). tc" 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2003, sec. 38, for clauses (a) and (b) (w.e.f. 1-4-2003).

4. Ins. by Act 44 of 1991, sec. 48 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).

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Rep. by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 (44 of 1991), sec. 12 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).



Rep. by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 (44 of 1991), sec. 12 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).




Rep. by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 (44 of 1991), sec. 12 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).

 


Rep. by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 (44 of 1991), sec. 12 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).



Rep. by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 (44 of 1991), sec. 12 (w.e.f. 2-10-1991).

17A. Prohibition of picking, uprooting, etc., of specified plant.-

Save as otherwise provided in this Chapter, no person shall-

(a) Wilfully pick, uproot, damage, destroy, acquire or collect any specified plant from any forest land and any area specified, by notification, by the Central Government;

(b) Possess, sell, offer for sale, or transfer by way of gift or otherwise, or transport any specified plant, whether alive or dead, or part or derivative thereof: Provided that nothing in this section shall prevent a member of a scheduled tribe, subject to the provisions of Chapter IV, from picking, collecting or possessing in the district he resides any specified plant or part or derivative thereof for his bona fide personal use.

17B. Grants of permit for special purposes.-

The Chief Wild Life Warden may, with the previous permission of the State Government, grant to any person a permit to pick, uproot, acquire or collect from a forest land or the area specified under section 17A or transport, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, any specified plant for the purpose of-

(a) Education;

(b) Scientific research;

(c) Collection, preservation and display in a herbarium of any scientific institution; or

(d) Propagation by a person or an institution approved by the Central Government in this regard.

 
17C. Cultivation of specified plants without licence prohibited.-

(1) No person shall cultivate a specified plant except under and in accordance with a licence granted by the Chief Wild Life Warden or any other officer authorised by the State Government in this behalf:

Provided that nothing in this section shall prevent a person, who immediately before the commencement of the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991, was cultivating a specified plant, from carrying on such cultivation for a period of six months from such commencement, or where he has made an application within that period for the grant of a licence to him, until the licence is granted to him or he is informed in writing that a licence cannot be granted to him.

(2) Every licence granted under this section shall specify the area in which and the conditions, if any, subject to which the licensee shall cultivate a specified plant.


17D. Dealing in specified plants without licence prohibited.—

(1) No person shall, except under and in accordance with a licence granted by the Chief Wild Life Warden or any other officer authorised by the State Government in this behalf, commence or carry on business or occupation as a dealer in a specified plant or part or derivate thereof:

Provided that nothing in this section shall prevent a person, who, immediately before the commencement of the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991, was carrying on such business or occupation, from carrying on such business or occupation for a period of sixty days from such commencement, or where he has made an application within that period for the grant of a licence to him, until the licence is granted to him or he is informed in writing that a licence cannot be granted to him.

(2) Every licence granted under this section shall specify the premises in which and the conditions, if any, subject to which the licensee shall carry on his business.

17E. Declaration of stock.-

(1) Every person cultivating, or dealing in, a specified plant or part or derivative thereof shall, within thirty days from the date of commencement of the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 1991 declare to the Chief Wild Life Warden or any other officer authorised by the State Government in this behalf, his stocks of such plants and part or derivative thereof, as the case may be, on the date of such commencement.

(2) The provisions of sub-sections (3) to (8) (both inclusive) of section 44, section 45, section 46 and section 47 shall, as far as may be, apply in relation to an application and a licence referred to in section 17C and section 17D as they apply in relation to the licence or business in animals or animal articles.

17F
. Possession, etc., of plants by licensee.-

No licensee under this Chapter shall-

(a) Keep in his control, custody or possession-

(i) Any specified plant, or part or derivative thereof in respect of which a declaration under the provisions of section 17E has to be made but has not been made;

(ii) Any specified plant, or part or derivative thereof which has not been lawfully acquired under the provisions of this Act or any rule or order made thereunder;

(b) (i) Pick, uproot, collect or acquire any specified plant; or

(ii) Acquire, receive, keep in his control, custody or possession, or sell, offer for sale or transport any specified plant or part or derivative thereof, except in accordance with the conditions subject to which the licence has been granted and such rules as may be made under this Act.

17G. Purchase, etc., of specified plants.-

No person shall purchase, receive or acquire any specified plant or part or derivative thereof otherwise than from a licensed dealer: Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to any person referred to in section 17B.

17H. Plants to be Government property.-

(1) Every specified plant or part or derivative thereof, in respect of which any offence against this Act or any rule or order made there under has been committed, shall be the property of the State Government, and, where such plant or part or derivative thereof has been collected or acquired from a sanctuary or National Park declared by the Central Government, such plant or part or derivative thereof shall be the property of the Central Government.

(2) The provisions of sub-sections (2) and (3) of section 39 shall, as far as may be, apply in relation to the specified plant or part or derivative thereof or they apply in relation to wild animals and articles referred to in sub-section (1) of that section.


Last updated on April, 2016

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